"filmID","content_type","creator","title","date_of_publication","runtime","series_title","summary","associated_entity","geography","subject","genre" "fod100065968","stream","","Men at Lunch","","1 hr., 5 min., 34 sec.","","New York City, 1932. The country is in the throes of the Great Depression, the previous decade's boom of Italian, Irish, and Jewish immigrants led to unprecedented urban expansion, and steelworkers risk life and limb building Manhattan skyscrapers. In ""Men at Lunch,"" director Seán Ó Cualáin tells the story of ""Lunch atop a Skyscraper,"" the iconic photograph taken during the construction of Rockefeller Center that depicts eleven workmen taking their lunch break while casually perched along a steel girder 850 feet above the street. For 80 years, the identity of the eleven men - and the photographer that immortalized them - remained a mystery. But at the start of the 21st century, the photograph finally began to give up some of its secrets. Part homage, part investigation, ""Men at Lunch"" tells the story of an unprecedented race to the sky and of the immigrant workers that built New York.","","[u'Italy', u'New York City', u'United States', u'New York', u'Ireland', u'Manhattan']","[u'building', u'race', u'life', u'immigrants', u'men']","[u'Internet videos']" "asp2131039-ahiv","stream","","Sacco and Vanzetti","2006","94 min","[u'American history in video']","Sacco and Vanzetti brings to life the story of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, two Italian immigrant anarchists who were accused of a murder in 1920, and executed in Boston in 1927 after a notoriously prejudiced trial. The ordeal of Sacco and Vanzetti came to symbolize the bigotry and intolerance directed at immigrants and dissenters in America. Millions of people around the world protested on their behalf, and now, 80 years later, their story continues to have great resonance, as civil liberties and the rights of immigrants are again under attack. Powerful prison writings (given voice by John Turturro and Tony Shalhoub) and passionate interviews with Howard Zinn, Arlo Guthrie and Studs Terkel are interwoven with artwork, music, and film clips. Through the story of Sacco and Vanzetti, audiences will experience a universal - and very timely - tale of official injustice and human resilience.","[u'Sacco, Nicola', u'Miller, Peter', u'Vanzetti, Bartolomeo', u'Linton, Amy Carey']","[u'United States', u'Boston', u'Italy']","[u'murder', u'immigrants', u'life']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100045825","stream","","US Immigration, ca 1940","1940","1 min.","[u'The WPA Film Library']","European Immigrants arriving at Ellis Island","","","[u'immigrants']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1268046-268047","stream","","Carved in silence","","47 minutes","","Carved in Silence tells the story of Chinese immigrants who were detained at the United States Immigration Station at Angel Island in San Francisco Bay during the little known Chinese Exclusion era. The film examines the genesis of racially discriminatory immigration policies, its reality, and its consequences. Interviews are intercut with historical footage and dramatic re-enactments to powerfully translate the impact of public policies into human terms.","[u'Lowe, Felicia']","[u'United States', u'China']","[u'chinese', u'interviews', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'united states', u'silence']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100058285","stream","","Let's Stop Welcoming Undocumented Immigrants :A Debate","2007","100 min.","","In the past decade, a large influx of immigrants has expanded beyond traditional polyglot cities. This has produced a backlash, especially since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, made immigration a national security issue. Some argue that the U.S. economy demands immigrant labor, and by denying these workers legal status, the government is fostering a shadow sub-class subject to abuse. Others, contending that illegal workers depress wages and cause a culture clash, oppose legalization and argue that tougher enforcement measures are necessary. For years, Congress has debated and failed to pass a sweeping immigration overhaul.","","","[u'culture', u'wages', u'immigrants', u'national security']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100006291","stream","","Walking with Buddha","1996","29 min.","","As the number of immigrants from southeast Asia increases, more and more Americans will come into contact with believers in Theravada Buddhism. This program, filmed in Thailand, looks at the life of the Buddha and traces the development of Buddhism in various countries. The program also describes the day-to-day lives of Buddhist priests as they counsel, teach, beg for alms, and meditate. The Buddhist emphasis upon compassion based on meditation offers an example and challenge to all.","[u'Gautama Buddha']","[u'Thailand', u'Philippines']","[u'buddhism', u'immigrants', u'life', u'meditation']","[u'Educational films']" "kan1153529-153530","stream","","Life in Australia Series: Cairns","","","","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the Queensland town of Cairns in the mid 1960s. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","","[u'Cairns', u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'life', u'australia', u'copyright', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'australian']","" "fod1000129837","stream","","The Iranian Americans ","","55 min 13 sec","","Filmed around the United States—from Los Angeles to Washington, DC—this documentary chronicles the underreported history of a group of immigrants finding refuge, overcoming adversity and ultimately creating new lives in the United States. Even though Iran is in the news virtually every day, many Americans have little knowledge of the story of the hundreds of thousands of Iranians who live in the U.S.","","[u'United States', u'Washington', u'Iran', u'Los Angeles']","[u'iranian', u'immigrants', u'iranian americans', u'americans', u'iranians', u'history']","" "kan1157321-157322","stream","","Maid in America","","57 minutes","","They clean other people's homes and raise other families' children — often leaving their own families behind. Maid in America is an intimate look into the lives of three Latina immigrants working as nannies and housekeepers in Los Angeles, three of the nearly 100,000 domestic workers living in that city today. These women's stories vividly reveal how immigrants are redefining their roles, and underscores the vital role they play in many American households. The issue of worker's rights is introduced in the film through Dynamic Workers, a collective of women who have formed their own business to provide job security and benefits, and Domestic Workers Association, a support organization providing information and advocacy. A rare view into what is becoming an increasingly common scenario, MAID IN AMERICA offers insight both into the immigrant experience, labor issues and contemporary Latino culture.","[u'Prado, Anayansi', u'Leadingham, Kevin']","[u'Brazil', u'Italy', u'United States', u'Latina', u'Los Angeles', u'Prado']","[u'job security', u'play', u'insight', u'families', u'business', u'immigrants', u'latino', u'labor', u'american', u'organization', u'nannies', u'children', u'women']","" "fod100004997","stream","","Conquering America :Bharati Mukherjee","1990","30 min.","","Bharati Mukherjee writes vivid, sensual, and troubling stories about America's newest immigrants, Asians like herself. Mukherjee's early novels spoke from India, the old world she left behind to marry an American. Upon arriving in America she set out to capture the New World experiences of Asian immigrants. In this program with Bill Moyers, Mukherjee discusses America's newest immigrants and the building resentment and tensions between our country's various cultures. ""We've come to America,"" she says, ""in a way, to take over. To help build a new culture.","[u'Mukherjee, Bharati']","[u'United States', u'India']","[u'building', u'immigrants']","[u'Educational films']" "asp3295857-marc","stream","","Il sangue verde =The green blood","","58 min","","January 2010, Rosarno, Calabria. Widely publicized immigrant riots exposed the unjust and squalid conditions that thousands of African laborers, exploited by an economy controlled by 'Ndrangheta, the Calabrian mafia, endure on a daily basis. For a brief moment the immigrants caught the attention of the Italian public, who responded to these protests with fear and violence. In a few hours the immigrants in question were 'evacuated'� from Rosarno and the problem was 'resolved.'� But the faces and the stories of those involved in the riots at Rosarno tell a different story. Revealing these stories and giving them voice is the only way we can return to these memories: memories of those days of violence, memories of a not-so-distant history of rural poverty in Rosarno that is often overlooked.","[u'Segre, Andrea']","[u'Italy']","[u'riots', u'immigrants', u'poverty', u'blood', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp3401971-marc","stream","","Road to the White House.Part 1","","49 min","[u'Road to the White House']","The Road to the White House tells the story of how Irish immigrants to the United States rose from impoverished, despised, disorganized outsiders to elect John F. Kennedy as the country's first (and so far, only) non-Protestant, non-Anglo Saxon president. The series, filmed in both Ireland and America, follows the rise of Irish-American political machines in cities like New York, Boston, Kansas City and Chicago and features contributions from Pulitzer Prize winning authors such as Robert Caro and Jack Beatty.

The three-part series tell the story of six unique and powerful Irish-American politicians whose ancestors all came to America as impoverished Irish immigrants. The Irish, by the very process of coming to America, changed the country. They were the first immigrant group in the US who seized upon politics as a means of making a living and they left a permanent mark on the American political landscape which stills resonates today. The series opens in New York in the mid 1800s with the story of Richard 'Boss' Croker, it continues in New York with the story of Alfred E. Smith. The series also covers the Kansas Machine with the story of 'Boss' Tom Pendergast before moving on to Boston with James Michael Curley, to Chicago with the Major Richard J. Daley Story and ending with the John F. Kennedy election victory.","[u'Keane, Datha\xed', u'Seoighe, Eileen', u'Smith, Alfred Emanuel', u'Wall, Steve', u'Seoighe, Br\xedd', u'Croker, Richard']","[u'Chicago', u'Boston', u'Kansas City', u'United States', u'New York', u'Ireland']","[u'series', u'immigrants', u'american', u'united states', u'politicians', u'authors', u'politics']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100118355","stream","","Days of Hope","","1 hr., 12 min., 51 sec.","","Three immigrant stories interlace to offer a portrait of the brave souls who leave Africa for Europe but who always stay connected with home. We rarely see immigrants on the move as humans. Do they have lives separate from the process of immigration? But in fact in a globalized, connected world immigrants are as we are. As the narrative unfolds we learn that each of the 3 characters has motivations very similar to those that drive us all.","","","[u'europe', u'immigrants']","[u'Internet videos']" "kan1233511-233512","stream","","Frontline - Immigration Battle","","114 minutes","","Why has it been so hard for Washington to fix our country's broken immigration system? In Immigration Battle, a special two-hour feature film presentation from FRONTLINE and Independent Lens, acclaimed independent filmmakers Shari Robertson and Michael Camerini take viewers behind closed doors in Washington's corridors of power to explore the political realities surrounding one of the country's most pressing and divisive issues.. Explore President Obama's push for policy changes that could impact the fate of millions and define what it means to be American for decades to come..","","[u'United States', u'Washington']","[u'independent filmmakers', u'american', u'immigration']","[u'Television programs']" "asp1750630-curv","stream","","The Minutemen :vigilantes at the border","2011","83 min","","Aggravated by the influx of undocumented immigrants and fed up with the lack of government involvement, the Minutemen positioned themselves along the U.S. / Mexico border. Armed, energetic, and bound by common ideals, they are a diverse, often fragmented group of disillusioned freedom fighters, existing in what many believe to be the realm of vigilantism. This cinema vérité documentary follows nine of these eccentric, self-appointed watchdogs as they fight to regain their sovereignty in an isolated and dangerous landscape. Filmed over the course of four years, the film examines the motivations of and relationships between these conflicted patriots.","[u'Weissman, Nicholas', u'Minuteman Project', u'Wascinski, Corey', u'Myron, Julia']","[u'Mexico']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Nonfiction films']" "asp2774913-cbsv","stream","","American identities for sale","2005","16 min","[u'60 minutes']","A black market has developed that sells IDs to illegal immigrants hoping to work in the United States. Bob Simon reports.","[u'Simon, Bob', u'Krantz, Wendy', u'Mihailovich, Draggan']","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Television news programs']" "kan1114861-114862","stream","","Who is Dayani Cristal?","","85 min","","The body of an unidentified immigrant is found in the Arizona Desert. In an attempt to retrace his path and discover his story, director Marc Silver and Gael Garcia Bernal embed themselves among migrant travelers on their own mission to cross the border, providing rare insight into the human stories which are so often ignored in the immigration debate.","[u'Garc\xeda Bernal, Gael', u'Silver, Marc']","","[u'travelers', u'insight', u'silver', u'immigration']","[u'Feature Films']" "kan1169031-169032","stream","","In the Shadows: Undocumented Immigration in America","","49 minutes","","A modern day ""Grapes of Wrath"" in which a family of undocumented immigrants from the jungle in Mexico journey to a dairy farm in the USA in search of a better life and a means to send money home to their struggling families. Along the way they encounter dangerous border crossing conditions and a run -in with immigration authorities. Jario wants to provide a better life for his family, but every family has a black sheep... will this stand in his way? This film explores why the immigration issue has become such a hot button topic..","","[u'Along', u'India', u'Mexico']","[u'life', u'modern', u'family', u'mexico', u'money', u'immigrants', u'border crossing', u'immigration', u'american', u'home']","[u'Latin American Studies', u'Educational films']" "asp3235608-marc","stream","","Launceston","","19 min","[u'Life in Australia']","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the Tasmanian town of Launceston in the mid 1960s.","[u'Edwards, John', u'Thompson, Eric', u'Young, Peter']","[u'Launceston', u'Australia']","[u'life', u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp1680036-vand","stream","","The hidden daughters (de skjulte dotre)","2004","58 min","[u'VAST: academic video online']","They are born and brought up in Europe. Their daily lives are influenced by European culture and they are European citizens. But they are also daughters of immigrants from south and east. Every day they have to fight to find the balance between two extremely different cultures.Thousands of these girls are sent back to the native land of their parents to be ""re-educated"" in the cultural norms and traditions of those countries. For many of the girls, generational conflicts then turn into regular culture wars within the family and the daughters may disappear for several years or forever.","[u'Jensen, Steen', u'Korsgaard, Mette']","","[u'culture', u'immigrants', u'girls', u'family', u'parents']","[u'Documentary']" "kan1153555-153556","stream","","Risky Business: Episode 2","","","","The four partners in an icecream cafe are about to lose their cool as iceberg-size problems hit their construction site. Tackling the new shop is also taxing Marcus and Francesco's working relationship. Arthur drops a bombshell that threatens to blow the Garbas family apart, and Ian and Natasha are feeling the financial squeeze as Fashion Week looms. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Lambert, Susan']","[u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'fashion', u'copyright', u'family', u'immigration', u'construction', u'australian']","" "kan1254080-254081","stream","","Stateless","","57 minutes","","In 2005, a spark of hope came when the U.S. immigration officials returned to Manila to review the cases of over 2000 Vietnamese refugees who spent over 17 years in the Philippines waiting for resettlement. They have been living in the Philippines without legal status, ownership nor employment rights. While nervously waiting for a judgment day, the STATELESS Vietnamese hung on the hope of finding a permanent home..Winner Spotlight Award and Audience Choice Award 2013 Vietnamese International Film Festival","","[u'Philippines', u'Vietnam', u'Manila']","[u'employment', u'refugees', u'immigration', u'hope', u'vietnamese']","[u'Documentary films', u'Asian Studies']" "fod100046041","stream","","Release of Illegal Jewish Immigrants, 1946","1946","1 min.","[u'The WPA Film Library']","Jewish immigrants, released from detention in Cyprus, arrive at Haifa, Palestine.","","[u'Palestine', u'United States', u'Israel', u'Haifa', u'Cyprus']","[u'immigrants', u'cyprus']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films']" "asp2281140-vast","stream","","Strangers at the door","1977","29 min","","It had been a hard journey for immigrants Jan Laluckey and his family. But on arrival in Quebec, the New World, all their hopes for a new and better life were dampened when immigration officials refused to allow Kasia, Jan's daughter, to remain. During a routine medical examination it was found that Kasia had contracted an infectious eye disease. In the end she was separated from her family and sent back to Europe alone.","[u'Samuels, Maxine', u'Howe, John']","[u'Canada']","[u'europe', u'life', u'immigrants', u'eye', u'family']","[u'Nonfiction films']" "asp3233019-marc","stream","","Pane Amaro (Bitter Bread)","","104 min","","This documentary traces the history of Italian immigrants in the United States.","[u'Kurien, Suma', u'Acunto, Steve', u'Norelli, Gianfranco']","[u'United States', u'Italy']","[u'immigrants', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1069899-69900","stream","","Dancing with Dictators","","","","Ross Dunkley is a mix of pragmatism and idealism: he is a free speech warrior prepared to do business in a country dominated by the dead hand of the military dictatorship. Originally, influential liberals supported Dunkley's newspaper because they wanted reform but four years later a hardline crackdown saw his colleagues jailed and Dunkley hanging on by his finger nails. Set against the background of the country's first election in 20 years, DANCING WITH DICTATORS is an observational documentary about Burma from the inside.Those outside the country see the election as a sham - for many inside the country, including the paper's journalists, this is an opportunity they cannot afford to turn their back on - a chance for a step towards democracy no matter how limited. The film was made with considerable risk to the filmmakers and to the participants. The film-makers' presence during the election does not go unnoticed and four days after the vote they are deported, focussing attention on Dunkley. Shortly afterwards the hardliners strike again and Dunkley is arrested and charged with immigration offences linked to an alleged assault on a woman. He spends seven weeks in Burma's notorious Insein prison before being granted bail and appears in court over 20 times. Once free, he remains committed to regaining control of the newspaper and continuing the fight for freedom of speech in a country he has grown to love. ""A gripping film of intrigue, espionage and frustration"" - Cris Kennedy, Canberra Times.","[u'Piper, Hugh']","","[u'bail', u'prison', u'business', u'democracy', u'liberals', u'freedom', u'attention', u'back', u'dead', u'hand', u'chance', u'pragmatism', u'freedom of speech', u'dictators', u'immigration', u'military', u'hanging', u'speech', u'opportunity', u'espionage', u'risk']","" "asp2362394-pbsv","stream","","Lost in detention","2011","55 min","[u'Frontline', u'The PBS Video Collection']","More than one million immigrants have been deported since President Obama took office. Deportations and detentions have reached record levels. The get-tough policy has brought complaints of abuse and harsh treatment. Now viewers can investigate Obama's enforcement strategies and journey into the secretive world of immigrant detention, while getting a penetrating look at who is being detained and what is happening to them.","[u'Hinojosa, Maria', u'U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement', u'Young, Rick']","[u'Japan']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp2860104-ahiv","stream","","November 22 2014","","4 minutes","[u'Your Weekly Address']","In this week's address, the President lays out the steps he took this past week to fix our broken immigration system. Enacted within his legal authority, the President's plan focuses on cracking down on illegal immigration at the border; deporting felons, not families; and accountability through criminal background checks and taxes.","[u'Obama, Barack']","[u'United States']","[u'presidents', u'criminal', u'families', u'immigration', u'authority']","[u'Filmed speeches']" "asp3346827-marc","stream","","Silent in the crowd","","14 minutes","","This video uses expert research along with music and dance to discuss how prejudice may be a factor in the way British medical professionals diagnose a disproportionate number of black immigrants from the Caribbean with schizophrenia.","[u'Baker, Monika']","[u'Great Britain']","[u'caribbean', u'dance', u'immigrants', u'british', u'research', u'music', u'prejudice', u'music and dance']","[u'Documentary films', u'Filmed performances']" "fod100046039","stream","","Illegal Jewish Immigration to Palestine, 1946","1946","2 min.","[u'The WPA Film Library']","Illegal Jewish immigrants arrive in Palestine, and stash of stolen weapons in found in a school.","","[u'United States', u'Palestine']","[u'weapons', u'immigrants']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1231945-231946","stream","","Home from the Eastern Sea - The Story of Asian Immigration to America","","58 minutes","","This is the story of the immigration of Chinese, Japanese, and Filipinos to America. The documentary explores the history of each nationality through the personal stories of representative families.. The film begins with the story of the Yee family of Seattle, which represents four generations of Asian Americans in the United States. Their roots go back to the building of the transcontinental railway, and there are fascinating archival photographs of these events. The Hondas of Spokane are a lively testament to the resilience of Japanese Americans. Having suffered discrimination during the war, they display a strength of character engendered by their wartime experiences. Lorena Silva lives in a close-knit Filipino American community, where extended family ties give support.. Intercut with family stories and rare archival footage are the observations of scholars, community activists, and writers.. Home from the Eastern Sea was awarded the American Scene Award by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Seattle Chapter. It was also nominated for ""Outstanding Documentary Historical/Biography by the same organization..","","[u'United States', u'Japan', u'Seattle', u'China', u'Spokane']","[u'building', u'photographs', u'television', u'immigration', u'filipino', u'family', u'filipinos', u'discrimination', u'arts', u'character', u'asian americans', u'back', u'japanese', u'american', u'americans', u'extended family', u'home', u'generations', u'history']","[u'North American Studies', u'Educational films']" "asp3566069-marc","stream","","Limbo","","54 minutes","","Imagine that one of the people most dear to you is suddenly taken by the police, imprisoned and expelled from Italy. Imagine what could happen to your father, your partner, your mother, a son or a brother. This is not for committing a crime or a violent act, but only for the lack of proper documentation. And 'what a real danger so distressing for the families of many immigrants placed in our society but in conflict with the bureaucracy. This is the reality experienced by Alejandro, Bouchaib, and Peter Karim, detained in CIE (Centers for Identification and Expulsion) in Turin, Trapani and Rome - often far away from their homes - and their families, who are waiting in limbo to find out if their loved ones will return home or be sent away from Italy. Limbo tells their stories waiting, anger and fear, of suffering in the balance between different families and cultures. Stories in which children seem to only be able to endure the suffering destinies and the absence of fathers and the women have to bear the weight of an unjust law and heartless.","[u'Calore, Matteo', u'Hofer, Gustav']","[u'United States', u'Rome', u'Italy', u'Turin', u'Trapani']","[u'families', u'reality', u'danger', u'fathers', u'immigrants', u'crime', u'society', u'suffering', u'anger', u'home', u'law', u'children', u'women']","[u'Feature films', u'Documentary films']" "fod100058765","stream","","Empire of Dreams (1880-1942)","2013","54 min.","[u'The Latino Americans']","Widespread immigration to the U.S. from Latin countries begins - first with a small group from Cuba, then a larger one from Mexico. Both flee chaos and violence in their home country and seek opportunities in the United States. The first Puerto Rican arrivals establish a network in New York. We follow Juan Salvador Villaseñor's story; first through a grueling journey and poverty, then as a bootlegger, and finally as a successful businessman. During the 1920s, Mexicans and Mexican Americans build a thriving community in Los Angeles. But when the economic boom ends with the catastrophic Depression of the thirties, the pendulum swings. Immigrants are deported en masse. Emilia Castaneda loses her home and her family when she is deported to Mexico. Puerto Ricans, also caught in the depths of the Depression, rebel against U.S. rule on the Island, and eventually gain Commonwealth status from the U.S. Government.","","[u'Mexico', u'Cuba', u'United States', u'New York', u'Los Angeles', u'Puerto Rico']","[u'mexican americans', u'immigrants', u'family', u'violence']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod1000130762","stream","","Dupont Dynasty ","","45 min 21 sec","[u'Empires Of Industry']","DuPonts have influenced affairs of state since the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson. This documentary traces their accomplishments over two hundred years, beginning with Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours' immigration to America. Highlights include: Eleuthere Irenee's construction of a gunpowder business in Delaware's Brandywine region; Lammot's expansion into dynamite production; Pierre Samuel's diversification into other chemical products; and the corporation's contribution to both world wars. Despite internal tensions over the course of its history, Du Pont is now the world's largest chemical company, with 94,000 employees globally.","","[u'United States']","[u'business', u'beginning', u'employees', u'immigration', u'construction', u'gunpowder']","" "kan1062773-62774","stream","","Unnatural causes. Becoming American","","30 min 10 sec","[u'Unnatural causes']","Recent Mexican immigrants, although poorer, tend to be healthier than the average American. They have lower rates of death, heart disease, cancer, and other illnesses, despite being less educated, earning less and having the stress of adapting to a new country and a new language. In research circles, this is the Latino paradox. But as they are here longer, their health advantage erodes. After five years or more in the U.S., they are 1.5 times more likely to have high blood pressure and be obese than when they arrived. Within one generation, their health is as poor as other Americans of similar income status. In Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, about 40 miles south of Philadelphia, Mexican immigrants like Amador Bernal now make up a quarter of the town's population. After almost 25 years in the U.S., Amador has never been to a doctor. And he's not alone. Some researchers believe that most immigrants come to the U.S. with a health advantage, even if their native country is poor. That's because people who are able to move to another country must be in good physical and mental health to begin with. Many researchers believe another factor is also at work. ""Immigrants bring to this country aspects of culture, of tradition, of tight family social networks and community social networks that essentially form a shield around them and allow them to withstand the deleterious, negative impacts of American culture,"" says Alameda County (CA) Public Health Director Tony Iton, MD. But that shield has an expiration date. As Dr. William Vega's research with Mexican immigrants in California shows: ""The levels of all major mental disorders increased when we looked at people who had been in the country over 13 years. So you see these protective factors begin to wear down."" One reason is that low wages, working conditions and increased social exclusion tend to break down those protective shields. Isolation is on the rise in the U.S., not just among immigrants. One in four of us say they have no one they can talk to about their problems. And isolation kills. For Amador Bernal and his family, support from extended family and friends has been central to their ability to stay mentally and physically healthy. But more importantly, their health is protected by the union at the mushroom farm where Amador works; by the social service agency that runs a free clinic on the farm premises for workers; and by the community center that keeps the children safe after school and provides them with friends, after-school tutoring, computer access and a path to a better future. Kennett Square is investing in resources that can help all its citizens feel included and connected.","[u'Bernal, Amador', u'Iton, Tony', u'Vega, William']","[u'United States', u'Philadelphia', u'Mexico']","[u'heart', u'mexican', u'family', u'americans', u'social service', u'children', u'mental health', u'blood pressure', u'research', u'health', u'social networks', u'income', u'latino', u'poor', u'ability', u'public health', u'pressure', u'reason', u'blood', u'friends', u'immigrants', u'american', u'extended family']","[u'Documentary films, television films', u'Documentary films']" "fod100070823","stream","","1924 Immigration Act, The (Part Two) ","","59 sec","[u'Luminaries']","Professor of American studies and history Matthew Frye Jacobson talks about the way politicians used the 1890 Census in order to justify the stipulations of the 1924 Immigration Act and limit the number of ""undesirables"" from Russia and Italy.","","[u'United States', u'Italy', u'Russia']","[u'politicians', u'american', u'immigration', u'history']","" "asp1646841-ahiv","stream","Saffa, Joan","Honor bound","1996","55 min","[u'American history in video']","During the Second World War, while America was fighting the Japanese, a unit of second generation Japanese-Americans was fighting bravely on the European front. These sons of Japanese immigrants proved their courage and loyalty on the fiercest battlefields, as they fought to overcome the stigma of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. The 100/442nd Regiment suffered the highest rates casualty and became the most decorated unit in American history. Meanwhile back at home, their families were in desolate internment camps, forced to leave their homes, farms and businesses. This film, made by the daughter of one of the soldiers, tells their story through remembrances and archival footage. With pride the veterans recall how they rescued the"" Lost Battalion"" of 211 Texans about to be annihilated by the enemy. Eight-hundred soldiers were wounded or killed in this operation which the U.S. Army has called one of the top ten battles of all time. The veterans also remember the friendly rivalry between the exuberant Hawaiian-Japanese, who had never faced discrimination, and the reserved American Nisei who had the double burden of fighting prejudice at home as well as the enemy abroad. This heartfelt documentary will be welcomed in programs on multiculturalism, Asian American history, immigration and military history.","[u'United States', u'Hanamura, Wendy']","[u'United States', u'Japan']","[u'families', u'immigrants', u'japanese', u'battles', u'american', u'soldiers', u'veterans']","[u'Nonfiction films', u'Documentary films']" "fod1000145413","stream","","Rebel Lords","","52 min 19 sec","[u'Meet the Lords']","Filmed over a year where the nation has been split over Brexit and a Conservative government is for the first time having to tackle a Lords chamber where the opposition outnumber them, episode two of the exclusive behind-the-scenes documentary returns to the House as the government threatens to trim the lords' powers if they rebel again—but will they comply? Rebellious peer Lord Dubs is on a crusade to push through an amendment to the Immigration Bill to allow unaccompanied refugee children into the country, and Admiral Lord West isn't happy about a public poll that has voted overwhelmingly to name a new polar research ship Boaty McBoatface.","","","[u'refugee children', u'government', u'refugee', u'unaccompanied refugee children', u'immigration', u'research', u'time', u'children']","" "fod1000130778","stream","","Need for Speed ","","21 min 58 sec","[u'Mankind Decoded']","In this episode of Mankind Decoded, we learn how being the fastest enabled empires to be born and capitalism to thrive—beginning with the horses that facilitated Genghis Khan's takeover of Central Asia. With his fast ship, Francis Drake captured a silver fortune that helped finance the British Empire. Steam power revolutionized transportation and industry in the 19th century and contributed to immigration and Westward Expansion. The automobile marked an era of mass production and consumerism. Finally, the telegraph was a precursor to the electronic communication revolution that changed our relationship with time and space.","","","[u'horses', u'revolution', u'transportation', u'finance', u'mass production', u'communication', u'industry', u'immigration', u'british', u'capitalism', u'telegraph', u'time', u'fortune', u'speed', u'silver']","" "asp2393324-busv","stream","","Immigration is key to St. Louis' growth :Dooley","2013","5 min..","[u'Business education in video']","St. Louis County executive Charlie Dooley discusses the city's immigration push with Mark Crumpton on Bloomberg Television's 'Bottom Line.'","[u'Crumpton, Mark']","","[u'growth', u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "asp1748373-lawv","stream","","Divide and conquer","2009","45 min","[u'Gangland']","Part of a series that looks at the history behind America's most important gangs, using rare footage and exclusive interviews of gang members. ""The Latin Kings were formed in the windy city - Chicago. They are the largest and most brutal Latino gang in the country. They are also among the most organized, with a strict code of conduct, outlined in the gang's constitution. Their roots trace back to the 1940's, when Mexican and Puerto Rican immigrants settled in the Chicago area. Today, the Kings remain a dominant force on the streets of Chicago and have spread to other major cities across the United States. Their leader has successfully run the gang, through gangland wars and expanding drug empires, from behind bars for nearly four decades, prompting authorities to launch the biggest offensive against the Latin King organization - Operation Broken Crown, the results of which are yet to seen.""--History Channel website.","","[u'United States', u'Mexico', u'Chicago', u'Puerto Rico']","[u'series', u'immigrants', u'history']","[u'Non-fiction television programs']" "asp3233356-marc","stream","","Alienated :undocumented immigrant youth","","28 min","","Alienated gives voice to undocumented youth immigrants facing the challenges of life after high school with no options for legalized work or college. Through interviews with legal counselors, youth service providers, and activitsts on both sides of the immigration debate, Alienated examines what it means to be young, able, and ""illegal"" in America.","[u'Gutierrez, Adam']","","[u'youth', u'life', u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films', u'Educational films']" "asp2375385-busv","stream","","Can immigration reform survive Boston attack?","2013","3 min..","[u'Business education in video']","Hudson Institute's Tim Kane, Brooking Institute's Darrell West and Bloomberg Contributing Editor discuss immigration reform in the wake of the Boston Marathon bombing with Trish Regan on Bloomberg Television's 'Street Smart.'","","","[u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "kan2727671-1727672","stream","","The 1920s…Beyond the Glitter","","27 minutes","","The culture of the 1920s. America's economy and the labor force. Prosperity and consumerism vs. abject poverty. Political and cultural conflict: immigration legislation and Prohibition. Harlem Renaissance, the Scopes trial. The three conservative Republican presidents of the era: Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover.","","[u'United States', u'Hoover']","[u'consumerism', u'presidents', u'legislation', u'immigration', u'labor', u'culture', u'economy']","[u'North American Studies', u'Documentary films']" "kan1116349-116350","stream","","100% Arabica","","85 min","","In a housing project located on the outskirts of Paris renamed ""100% Arabica"" by its inhabitants, African immigrants live side by side. In a world of exiles, poverty is the common denominator. Against this backdrop, director Zemmouri has brought together two of the biggest and most charismatic stars of the cross-cultural musical form known as Rai, Cheb Mami and Khaled, who play the leaders of a band called Rap Oriental.","[u'Khaled', u'Cheb Mami', u'Zemmouri, Mahmoud', u'Rai']","[u'United States', u'Paris']","[u'play', u'rap', u'housing', u'immigrants', u'poverty', u'stars', u'african', u'musical form']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod1000133164","stream","","""Alien Invaders"": Jewish Figures in Deronda's Britain ","","45 min 1 sec","[u'Ruth Wisse Teaches Daniel Deronda']","In the third part of an eight part lecture series on ""Daniel Deronda,"" Professor Ruth Wisse analyzes Julian Klesmer and Mirah Lapidoth in terms of their contributions to Jewish emancipation. An expert on Yiddish and Jewish literature and winner of the National Humanities Medal, Wisse discusses how Jewish people were seen as a threat in Victorian England, from both poor immigrants and from influential families. Part of a new caste system placing artists above aristocrats, Klesmer exposes and foils anti-Jewish prejudice in British society. His willingness to assimilate by marrying a Gentile contrasts Mirah's strong familial, ethnic, and religious identity. Mirah's character raises the challenge of Jewish national autonomy and highlights the issue of maintaining separateness.","","[u'Great Britain', u'Ireland']","[u'poor', u'autonomy', u'literature', u'humanities', u'series', u'immigrants', u'character', u'jewish people', u'british', u'prejudice', u'artists', u'caste']","" "kan1255269-255270","stream","","Jeremy Scott, Stella Jean and Antonio Marras - Milan Spring 2016","","25 minutes","","In this issue of Videofashion Collections, more of the season's most-coveted collections hit the runway at Milan Fashion Week! Jeremy Scott created a catwalk carwash at Moschino's Spring/Summer 2016 show, with construction-themed colors and dresses warning ""caution: dangerous couture ahead!"" Stella Jean celebrates world travel and turns a light onto the current-day immigration conversation on her Milan runway. For Spring 2016, Antonio Marras takes inspiration from Armenian artist and director Sergei Parajanov, integrating collage work and lavish detail into his collection. Plus, a wide array of fun and playful knits take to the runway at new creative director Arthur Arbesser's first collection for Iceberg!","","[u'United States', u'Spring', u'Armenia']","[u'fashion', u'artist', u'collage', u'light', u'travel', u'work', u'immigration', u'conversation', u'colors', u'armenian', u'inspiration']","[u'Educational films']" "fod100034175","stream","","America's immigration debate","2004","26 min.","[u'Global Cities: Immigration and the World Economy']","Diversity from immigration keeps cities alive, former Senator Bill Bradley (D-NJ) and other leaders assert in this program; opposing views are also presented, thus summarizing America's immigration debate with mixed evaluations of its capacity for change. Using commentary from several experts-including Michael Teitelbaum, vice chair of the U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform, and Margie McHugh, executive director of the New York Immigrant Coalition-this program studies the isolation of ethnic communities, the shifting of racial definitions, and America's lack of an infrastructure to support immigrant integration.","","[u'Latin America']","[u'communities', u'cities', u'immigration', u'change']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films']" "asp1650446-flon","stream","Matthews, Aaron","My American girls :a Dominican story","2001","63 min","","This is a vivid portrayal of a year in the life of the Ortiz family -- hard working Dominican immigrants who live frugally in Brooklyn and dream of retiring one day in their native country. Their American-born daughters have different ideas and aspirations. These bittersweet contradictions form the core of the film as we watch the family sort out the rewards and the costs of pursuing the American dream.Sandra, the mother, grew up in the Dominican Republic, with 14 brothers and sisters, where there was no electricity or running water. She came to Brooklyn in 1975, all alone, seeking better work and pay. She and her husband, Bautista, hold two jobs each as hospital cleaners. Despite their long hours and relatively low pay, they provide their children with a comfortable lifestyle and the advantages of an American education.Their daughters represent the next generation of immigrants. Their eldest Monica (21), is an achiever who attends an ivy league college. She has an American boyfriend and has separated herself from the Dominican community , although she maintains close family ties. Aida (16) is a typical middle child, finding her way between the world of the streets and the ambitions of her parents. The youngest daughter Mayra (14) is a self proclaimed ""ghetto"" kid. She is failing in school and mainly wants to hang out with her friends. Sandra struggles to do right by each of them. Sandra s five-story house is filled with members of the extended family, grandmothers, aunts, uncles, cousins and attendant infants. Sandra realizes the irony that fulfilling her retirement dream will mean leaving her family once again. My American Girls captures the immigrant experience at the beginning of the 21st century.","","[u'United States', u'Dominican Republic', u'Brooklyn']","[u'life', u'brothers', u'family', u'electricity', u'self', u'immigrants', u'girls', u'american', u'children']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1294171-294172","stream","","The Immigration Paradox - Encore","","72 minutes","","In an era of increased global mass migration what does it mean to be an American? In this conversational piece, Filmmaker Lourdes Lee Vasquez unlocks additional never before seen footage filmed during her original 7 year journey. The Immigration Paradox - Encore delves into some of the ideological and historical precedents that have led up to now. It brings to light often omitted and over looked historical facts such as the Doctrine of Discovery, which shine a new light on our ideas of immigration, rule of law and justice.","","[u'United States']","[u'light', u'immigration', u'rule of law', u'filmmaker', u'migration', u'law']","[u'Documentary films', u'Race and Class Studies']" "fod100038094","stream","","Members of the U.S. House of Representatives Discuss the Simpson-Mazzoli Immigration Act ca. 1984.Part 3","","0 min., 51 sec.","","The Immigration Reform and Control Act, known as Simpson-Mazzoli, was first introduced to Congress in 1982. It called for immediate amnesty for illegal immigrants already in the country, followed by tougher regulations for citizenship and stricter enforcement of immigration laws. It was the first comprehensive immigration bill introduced to Congress in 32 years, and became one of the most controversial topics of the mid-1980s. The bill was debated, revised, and reintroduced in Congress for several years until it passed in 1986.","","","[u'immigrants', u'citizenship']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "fod100043070","stream","","Irish in America","1997","90 min.","","This A&E Special discusses how the customs and traditions of Irish immigrants to the United States shaped mainstream American culture.","","[u'United States', u'Ireland']","[u'united states', u'american', u'immigrants']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1116515-116516","stream","","Mary Meets Mohammad","","80 min","","The film opens with the Australian government's surprise announcement to build Tasmania's first detention centre for 400 male asylum seekers at Pontville on the outskirts of Hobart. The local community erupts with hostility as the Department of Immigration host a public meeting. When a suggestion is made at the local knitting club, to make beanies for the asylum seekers, not everyone is in support. Knitter and elderly Christian woman Mary is strongly opposed to the Muslim asylum seekers. However she becomes curious to see the 'luxurious life' the detainees are rumoured to have, so visits the centre a couple of months later, as the beanies are delivered. Mary and four other knitters become regular visitors to the asylum seekers. The knitters' friendships deepen with the men from Afghanistan as they help knitting and craft activities flourish within the detention centre. Asylum seeker Mohammad provides revealing insights of life inside the detention centre and the knitters are surprised by the first hunger strike at the centre. When the detention centre closes after six months some of the refugees decide to settle in Hobart. The knitters stay in contact with them and we see a close relationship develop between Mohammad and Mary. Despite their friendship Mary remains uncomfortable with Mohammad's Islamic beliefs.","[u'Kirkpatrick, Heather']","[u'Afghanistan', u'Australia', u'Turkmenistan', u'United States', u'Hobart', u'Mary']","[u'afghanistan', u'life', u'knitting', u'hunger', u'friendship', u'men', u'immigration', u'elderly', u'australian', u'refugees']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp2368077-busv","stream","","Using Detroit as a test case for immigration","2013","2 min..","[u'Business education in video']","In today's 'This Matters Now,' Carlos Gutierrez, former U.S. Secretary of Commerce, talks with Tom Keene about Detroit's bankruptcy and using it as a test case for the benefits of immigration reform to help its economy grow. He speaks on Bloomberg Television's 'Bloomberg Surveillance.'","","[u'United States', u'Detroit']","[u'commerce', u'bankruptcy', u'immigration', u'economy']","[u'Television news programs']" "kan1082173-82174","stream","","Collision Course Episode II","","30 min","[u'Collision Course']","A law firm headed by two immigrants is divided over prospects of representing someone who espouses extreme anti-immigrant sentiments. Theme: Freedom of speech; equal protection under the law.","[u'Beaty, Sally', u'Kammen, Glenn D.']","","[u'freedom', u'immigrants', u'law']","" "asp3819205-marc","stream","","Sewing woman","","14 minutes","","SEWING WOMAN chronicles the bittersweet journey of one woman's determination to survive: from an arranged marriage in old China to working class comforts in modern America. Produced over 18 years ago, this classic film continues to screen widely and is now treasured by a new generation of film goers -- it is considered by many cinema enthusiasts as an early prototype for the personal-diary genre made popular today with the recent handi-cam video explosion. SEWING WOMAN is based on a series of oral histories and the life story of the filmmaker's mother, Zem Ping Dong, an immigrant who has worked in San Francisco garment factories for over 30 years. With a candid first-person monologue spoken by noted actress Lisa Lu (The Joy Luck Club, The Last Emperor), Sewing Woman reveals an inner strength which guides a journey through oppressive Chinese customs, U.S. immigration policies, family separation, and the conflicts of assimilation in America. SEWING WOMAN's story is interwoven with rare footage shot in rural villages of China and in factories of San Francisco Chinatown, treasured home movies, and intimate family photographs.","[u'Lu, Lisa', u'Dong, Arthur E.', u'Dong, Lorraine']","[u'United States', u'San Francisco', u'China']","[u'arranged marriage', u'life', u'villages', u'family', u'chinese', u'series', u'sewing', u'modern', u'immigration', u'class', u'stateswomen', u'marriage', u'home', u'china', u'joy', u'factories', u'working class', u'monologue']","[u'Short films', u'Biographical films', u'Documentary films']" "kan2022545-1022546","stream","","America By The Numbers: The New Deciders","","57 minutes","","In this one-hour election special, award-winning journalist Maria Hinojosa takes us on location to: Cleveland, Ohio where Arab Americans who are Muslim and Christian register to vote and run for office to combat Islamophobia; Orlando, Florida as Latino Evangelicals find their political voice and support conservative causes as well as immigration reform; Orange County, California, where Asian American candidates face off in one of the state's predominantly Asian American voting districts; and the swing state of North Carolina, where African American Millennials on both sides of the political spectrum say they are continuing the civil rights tradition, but in totally different ways.. THE NEW DECIDERS presents surprising numbers and the gripping real-life stories behind population change, demonstrating how demography becomes destiny for politics in the 2016 election and beyond.","[u'Yu, Titi', u'Mangin, Charlotte']","[u'Charlotte', u'Uruguay', u'Orlando', u'Florida', u'United States', u'Cleveland']","[u'voice', u'combat', u'arab americans', u'civil rights', u'immigration', u'latino', u'face', u'arab', u'american', u'americans', u'demography', u'african', u'politics', u'african american', u'voting', u'population']","[u'Documentary films', u'Ethnicity']" "kan1143681-143682","stream","","Life on the Line","","27 minutes","","Just two years ago, the Torrez family looked a lot like many American families: Mexican-American with immigrant roots, multilingual and multicultural, working class with two kids in public schools getting a decent education, living in a mid-sized American city and weathering the economic downturn with any work the primary bread-winner could find. But in an instant, everything changed. After fourteen years of living undocumented in the U.S., Vanessa Torrez crossed into Mexico when visiting her dying mother, and as the only family member without U.S. citizenship, was not allowed to return to her family in the U.S. So the Torrez family left everything behind and moved to Nogales, Sonora, committed to remaining together. Now, while the family lives in a dilapidated public housing compound at a dangerous border crossing, Kimberly must cross the border daily on foot to go to school in the U.S. Meanwhile, her father, Rick, finds himself unemployed, stricken with Hepatitis C, and in dire need of a liver transplant. Vanessa travels to Juarez to obtain the visa that will allow her to live in the U.S. with her children if her husband dies. Told through the eyes of adolescent Kimberly over the year in which her family is forced to straddle two countries, Life on the Line offers an intimate story from a quintessentially American place, illuminating the changing face of America and the impact of our immigration policies through the story of one girl and her family.","[u'Gilomen, Jen', u'Rubin, Sally']","[u'United States', u'Nogales', u'Mexico']","[u'class', u'life', u'family', u'mexico', u'housing', u'work', u'public housing', u'immigration', u'face', u'foot', u'american', u'liver', u'schools', u'public schools', u'working class', u'children', u'weathering']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1128727-128728","stream","","Chile 2: Punta Arenas, Puerto Montt, and Valparaiso","","","","Three cities provide insight into the culture and history of the South American country of Chile. The first city is Punta Arenas, located on the shores of the Straits of Magellan and the largest city in the region. Translated as ""sandy point,"" the city is also known as ""the city of red roofs"" because of its colorful skyline. It is the southernmost city in South America and reached its golden age between 1850 and 1914 due to its wool and fishing industries. Its imposing cathedral on the central square and its 19th century architecture reflect this boom time, and the memorial statue to Ferdinand Magellan recalls its history. We visit a sheep ranch and a rookery to see the penguins before heading north to Puerto Montt, a fishing center settled by German immigrants in the late 1800s. Situated on a narrow coastal plain with the Andes Mountains in the background, Puerto Montt is a tranquil city with an active fishing economy, and its German heritage is evident in its alpine houses with balconies. It is the gateway to Chile's Lake District, and the active volcano Orsano dominates the area. We visit Orsano National Park and Emerald Lake created by the volcano and then travel north to Valparaiso, the most cosmopolitan city of the three. Once a major stop for ships traveling between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans before the Panama Canal was built, Valparaiso remains an important seaport as well as cultural center for the region. These three cities reflect the beauty, history, and culture of this vast country.","[u'DeBoer, Jake', u'De Boer, Mieke']","[u'Puerto Montt', u'Punta Arenas', u'Valparaiso', u'United States', u'Germany', u'Chile']","[u'sheep', u'mountains', u'cities', u'insight', u'houses', u'travel', u'immigrants', u'ships', u'culture', u'american', u'penguins', u'architecture', u'oceans', u'age', u'fishing', u'panama', u'history']","" "fod100052436","stream","","What Is an American? :The American Future","2008","51 min.","[u'The American Future: A History by Simon Schama']","Who should be allowed to enter the United States and call themselves an American has always been one of the nation's most divisive issues - and it continues to be so during the 2008 presidential election. In this program, Simon Schama looks at the bitter conflict over immigration, tracing its roots to the founding of America. The early settlers were themselves immigrants but they saw America as fundamentally a white and Protestant nation. Schama examines the key events that challenged this view: the annexation of parts of Mexico in 1848, the immigration and subsequent expulsion of the Chinese in the late 19th century, and the massive emigration from Eastern Europe during the 1920s.","[u'Schama, Simon']","[u'United States', u'China', u'Mexico']","[u'united states', u'europe', u'american', u'immigrants', u'chinese']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp2369751-busv","stream","","I found my dream come true in America :Ulukaya","2013","3 min..","[u'Business education in video']","Hamdi Ulukaya, founder & CEO at Chobani, talks with Alix Steel about the importance of immigration reform and relays his personal story as an immigrant to the United States. He speaks on Bloomberg Television's 'Street Smart.'","[u'Steel, Alix']","[u'United States']","[u'steel', u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "kan1059044-59045","stream","Higgins, George V.,1939-1999","Writers talk : George V Higgins with Malcolm Bradbury","","31 min 10 sec","[u'Writers talk', u'Roland Collection']","Topics Discussed in the Interview: --The American detective story tradition. --The novel as film script. --Impact of immigration on American culture. --Creating drama and suspense.","[u'Bradbury, Malcolm']","[u'United States']","[u'drama', u'american', u'immigration']","" "kan1159518-159519","stream","","Episode 7: The City and the World (1945-2000)","","137 minutes","","In exploring the social, economic and physical forces that swept through the city in the post-war period, Episode Seven examines the great African-American migration and Puerto Rican immigration of the '40s, '50s, and '60s; the beginnings of white flight and suburbanization; and the massive physical changes wrought by highways and urban renewal -- all of which were directed, to a surprising degree, by one man: Robert Moses. The film comes to a climax with the destruction of Penn Station, the battle over the Lower Manhattan Expressway, the social and fiscal crises of the '60s and '70s, and New York's miraculous revival in the last quarter-century.","[u'Burns, Ric']","[u'United States', u'New York', u'Puerto Rico']","[u'urban renewal', u'flight', u'crises', u'immigration', u'american', u'migration']","" "fod1000141798","stream","","Blood in the Face","","1 hr 17 min 25 sec","","A film by James Ridgeway (political correspondent for The Village Voice), Anne Bohlen (Academy Award Nominee) & Kevin Rafferty (The Atomic Cafe) and featuring interviews by Michael Moore (Fahrenheit 9/11, Bowling for Columbine, Sicko). A riveting, jaw-dropping view of America's white supremacy movement. Rare archival footage, darkly humorous interviews, and their own promotional materials bring to light the inner workings of the Ku Klux Klan, the American Nazi Party, the Aryan Nation, The Order, and other radical right groups. With a folksy, matter-of-fact certainty, the men and women here speak of imminent race wars, Armageddon, the Holocaust hoax, interracial breeding, the Christian Identity faith, the hordes of foreign troops poised to attack America, and ZOG (The Zion Occupation Government). In the wake of the Oklahoma City attack and their continuing efforts to demonize immigrants and arm themselves to the teeth, it is clear the radical right are not the patriotic, bedrock Americans they claim to be, nor harmless in their lunacies either. Controversial and timely, Blood in the Face reveals a dark and dangerous side of America.","","[u'United States', u'Oklahoma City', u'Columbine']","[u'men', u'light', u'interviews', u'immigrants', u'holocaust', u'face', u'arm', u'american', u'race', u'americans', u'blood', u'bowling', u'materials', u'women']","" "kan1359456-359457","stream","","China Remix","","29 minutes","","This short documentary explores China's burgeoning African entertainment industry through the lives of three African hip-hop artists who are trying to find success in the face of challenging labor and immigration laws in China's southeastern city of Guangzhou. The film follows the entertainers as they prepare for their shows, perform, and live their daily lives with their Chinese and African family members and friends.","","[u'Guangzhou', u'China']","[u'family', u'success', u'entertainers', u'entertainment', u'industry', u'african', u'immigration', u'face', u'artists', u'chinese', u'labor', u'hip-hop']","[u'Documentary films', u'African Studies']" "fod100093461","stream","","Ancient Roots ","","52 min 26 sec","[u'Finding Your Roots, Season 2']","Ancient Roots traces the family history of three quintessential voices in American life. All three descend from ancestors that were part of the wave of Greek immigrants that flooded America's shores in the early decades of the 20th century. But along the way, the stories of their Greek ancestors were lost. In recovering these stories, we'll find that their ancestors overcame terrible hardship, and showed remarkable courage in times of war. For Tina Fey, we discover her 5th great-grandfather survived a terrible massacre, and became a hero in the Greek War of Independence. We reveal that David Sedaris' ancestors were also touched by the Greek War of Independence. Their home village was raided by the Ottoman military, and David's great grand-aunt was taken captive -- never to see her family again. And we learn that George Stephanopoulos' family was willing to sacrifice their own lives in the struggle against the Nazi occupation of Greece during World War I. Distributed by PBS Distribution.","","[u'United States', u'Panama', u'David', u'Independence', u'Greece']","[u'family', u'sacrifice', u'immigrants', u'greek', u'american', u'courage', u'struggle', u'family history', u'greece', u'home', u'world war', u'war', u'history']","" "kan1104743-104744","stream","","The Australian Experience: Populate or Perish","","","","Europeans declared Australia terra nullius - an empty land. This lie enabled them to take possession of land occupied for thousands of years by Aboriginal people, yet the number of whites in Australia remained small until after the Second World War. In the post-war years, government sponsored immigration schemes brought many more Europeans to Australia. ""Populate or perish"" became the catch cry of those who sought to achieve their vision of a secure and booming Australia, a land which had plenty of room for everyone - provided they were white. After nearly fifty years of continuous growth, this documentary recalls the fear and insularity which shaped Australian population policy. Today many fears remain, but contemporary anxieties find expression in movements opposed to further population increase. Population growth takes the blame for the destruction of both the environment and quality of life. Yet there are those who celebrate a more crowded, bustling Australia, believing that growth is essential to a thriving and diverse society. They argue that the greatest threat to our natural, social and cultural landscapes is not the size or make up of our population, but the way we choose to live. Populate or Perish explores Australia's population debate, from Sydney and its suburbs to inland Tibooburra, from the populous Gold Coast to its near neighbour Byron Bay. What is revealed is not simply a question of numbers, but highly contested visions of Australia's future. A Film Australia National Interest Program. Produced with the assistance of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia. Executive Producer: Sharon Connolly Producer: Susan Ardill (Producer), Clare Bonham (Co-Producer) Director: Susan Ardill Writer: Susan Ardill (Writer), Tony Barrell (Narration Writer) Narrator/Presenter: Deborah-lee Furness","","[u'Canada', u'Gold Coast', u'Australia', u'Sydney']","[u'sound', u'australia', u'copyright', u'gold', u'government', u'whites', u'landscapes', u'visions', u'immigration', u'environment', u'suburbs', u'broadcasting', u'growth', u'fear', u'expression', u'australian', u'vision', u'population']","" "asp3161436-pbsv","stream","","Whose land is this?","","25 min","[u'Freedom :a history of US.Episode']","The nation seethes with racial conflict as immigrants increasingly become targets of prejudice, and as settlers and soldiers massacre Western Indians and force them onto reservations. As European freedom-seekers continue to pour into America through Ellis Island, the Supreme Court finally rules that non-citizens are due equal protection under the law.","[u'Kunhardt, Peter W.', u'Hakim, Joy', u'Steiner, Nancy', u'Kunhardt, Philip B.', u'Couric, Katie']","","[u'soldiers', u'immigrants', u'history']","[u'Documentary television programs']" "fod100003377","stream","","Nation of immigrants","1976","52 min.","[u'Destination America']","The great immigration from Europe ended in the 1920s. Today these descendants of the immigrants are trying to rediscover their heritage. How do they now view the Old World? And how do they view America's future?","","","[u'europe', u'immigrants']","[u'Educational films']" "kan3036709-2036710","stream","","Tectonics","","61 minutes","","The immigration debate is at a fever pitch, and some politicians insist that a wall on the U.S. border with Mexico will solve our problems. But what does the common person know about topography of this border? With approximately 350 million crossings per year, the Mexico-US border is the most frequently traversed international border in the world. Beginning where the Rio Grande empties into the Gulf of Mexico and working its way backward, step-by-step, all the way to the Pacific Ocean, TECTONICS explores the landscapes and physical qualities of this 2,000-mile border.. Laden with layers of meaning, its images highlight striking contrasts between each side of the border, and tensions between stunning natural environments and man-made structures that seem to impose their will on them. This silent, observational work achieves the feat of bearing witness to a boundary that shapes lives, while evoking an atmosphere of being watched.. ""This epic traversal of the Mexican-American border...[forges] a provocative politics of its own, based on notions and instruments of surveillance."" – Jonathan Rosenbaum, Sight & Sound Magazine","","[u'Brazil', u'Rio Grande', u'Mexico']","[u'sound', u'atmosphere', u'fever', u'mexico', u'landscapes', u'work', u'immigration', u'shapes', u'politicians', u'politics', u'beginning']","[u'North American Studies', u'Documentary films']" "asp3819181-marc","stream","","OUTspoken. Safe country Season 1, episode 6,","","53 minutes","[u'OUTspoken']","Safe Country tells the story of three queer-identified refugees starting new lives in Vancouver.","[u'Webb, Philip', u'Easton, Rob']","[u'United States', u'Canada', u'Vancouver', u'Easton']","[u'refugees', u'immigration']","[u'Documentary television programs']" "kan1127535-127536","stream","","Issei : The First Generation","","50 min","","""Lost"" 1984 documentary, rediscovered and restored, about Japanese men and women who, at the turn of the century, immigrated to the West Coast of the United States. These pioneers tell their own stories of struggles and triumphs in a new land. ""'Issei' brings to vivid life the world of early Japanese immigrants in rural California. Infused with spirit and humor, this captivating film is a treasure."" - Valerie Matsumoto, Professor, History, UCLA. ""Toshi Washizu's 'Issei'…with his poet's sensibility…is a revelation…a masterful portrait of this generation…probably the best single documentary about the first generation's experiences…because the Issei tell their stories, in their own words."" - Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, Aratani Endowed Chair, UCLA.","[u'Toshi Washizu Productions']","[u'United States', u'Japan']","[u'life', u'men', u'immigrants', u'japanese', u'pioneers', u'women']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1263777-263778","stream","","50 Children","","64 minutes","","Gilbert and Eleanor Kraus never intended to become heroes. But in early 1939, as conditions were worsening for Jews living inside Nazi Germany, the Philadelphia couple embarked on a risky and improbable mission – an effort to rescue 50 Jewish children and bring them to safety in the United States...The couple faced imposing obstacles. The United States government, not to mention a vast majority of the American public, was largely indifferent to the plight of Jewish refugees seeking to escape from Adolf Hitler's increasing persecution. America's rigid immigration laws also made it nearly impossible to bring refugees – even children – into this country...The Krauses, who were Jewish, also had to face the risks of traveling into Nazi Germany and dealing with the Gestapo and other Nazi officials in their effort to carry out their bold rescue plan...In the spring of 1939, Gilbert and Eleanor Kraus sailed for Europe and into the heart of darkness. 50 Children: The Rescue Mission of Mr. and Mrs. Kraus for the first time tells the incredible story of an American couple who, against all odds, brought the single largest group of children during the Holocaust out of Nazi Germany and into the United States. In doing so, they transformed themselves from an ordinary couple into extraordinary heroes.","","[u'United States', u'Gilbert', u'Philadelphia']","[u'europe', u'heart', u'jews', u'immigration', u'jewish refugees', u'holocaust', u'face', u'united states', u'american', u'safety', u'time', u'germany', u'refugees', u'children']","[u'Documentary films', u'Jewish Studies']" "kan1120014-120015","stream","","No Milk No Honey","","","","For many Britons the end of the First World War brought a sigh of relief and a period of optimism. However, this optimism quickly faded as thousands of ex-servicemen and unskilled civilians swelled the queues of Britain's Labour Exchanges to form part of a growing underclass of unemployed. When films and glossy brochures appeared at labour exchanges promising a new life, a new start, and ""your own dairy farm in Australia"", unsuspecting Britons scrambled to be on the next boat bound for ""paradise"". They travelled to the other side of the world to Western Australia under a hastily conceived immigration program known as the Group Settlement Scheme. The venture was a joint initiative of the British and Western Australian governments designed to attract a much needed labour force to develop the South West region of Australia, while at the same time easing a pressing unemployment problem in Britain. But the new residents were destined for disappointment. Many settlements were doomed to fail from the start. The soil was frequently too poor to grow suitable pastures, cattle died from wasting disease and settlers faced malnutrition and increasing bad debts, forcing many to walk off their land. Most wanted to return home but few had the money to do so. Those who stayed were determined to survive. Despite the hardships, they gradually cleared the bush and turned it into pasture, developing the South West into the ""land of milk and honey"" it is today. Group Settlement is a little-known episode in Australia's history. No Milk No Honey brings this history to life through the reminiscences of those who struggled and eventually prospered in their new land. A Film Australia National Interest Program in association with Electric Pictures. Developed with the assistance of the Australian Film Commission, ScreenWest, the South West Development Commission and the WA Lotteries Commission. Produced with the assistance of ScreenWest, the WA Lotteries Commission and SBS Independent. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia. Executive Producer: Sharon Connolly Producer: Andrew Ogilvie Director: Franco di Chiera Writer: Franco di Chiera DOP/Cinematographer: Ian Pugsley Narrator/Presenter: Bill Bunbury","","[u'Great Britain', u'Most', u'Australia', u'Czech Republic']","[u'unemployment', u'money', u'honey', u'british', u'cattle', u'home', u'milk', u'copyright', u'britons', u'australian', u'war', u'poor', u'life', u'australia', u'immigration', u'lotteries', u'films', u'world war', u'sound', u'disease', u'optimism', u'malnutrition', u'time', u'history']","" "asp2812733-ebap","stream","","Moving to the city","","28 min","[u'Transforming America :U. S. history since 1877']","Moving to the City depicts millions of immigrants moving to the city in the decades following Reconstruction. Examines the living and social conditions of the huddles masses.","[u'Dyer, Julia']","[u'United States']","[u'social conditions', u'immigrants', u'history']","[u'Educational films']" "fod100045402","stream","","Border Patrol :The Enforcers","2000","45 min.","","This episode of The Enforcers focuses on the Border Patrol, responsible for thwarting illegal immigration and smuggling into the world's wealthiest nation. Part of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, this agency was created by a 1924 act of Congress and has grown from their early days of horse-and-buggy patrols to high-tech enforcement. The program takes us to the site of one of the busiest crossings.","","","[u'smuggling', u'immigration']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films']" "fod100038210","stream","","Immigrants Arrive at Ellis Island ca. 1903","","2 min., 28 sec.","","Between 1892 and 1954, more than 12 million European immigrants were processed through New York City's Ellis Island. The surge in immigration to the United States during that time led to widespread political and cultural changes. Many cities on the eastern seaboard had predominately immigrant populations, and many newly arrived Americans formed groups to help gain a foothold into the political system.","","[u'United States', u'New York City']","[u'united states', u'immigrants']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "asp2866776-cbsv","stream","","Sunday morning.S. B. 1070 /producers, George Osterkamp, Jon Carras","","9 minutes","","S.B. 1070 is the controversial new Arizona immigration law, parts of which a federal judge found unconstitutional last month. As the appeal of that decision works its way toward the Supreme Court, the argument in the court of public opinion goes on as well. Our Cover Story is reported by John Blackstone.","[u'Osterkamp, George', u'Blackstone, John', u'Carras, Jon']","[u'United States', u'George', u'South Africa']","[u'public opinion', u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "kan3033245-2033246","stream","","The Eternauta's Wife","","82 minutes","","It has been fifty years since the adventures of Juan Salvo were first published in the science fiction comic El Eternauta. Some time in 1957, Argentine writer Héctor Germán Oesterheld created a highly metaphorical and political graphic novel. El Eternauta introduced a new way of understanding comic strips: it transcended the limits of mere escapism to become an adult and politically committed story. And to this day, the comic book continues to surprise thousands of readers and artists all over the world.. THE ETERNAUTA'S WIFE follows Elsa Sánchez, Oesterheld's widow. The daughter of immigrants from Galicia, her life is evidence of the cruelty of Argentina's repressive dictatorship, which took the lives of her husband, their four daughters and their respective husbands. The presence of Oesterheld's political inclinations in his work, which included a severe criticism against the social and political situation in Argentina, was the perfect excuse to start this story of brutality.","[u'Aliaga, Adan']","[u'Argentina', u'Philippines', u'Aliaga']","[u'criticism', u'life', u'readers', u'science', u'immigrants', u'evidence', u'artists', u'science fiction', u'daughters', u'time', u'fiction', u'argentine']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp2250104-flon","stream","","In the land of plenty","1999","61 min","","Since Grapes of Wrath there has probably not been a more poignant picture of the migrant farm worker than this documentary. In the Land of Plenty has the added dimension that the workers are Mexican immigrants. Most do not speak English, and are undocumented with no means of protecting themselves from exploitation. These workers had little choice but to leave the villages in Mexico that could not offer them a livelihood. In the strawberry fields of Watsonville, California, we meet several gentle but weathered men and women and hear their stories. The facts are disturbing. Their wages are low and their living conditions are poor. They work long hours and often are exposed to toxic chemicals. Most workers have families, but are lacking health insurance and child care. The United Farmworkers Union has tried to organize. Richard Hobbs, Director of Immigrant Programs, points out that these immigrants as a group returned {dollar}100 billion more to the economy than they take. Their wages are taxed although they have no benefits. Yet they are looked upon with hostility by the government as well as by private citizens. With lively music and an appreciation of border culture, In the Land of Plenty provides a human portrait of workers at the mercy of a greedy system.","[u'Aparicio, Carlos', u'Aiken, Susana']","[u'United Kingdom', u'United States', u'Watsonville', u'Mexico']","[u'villages', u'immigrants', u'health insurance', u'music', u'men', u'health', u'wages', u'women']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100044173","stream","","New York, 1898-1918 :The Power and the People","2003","120 min.","[u'New York: A Documentary Film by Ric Burns']","In this episode of New York: A Documentary Film, filmmaker Ric Burns follows the city into the 20th century in the wake of an extraordinary wave of immigration and the birth of the skyscraper. As New York spilled into the new century, the extraordinary interplay of capitalism, democracy and transformation surged to a climax. During a single generation, over 10 million immigrants arrived in New York. The city itself became an even more dramatic lure with the construction of the first subways and skyscrapers. And arising from the plight of New York's most exploited citizens came landmark legislation that would eventually transform the lives of all Americans.","","[u'United States', u'New York']","[u'immigrants', u'legislation', u'democracy']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1153535-153536","stream","","Life in Australia Series: Adelaide","","","","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the South Australian capital of Adelaide in the mid 1960s. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Jeffrey, James']","[u'Australia', u'Adelaide']","[u'sound', u'life', u'australia', u'copyright', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'capital', u'australian']","" "asp3239203-marc","stream","","Madres unidas :parents researching for change","","60 min","","This unique and inspiring documentary follows five immigrant mothers who became involved in an effort to start a new small school for their children, and later became researchers and videographers to document their journey. Their stories are set in the context of a city-wide school reform and community organizing movement in Oakland, California. The small-schools movement began as an effort to improve education in Oakland's flatlands, where the majority of immigrants live, by creating new small autonomous schools and involving parents and community members as leaders in reform. The video explores parent participation in the reform through the eyes of the five parent researchers, and reveals unexpected lessons about the barriers to community participation. The video also chronicles the personal transformation of each of the mothers as they evolved into vocal advocates and skilled educational researchers, and the impact that their research had on the new small school. The video thus tells two intersecting stories as one: the story of the parent researchers in Madres Unidas, and the story of the new small school they helped found. In elaborating on the process undertaken by the women, the video shows how the experience of engaging in research was tremendously empowering and transforming for them. The video itself not only generates new knowledge about school reform, but the process of making it also leaves a group of Latina mothers with new powers to act. In the end, the video is a strong testament to the value of participatory research as an alternative method that expands the possibilities for democratic participation and social change. 'Madres Unidas'� will generate discussion in a variety of courses in sociology, ethnic studies, social psychology, education, Hispanic-American studies, cultural anthropology, and women's studies. It was produced by Andrea Dyrness.","[u'Ho, Jennifer', u'Dyrness, Andrea']","[u'United States', u'Oakland', u'Italy']","[u'mothers', u'immigrants', u'research', u'parents', u'schools', u'education']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100058769","stream","","Peril and Promise :(1980-2000)","2013","60 min.","[u'The Latino Americans']","In the 1980s, the nature of the Latino Diaspora changes again. From Cuba a second wave of refugees to United States - the Mariel exodus - floods Miami. The same decade sees the sudden arrival of hundreds of thousands of Central American? (Salvadorans, Guatemalans, and Nicaraguans) fleeing bloodshed and death squads. A backlash ensues: tightened borders, anti-bilingualism, state laws to declare all illegal immigrants felons. But a sea change is underway as Latinos spread geographically and make their mark in music, sports, politics, business, and education. Latinos present a challenge and an opportunity for the United States. America's largest and youngest growing sector of the population presents what project advisor Professor Marta Tienda calls, The Hispanic Moment. Their success could determine the growth of the United States in the twenty-first century; however their failure, contributing to an underclass, could also pull this country down. The key to their success is education.","","[u'Miami', u'United States', u'Mariel', u'Cuba']","[u'death', u'success', u'nature', u'floods', u'immigrants', u'united states', u'refugees', u'population']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1095802-95803","stream","","Children of Labor: A Finnish-American History","","55 min","","","[u'Broadman, Richard']","[u'Finland']","[u'chores', u'division', u'management', u'finnish-american', u'child', u'legislation', u'labor', u'anthropology', u'immigrant populations', u'domestic chores']","[u'Documentary']" "kan1123008-123009","stream","","The Latino Americans collection : The New Latinos","","60 min","","Latino Americans is the first major documentary series for television to chronicle the rich and varied history and experiences of Latinos, who have for the past 500-plus years helped shape what is today the United States and have become, with more than 50 million people, the largest minority group in the U.S. The series chronicles Latinos in the United States from the 1500's to present day. It is a story of people, politics, and culture, intersecting with much that is central to the history of the United States while also going to places where standard U.S. histories do not tend to tread. Latino Americans relies on historical accounts and personal experiences to vividly tell the stories of early settlement, conquest and immigration; of tradition and reinvention; and of anguish and celebration, from the millions of people who come to the U.S. from Mexico, Spain, Puerto Rico, and countries in Central and South America. Latino Americans is driven by the human dramas of individuals' struggles and triumphs, successes and disappointments, featuring interviews with close to 100 Latinos from the worlds of politics, business, military, academia, literature, and pop culture, as well as deeply personal portraits of Latinos who lived through key chapters in American history. Latino Americans is the story of the gradual construction of a new American identity that connects and empowers millions of people today. In this episode: Highlights the swelling immigration from Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Dominican Republic that stretches from the post-World War II years into the early 1960s as the new arrivals seek economic opportunities.","[u'Fritz, Sonia', u'Belton, David']","[u'Central', u'Mexico', u'Panama', u'Cuba', u'David', u'United States', u'Belton', u'Puerto Rico', u'Dominican Republic', u'Spain']","[u'television', u'cuba', u'series', u'interviews', u'immigration', u'united states', u'american', u'construction', u'americans', u'portraits', u'latino', u'war', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100052871","stream","","Shanghai Jews :Refuge from Hitler's Germany","2004","26 min.","[u'China from Within']","Jews wishing to escape persecution in Nazi Germany had limited choices as to where they might relocate. One city that would accept immigrants without a visa was Shanghai, where nearly 20,000 refugees eventually fled. Arriving there with nothing, most spent a hard, hungry, disease-ridden time in camps acclimating to their new environment, but the Jewish district in Shanghai eventually grew into a cosmopolitan center replete with Western-style bakeries, cafes, and newspapers. This program uses rare footage and primary documents to provide a history of Shanghai's Jewish community, with a focus on Jacob, one of the few refugees who stayed on after the war.","","[u'Shanghai', u'China']","[u'immigrants', u'refugees', u'jews', u'history']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1139667-139668","stream","","Goin' to Chicago","","70 min","","The migration of African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North and West during and after World War II is retold through personal stories of a group of Chicagoans born in the Mississippi Delta. Goin' to Chicago chronicles one of the most momentous yet least heralded sagas of American history - the great migration of African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North and West after World War II. Four million black people created a dynamic urban culture outside the South, changing America forever. Goin' to Chicago traces this history through the personal stories of a group of older Chicagoans born mostly in the Mississippi Delta. They share their bitter recollections of sharecropping - owing half of each crop to the landowner, each beginning back-breaking labor in the fields at ten. A steelworker, newspaper editor, blues musician and others movingly recall their journeys up Hwy. 61 to Chicago in search of comparatively well-paying factory jobs. On the South Side they built a vibrant city-within-a-city of thriving black businesses and civic institutions, proudly referred to as ""Bronzeville."" They recall that after World War II increasingly self-assertive and prosperous blacks led a bitterly resisted struggle to open up fair housing opportunities outside the ghetto. But just as the American Dream was coming into reach for some, the steel mills and stockyards closed, leaving newer immigrants trapped in decaying public housing projects and inner-city despair. Goin' to Chicago is a moving tribute to a generation of African Americans who struggled - and triumphed - over odds as great or greater than other immigrant groups. ""Goin' to Chicago is a saga...It glows with insight, humor in adversity and hope. It's a beaut!"" - Studs Terkel. ""Adds tremendously to our understanding of one of the largest human migrations...A compelling story all Americans should see."" - Earl Lewis, Provost, Emory University. ""Powerful and evocative...The triumphs and tribulations of an entire generation are encapsulated in this film."" - Jacqueline Jones, Brandeis University.","[u'King, George']","[u'United States', u'Chicago']","[u'sharecropping', u'culture', u'americans', u'migration', u'world war', u'blacks', u'housing', u'labor', u'african americans', u'war', u'stockyards', u'public housing', u'american dream', u'sagas', u'struggle', u'cities', u'beginning', u'steel', u'recall', u'immigrants', u'american', u'african', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp1752091-vast","stream","","Liberty, U.S.A","2009","52 min..","[u'VAST: academic video online']","The noble idea of """"Liberty"""" means different things to different people. And it is forever in jeopardy and conflict... In the United States, it feels like all highways lead to places with the same name -- more than 200 towns and counties named Liberty. A journey to half a dozen of them is a window on the state of America in the 21st century -- places that struggle with a variety of issues that define their notion of freedom, such as tolerance in a post 9/11 world, religion, illegal immigration, racism... Each town offers its own story, told with great insight and a sense of humour by director Alan Handel, who highlights his tale with surprising and sometimes quirky archival material and a cast of memorable characters - as colourful as the country itself.","[u'Handel, Alan']","[u'United States', u'Liberty']","[u'lead', u'freedom', u'insight', u'immigration', u'liberty', u'racism', u'religion', u'struggle']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan2727663-1727664","stream","","The Age of the City","","27 minutes","","Industrialization shifts economic power and population to cities. Increase in immigration and ethnic neighborhoods; nativist reaction. City planning and infrastructure; urban transportation. Housing for wealthy, middle class, poor families. Threat of poverty, fire, disease. Growth of political machines, bossism. Consumerism. New leisure pastimes.","","","[u'poor', u'industrialization', u'immigration', u'leisure', u'planning', u'age', u'growth', u'city planning', u'housing', u'population']","[u'North American Studies', u'Documentary films']" "kan1062777-62778","stream","","Unnatural causes. Place matters","","30 min 25 sec","[u'Unnatural causes']","Why is your street address such a good predictor of your health? Latino and Southeast Asian immigrants like Gwai Boonkeut have been moving into long-neglected urban neighborhoods such as those in Richmond, California, a predominantly Black city in the San Francisco Bay Area. Segregation and lack of access to jobs, nutritious foods, and safe, affordable housing have been harmful to the health of long-time African American residents, and now the newcomers' health is suffering too. In Gwai's environment, petrochemical companies release tons of pollutants each year. But other environmental factors may pose a greater threat to his health. Richmond has higher than average rates of asthma hospitalization, higher rates of diabetes, and lower life expectancy. Not coincidentally, Gwai's area also has higher rates of poverty, lower income rates, and lower rates of educational attainment. Tobacco, liquor and fast food are everywhere, but fresh produce isn't. Quality affordable housing is hard to find, and so are safe places to play and exercise. Sixty-five years ago, Richmond was a boom town. During World War II, the Kaiser shipyard ran 24 hours a day. The war effort drew workers of all ethnicities. But when the war ended and the shipyards closed, thousands of jobs left. Many white families took advantage of federally backed home loans to start fresh in new areas, but discriminatory policies and practices excluded people of colour from those same opportunities. Between 1934 and 1962, less than 2% of {lcub}dollar{rcub}120 billion in government-backed home loans went to non-white households. In Northern California around the same time period, out of 350,000 federally guaranteed new home loans, fewer than 100 went to Black families. All across America, in cities like Richmond, African Americans were left behind in increasingly neglected neighborhoods. As social conditions worsen, so does health. Studies have shown, for example, that living in a disadvantaged neighborhood leads to a 50-80% increase in risk for heart disease, the number one killer in America. One reason is chronic stress. Worrying about violence, lousy schools, and unpaid bills; living in substandard housing or a polluted environment; not having good access to fresh food, reliable transportation, or safe public spaces, all of these have a negative, even toxic effect on health. In the Pacific Northwest, a neighborhood that was once much like Richmond, High Point in West Seattle, is emerging as a promising alternative. Community members, local government and developers took a radical approach in rebuilding this neighborhood, using federal funding to create a mixed-income community with health as its focus. Here, community gardeners grow and sell organic produce to other residents; neighbors socialize along clean, safe streets; children play in the park; and families with asthma breathe easily in specially designed homes. Although High Point isn't perfect, it's an example of what can happen when residents, government agencies, local officials, foundations and private business work together and take health into account. As Harvard's David Williams reminds us, Housing policy is health policy. Neighborhood improvement policies are health policies. Everything that we can do to improve the quality of life for individuals in our society has an impact on their health and is a health policy.","[u'Williams, David', u'Boonkeut, Gwai']","[u'Richmond', u'South Africa', u'Panama', u'David', u'United States', u'High Point']","[u'neighbors', u'heart', u'work', u'neighborhood', u'play', u'society', u'americans', u'social conditions', u'home', u'children', u'cities', u'asthma', u'housing', u'government', u'health', u'income', u'shipyards', u'housing policy', u'african americans', u'war', u'local government', u'life', u'families', u'risk', u'business', u'quality of life', u'food', u'african', u'reason', u'segregation', u'gardeners', u'foundations', u'african american', u'world war', u'loans', u'latino', u'neighborhoods', u'pollutants', u'colour', u'immigrants', u'suffering', u'american', u'time']","[u'Documentary films, television films', u'Documentary films']" "kan1116355-116356","stream","","Names live nowhere","","76 min","","In this film whose title is a Senegalese proverb, a griot (story teller) traveling from Dakar to Brussels weaves a tale about African expatriates and offers a candid look at the life of African immigrants in Belgium. With Sotigui Kouyaté - a real life griot - as the story teller.","[u'Loreau, Dominique']","[u'Belgium', u'Dakar', u'Senegal', u'Brussels']","[u'senegalese', u'life', u'immigrants', u'african']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1090955-90956","stream","","General Colin Powell :my legacy and leadership (Commonwealth Club)","","68 min","","Powell opens up to reveal the important principles that guided his journey from being the son of Jamaican immigrants to becoming chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the first African-American secretary of state. The Commonwealth Club of California is the nation's oldest and largest public affairs forum, bringing together its members for events on topics ranging across politics, culture, society and the economy.","[u'United States', u'Powell, Colin L']","[u'Jamaica']","[u'immigrants', u'leadership']","" "fod100070934","stream","","Immigration Following World War I (Part One) ","","1 min 36 sec","[u'Luminaries']","Professor of history Gary Gerstle explains that after World War I, "". . . the country pretty much decided, not right away, but pretty quickly, that it could not take any more foreigners."" The only immigrants welcomed from that point forward were certain Europeans, ""...who were deemed to be racially superior,"" Professor Gerstle says.","","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants', u'war', u'world war', u'history']","" "kan1122796-122797","stream","","The state of Arizona","","90 min","","The state of Arizona captures the explosive emotions and complex realities behind Arizona's headline-grabbing struggle with illegal immigration. From ground zero of the nation's immigration debate, the film follows Arizona's controversial ""show me your papers"" law through the stories of Arizonans on all sides of this divisive issue - from those who wrote it, to those who supported it, to those who dreaded its wrath. Frustrated with federal inaction and rising border tensions, Arizona lawmakers ignite a national maelstrom by instituting SB 1070. The tough law is designed to make life so harsh for unauthorized immigrants that they will ""self-deport."" Supporters call SB 1070 a common sense law enforcement tool; opponents see it as a dangerous infringement of civil rights that would inevitably lead to harassment and racial profiling. The state of Arizona follows the battle over the law as it spills out to the streets, into the ballot box, and goes all the way to the Supreme Court. By the makers of the award-winning Farmingville, The state of Arizona captures the latest chapter in the American experience in which Arizona's clash over immigration galvanizes Latinos across the country to change the nation's political landscape.","[u'Tambini, Catherine', u'Sandoval, Carlos']","[u'United States', u'Farmingville']","[u'life', u'lead', u'civil rights', u'immigrants', u'law enforcement', u'emotions', u'immigration', u'common sense', u'american', u'struggle', u'harassment', u'law', u'change']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp3551460-marc","stream","","Sanctuary :a documentary","","62 min","","An undocumented immigrant living in the United States for the last decade is under deportation proceedings from the federal government. A Tucson-area church, Southside Presbyterian, that has history with providing sanctuary for illegal immigrants opens their doors for the man and his family. The family says they will stay on the church property until the federal government reverses its decision to deport him.","[u'Shone, Colton', u'Dineyazhe, Jonathan']","[u'United States']","[u'family', u'photography', u'immigrants', u'united states', u'federal government', u'history']","[u'Feature films', u'Documentary films']" "kan1118178-118179","stream","","The Fabric of a Dream - The Fletcher Jones Story","","","","This is the story of how a shellshocked World War One veteran, who'd left school at 12, took to the road as a hawker and ended up creating a national icon. The clothing design, retail and manufacturing business that he established in the small Victorian town of Warrnambool would, at its peak, encompass 55 stores around Australia and employ over 2750 people. It was called Fletcher Jones and Staff, because the staff actually owned the company. Fletcher Jones set up the business as a workers' co-operative, based on principles of fairness, decency and integrity. His emphasis was on value, quality, service and scientific innovation but his primary concern was for people—both his customers and his workers—and they, in turn, were intensely loyal. This documentary celebrates the life of an inspiring man with bold and imaginative ideas, whose entrepreneurial skills and marketing acumen became legendary. It also looks at those who helped him achieve his dream, exploring his relationship with Japanese reformer Toyohiko Kagawa—one of the most remarkable social activists and thinkers of the early 20th century—and highlighting the vital contribution of migrant workers to the ragtrade. It's a story carried along on the tide of 20th century Australian history: the aftermath of war, the challenge of global capitalism, the impact of immigration and the rise and fall of modern industry. A Film Australia National Interest Program in association with Melodrama Pictures. Produced with the assistance of Film Victoria and in association with SBS Independent. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia, Film Victoria. Executive Producer: Penny Robins Producer: Melanie Coombs Director: Dennis K Smith Writer: Dennis K Smith DOP/Cinematographer: Kevin Anderson Narrator/Presenter: Wendy Hughes.","","[u'Japan', u'Australia', u'Warrnambool']","[u'sound', u'life', u'australia', u'business', u'copyright', u'marketing', u'world war', u'modern', u'japanese', u'immigration', u'social activists', u'australian', u'melodrama', u'war']","" "asp1003084653-ahiv","stream","","Emigrants [i.e. immigrants] landing at Ellis Island","1903","2 min..","[u'American history in video', u'New York at the turn of the century']","From a contemporary Edison film company catalog: EMIGRANTS LANDING AT ELLIS ISLAND. Shows a large open barge loaded with people of every nationality, who have just arrived from Europe, disembarking at Ellis Island, N.Y. A most interesting and typical scene. ;The film opens with a view of the steam ferryboat ""William Myers,"" laden with passengers, approaching a dock at the Ellis Island Immigration Station. The vessel is docked, the gangway is placed, and the immigrant passengers are seen coming up the gangway and onto the dock, where they cross in front of the camera.","[u'Ellis Island Immigration Station (N.Y. and N.J.)', u'Abadie, Alfred C']","[u'United States', u'Edison']","[u'europe', u'immigrants', u'immigration']","" "kan1153541-153542","stream","","Life in Australia Series: Hobart","","","","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the Tasmanian capital of Hobart in the mid 1960s. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Anderson, Donald']","[u'United States', u'Hobart', u'Anderson', u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'life', u'australia', u'copyright', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'capital', u'australian']","" "fod100070932","stream","","Woodrow Wilson, Immigration and Minorities ","","1 min 50 sec","[u'Luminaries']","Professor of history Gary Gerstle explains that Woodrow Wilson's views on immigrants and assimilation were very similar to those of Theodore Roosevelt. But while Roosevelt was very conflicted about minority rights, Wilson was much more set in his racial attitudes. ""One of Wilson's first acts when he became president,"" Professor Gerstle says, ""was to re-segregate Washington, to impose the Jim Crow doctrine, 'separate but equal,' on the city of Washington...""","","[u'United States', u'Wilson', u'Washington', u'Roosevelt']","[u'minorities', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'history']","" "fod100044118","stream","","Forgotten Ellis Island","2007","60 min.","","Ellis Island was the gateway for millions of immigrants to the United States as the site of the nation's busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 to 1954. This is the first film about the once abandoned U.S. Marine Hospital Number 43 on Ellis Island. The documentary looks at the era before antibiotics, when tens of thousands of immigrant patients were separated from family, detained in the hospital, and healed from illness before becoming citizens. 350 babies were born, and ten times that many immigrants died on Ellis Island. 3,500 were buried in pauper's graves around New York City.","","[u'United States', u'New York City']","[u'united states', u'patients', u'immigrants']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100043497","stream","","Les Couleurs de France :Immigrants in France","1994","14 min.","[u'The French Experience, Series 1']","Many people from all over the world call France their home. In this program, immigrants talk about where they are originally from, how long they have lived in France, what they like and dislike about life there, and what they miss most from their birth countries. In addition, the video spotlights North Africa through a segment on the importance of couscous in Parisian North African cuisine and a segment on how an Algerian family living in Strasbourg copes with the dynamics of having roots in two very different cultures.","","[u'Strasbourg', u'Algeria', u'France']","[u'dynamics', u'immigrants', u'life', u'family']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod1000142066","stream","","Sacco and Vanzetti","","1 hr 20 min 35 sec","","Sacco and Vanzetti brings to life the story of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, two Italian immigrant anarchists who were accused of a murder in 1920, and executed in Boston in 1927 after a notoriously prejudiced trial. The ordeal of Sacco and Vanzetti came to symbolize the bigotry and intolerance directed at immigrants and dissenters in America. Millions of people around the world protested on their behalf, and now, 80 years later, their story continues to have great resonance, as civil liberties and the rights of immigrants are again under attack. Powerful prison writings (given voice by John Turturro and Tony Shalhoub) and passionate interviews with Howard Zinn, Arlo Guthrie and Studs Terkel are interwoven with artwork, music, and film clips. Through the story of Sacco and Vanzetti, audiences will experience a universal - and very timely - tale of official injustice and human resilience.","","[u'United States', u'Boston', u'Italy']","[u'anarchists', u'life', u'murder', u'dissenters', u'ordeal', u'interviews', u'immigrants', u'audiences', u'prison', u'voice', u'italian']","" "kan1123902-123903","stream","","Mike and Stefani","","","","Made just after World War Two, Mike and Stefani follows a family of displaced persons from their refugee camp in a devastated Germany to their new home in Australia. It features moving re-enactments of their travails in Europe, chronicling the wartime separation of the young Ukrainian couple, the difficulties of the labour camps, the loneliness and chaos, their eventual reunion and their application to emigrate. The final sequences, filmed as they actually occurred in Bavaria, shows their selection interview and journey to Australia with some of their family. Made for the Department of Immigration, the film had a two-fold purpose: to counter criticism within Australia that immigration selection procedures for displaced persons were inadequate and that ""undesirables"" were slipping through the net; and to encourage Australians to accept the sudden influx of non-British immigrants in the immediate post-war years. More than half a century later, the subject matter of this romantic yet gritty realist drama is as relevant as ever. A tribute to the resilience of the human spirit and an eye-opening look at immigration experiences. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Department of the Interior. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia. Director: R Maslyn Williams Writer: Roland Loewe DOP/Cinematographer: R.G. Pearse Featured People: Mycola Strokon (Mike), Stefani Strokon, Ginga, Ladu, Valerie Paling.","","[u'Ukraine', u'Great Britain', u'Australia', u'Germany']","[u'sound', u'criticism', u'australia', u'family', u'copyright', u'australians', u'refugee', u'loneliness', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'drama', u'germany', u'interview', u'home', u'world war', u'war']","" "fod100050125","stream","","Ghetto Bully :Young Muslims and Misogynist Violence in Suburban Paris","2010","51 min.","","In the low-income housing blocks of the Paris suburbs, many residents are Muslim immigrants from Sharia-dominated societies, and their children struggle to find a balance between traditional and Western attitudes. In October of 2002, a local teenager named Sohane was attacked and set on fire, soon dying from her injuries. Her killer's motive? Sohane had spurned his advances, breaking one of the community's unwritten rules - women have no right to their own choices and must be ""submissive."" With that tragedy as a starting point, this film examines issues of gender equality, human rights, religious freedom, and cultural assimilation in the context of Europe's rapidly growing Muslim populations. Viewers meet a wide range of young French Muslims, both male and female, with equally wide-ranging attitudes - but a thug-like superiority disguised as religious devotion reigns among the teenage men. The work of Ni Putes Ni Soumises (""Neither Whores nor Submissives""), a women's activist group formed in response to misogynist brutality, is also a major topic.","","[u'United States']","[u""Women's Herstory Month"", u'gender', u'cultural assimilation', u'immigrants', u'children', u'housing', u'women']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100052323","stream","","Southern Exposure :Causes and Consequences of Illegal Immigration","2010","52 min.","","Three years in the making, Southern Exposure tears down a curtain of lies, half-truths, and misinformation to scrutinize the many aspects of illegal immigration from Mexico to the United States. The result is a hard-hitting investigation that chronicles the backstories of drug cartels and human trafficking, the effects of demographic changes, the resurgence of contagious diseases, and the escalation of racism. Southern Exposure is unflinching in identifying the consequences of illegal immigration, sensitive to those who risk everything to make the border-crossing, and comprehensive in its analysis of the effects-both direct and indirect.","","[u'United States', u'Mexico']","[u'cartels', u'risk', u'mexico', u'racism', u'drug', u'immigration', u'tears', u'diseases']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films']" "fod100037105","stream","","Antonio Gala","2007","28 min.","","Culture and multiculturalism are the dominant recurring themes in this program as Spanish writer Antonio Gala reflects on his heritage and the value of integrating immigrants into the fabric of society. The author of Poemas de Amor, Los Verdes Campos del Eden, El Manuscrito Carmesi, La Regla de Tres, and numerous other books also talks about how he first started writing and the process of creating literature, the societal risks of politicizing religion, the upside of getting older, and the decadence and stagnation that can come from too much prosperity at the national level.","[u'Gala, Antonio']","[u'United States', u'Spain']","[u'culture', u'multiculturalism', u'immigrants', u'writing']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp2092917-ebap","stream","","Shackled immigrants","","26 min","[u""Tony Brown's journal""]","An exploratory examination of how slavery and racism impacted the social and economic progress of African-Americans as compared to other immigrant groups.","[u'Brown, Tony']","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants', u'racism', u'slavery']","[u'Television news programs']" "fod100037175","stream","","Identities :culture and nationality in Europe today","2007","27 min.","[u'Crossroads: Inside the European Union']","What prevents minority communities from joining the European mainstream? Is there an appropriate balance between assimilation and preserving one's cultural heritage? This program wrestles with questions of identity-racial, cultural, and sexual-resulting from the startling new diversity of European society. Depicting daily life in immigrant communities on the Continent and in Great Britain, the film features observations from African, Asian, and Middle Eastern transplants. Each offers his or her personal take on learning a new language, eating unfamiliar foods, adapting to foreign attitudes toward women and gays, and other dilemmas. In addition, European MP Wolf Klinz puts forward his belief that immigrants should be required to learn the language of their adopted country.","[u'Ruiz, Wilson R']","","[u'life', u'immigrants', u'daily life', u'learning', u'communities', u'women']","[u'Educational films']" "fod100070824","stream","","1924 Immigration Act, The (Part Three) ","","51 sec","[u'Luminaries']","Professor of American studies and history Matthew Frye Jacobson explains that there was significant opposition to the 1924 Immigration Act, but Franz Boas and others who opposed the legislation were not powerful enough to block its passage.","","[u'United States']","[u'american', u'legislation', u'immigration', u'history']","" "fod100054413","stream","","The Iranian Americans","2012","71 min.","","This film chronicles the under-reported history of a group of immigrants finding refuge, overcoming adversity and ultimately creating new lives in the United States. With Iran often in the news, many Americans have little knowledge of the story of hundreds of thousands of Iranians who live in U.S.","","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants', u'history']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp2786478-cbsv","stream","","Locked up for life?","2000","13 min","[u'60 minutes']","This segment describes the plight of immigrants in prison awaiting deportation to a country that will not accept them. Steve Kroft reports.","[u'Kroft, Steve', u'Devine, L. Franklin']","","[u'immigrants']","[u'Television news programs']" "asp3550537-marc","stream","","Mankind decoded. Connecting the world Season 1, Episode 3,","","22 minutes","[u'Mankind decoded']","Episode Three: Connecting the World The world is linked like never before. Modern transport and communications have resulted in a world that is wealthier, healthier, more mobile and better informed than ever before. Throughout history new trade routes have proved to be double-edged swords, opening the way to wealth as well as terrible dangers - among them revolutionary ideas and terrifying pandemics. In their quest for silver, the Romans lay down roads across Britain. They have built a giant empire, spanning three continents, building roads to facilitate troop movements, tax collection and, crucially, trade. This vast road network means travel in Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa is safe for the first time. The Christian messenger Paul uses Rome's roads to carry the message of a sworn enemy of the Roman state. He's spreading the word of a religious rebel, Jesus Christ. The Christians take advantage of Rome's infrastructure to spread their message. But another Roman trade route allows a far more sinister threat to travel back: disease. Around 300AD Roman explorers reach the capital of China. Rome's desire for silk has linked East and West for the first time. For over a thousand years after the Romans visited China, the world is struck by wave-upon-wave of pandemics. Smallpox, plague, measles all spread, killing millions. In the Age of Discovery, Europeans travel to the New World carrying guns and something even more powerful: a deadly cocktail of diseases, to which they themselves are immune. Spanish soldiers under the command of Hernan Cortes enter the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan. They unwittingly transmit smallpox and flu to their hosts. 95% of them die. The great Aztec and Inca empires collapse, and Europeans take control of the Americas and their wealth. European settlers in the New World establish giant plantations farming sugar, cotton and tobacco. But the Europeans diseases have decimated the Native American population. There are not enough people to work the land. The settlers' solution is to import slave labour. But the North and South clash over the freeing of slaves. Slavery ends up tearing North America apart. It leads to The American Civil War. However, global trading networks allow millions of immigrants from across the world to pour into America. This hungry new workforce turns America into a superpower. The age of mass migration has begun. It creates new connections, and a demand for fast, mass travel to and from all parts of the globe.","[u'Meyers, Eric']","[u'Romania', u'United States', u'Inca', u'Roman', u'Rome', u'China', u'Spain']","[u'work', u'modern', u'africa', u'trade', u'migration', u'spanish', u'roads', u'soldiers', u'smallpox', u'cotton', u'wealth', u'travel', u'capital', u'farming', u'european', u'east and west', u'desire', u'trade routes', u'diseases', u'measles', u'plantations', u'silk', u'explorers', u'christians', u'building', u'age', u'immigrants', u'slavery', u'american', u'history']","[u'Nonfiction television programs', u'Documentary television programs']" "asp3233091-marc","stream","","Waila! :making the people happy","","27 min","","Central European immigrants brought polka music to America in the mid-19th century but the people in the O'odham Indian nations in Arizona's Sonoran desert have made the mixture of accordions, saxophones and percussion all their own. Taken from the word baila, which means dance in Spanish, Akimel and Tohono people have created waila, a form of music that embodies polka and Mexican tejano, cumbias and Norteno. And one family, the famous Joaquin Brothers, have taken waila (pronounced y-la) all the way to Carnegie Hall to show that ""Indian music"" is what culture and language make it to be.","[u'Golding, Daniel']","[u'India', u'Spain', u'Mexico']","[u'dance', u'culture', u'immigrants', u'music', u'indian']","[u'Short films', u'Documentary films']" "kan1153567-153568","stream","","Under the Hammer: Episode 3 - The Hunt","","","","In the auction system there are often too few homes for sale and too many people wanting to buy. This episode follows three families attempting to buy a home at auction""""a young couple from England who feel like they've landed on another planet, an extended family of six who are just learning how to play the game, and a wealthy couple who simply can't find what they want for less than a few million dollars. Uncertain of their futures and feeling manipulated by agents, frustrations build as each buyer attempts to come to terms with the harsh reality of buying a home at auction. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Lambert, Susan']","[u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'play', u'families', u'family', u'copyright', u'immigration', u'reality', u'learning', u'home', u'england', u'australian', u'extended family']","" "fod100114821","stream","","San Francisco Shooting Suspect Raises Immigration Questions","","7 min 3 sec","","An undocumented immigrant accused of killing a woman said he chose the city for its sanctuary policies.","","","[u'shooting', u'immigration']","" "kan1109551-109552","stream","","Dollars and Dreams: West Africans in New York","","56 min","","Dollars and Dreams is a documentary film focused on the pursuits and challenges of numerous West African immigrants as they confront the idea of the American Dream and the reality of the New York experience. Including additional perspective from scholars, authors, and community leaders, the film creates a vibrant portrait of African achievement throughout the city, while exploring the complicated issues African immigrants face as they balance their deep connections to Africa and their enthusiastic commitments to America.","[u'Ouedraogo, Abdel Kader', u'Rocklin, Jeremy']","[u'United States', u'New York', u'Rocklin']","[u'africans', u'west african', u'immigrants', u'africa', u'reality', u'american dream', u'american', u'perspective', u'african', u'face', u'dreams', u'west africans']","" "fod100008549","stream","","The People's Army","1998","54 min.","[u""Tkuma: Israel's First 50 Years""]","Born in battle and ever struggling to survive, Israel requires compulsory military service for women as well as men. This program traces the history of the Israel Defense Forces in all of its conflicts, from the war for independence, where many immigrants went directly from their ships into battle; to the formation of Unit 101, the forerunner of the famed and feared paratrooper battalions; to the crack commando teams that protect the borders and police the trouble spots within the country today. The program also includes the details of present-day life in the field with the IDF. As ever, being an Israeli means being a soldier.","[u'Israel']","[u'Israel', u'Netherlands']","[u'life', u'police', u'immigrants', u'ships', u'women', u'war', u'history']","[u'Educational films']" "asp3401973-marc","stream","","Road to the White House.Part 2","","50 min","[u'Road to the White House']","The Road to the White House tells the story of how Irish immigrants to the United States rose from impoverished, despised, disorganized outsiders to elect John F. Kennedy as the country's first (and so far, only) non-Protestant, non-Anglo Saxon president. The series, filmed in both Ireland and America, follows the rise of Irish-American political machines in cities like New York, Boston, Kansas City and Chicago and features contributions from Pulitzer Prize winning authors such as Robert Caro and Jack Beatty.

The three-part series tell the story of six unique and powerful Irish-American politicians whose ancestors all came to America as impoverished Irish immigrants. The Irish, by the very process of coming to America, changed the country. They were the first immigrant group in the US who seized upon politics as a means of making a living and they left a permanent mark on the American political landscape which stills resonates today. The series opens in New York in the mid 1800s with the story of Richard 'Boss' Croker, it continues in New York with the story of Alfred E. Smith. The series also covers the Kansas Machine with the story of 'Boss' Tom Pendergast before moving on to Boston with James Michael Curley, to Chicago with the Major Richard J. Daley Story and ending with the John F. Kennedy election victory.","[u'Keane, Datha\xed', u'Pendergast, Tom', u'Seoighe, Eileen', u'Curley, James Michael', u'Wall, Steve', u'Seoighe, Br\xedd']","[u'Chicago', u'Boston', u'Kansas City', u'United States', u'New York', u'Ireland']","[u'series', u'immigrants', u'american', u'united states', u'politicians', u'authors', u'politics']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1364215-364216","stream","","Sacco and Vanzetti","","81 minutes","","Sacco and Vanzetti brings to life the story of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, two Italian immigrant anarchists who were accused of a murder in 1920, and executed in Boston in 1927 after a notoriously prejudiced trial. The ordeal of Sacco and Vanzetti came to symbolize the bigotry and intolerance directed at immigrants and dissenters in America. Millions of people around the world protested on their behalf, and now, 80 years later, their story continues to have great resonance, as civil liberties and the rights of immigrants are again under attack. Through the story of Sacco and Vanzetti, audiences will experience a universal - and very timely - tale of official injustice and human resilience.","","[u'United States', u'Boston', u'Italy']","[u'anarchists', u'life', u'murder', u'dissenters', u'ordeal', u'immigrants', u'administration', u'audiences', u'italian']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan2319340-1319341","stream","","Out of Reach","","43 minutes","","As the fate of some 11 million undocumented immigrants has become the political football of the 2016 campaign, actress America Ferrera heads to Texas, the state with the longest border and home to 1.65 million people living without papers. Ferrera, whose parents and siblings are immigrants from Honduras, understands the challenges faced by the new arrivals to the U.S. fleeing in Central America. In ""Out of Reach,"" she witnesses the special difficulties for Central American refugees in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas, where US Border Patrol checkpoints inside the US, many miles from the border, keep undocumented people hemmed-in and place the American dream out of reach.","[u'Rowley, Richard', u'Read, Lucian', u'Granatstein, Solly']","[u'United States', u'Honduras', u'Texas']","[u'football', u'immigrants', u'witnesses', u'american dream', u'american', u'parents', u'home', u'refugees']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp3190419-marc","stream","","Monkey dance (Director's version)","","65 min","","This extraordinary documentary provides an illuminating and richly discussible case study of immigrant acculturation in contemporary America. With keen sensitivity to detail and a sharp eye and ear for nuance, the film explores the lives of three teenagers as they come of age in Lowell, Massachusetts. Children of Cambodian refugees, the three teens inhabit a gritty blue-collar American world that is indelibly colored by their parents' nightmares of the Khmer Rouge. Traditional Cambodian dance links each of them to their parents' culture, but fast cars, hip consumerism, and young romance pull them even harder into American popular culture.Their parents fled the Khmer Rouge genocide in Cambodia in the 1970s, trekking through the jungle to refugee camps in Thailand. In the early 1980s, they resettled in Lowell, a historic New England mill city now home to America's second-largest Cambodian community. For these immigrants, Lowell offered hope of safety and employment and a chance to rebuild some of what was shattered by the Khmer Rouge.But for their children, the city offers a dizzying array of choices -- many of them risky. Deftly interweaving scenes of great poignancy and scenes of engaging drama, ""Monkey Dance"" examines how the three teenagers navigate the confusing landscape of urban American adolescence and ultimately start to make good on their parents' dreams.Linda Sou is a freewheeling 17-year-old who struggles to overcome the shame cast on her family when her older sister was imprisoned for murdering an abusive boyfriend. Linda has been dancing since age three, when her father founded the Angkor Dance Troupe in an attempt to preserve traditional Cambodian culture. Over time, Linda is lured away from the dance troupe by the excitement of fast cars and hot dates. Her wild ways intensify until she and a friend are injured in a serious car accident. A trip to Cambodia with her family to meet her village relatives endows Linda with some perspective on her life and a new awareness of her parents' losses and sacrifices.Samnang Hor, an athletic 16-year-old born in a refugee camp in Thailand, is driven to achieve to make up for his two older brothers, who dropped out of high school because of their involvement with gangs and drugs. Sam works hard, and his mentors encourage him to see education as a way out of the ghetto. On the exciting day he receives his college acceptance letters, he also realizes that getting into school is only part of the challenge -- finding money to pay for it may be even more difficult.Sochenda Uch, a lanky, fashion-conscious 16-year-old, works a series of part-time jobs to pay for the necessities and accessories of teen life -- while his mother worries that he doesn't study enough. Hungry to reinvent himself, Sochenda drops out of Angkor Dance Troupe and becomes a backup dancer in a hip Cambodian-American band. Too many distractions soon take their toll: Sochenda's grades start to slide, leading him to be rejected from all the colleges he applies to. Only after another year-and-a-half of hard work does he begin to understand what success or failure means to himself and his family. Dance -- both traditional and modern -- is ultimately what makes a difference for the three teenagers. The Angkor Dance Troupe to which they belong provides rigor and structure in their lives. Sam performs the troupe's signature piece: the Monkey Dance, a traditional tale about a folk hero figure that has been electrified and transformed by Sam's addition of hip-hop choreography. Cambodian dance provides Linda, Sam, and Sochenda with a unique connection to their parents' culture at a time when many children of immigrants reject their traditional culture as irrelevant to their lives in America. By making the dance their own, the three teenagers forge a link with the past while also finding their way in America.","[u'Mallozzi, Julie']","[u'United States', u'Lowell', u'Cambodia', u'Thailand']","[u'life', u'ear', u'eye', u'gangs', u'success', u'dance', u'money', u'refugee camps', u'immigrants', u'teenagers', u'family', u'culture', u'american', u'genocide', u'series', u'parents', u'education', u'children', u'hip-hop', u'adolescence']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp2791360-whiv","stream","","Turn-of-the-century America","","14 min","[u'Witness to history']","The exciting, dramatic changes that took place in the first twenty years of the new century. See immigrants at Ellis Island and scenes of Henry Ford inventing the 'horseless carriage'.","[u'Green, Susan Eikov']","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1144557-144558","stream","","The Italian Americans: Episode 4 - The American Dream","","55 minutes","","In postwar America, Italian Americans seem finally to have arrived. They move to the suburbs, attend college and enter the middle-class. Italian American crooners define American cool, with Frank Sinatra leading the pack. But even as he skyrockets to fame, he is haunted by accusations of Mafia ties, an albatross Sinatra cannot escape from. Can Italian Americans ever fit into 1950s America, or will the specter of organized crime always bring them down? Popular media reinforces the negative stereotypes at the same time that Italian Americans are achieving success. Governor Mario Cuomo, the son of Italian immigrants achieves great success but struggles to straddle both worlds, while his sons' success promises full assimilation and acceptance. Antonin Scalia becomes the first Italian American put on the Supreme Court, Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi is elected the first woman and Italian American to Speaker of the House of Representatives. But will there ever be an Italian American President? Have Italian Americans finally shed the old stereotypes and become fully accepted in America?","[u'Maggio, John']","[u'United States', u'Italy']","[u'organized crime', u'success', u'immigrants', u'crime', u'american dream', u'american', u'americans', u'time', u'italian americans', u'mafia', u'stereotypes', u'italian']","" "fod100044450","stream","","Of God and Caesar :God in America - How Religious Liberty Shaped America","2010","60 min.","[u'God in America: How Religious Liberty Shaped America']","The final hour of God in America brings the series into the present day, exploring the religious and political aspirations of conservative evangelicals' moral crusade over divisive social issues like abortion and gay marriage. Their embrace of presidential politics would end in disappointment in the 2008 election, and questions about the mixing of religion and politics. New waves of immigrants from Asia, the Middle East and Latin America made the United States the most religiously diverse nation on earth. God in America closes with reflections on the role of faith in the public life of the country.","","[u'United States', u'Philippines']","[u'faith', u'life', u'series', u'immigrants', u'abortion', u'united states', u'religion', u'waves', u'politics']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp3236453-marc","stream","","100% Arabica","","83 min","","In a housing project located on the outskirts of Paris renamed ""100% Arabica"" by its inhabitants, African immigrants live side by side. The residents are united by their struggle for recognition in a society where immigrants are often regarded as second class citizens. In a world of exiles, poverty is the common denominator. Against this backdrop, director Zemmouri has brought together two of the biggest and most charismatic stars of the cross-cultural musical form known as Rai, Cheb Mami and Khaled, who play the leaders of a band called Rap Oriental. As the band of musicians starts to gain in popularity, the Imam of the local mosque (Mouss) tries to destroy them by stirring up racial and cultural tensions. However, no one can stop the infectious popularity of the songs in this story of music triumphing over bigotry and violence.","[u'Zemmouri, Mahmoud']","[u'United States']","[u'play', u'housing', u'immigrants', u'musicians', u'poverty', u'stars', u'musical form', u'music', u'songs']","[u'Feature films']" "asp3403189-marc","stream","","Bukit orang salah","","21 min","","At various points in its history, tiny St.John's Island, south of Singapore, was where Singapore's colonial founder Sir Stamford Raffles docked his ship upon arrival, a quarantine centre for immigrants and pilgrims returning from Mecca, a penal coloy for political detainees and secret society leaders, and a sleepy holiday resort. Unlike neighbouring islands, however, St. John's was never fully developed. It occupies an in-between space, the vestiges of its history scattered around the land: out-of-bound markers and fencces, deserted paths and dilapidated housing. Its indeterminancy stands in sharp contrast to Singapore, where land use is meticulously planned to fulfil economic and social functions. In this film, St. John's Island - otherwise known as ""buki Orang Salah"" (approximately, ""Hill of Wrong People"" or ""Hill of Misfits""), a nickname coined by the people who were quarantined there - becomes a site of and for reflection, prompting questions about our history, heritage and identity.","","[u'Mecca', u'Saudi Arabia', u'Singapore']","[u'land use', u'immigrants', u'history']","[u'Short films']" "fod1000145415","stream","","Meet the Trumps : From Immigrant to President","","48 min 32 sec","","The remarkable true story of Donald Trump's family history—one of the most extraordinary immigration success stories ever told—and what it reveals about the United States' 45th president.","","[u'United States']","[u'family', u'success', u'immigration']","" "asp1641455-flon","stream","Asard, Johan","Price of honour","2005","46 min","","Pela Atroshi, a child of Kurdish immigrants living in Sweden, was brought up in the strict traditions of her native country. She and her sister were not allowed to socialize with boys and were expected to be home immediately after school. However, as a teenager, she was spotted having an innocent meeting with a Swedish young man. Her outraged family returned to their village in northern Iraq where she was murdered by her uncle to uphold the family honor. This compelling film follows Breen, her sister, who at great personal risk brought the story to light back in Sweden. Breen had escaped from Iraq determined to avenge her sister s murder. The Swedish press took up her cause, but she has paid a heavy price for her assertiveness isolated life with a secret identity, fearful that she too will be killed.","[u'Atroshi, Pela']","[u'Sweden', u'Iraq']","[u'boys', u'life', u'immigrants', u'family']","[u'Documentary']" "fod100011503","stream","","A Teacher affects eternity","2000","56 min.","[u'Only a Teacher: The Impact of Teachers on American Public Education']","Since the 1830s, public schools have spread into every corner of America. Then and now, what kind of people have been called to teach in these schools? This program explores the importance of educators in the lives of their students, emphasizing a teacher's influence as role model, as upholder of society's norms, and even as agent of social change. Dedicated women who spent their careers teaching newly freed slaves and turn-of-the-century teachers of immigrants are profiled, as well as exemplary instructors of today's struggling teenagers. Education reformer Theodore Sizer, education historian David Tyack, and author Frank McCourt are featured.","","","[u'immigrants', u'teachers', u'slaves', u'schools', u'teaching', u'public schools', u'education', u'women']","[u'Educational films']" "fod1000143629","stream","","Clinica De Migrantes ","","40 min 14 sec","","Filmmaker Maxim Pozdorovkin (HBO's Pussy Riot: A Punk Prayer) shines a well-deserved light on Puentes de Salud, a health-care clinic serving a population that all-too-easily slips through the cracks: undocumented immigrants. Clínica de Migrantes counters the often dehumanizing and highly politicized rhetoric surrounding America's immigrant population, providing a compassionate profile of patients at Puentes, many of whom have left their families behind to come to America and perform physically exhausting labor for meager wages. Poverty-stricken and without medical insurance, the patients at Puentes often have nowhere else to turn for medical care. In addition to the patients, the film follows the tireless clinic staffers who treat around ten thousand patients each year with limited space and even less funding. As it plans a larger facility to accommodate its rapidly increasing demand, Puentes' executive director Dr. Steve Larson and his team must find a way to keep their practice running in spite of obstacles at every turn. Highlighting the admirable doctors, their patients and the bonds built between them, this inspirational, thought-provoking film forces us to consider whether America can continue to keep basic necessities from the estimated eleven million undocumented immigrants living within its borders.","","","[u'rhetoric', u'families', u'bonds', u'addition', u'light', u'immigrants', u'space', u'labor', u'running', u'patients', u'cost', u'filmmaker', u'population']","" "fod100128453","stream","","Antonio Skármeta","","46 min., 25 sec.","[u'A Fondo-In Their Own Words']","Antonio Skármetta is the grandson of a family of immigrants from Dalmatia. He is one of the greatest literary figures of his country and internationally famous for his novel Ardiente Paciencia - El cartero de Neruda (The Postman - 1985) which was adapted to film in 1995. In 1975, the young Skármetta published his first novel: Soñé que la nieve ardía (I Dreamed that the Snow was Burning).","[u'Sk\xe1rmeta, Antonio']","","[u'immigrants', u'family']","[u'Internet videos']" "asp2860156-ahiv","stream","","July 13 2013: Strengthening Our Economy By Passing Bipartisan Immigration Reform","","4 minutes","[u'Your Weekly Address']","In this week's address, President Obama discusses how a large, bipartisan majority in the Senate voted to pass comprehensive immigration reform, which would add a big boost to our economy, strengthen Social Security, and modernize our legal immigration system to make it more consistent with our values. He calls on Congress to pass this commonsense bill quickly so that we can fix our broken immigration system and keep America strong for years to come.","[u'Obama, Barack']","[u'United States']","[u'values', u'immigration', u'economy']","[u'Filmed speeches']" "asp2183067-ebap","stream","","New Zealand","","13 min","[u'Exploring the world series']","This fact-filled journey across New Zealand offers viewers an insider's look at this fascinating country. We begin in Queenstown, which is located on the shores of Lake Wakatipu and overlooks New Zealand's Southern Alps, a popular destination known for its wide range of outdoor activities. Next stop is Christchurch, founded in 1850 as a Church of England colony; it is known as the most British city outside of Britain and is nicknamed the ""Garden City."" Lyttelton Harbor, Port Cooper, we discover is South Island's leading port; it is a natural harbor formed in the crater of an extinct volcano; also we see Port Hills, which separate Lyttelton Harbor from the city of Christchurch. Dunedin, situated on the southeastern coast of South Island, was founded in 1848 by Scottish immigrants and is called ""The Scotland of New Zealand."" Its premier landmark is Larnach Castle, the country's only castle. Originally built in 1871 by William Larnach, it is privately owned by the Barker family today and offers a vision of past and present times. Lastly to Rotorua, on the North Island, this spa and geyser city sits on top of the most thermal spots in the country and is the center of the Maori culture.","[u'DeBoer, Mieke', u'DeBoer, Jake', u'Barry, Catherine']","[u'United Kingdom', u'Queenstown', u'South Africa', u'Rotorua', u'United States', u'Christchurch', u'Garden City', u'New Zealand', u'Dunedin']","[u'immigrants', u'family']","[u'Travelogues (Television programs)']" "fod100044225","stream","","The Earth Is the Lord's","2005","60 min.","[u'Destination America']","This video examines the stories of immigrants who fled to America to escape religious persecution. Included are profiles of Tibetan Tsering, who escaped punishment from Chinese communists; D'vorah and Hirsch Spira, Hasidic Jews who hoped their religious traditions would be preserved in America; and the story of John Ruth, a Mennonite minister and historian, whose ancestor, Hans Landis, was the last of the Anabapist martyrs, and whose death was connected to the immigration of the Amish and Mennonite more than 300 years ago.","","[u'China']","[u'death', u'immigrants', u'jews', u'chinese']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100053145","stream","","Tolerance","1995","26 min.","[u'Rights & Wrongs: Human Rights Television']","Passed by referendum, California's Proposition 187 prohibits undocumented immigrants from using social services such as health care and education. This law, along with a record number of hate crimes, attacks on civil rights, the escalation of racism, and community conflict created an atmosphere of hopelessness among minorities. This episode examines Los Angeles' attempts to promote tolerance. Also featured are interviews with controversial author and philosopher, Cornel West, and human rights hero and children's conflict resolution educator, Darryl Williams. Williams was paralyzed by a sniper's bullet during Boston's busing crisis in 1979?","","[u'United States', u'Boston', u'Los Angeles']","[u'human rights', u'atmosphere', u'immigrants', u'health']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp1681857-blsv","stream","","Immigrant from America","2011","21 min","[u'Black studies in video']","Explores the paradox of racism in a nation composed of immigrants, and contrasts the experiences of immigrants from other shores with those of blacks migrating from the South to the North. Includes a discussion among high school students about persecution and prejudice.","[u'Sugarman, Tracy', u'Buckley, Bill']","[u'United States']","[u'students', u'african americans', u'immigrants', u'high school students', u'racism']","[u'Nonfiction films']" "asp1654981-curv","stream","Peterson, Beverly","7l West Broadway, Ground Zero, N.Y","2002","20 min","","Like thousands of New Yorkers who live downtown, the filmmaker Beverly Peterson witnessed close-up the horrific events of 9/11. Her first instinct was to grab her video camera in order to bear witness to the tragedy unfolding. Filming became a way of surviving the following months as she documented what was happening to her community. Beverly and her husband were forced to evacuate their apartment on West Broadway for several weeks. Then the hard work of cleaning up began. Some businesses in the neighborhood had been forced to close, others limped along, helping each other survive. Many were owned by recent immigrants to N.Y.C. who are featured in the film. The community was forced to organize to demand financial assistance from the government for the cleaning and rehabilitation of individual residences and businesses. They are still rebuilding their lives thanks to their strenuous efforts to help themselves and each other.","[u'Peterson, Beverly']","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1121513-121514","stream","","Through Thick and Thin","","","","""Through Thick and Thin"" follows the extraordinary stories of seven binational gay and lesbian couples whose lives are dramatically affected by the current immigration laws. For some partners, it means immigrating to a different country, while others try to maintain a semblance of normalcy by commuting between distant places overseas. Filmmaker Sebastian Cordoba intimately captures integral moments of each of the couples as they struggle to stay together at whatever cost, unfortunately demonstrating that love does not conquer all.","[u'Cordoba, Sebastian']","[u'United States', u'Sebastian']","[u'love', u'immigration', u'filmmaker', u'couples', u'american', u'struggle', u'lesbian couples', u'commuting', u'lesbian']","" "asp1738320-ediv","stream","","Schools in challenging circumstances.1,English as an additional language","2010","10 min","","Bristol Metropolitan Academy has over 30 language backgrounds, children coming as immigrants or refugees from places like Somalia or Poland. Teaching these children brings challenges which 2 teachers at the school particularly relish. Basia Everett, a Pole & Deborah Lewisohn Aikman, an American both love their work. As strangers in a new country they empathise with the fears of their pupils & have both devised an approach which especially allows for students to express their feelings as well as learn English. Both teachers describe their motivations & why these have helped them work with children who can have emotional difficulties. Their teaching goes beyond language teaching, but also includes having their students feel they're in a safe place & encouraging the students to feel happy about their new country.","","[u'United Kingdom', u'United States', u'Poland', u'Somalia']","[u'love', u'students', u'immigrants', u'american', u'teachers', u'teaching', u'refugees', u'children']","[u'Instructional television programs']" "asp3298935-marc","stream","","La mujer de el Eternauta =El eternauta's wife","","82 min","","It has been fifty years since the adventures of Juan Salvo were first published in the science fiction comic El Eternauta. Some time in 1957, Argentine writer H�ctor Germ�n Oesterheld created a highly metaphorical and political graphic novel. El Eternauta introduced a new way of understanding comic strips: it transcended the limits of mere escapism to become an adult and politically committed story. And to this day, the comic book continues to surprise thousands of readers and artists all over the world. El Eternauta�s Wife follows Elsa S�nchez, Oesterheld�s widow. The daughter of immigrants from Galicia, her life is evidence of the cruelty of Argentina�s repressive dictatorship, which took the lives of her husband, their four daughters and their respective husbands. The presence of Oesterheld�s political inclinations in his work, which included a severe criticism against the social and political situation in Argentina, was the perfect excuse to start this story of brutality. El Eternauta�s Wife is the story of a fight for survival in the mist of horror; A vital and close account where Elsa S�nchez shares her memories with the courage of real heroes; An example of a pacific fight against injustice and a testimony where pain and love for life went hand in hand until her passing, on June 22, 2015.","[u'Sa\ufffdnchez de Oesterheld, Elsa', u'Oesterheld, H. G', u'Aliaga, Ad\ufffdn']","[u'Argentina']","[u'life', u'pain', u'science', u'survival', u'immigrants', u'hand', u'artists', u'love']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100058767","stream","","The New Latinos (1946-1965)","2013","54 min.","[u'The Latino Americans']","Until World War II, Latino immigration to the United States was overwhelmingly Mexican-American. Now three new waves bring large-scale immigration from Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic. Films like West Side Story, etched the stereotype of the knife-wielding Puerto Rican in the American consciousness, fueling hatred and discrimination. Follow the story of seven immigrants seeking a new life in the United States, the discrimination they faced, and their fight for recognition.","","[u'United States', u'Dominican Republic', u'Puerto Rico', u'Cuba']","[u'life', u'discrimination', u'immigrants', u'united states', u'american', u'waves', u'world war', u'war']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100070936","stream","","Immigration: Challenges and Dangers ","","1 min 44 sec","[u'Luminaries']","Historian and author Bernard Bailyn talks about the challenges that immigrants faced in coming to North America during the colonial period. Professor Bailyn explains that the transatlantic voyage was always unpredictable. Diseases were a problem in certain areas, and starting a cultivation regime from scratch was an additional challenge.","","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants', u'diseases']","" "asp3562585-marc","stream","","Stand up, speak out : the Nina Miglionico story","","55 minutes","","A powerful story, historically framed in an era when immigrants and particularly women had to overcome any number of obstacles to succeed.","[u'Speaker, Ted', u'Bedsole, Jenna M.', u'Miglionico, Nina']","","[u'immigrants', u'women']","[u'Biographical films', u'Documentary films']" "kan1366225-366226","stream","","India and Indians in the World","","31 minutes","","Whether as students, soldiers, or servants, South Asians who left the subcontinent contributed significantly to the cultural exchange among China, continental Europe, and Great Britain. And whereas the British Raj relied on segregation for political control, Indian immigrants in Britain found greater freedom. Reflect on the impact of South Asians throughout the world.","","[u'China', u'India']","[u'immigrants', u'asians', u'indians', u'british', u'indian', u'segregation', u'south asians']","[u'Educational films', u'Asian Studies']" "asp3401975-marc","stream","","Road to the White House.Part 3","","45 min","[u'Road to the White House']","The Road to the White House tells the story of how Irish immigrants to the United States rose from impoverished, despised, disorganized outsiders to elect John F. Kennedy as the country's first (and so far, only) non-Protestant, non-Anglo Saxon president. The series, filmed in both Ireland and America, follows the rise of Irish-American political machines in cities like New York, Boston, Kansas City and Chicago and features contributions from Pulitzer Prize winning authors such as Robert Caro and Jack Beatty.

The three-part series tell the story of six unique and powerful Irish-American politicians whose ancestors all came to America as impoverished Irish immigrants. The Irish, by the very process of coming to America, changed the country. They were the first immigrant group in the US who seized upon politics as a means of making a living and they left a permanent mark on the American political landscape which stills resonates today. The series opens in New York in the mid 1800s with the story of Richard 'Boss' Croker, it continues in New York with the story of Alfred E. Smith. The series also covers the Kansas Machine with the story of 'Boss' Tom Pendergast before moving on to Boston with James Michael Curley, to Chicago with the Major Richard J. Daley Story and ending with the John F. Kennedy election victory.","[u'Keane, Datha\xed', u'Kennedy, John F', u'Daley, Richard J.', u'Seoighe, Eileen', u'Wall, Steve', u'Seoighe, Br\xedd']","[u'Chicago', u'Boston', u'Kansas City', u'United States', u'New York', u'Ireland']","[u'series', u'immigrants', u'american', u'united states', u'politicians', u'authors', u'politics']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100038061","stream","","Cubans Line Up for Visas to the United States ca. 1996","","0 min., 13 sec.","","Since Fidel Castro came to power in 1959, Cuban immigrants to the United States have been given preferential treatment as political refugees. Between 1959 and 1980, more than 1 million Cuban immigrants entered the United States. During the 1980s and 1990s, however, American public opinion of Cuban immigration began to change, and in 1995, the U.S. government restricted the annual number of allowable Cuban immigrants to 20,000.","","[u'United States', u'Cuba']","[u'united states', u'american', u'immigrants']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "kan1086613-86614","stream","","Immigrants","","","","Life of immigrants to London from the former British Empire. Coloured immigrants in London, 1964.","","[u'Great Britain', u'London']","[u'life', u'immigrants', u'british']","" "fod100053428","stream","","Supreme Court Upholds 'Most Controversial Part' of Arizona's Immigration Law","2012","16 min.","","According to the Supreme Court, Arizona police may still stop people they believe to be illegal immigrants but cannot arrest them without a warrant. In this NewsHour report, the National Law Journal's Marcia Coyle, Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach and law professor Steven Gonzales weigh in on the ruling. Origina?","[u'United States']","","[u'immigrants', u'police', u'law']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100038436","stream","","Thousands in London Protest the Death Sentence in Sacco and Vanzetti Trial ca. 1927","","4 min., 28 sec.","","The conviction and eventual execution of Nicola Sacco and Bartolommeo Vanzetti, two Italian immigrants in the United States, drew worldwide protests. Many viewed the pair's anarchist views and status as immigrants as chiefly contributing to their being convicted of killing two men, which took place during the height of the Red Scare.","","[u'United States', u'Italy']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "kan1260999-261000","stream","","Ethnicity and American English","","31 minutes","","America has always been a land of immigrants, and American English has been shaped since its earliest days by contact among immigrants from all over the British Isles and from around the world. Consider how the languages of the many immigrants who poured into America in the 19th and early 20th centuries gave rise to distinctive ethnic dialects of American English, and how they left their mark on American English more generally.","","[u'United Kingdom']","[u'american', u'immigrants', u'british', u'english']","[u'North American Studies', u'Educational films']" "asp1630983-flon","stream","Bloch, Sérgio","Donkey without a tail","2006","30 min","","Trash collecting may sound dismal, but in this film, shot in Rio de Janeiro, the people featured are undaunted, and proud of their survival skills. They make their living picking through trash in search of recyclable material and are popularly known as donkeys without a tail. This occupation traces its roots to the job of garrafeiro, or ""bottle collector."" Portuguese immigrants to Brazil made their living pushing wooden carts down the street to collect bottles (thus their nickname bears the allusion to pack animals.) The early immigrants sold only bottles and other containers that could be re-used. Today trash collectors work with a wide variety of materials; plastics, glass, iron, copper, paper, and cardboard. By following the daily route of five of these energetic collectors we come into contact with one aspect of urban life in Brazil.","","[u'Brazil', u'Portugal']","[u'sound', u'life', u'immigrants', u'survival']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp2781074-cbsv","stream","","Dying to get in","2006","13 min","[u'60 minutes']","This segment documents the problems the U.S. encounters trying to prevent illegal immigrants from entering the country from its southern borders. Ed Bradley reports.","[u'Bradley, Ed', u'U.S. Border Patrol', u'Gelber, David', u'Bach, Joel']","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Television news programs']" "fod100038033","stream","","Mexican Migrant Farm Laborers Immigrate to the United States ca. 1950","","1 min., 17 sec.","","Thousands of Mexican immigrants crossed the U.S. border during the 1950s. The Bracero Program of 1942 to 1964 was an agreement between the Mexican and U.S. governments to allow continual, large-scale recruitment of temporary Mexican labor in the United States.","","[u'United States', u'Mexico']","[u'immigrants', u'labor']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "fod100011180","stream","","Batak :ancient spirits, modern world","2000","50 min.","","This program featuring sociocultural anthropologist James Eder-author of On the Road to Tribal Extinction-travels to the island of Palawan in the Philippines archipelago to document the Batak tribe's eco-friendly hunter/gatherer way of life. Repeatedly displaced by immigrants and increasingly driven to take part in the island's growing cash economy, the tenacious Batak struggle to maintain their cultural and spiritual identity while attempting to adapt to the modern world. Can conservationists, who approve of their sustainable methods of harvesting, help to secure the tribe's ancestral forest before it is all lost?","","[u'Philippines']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Educational films']" "kan1122559-122560","stream","","The Immigrant Experience: The Long, Long Journey","","","","The hopes and conflicts of all immigrants are seen through the eyes of the boy Janek, and in a warm scene at the program's close, Janek the man looks at his dreams of a lifetime being realized through his grandchildren. An LCA release. Awards: Chicago, Columbus, National Educational, Oakland Film Festivals","","[u'United States', u'Columbus', u'Chicago']","[u'american', u'immigrants', u'dreams']","" "asp2374268-busv","stream","","FWD.us adds Barry Diller and Steven Chen","2013","5 min..","[u'Business education in video']","IAC Chairman Barry Diller and Google's Steve Chen have joined FWD.us, an immigration reform advocacy group founded by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, Politico reports, citing group's blog post. Bloomberg Contributing Editor Paul Kedrosky speaks with Emily Chang on Bloomberg Television's 'Bloomberg West.'","[u'Chang, Emily']","","[u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "fod100044223","stream","","The Golden Door","2005","60 min.","[u'Destination America']","This program follows Manuel, a Mexican migrant worker who cannot reveal his last name. He is just one of millions of Mexicans who illegally cross America's borders every year. It's a dangerous journey, but for most, America offers their best chance for economic survival. The film offers an historical perspective of early Mexican immigration, to the Norwegian immigrants in the Midwest, and to the Irish - covering more than 350 years of American history.","","[u'United States', u'Norway', u'Ireland', u'Mexico']","[u'american', u'immigrants']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp2873739-ahiv","stream","","Multicultural America for students :U.S. immigrants","","18 min","","This video, hosted by David House, explores the impact that immigration has had on U.S. society and culture.","[u'House, David', u'Arsenault, Richard']","[u'United States']","[u'students', u'immigrants']","[u'Educational films']" "asp1003084664-ahiv","stream","","New York City ""ghetto"" fish market","1903","3 min","[u'American history in video', u'New York at the turn of the century']","The view, photographed from an elevated camera position, looks down on a very crowded New York City street market. Rows of pushcarts and street vendors' vehicles can be seen. The precise location is difficult to ascertain, but it is certainly on the Lower East Side, probably on or near Hester Street, which at the turn of the century was the center of commerce for New York's Jewish ghetto. Located south of Houston Street and east of the Bowery, the ghetto population was predominantly Russian, but included immigrants from Austria, Germany, Rumania and Turkey. According to a description in a 1901 newspaper, an estimated 1,500 pushcart peddlers were licensed to sell wares (primarily fish) in the vicinity of Hester Street. At one point the film seems to follow three official looking men (one in a uniform) as they walk among the crowd. They may be New York City health inspectors, who apparently monitored the fish vendors closely.;From a contemporary Edison film company catalog: NEW YORK GHETTO FISH-MARKET. A fine panoramic view of this busy market on a Friday morning. Immense throngs of people are seen passing along the stands and making their selections of fish. A great character study.","[u'Smith, James Blair']","[u'Turkey', u'Edison', u'New York City', u'United States', u'Austria', u'New York', u'Germany', u'Russia']","[u'immigrants', u'health', u'men', u'population']","" "asp1650433-ahiv","stream","Chen, Amy","Chinatown files","2001","58 min","[u'American history in video']","Amy Chen's acclaimed new documentary The Chinatown Files reveals the hidden story of Chinese-American men and women who were hunted down, jailed, and targeted for deportation during the Cold War hysteria of the 1950's and l960's. Their interviews are interwoven with rare home movies, photographs and archival films exploring the prejudice and xenophobia surrounding U.S.-China relations. During the McCarthy era witchhunts, the loyalties of over ten thousand American citizens of Chinese descent were questioned based on their ethnicity and alleged risk to national security. Henry Chin, a laundry worker and president of the Chinese Hand Laundry Alliance and the China Daily News, describes how ""Chinese immigrants came to America for a better life for themselves and the loved ones they left behind in their impoverished villages."" Yet for sending money home, his friends were charged by the U.S. government for trading with the enemy and his life was shattered by constant FBI surveillance and harassment. Other people featured in the film include several members of Mun Ching, the Chinese American Democratic Youth League in San Francisco who were harassed by the FBI. Several agents speak candidly of the FBI objectives in Washington, D.C., San Francisco and New York. The Chinatown Files is a cautionary tale of how nationalist paranoia can quickly lead to racially-motivated violations of civil rights and liberties. It serves as a dramatic and enduring reminder of the fragility of constitutional protections, encouraging viewers to reexamine the democratic promises of the American government and to hold all of society responsible when rights are infringed.","[u'Zhan, Ying']","[u'United States', u'San Francisco', u'New York', u'Washington', u'China']","[u'life', u'men', u'cold war', u'chinese', u'money', u'civil rights', u'immigrants', u'hand', u'youth', u'american', u'china', u'war', u'ethnicity', u'women']","[u'Nonfiction films', u'Documentary films']" "asp3235586-marc","stream","","Brisbane","","21 min","[u'Life in Australia']","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the Queensland capital of Brisbane in the mid 1960s.","[u'Thompson, Eric', u'Parker, Robert']","[u'Brisbane', u'Australia']","[u'life', u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100070929","stream","","Theodore Roosevelt and Asian Immigration ","","1 min 0 sec","[u'Luminaries']","Professor of history Gary Gerstle explains that Theodore Roosevelt was a great admirer of the Japanese and welcomed Japanese immigrants, despite popular sentiment in the United States against the perceived ""invasion by yellow people."" Professor Gerstle explains that Roosevelt's feelings towards Chinese immigrants were very different, adding that Roosevelt supported their exclusion.","","[u'United States', u'Japan', u'China', u'Roosevelt']","[u'chinese', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'japanese', u'united states', u'history']","" "kan1153525-153526","stream","","Life in Australia Series","","240 minutes","","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this series visits state capitals and regional centres around the nation to promote an idyllic picture of life in Australia. Part travelogue, it tours points of interest around the towns, but the emphasis is on providing a visual record of typical daily life, from work and education to home and recreation. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Lewes, Henry', u'Small, Rhonda', u'Colacino, Antonio']","[u'Great Britain', u'Australia', u'Lewes']","[u'sound', u'life', u'work', u'copyright', u'series', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'australia', u'home', u'australian', u'education']","" "fod100033343","stream","","Facing Up to Illegal Immigration","","22 min., 16 sec.","","Is there a way, once and for all, to stop illegal immigrants at America's borders? And if there is, will the world's only superpower be able to function without them? This ABC News program takes a balanced look at the illegal immigration situation in the U.S., addressing issues such as the liability of porous borders in a time of terrorism and the vital role-like it or not-of undocumented aliens in the workforce. Are they really taking jobs away from U.S. citizens, or are they simply doing the work that Americans themselves are unwilling to do?","","","[u'terrorism', u'immigrants']","[u'Educational films']" "fod100071432","stream","","The Age of the City :INTELECOM Intelligent Telecommunications (Firm)","","26 min., 40 sec.","[u'The Unfinished Nation']","During the late 1800s and early 1900s, cities became magnets that drew people and ideas and created new lifestyles. Examine how city life evolved as immigrants and migrants moved to city centers to find work, but also found crowded, unhealthy conditions.","","","[u'life', u'immigrants']","[u'Internet videos']" "asp1641536-flon","stream","Levine, Jeremy","Walking the line","2006","59 min","","Walking the Line offers a harrowing view of the chaos, absurdity and senseless deaths of Mexican illegals along the U.S. - Mexico border because some American citizens are taking the law into their own hands. Southern Arizona, a region celebrated for its history of lawlessness, has become the most highly trafficked area for immigrants in the world -- and one of the most dangerous. A shift in the border policy forces migrants to cross the unforgiving desert where thousands die. Those who make it across face volatile, often armed, civilian militias. Standing in opposition to the vigilantes are humanitarians, organized to prevent migrant deaths. Confronting the growing crisis, they too find themselves on the wrong side of the law. A Tucson pastor is indicted on federal felony charges for aiding and abetting while a Native American faces banishment from his reservation for constructing water stations. Following rancher vigilantes with semiautomatic weapons, outlaw pastors with four-wheel drives, and impoverished immigrants armed only with dreams of a better life, the film explores the uncertain line between what is patriotic, what is moral, and what is just.","[u'Van Soest, Landon']","[u'United States', u'Mexico']","[u'immigrants', u'water', u'american', u'law', u'dreams', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1116351-116352","stream","","Black Dju","","80 min","","From the sea and sun of the Cape Verde Island, it's a very big step to rainy, gloomy, land-locked Luxembourg, but that's the journey 20-year-old Dju Dele Dibonga must take to track down his dad, whose yearly visits and monthly guest worker checks have stopped. But it's not just the weather that's not welcoming, Dju also has to face overzealous immigration cops.","[u'Dibonga, Dju Dele', u'Cruchten, Pol']","[u'Luxembourg']","[u'sun', u'weather', u'immigration', u'face']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp3553307-marc","stream","","Who is Dayani Cristal?","","89 minutes","","The body of an unidentified immigrant is found in the Arizona Desert. In an attempt to retrace his path and discover his story, director Marc Silver and Gael Garcia Bernal embed themselves among migrant travelers on their own mission to cross the border, providing rare insight into the human stories which are so often ignored in the immigration debate.","[u'Garc\xeda Bernal, Gael', u'Benski, Thomas', u'Silver, Marc', u'Ochoa, Lucas']","[u'United States', u'Brazil', u'Lucas']","[u'travelers', u'insight', u'silver', u'immigration']","[u'Feature films', u'Documentary films']" "asp3235664-marc","stream","","Sydney","","21 min","[u'Life in Australia']","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this series visits state capitals and regional centres around the nation to promote an idyllic picture of life in Australia.","[u'Scully, Joe', u'Thompson, Eric']","[u'Australia']","[u'series', u'life', u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan2709221-1709222","stream","","Coming to America: Portrait of Colonial Life","","27 minutes","","Immigration has been a key to American history. Contrasting experiences of different groups. The challenges of indentured servitude; their contributions. Family groups in New England; roles within the family unit. The emergence of a slave society in North America. Upsurge in Scotch Irish and German immigration.","","[u'United States', u'Germany']","[u'life', u'family', u'irish', u'immigration', u'society', u'american']","[u'North American Studies', u'Documentary films']" "asp1630943-flon","stream","McLeod, Sandy","Asylum :fleeing genital mutilation","2003","21 min","","Asylum is a powerful tale of a young Ghanian woman whose life suddenly changes when her father insists that she undergo a bloody, life-threatening circumcision and then marry an old man. Although traditional circumcision is now illegal in Ghana, it is still practiced. Baaba Andoh had a happy childhood, raised by her mother who sold vegetables in the market place. Baaba had sought out her long-lost father to seek his blessing for her marriage to the man of her dreams. To her horror, she learned of her father s plan and fled her village. Her father, a man of some means, pursued her. Having no recourse but to leave the country, she obtained a false passport and a ticket to the U.S. with the help of friends. The INS spotted the forgery immediately and arrested her at Newark Airport. She spends a nightmarish year in prison before she is successful in obtaining political asylum. Her chilling story is not unlike that of many of the 7,000 women immigrants now being held in detention, awaiting legal representation and hearings on their claims.","[u'Reticker, Gini']","[u'Ghana']","[u'life', u'immigrants', u'marriage', u'women']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp1652611-flon","stream","Shah, Byron","The mischievous Ravi","2001","13 min","","With gentle humor, this short fiction film captures the plight of a young man caught between the traditional ways of his immigrant Indian parents and the freer lifestyle of his American peers. Working in his parent s convenience store, Ravi flirts with a seductive classmate all the while his parents are hatching a proper arranged marriage for him. But Ravi's high spirits are not to be cramped by his austere parents. This charming film captures the experience of second generation immigrants in our multicultural society.","","[u'United States', u'India']","[u'arranged marriage', u'immigrants', u'american', u'indian', u'parents', u'marriage']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp3227783-marc","stream","","Salsa in Japan :a Japanese & Latino mix","","26 min","","This remarkable documentary on multiculturalism explores the growing subculture of salsa dancing in Japan, where salsa dancing and salsa clubs serve as a source of interaction and cultural mingling between native Japanese and Latino immigrants to Japan. Each group has a different way of dancing and different reasons for going to the dance clubs. In scenes at the clubs these differences are apparent. However, salsa clubs are also important and popular places for interaction between Japanese and Latinos, places where learning between the two groups and a greater cultural appreciation of one another can occur.The video examines two types of salsa clubs in Japan. One draws more Japanese and the other draws more Latinos. The key difference between the two is the purpose for going. In the clubs that draw more Japanese, there is a greater focus on dancing well -- on looking good. Most of the clientele are students of salsa and some enter competitions.The clubs that draw a largely Latino crowd have more of a ""party"" atmosphere. Some of the clientele are great dancers, others not. Some even learn how to dance salsa in Japan, because it's not in fact a universally ""Latin"" dance. The main attraction of these ""parties"" is the chance to get together with other Latinos, blow off steam, and have a good time.""Salsa in Japan"" briefly recounts the history of salsa for those unfamiliar with the dance and examines the many connections between Latin America and Japan through interviews with people involved in the salsa world.This energetic, vibrant, and accessible video will reward viewing and stimulate discussion in any class dealing with issues of multiculturalism and immigration, and in a wide variety of courses in Japanese and Asian studies, Latin American studies, and cultural anthropology. It was produced by Elizabeth Chamberlin.","[u'Chamberlin, Elizabeth', u'Bottoms, Benjamin']","[u'Japan']","[u'learning', u'dance', u'immigrants', u'japanese', u'students', u'american', u'latin american', u'multiculturalism', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100038214","stream","","Street Scenes of New York City in Early 1900s ca. 1901","","1 min., 24 sec.","","Thomas Edison's invention of the photograph led to the development of cameras that could capture moving images. Several early films depicted scenes of New York City at the dawn of the 20th century, a time in which large numbers of European immigrants caused the city to grow rapidly into one of the most important business and industry centers in the world.","","[u'United States', u'New York City']","[u'immigrants', u'business']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "kan1153854-153855","stream","","Raananah: A World of Our Own","","","","Raananah is an intimate look at one remarkable community and its independent people as they gracefully age. Fifty years ago, a group of idealistic Jewish immigrants formed a summer refuge, Raananah. Through home movies, we see the founders as young people and hear of their lives and dreams. Today we meet these same people at Raananah as they reflect on their lives, their children, and aging together with dignity. ""If an Irish Catholic in Texas can identify with [these people]...this film has pretty universal appeal."" Mary Margaret Kelly, Center for Studies in Aging, North Texas State University","[u'Booth, Marlene']","[u'United States', u'Texas']","[u'aging', u'irish', u'immigrants', u'summer', u'home']","" "kan1251267-251268","stream","","Paper Dolls","","81 minutes","","""Paper Dolls"" is a documentary film which explores changing patterns of global immigration and expanding notions of family through the prism of a community of Filipino transvestites who live illegally in Israel. Cast out by their families because of their sexual and gender preferences, these people work 6 days a week as live-in, 24 hour a day care givers (and in many cases as surrogate children) for elderly orthodox Jewish men, in order to earn money to send to their families in the Philippines that had rejected them. ..On their one free night per week, they pursue their own personal dreams as drag performers in the group they call ""The Paper Dolls"" in the relative freedom of cosmopolitan Tel Aviv. Despite having to deal with often harsh working conditions, threats by street criminals, fear of terrorist bombings and the constant peril of deportation, The Paper Dolls demonstrate a rare generosity of spirit, humanity and lust for life...Award winning filmmaker Tomer Heymann enters this unusual world and by coming to know and love these subjects unearths joy, sorrow and humanity which change his life forever.","","[u'Tel Aviv', u'Israel', u'Philippines']","[u'love', u'family', u'money', u'transvestites', u'elderly', u'lust', u'paper', u'fear', u'threats', u'bombings', u'dreams', u'dolls', u'life', u'families', u'immigration', u'filmmaker', u'change', u'filipino', u'gender', u'work', u'generosity', u'freedom']","[u'Documentary films', u'Asian Studies']" "fod100039172","stream","","Bill Moyers Journal :Katrina Recovery Gone Wrong?","","56 min., 41 sec.","[u'Bill Moyers']","Two years after Hurricane Katrina, tens of thousands of people in Mississippi are still displaced, in limbo, with no solution in sight. This edition of Bill Moyers Journal profiles the Steps Coalition, a group fighting on behalf of those still in need of housing. In addition, the Journal continues to probe the FCC's proposed plan to loosen media ownership. Also on the program, the University of Florida's Manuel A. Vásquez sheds light on a growing sense of transnationalism among immigrant populations. ""Today's immigrants are able to have dual loyalties,"" he says.","","[u'United States', u'Uruguay']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Internet videos']" "fod1000144047","stream","","The Statue of Liberty, United States : Symbol of Freedom","","12 min 36 sec","[u'Treasures of the World: North America and the Caribbean Sea']","Made in Paris by the French sculptor Bartholdi, with help on the metalwork from Gustave Eiffel, this symbolic monument to liberty was a gift from France on the centenary of American independence. Standing at the entrance of New York Harbor, it has welcomed millions of immigrants to the United States of America since it was inaugurated in 1886.","","[u'United States', u'Paris', u'Liberty', u'France']","[u'caribbean', u'freedom', u'immigrants', u'french', u'france', u'united states', u'american', u'liberty']","" "fod100031327","stream","","Between two worlds","2003","89 min.","[u'Becoming American: The Chinese Experience']","In the early 1880s, abetted by the Chinese Exclusion Act, a wave of anti-Chinese sentiment swept across America. This program examines the exclusion years through the stories of Chinese Americans and their families who were kept apart by both ancient custom and U.S. law. These immigrants were trapped between countries, at home neither in the U.S. nor in China. The law of the land, which separated these families, also provided relief as Chinese Americans turned to the courts for justice.","","[u'China']","[u'families', u'chinese', u'chinese americans', u'immigrants', u'courts', u'law']","[u'Educational films']" "asp2388871-busv","stream","","Retailers target hispanic dollars :Wolfe Pereira","2013","6 min..","[u'Business education in video']","Steven Wolfe Pereira, Executive Vice President at Mediavest, and Carlos Gutierrez, Chairman of Immigration Reform at Republican Party of Washington, discuss the spending power of Hispanics in the U.S. and targeting by retailers. They speak on Bloomberg Television's 'Bloomberg Surveillance.'","","[u'United States', u'Washington']","[u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "fod1000141922","stream","","Homemade Hillbilly Jam","","1 hr 19 min 46 sec","","In the 1800s, a scrappy group of Scotch-Irish immigrants settled in the Ozark Mountains of Southwestern Missouri. Stereotyped as poor, lawless degenerates, these isolated hill folk over time became the butt of countless jokes and earned themselves the name ""hillbillies."" This enjoyable documentary captures the rich and wonderful sounds of ""hillbilly"" music by following three families of modern-day hillbillies back to the roots of their music-making heritage. Leading the pack is singer/songwriter Mark Bilyeu from the band Big Smith, who have been delighting audiences around the world with their foot-stompin' repertoire of songs, including some passed down through generations; twisted tales of moonshining and adultery alongside heartfelt stories of faith and life. Sumptuously shot on Super 16 film and embellished by old photos and archival footage, Homemade Hillbilly Jam is both a celebration of modern-day hill folk and a vivid reminder of their hellraising, bootlegging ancestors - all in all, a salute to the hillbilly spirit, which refuses to die. Featuring Big Smith, The Pine Ridge Singers, The Baldknobbers & More!","","","[u'faith', u'families', u'mountains', u'tales', u'immigrants', u'back', u'pine', u'music', u'adultery', u'time', u'audiences', u'sounds']","" "kan1097008-97009","stream","","Convenient Education","","","","Convenient Education is about the business of opportunities and nation building in a young globalised world and the consequences of our desire to better ourselves. Shot in India and Australia over several years, the interactive documentary tracks a study abroad journey from Jalandhar, India to Melbourne, Australia. In 2009, before the international education crisis hits, we experience the phenomena of a bustling education-migration market extending from India to Australia, and interrogate the context that led to its rise. Louis Dai (co-director), as the son of Vietnamese boat people, provides a compelling narrative lead as he weaves the experiences of student-migrants into a larger Australian immigration story. What we hope to achieve through the telling of this story is the documentation of an avoidable tragedy that ruined the lives of thousands, undermined a largely successful industry and ruptured Australia's international reputation. It is our hope that in the future policies surrounding potential migrants and international students will have a greater humanist focus, in recognition of the enormous contribution that international education brings to the nation. Directed and written by Louis Dai, David Elliot-Jones and Lachlan McLeod. Convenient Education has been nominated for a 2013 ATOM Award.","","[u'Melbourne', u'Australia', u'India', u'United States', u'Vietnam', u'Jalandhar']","[u'building', u'desire', u'australia', u'business', u'lead', u'vietnamese', u'students', u'industry', u'documentation', u'india', u'immigration', u'class', u'international education', u'australian', u'education', u'tragedy', u'hope']","" "kan1062771-62772","stream","","Unnatural causes. When the bough breaks","","30 min 30 sec","[u'Unnatural causes']","The number of infants who die before their first birthday is much higher in the U.S. than in other countries. And for African Americans the rate is nearly twice as high as for white Americans. Even well-educated black women have birth outcomes worse than white women who haven't finished high school. Why? We meet Kim Anderson, a successful Atlanta lawyer, executive and mother. When Kim was pregnant with her first child in 1990, she, like so many others, did her best to ensure a healthy baby: she ate right, exercised, abstained from alcohol and smoking and received good prenatal care. Yet two and a half months before her due date, she went into labor unexpectedly. Her newborn weighed less than three pounds. Kim and her husband were devastated. How could this have happened? We know that in general health follows wealth: on average, the higher on the socioeconomic ladder you are, the lower your risk of cancer, heart disease, diabetes, infant death and preterm deliveries. For highly educated African American women like Kim, the advantages of income and status do make a difference for her health, but there's still something else at play: racism. Neonatologists James Collins and Richard David believe that African American women are at increased risk during pregnancy, not because of something innate to their biology, but because of the cumulative impact of racism they experience over their lifetime - an impact that can outweigh even the benefits of higher social and class status. To demonstrate their theory, Drs. Collins and David showed that African immigrants to the U.S. and U.S.-born white women had similar birth outcomes, yet African American women tended to have babies that weighed significantly less. Moreover, they showed that the results changed over time: outcomes for the African-born group worsened within one generation and became comparable to the African American group. So how does racism get ""under the skin"" and affect pregnancy? Researchers like Michael Lu believe that chronic stress is the culprit: unequal treatment causes anxiety and the release of stress hormones, which over a lifetime of constant activation not only creates wear and tear on the body's organs and systems, but can trigger premature labor. As Dr. Camara Jones of the CDC points out, for most people of colour, racism isn't an occasional problem but a subtle, everyday stressor that is added onto all the other stressors in a person's life. Anthropologist Fleda Jackson, sociologist Mona Phillips and epidemiologist Carol Hogue are working to help us measure and better understand racism's impact. Through focus groups and programs that provide family support, they and others are helping African American women find the resources they need to cope. Yet for all of us, the challenge remains to tackle the harmful conditions that surround and negatively impact African American women and babies in the first place - so that everyone can have a good start for a healthy life.","[u'Phillips, Mona', u'Anderson, Kim', u'David, Richard', u'Lu, Michael', u'Collins, James', u'Jackson, Fleda', u'Hogue, Carol', u'Jones, Camara']","[u'Jackson', u'Panama', u'David', u'United States', u'Anderson', u'Atlanta', u'Carol']","[u'heart', u'family', u'americans', u'african american women', u'death', u'alcohol', u'racism', u'labor', u'health', u'treatment', u'babies', u'income', u'african americans', u'risk', u'black women', u'birth', u'child', u'smoking', u'african american', u'difference', u'class', u'women', u'anxiety', u'immigrants', u'american', u'african', u'infants']","[u'Documentary films, television films', u'Documentary films']" "asp2392671-busv","stream","","Immigration reform momentum building :Case","2013","4 min..","[u'Business education in video']","America Online Founder Steve Case discusses immigration reform with Cory Johnson on Bloomberg Television's 'Bloomberg West.'","[u'Johnson, Cory']","","[u'building', u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "kan1594028-594029","stream","","Ancestors in the Americas","","125 minutes","","This two-part series presents the history, challenges, and lasting impact of early Asian immigrants to the Americas, from the 1700s to the 1900s. The series follows their little-known journeys and stories, reveals their pioneering struggle against racial hatred and for basic rights, and depicts their lasting cultural, legal and economic contributions to the building of the Americas.. Using a ""documemoir"" approach, ANCESTORS IN THE AMERICAS brings to life this largely undocumented past and invites a new understanding of American history.. ""Splendidly conceived and emotionally compelling, offering a new history of Asian America, indeed of America. The two programs contain a historical vision that is trend-setting. It is significant as art, but also as the writing of history, a claim very few documentary films can make."" - Professor Gary Okihiro, Columbia University. ""Editor's Choice. Eye-opening ... ambitious in scope, and exhaustive in coverage, this extraordinary series presents a fresh study of the Asian presence in the Americas."" - Booklist","","[u'United States']","[u'building', u'life', u'documentary films', u'series', u'immigrants', u'writing', u'american', u'struggle', u'films', u'vision', u'history']","[u'North American Studies', u'Documentary films']" "fod100128448","stream","","Juan Manuel Fangio","","31 min., 59 sec.","[u'A Fondo-In Their Own Words']","Juan Manuel Fangio (Balcarce, 1911 - Buenos Aires, 1995), son of Italian immigrants, was an Argentine car racer. The ""Chueco"" is considered one of the best drivers of the world motorsport of all the times, in particular for being quintuple champion of Formula 1 with four different teams. In 1958, in Batista's Cuba, a command of the 26 de Julio Movement, led by Fidel Castro, kidnapped him for 26 hours.","[u'Fangio, Juan Manuel']","[u'Italy', u'Argentina', u'Buenos Aires', u'Cuba']","[u'italian', u'immigrants', u'movement', u'argentine', u'cuba']","" "kan1222182-222183","stream","","Illegal","","107 minutes","","Set in the sweltering desert of the Southwest U.S., five individuals are portrayed as they struggle with their circumstances. Maribel, a waitress in Juarez, Mexico faces an impossible decision after she realizes that the only hope for her dying son lies in medical treatment in the U.S.. Ariel, an honest and hard-working day-laborer in New Mexico, battles the temptation of higher wages as a drug trafficker.. Arturo, working the fields with Ariel must decide where his loyalties lie when he is suddenly pitted against a smooth-talking government immigration officer. Ignacio, a dish-washer in New Mexico, deals drugs to teens in a dead-end town while immigration agents circle in to use him as an entry-way to a Mexican drug cartel. And Chuy, a low-level trafficker of both immigrants and drugs, longs for a way out of his miserable life full of violence and fear..","","[u'Ariel', u'Israel', u'Mexico']","[u'life', u'violence', u'mexican', u'mexico', u'drugs', u'government', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'battles', u'desert', u'drug', u'treatment', u'temptation', u'circle', u'wages', u'hope', u'struggle']","[u'Feature films']" "fod1000154786","stream","","To Russian-American Community, Russia Has Become Political Scapegoat","","3 min 55 sec","","How have strains in U.S.-Russia relations affected Russian-Americans and recent immigrants? Special correspondent Ryan Chilcote reports from the Brighton BEach neighborhood of Brooklyn, the first stop for many of the 3 million Russian or former Soviet Union immigrants who come to the U.S., to get their take on the charges of election meddling.","","[u'United States', u'Brooklyn', u'Russia']","[u'russian', u'immigrants', u'neighborhood', u'soviet union']","" "fod100128445","stream","","Quino","","52 min., 43 sec.","[u'A Fondo-In Their Own Words']","QUINO, Joaquín Salvador Lavado, was born as the son of Spanish and Andalusian immigrants in the city of Mendoza (Argentina) in 1932. Since his birth, he was called Quino to distinguish him from his uncle Joaquin Tejon, a painter and cartoonist with whom he discovers his vocation. In 1976 in Argentina, a military coup occurs and General Videla takes command; Quino and his wife move to Milan. In 1976 at the request of UNICEF, his cartoon character Mafalda became the spokesperson for the Convention on the Rights of the Child.","[u'Quino']","[u'Argentina', u'Spain', u'Mendoza']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Internet videos']" "fod100038641","stream","","Immigrants Arrive in New York Harbor ca. 1900s","","1 min., 10 sec.","","The port of Ellis Island was built in 1892 to accommodate an increasing number of immigrants to the United States. Between 1892 and its closure in 1954, Ellis Island processed more than 12 million immigrants.","","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "kan1167150-167151","stream","","White Earth : an oil boom through a child's eyes","","20 minutes","","James (13) lives in the remote, oil-boom town of White Earth, ND with his father. Unable to enroll in the local school, he spends his days wandering the town and playing video games while his father works long hours for an oil service company. Leevi (11) is a 5th-grader from nearby Stanley. Her family has lived in North Dakota for generations and while they benefitting economically from the boom by leasing land rights to oil companies, they have strong reservations about the changes it is bringing to their beloved home. Elena (11) is a new arrival in Leevi's 5th grade class. She and her family are Mexican immigrants that fled economic hardship in California's central valley so Elena's father could seek oil work. Rather than separate the family, Elena's mother, Flor, insisted that they all move to North Dakota where the family of five shares cramped living quarters in an RV with a single bedroom. Each story intertwines with the others intimately exploring themes of childhood, family, immigration, community, the environment, and the price of the American Dream.","[u'Jensen, J. Christian']","[u'Stanley', u'Great Britain', u'Mexico']","[u'immigrants', u'mexican', u'family', u'industry', u'video games', u'father', u'american', u'games', u'earth', u'generations']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod1000130161","stream","","Hope Against Hopeless ","","42 min 42 sec","","The video deals with the causes that provoke the refugee 'waves' and the trespass of Human Rights. It aims to shed light at the illegal movement of immigrants and refugees from Syria to Turkey and later on into Cyprus. Shocking images of immigrants at the borders of Syria and Iraq oscillate between hope and hopelessness. The political position of Turkey, the position of the International Amnesty and the never ending struggle of people striving for a better quality of life are some of the major issues touched by this documentary.","","[u'Turkey', u'Syria', u'Iraq', u'Cyprus']","[u'life', u'quality of life', u'light', u'refugee', u'immigrants', u'struggle', u'iraq', u'refugees', u'hope', u'movement']","" "kan1159522-159523","stream","","The Jewish Americans: A Series by David Grubin - Part 1","","116 minutes","","In the 1700s, a small number of Jews came to America, struggling to hold fast to their faith and heritage while becoming part of the emerging nation. Though they fought in the American Revolution, they were at best tolerated, at worst shunned - becoming ready scapegoats in times of crisis. Even after the U.S. Constitution guaranteed freedom of religion, states had the power to prevent Jews from voting, and their status remained uneasy. During the 19th century, German-speaking Jews arrived from central Europe, becoming peddlers, selling provisions to farmers and those heading west.The Civil War found Jewish Americans fighting on both sides of the struggle, while coping with anti-Semitism in both the north and south. By the 1870s, 250,000 Jewish Americans had settled across the country. Some were attempting to adapt Judaism to America with a movement called Reform Judaism. But the mood of the country shifted and, as immigrants began flooding into the country, anti-Semitism erupted again. In the early 20th century, drawn by the promise of America, more than two million eastern European Jews fled poverty and oppression - gravitating to the Lower East Side of Manhattan. Poor and faced with innumerable confusing choices, they struggled to adapt their Jewish traditions to their new lives. Wealthy German Jews who lived uptown reached out through charitable organizations, even though these new, unsophisticated Jews made them uneasy. Life on the Lower East Side was hard, and a few Jews turned to crime. But the vast majority of the immigrants went to work, most of them in the garment industry, where they not only dominated the work force but owned many of the factories. Working conditions were dismal and Jewish-American workers spearheaded the drive to form unions. On the Lower East Side, Jewishness permeated the very texture of everyday life - in magazines, music, poetry, books and theater. Jewish Americans developed their own unique cultural institutions and the Yiddish theater became enormously popular.","[u'Grubin, David']","[u'United States', u'Panama', u'Germany', u'Manhattan', u'David']","[u'work', u'jews', u'series', u'books', u'americans', u'constitution', u'farmers', u'anti-semitism', u'war', u'movement', u'poor', u'life', u'selling', u'oppression', u'poverty', u'theater', u'faith', u'judaism', u'freedom', u'immigrants', u'civil war', u'american', u'european']","" "fod100003373","stream","","City of the big shoulders","1976","52 min.","[u'Destination America']","Polish immigrants were the driving force behind Chicago's remarkable industrial growth. But they never achieved political cohesiveness, and while a million Poles now live in Chicago, their political power is not commensurate with the number of votes they cast.","","[u'United States', u'Chicago']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Educational films']" "asp2374525-busv","stream","","Zuckerberg asked me to help FWD.us :Palihapitiya","2013","5 min..","[u'Business education in video']","FWD.us Co-Founder Chamath Palihapitiya discusses immigration reform with Emily Chang on Bloomberg Television's Bloomberg West.","","","[u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "kan1153527-153528","stream","","Life in Australia Series: Brisbane","","","","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the Queensland capital of Brisbane in the mid 1960s. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Parker, Robert']","[u'United States', u'Brisbane', u'Parker', u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'life', u'australia', u'copyright', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'capital', u'australian']","" "kan1306030-306031","stream","","Forbidden","","83 minutes","","This film is about an inspiring young man whose story is exceptional, although not unique. When Moises Serrano was just a baby, his parents risked everything to flee Mexico in search of the American dream. Forbidden to live and love as an undocumented gay man in the country he calls home, Serrano saw only one option: to fight for justice. Serrano is like the thousands of other young people growing up in the United States with steadfast dreams but all the cards stacked against them. The film chronicles Serrano's work as an activist traveling across his home state of North Carolina as a voice for his community, all while trying to forge a path for his own future. In the fall of 2016, presidential candidate Donald Trump is preaching damaging rhetoric towards immigrants and in North Carolina progress is unraveling as discriminatory laws continue to oppress the LGBTQ community. FORBIDDEN humanizes the issues and demonstrates how a loving family has the power to defeat prejudice. This is a story about love conquering hate.","","[u'United States', u'Russia', u'Gay', u'Mexico']","[u'rhetoric', u'work', u'love', u'family', u'mexico', u'immigrants', u'united states', u'american', u'parents', u'preaching', u'home', u'progress', u'voice', u'lesbian', u'dreams']","[u'Documentary films', u'Race and Class Studies']" "fod100094955","stream","","America's First Synagogues","","45 min. 38 sec.","[u'Landmarks of Faith']","This film tells the story of the Jewish pilgrims who founded Congregation Shearith Israel-a ""Remnant of Israel""-in 1654 in the Dutch trading post of New Amsterdam, modern day New York City. Shearith Israel's sister congregation, Touro Synagogue in Newport, RI, was built in 1763 and is the oldest continual Jewish house of worship in the U.S. Woven through this tale are Haym Solomon, who helped finance the American Revolution; Uriah Levy, the Naval Commodore who saved Thomas Jefferson's Monticello from ruin; and Emma Lazarus, whose poetry captured the dreams of millions of immigrants to America. Viewers will also learn about the history of Sephardic Jews who fled to the New World to escape the Spanish Inquisition, and how the independent synagogue worship system developed in ancient Babylon.","[u'Congregation Shearith Israel (New York, N.Y.)']","[u'Israel', u'Netherlands', u'New York City', u'Guyana', u'United States', u'Newport', u'New Amsterdam']","[u'jews', u'immigrants', u'poetry', u'finance', u'american', u'dreams', u'history']","[u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100070928","stream","","Theodore Roosevelt and the Value of War ","","1 min 33 sec","[u'Luminaries']","Professor of history Gary Gerstle talks about Theodore Roosevelt's perspective on war. Professor Gerstle explains that Roosevelt not only saw war as a means by which great men prove themselves, but also believed that participating in war allows immigrants to better blend into the fabric of American society.","","[u'United States', u'Roosevelt']","[u'men', u'immigrants', u'value', u'american', u'perspective', u'war', u'history']","" "kan1153557-153558","stream","","Risky Business: Episode 3","","","","It's make-or-break time as Australian Fashion Week arrives for Natasha and Ian, and Marcus and Francesco brace themselves for a shootout with a telecommunications giant. Christine finds out that her husband Arthur has bought the chicken shop behind her back, and the builder is still working on the icecream cafe. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Lambert, Susan']","[u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'fashion', u'copyright', u'immigration', u'time', u'australian', u'telecommunications']","" "kan1261007-261008","stream","","Latino Language and Dialects in America","","28 minutes","","In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, America has seen an upsurge in immigration, much as it did at the dawn of the 20th. Investigate the effects of immigrants from Latin America on American English, and confront a fear facing some native speakers of American English: Is Spanish taking over, and do we need language policies to prevent this? Also explore the native English varieties developed by people of Latin American descent in the U.S.","","[u'United Kingdom']","[u'language', u'immigrants', u'spanish', u'american', u'latin american', u'english', u'fear', u'latin america']","[u'North American Studies', u'Educational films']" "fod100043451","stream","","Spirit of the Age","2010","50 min.","[u'Mapping the World']","Cartography may have a basis in science, but even in the hands of experts and authorities, it hasn't always resulted in balanced representations of the world. This program focuses on the map as a product of the fears, dogmas, or prejudices of its age. In one segment, an antiquated map designed to help Jewish immigrants in London ironically conveys anti-Semitism. Medieval maps created out of spiritual passion show the way to heaven, the route to Jerusalem, and the regions in which monstrous children eat their parents. Victorian-era maps evoke obsessions with race, poverty, and disease, while royal cartographer James Wyld's world map awards each country a score from one to five, depending on its level of ""civilization."" Rounding out the program: a look at Google Earth, Worldmapper, and how they can help us see more objectively.","","[u'United Kingdom', u'Israel', u'Jerusalem', u'London']","[u'immigrants', u'children', u'prejudices']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp2796601-silf","stream","","The immigrant","","25 min","","Chaplin and Purviance are immigrants who meet on the boat to America, broke but in love.","[u'Chaplin, Charlie']","","[u'immigrants']","[u'Silent films', u'Comedy films']" "fod100038211","stream","","Immigrants Carry Luggage through Ellis Island ca. 1906","","3 min., 34 sec.","","Upon arriving at Ellis Island in New York City, European immigrants were given a short medical examination and briefly interviewed by an immigration official. The relatively open immigration policy of the United States encouraged Europeans to travel to the country, where they formed part of a growing labor force.","","[u'United States', u'New York City']","[u'united states', u'travel', u'immigrants', u'labor']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "kan1453833-453834","stream","","Politics of the New South","","26 minutes","","Anchor Maria Hinojosa returns to Clarkston, Georgia, home to more than 40 different nationalities, to document its November 2013 city council and mayoral election — with three former refugees on the ballot. These candidates, many from war-torn countries, are exercising voting rights and actively engaging in democracy as political candidates and election workers for the first time. View the impact that the dream of democracy and citizenship has on immigrants and many of the South's new residents.","[u'Hinojosa, Maria']","[u'Georgia']","[u'citizenship', u'democracy', u'immigrants', u'home', u'voting', u'refugees', u'political candidates']","[u'North American Studies', u'Television programs']" "fod1000142868","stream","","Borderland: Episode 1 ","","49 min 41 sec","[u'Borderland']","Gathered at the Pima County Morgue, in Arizona and tasked by the medical examiner Dr. Greg Hess, six American volunteers set out to retrace the footsteps of three migrants who died while crossing the border from Mexico. The six American's embark on an arduous and often heart-breaking journey to Guatemala, El Salvador and Chiapas, southern Mexico, but only after they first explore illegal immigration on the US side of the border. They join a local Arizona sheriff in Cochise County, visit ranchers furious that Mexican cartels now smuggle people and drugs across their land and finally the group camps out in the Sonoran desert with humanitarian aid group No More Deaths. Confronted with two sides of the story, the six Americans start to realize that the world of immigration may not be as black and white as they originally thought it was...","","[u'El Salvador', u'United States', u'Guatemala', u'Mexico']","[u'cartels', u'mexican', u'drugs', u'immigration', u'american', u'americans', u'camps', u'desert', u'volunteers']","" "kan1153559-153560","stream","","Risky Business: Episode 4","","","","The cellular cowboys, Marcus and Francesco, are ambushed at the opening of their new store. Meanwhile at the still unfinished icecream cafe, there's only 24 hours to go before the expensive launch party and it's all hands on deck. The stressed-out owners face a meltdown as all their freezers go bust! Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Lambert, Susan']","[u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'australian', u'immigration', u'copyright', u'face']","" "kan1159502-159503","stream","","American Experience: Remember the Alamo","","54 minutes","","In the early 1830s Texas was about to explode. Although ruled by Mexico, the region was home to more than 20,000 U.S. settlers agitated by what they saw as restrictive Mexican policies. Mexican officials, concerned with illegal trading and immigration, were prepared to fight hard to keep the province under their control. Caught in the middle were the area's 4,000 Mexican Texans or Tejanos. With war on the horizon, the Tejanos had to pick a side. Many chose to fight with their Anglo neighbors against an army sent by Mexico City. The conflict pitted brother against brother and devastated the community. The Tejano gamble for a more prosperous future in an independent Texas proved tragic. Following the revolution, the Tejanos were overwhelmed by a surge of Anglo immigration -- leaving them foreigners in a land they had fought to defend.","[u'Tovares, Joseph']","[u'United States', u'Alamo', u'Mexico City', u'Texas', u'Mexico']","[u'neighbors', u'mexican', u'mexico', u'army', u'immigration', u'american', u'home', u'war']","" "fod100038107","stream","","Salvadoran Immigrant Discusses Coming to the United States ca. 1985","","1 min., 9 sec.","","By the end of the 1980s, political instability in El Salvador had forced nearly 500,000 Salvadorans to flee to the United States. Although the United States generally supported Salvadoran president Jose Napoleon Duarte, the two countries disagreed over immigration reform. In 1987, the U.S. government tightened immigration controls, calling for the deportation of illegal immigrants who had entered the country since 1982. This would have overloaded the Salvadoran infrastructure and would have also greatly decreased the amount of money coming into the country from family members abroad. Congress, however, considered making exceptions for Nicaraguan and Salvadoran immigrants.","","[u'El Salvador', u'United States', u'Nicaragua']","[u'united states', u'money', u'immigrants', u'family']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "kan1143672-143673","stream","","The Caretaker + The Mayor","","18 minutes","","The Caretaker and The Mayor are two powerful short films that explore contemporary immigration issues in the U.S. through intimate portraits of relationships between recent immigrants, and those who came to the U.S. generations ago. The Caretaker is a short film about the relationship between an immigrant caretaker and an elderly woman in the last months of her life. Joesy, a Fijian immigrant, works long hours providing live-in care for 95-year-old Haru Tsurumoto. Through intimate and quiet scenes, we explore Joesy's complex relationship with Haru. The two respect one another, because at different times, both have felt like outsiders in the U.S. - Joesy as an undocumented immigrant who fears she could be sent back to Fiji, and Haru as a Japanese American who was sent to the internment camps during World War II. The Mayor is an intimate portrait of a small-town Southern Republican Mayor and his profound and unexpected connection to a mixed-status family of Mexican immigrants. Paul Bridges, the conservative Republican Mayor of Uvalda, Georgia, speaks fluent Spanish and is integrally connected to the Latino immigrant community in his town. Bridges has been a major part of the Hernandez family's life for over a decade and many of the members of the family are undocumented. After the State of Georgia adopts harsh anti-immigrant laws that make it a criminal act to drive or house undocumented people, Mayor Bridges stands up for his community and the Hernandez family both at home, and on the National stage.","[u'Rigby, Theo', u'McLean, Kate']","[u'United States', u'Georgia', u'Fiji', u'Spain', u'Mexico']","[u'bridges', u'life', u'world war', u'mexican', u'family', u'latino', u'portraits', u'back', u'elderly', u'japanese', u'short films', u'american', u'immigration', u'spanish', u'films', u'respect', u'camps', u'criminal', u'war', u'generations']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1096485-96486","stream","","El field","","84 min","","International border crossing as a daily constant is an unusual life habit. Especially when Mexican urban dwellers do so to work as agricultural field laborers in the United States. In a time when immigration has taken the political center stage across the globe, El field contributes to the discussion by providing a compelling portrait in motion of the life, work and industry of a forgotten section of the largest, busiest land transit border in the world. Shot in the Imperial Valley, California, and the Mexicali Valley, Mexico; El field presents visual historic information that induces the audience to form their own impressions on migrant labor and the industry that employs them. Filmmaker: Alejandro Davila, Daniel Rosas, Derrick Sparrow.","[u'Sparrow, Derrick', u'Rosas, Daniel', u'Davila, Alejandro']","[u'United States', u'Mexico']","[u'life', u'mexican', u'immigration', u'discussion', u'work', u'border crossing', u'labor', u'motion', u'time', u'industry', u'migrant labor']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1066872-66873","stream","","Humble beauty : Skid Row artists","","60 min","","This documentary tells the story of how art transformed and literally saved the lives of a group of talented homeless and formerly homeless men and women -- fine arts painters -- who live and make their art in the worst area of Los Angeles, known as Skid Row. For four years, we have followed the lives and progress of several artists from LA's Skid Row, reported to be the largest concentration of homeless people in America. We use several techniques to tell the stories including cinema verite, interviews and narration. Spontaneous moments from their lives, intimate interviews and their evolving artwork and life's progress are documented. We meet oil, acrylic and watercolor painters, charcoal, pen and crayon sketchers and collage makers. Some artists find their art supplies in garbage cans and dumpsters. They draw on old paper bags. Many have joined art workshops led by dedicated and remarkable artist/social workers and are given paint, canvases, frames, easels and the technical, creative and supportive guidance to create stunning, often therapeutic, works of art. Several of these art workshop members have shown - and sold - their work in downtown Los Angeles galleries. Their tight-knit Skid Row community nourishes their artistic abilities. Art changed their lives dramatically. One woman told us that coming to the workshop is the only reason she has for getting up in the morning. A directionless hustler has become a known, respected painter and employed community leader. A shy immigrant who creates, in classic primitive style, riotously colorful scenes from his childhood in a tiny Mexican village has suffered a major setback - he's been admitted to art school at University of California, Berkeley, and awarded a scholarship but can't attend due to his immigration status. One artist was a 12-year old runaway from an Indian reservation in 1941 and has been on the streets of Skid Row ever since. Art has given their lives meaning and a reason for existence. There are many stories among the artists of LA's Skid Row and unimagined talent to bring to the attention of a wide audience. By Letitia Schwartz and Judith Vogelsang. Reviewed by Robert A. Sica, Eastern Kentucky Univ. Lib., Richmond, Nov. 2010: ""... probing interviews, vividly affecting personal testimonies, and informative narration to cast a moving and revelatory light on the lives of all involved - the social networks based on a shared faith in the transformative and therapeutic power of art.""","","[u'Richmond', u'Mexico', u'University', u'Humble', u'India', u'South Africa', u'United States', u'Los Angeles', u'Berkeley']","[u'art', u'collage', u'streets', u'paper', u'artists', u'mexican', u'arts', u'interviews', u'painters', u'indian', u'social networks', u'fine arts', u'progress', u'men', u'beauty', u'attention', u'immigration', u'reason', u'skid row', u'painter', u'women', u'faith', u'homeless men', u'artist', u'light', u'work', u'childhood']","" "asp3258072-marc","stream","","Immigration battleground","","7 min","","Mount Olive in North Carolina is a small town transformed by the influx of Mexican workers. The financial benefits are welcomed, but to many the immigrants have forced down wages and are a burden on the education system. Mount Olive is symptomatic of many towns all over the USA. The proposed new laws on illegal immigrants have been a battle-ground with opposition Senators in the US accusing the government of giving a free pass for lawbreakers. Senate leaders from both parties are trying to steer a compromise bill through Congress to provide a path to citizenship for up to 12 million illegal immigrants but is under fire from both left and right -� while businesses fears they may lose the low wage workforce they rely on.","","[u'Mexico']","[u'immigrants', u'wages', u'education', u'citizenship']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp2379877-curv","stream","","Mountains and clouds","2007","93 min.","[u'How democracy works now']","Spring 2002: Kennedy and Brownback have rejoined forces, though security is now the focus. Their Border Security Bill must come before immigration reform ... but Senate action is halted by Appropriations Chairman Robert Byrd, Kennedy's longest-serving and most-feared colleague. When the White House proposes a small, immigrant-friendly provision be added to the stalled bill, it complicates the delay and becomes the catalyst for the birth of a permanent, powerful and organized national opposition to immigration reform.","[u'Byrd, Robert C', u'Camerini, Michael', u'Robertson, Shari']","[u'United States']","[u'immigration', u'birth']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1194357-194358","stream","","Essential Arrival: Michigan's Indian Immigrants in the 21st Century","","61 minutes","","Immigration is a hot-button political issue these days, but, unsurprisingly, that contentious, narrow debate tells only part of the story. This film seeks to broaden the discussion by turning attention to Indian immigrants, an emerging and essential part of the immigration conversation. Highly educated and rapid in their collective progression up the economic ladder, Indian immigrants are perhaps just what the doctor ordered for the American economy in thiscomplicated, globalized world.. Given the unique demands of this country's new-age, hi-tech economy going forward, Indian immigrants, who hold disproportionate numbers of degrees in science and technology fields, stand to be among the primary driving forces of American progress in the 21st century. In playing that role, this diverse group follows in a grand tradition that should be familiar to all Americans, evoking cultural pluralism, the immigrant experience and the American Dream. A comprehensive, multi-angled inquiry, this film features interviews from experts in fields such as law, sociology and public policy, in addition to many families of Indian immigrants in Michigan..","","[u'United States', u'Michigan', u'India']","[u'sociology', u'families', u'addition', u'science', u'interviews', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'american', u'indian', u'attention', u'progress', u'technology', u'discussion', u'economy']","[u'North American Studies', u'Documentary films']" "kan1101211-101212","stream","","The History of the United States - US Immigrants a Mulit-Cultural Journey","","18 minutes","","Take a historical look at immigration into the U.S. over the millennia. This program makes the important point that everyone in America immigrated from another part of the world. What brought people to this continent? What similarities do we all share? What does the future hold? Discover attitudes about immigration, learn why millions emigrate to America and how immigrants effect national culture..","","[u'United States']","[u'united states', u'american', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'history']","[u'North American Studies', u'Educational films']" "asp1879825-feat","stream","","Dooman river","2009","88 min","","Writer-director Zhang Lu's fascinating window into a rarely seen corner of rural China revolves around 12-year-old Chang-ho, living with his grandfather and mute sister along the frozen river-border with North Korea. Although fraught with unemployment and other tensions, his community seems sympathetic toward the Korean refugees fleeing famine and misery; Chang-ho even bonds over soccer with one young border-crosser who comes scavenging food for a sibling. But he soon turns on his new friend as suspicions mount against the illegal immigrants and his sister reels from unexpected aggression, provoking a quandary over his loyalties in an exquisitely detailed story of compassion and strife across an uneasy geopolitical border.","[u'Lin, Jin-Long', u'Lee, Jeong Jin', u'Cui, Jian', u'Woo, Hye Kyung', u'Seille, Guillaume de', u'Yin, Lan', u'Zhang, Lu']","[u'North Korea', u'South Korea', u'China']","[u'unemployment', u'food', u'immigrants', u'china', u'bonds', u'soccer', u'refugees']","[u'Fiction films']" "fod100047030","stream","","Part I :Salvadorian Immigrants in the US, 1985","1985","2 min.","[u'The WPA Film Library']","Report on Salvadorian immigrants in Hotel industry","","","[u'immigrants']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp1650467-curv","stream","","Out of status","2007","67 min","","In post 9/11 America, civil liberties have been curtailed in the name of national security, and immigrants were separated from their families when laws changed quickly, and were enforced selectively. Before, there was an implicit understanding between the INS and immigrant communities that people who had applications pending to legalize their status could reside in the country until an application was approved. After 9/11, and for South Asians and Arabs, the rule changed. The Muslim community, today, is alone among the vast immigrant population to face such targeted enforcement. Out of Status follows four families whose lives were permanently altered.","[u'Singh, Sanjna N', u'Sawhney, Pia']","","[u'communities', u'immigrants', u'families', u'population']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1312397-312398","stream","","Gaysians","","14 minutes","","Gaysians is an exploration of family, immigration and language through the voices of five queer and trans Asian-Americans from New York City. The subjects share stories about their families, and in doing so, shed light on the complicated histories that have shaped these intimate and personal relationships. This moving short is an illuminating patchwork documentary exploring family and culture through the personal stories of a diverse panoply of LGBTQ individuals.","","[u'United States', u'New York City', u'Russia', u'Gay']","[u'family', u'language', u'light', u'immigration', u'culture', u'exploration', u'lesbian']","[u'Documentary films', u'Race and Class Studies']" "asp2173436-artv","stream","","In the footsteps of Rene Richard","2003","50 min","","The painter René Richard (1895-1982), the son of Swiss immigrants who settled in Alberta, lived the first half of his life in the woods under very challenging circumstances. His goal was to obtain greater self-knowledge. Richard chose to live among the Crie and Inuit, and it was their vast open spaces that nurtured his need to be an artist. In 1927, he journeyed to Paris to study painting. There he encountered the Canadian painter Clarence Gagnon, who became his mentor. Upon his return to Canada in 1930, he resumed the life of a trapper in Manitoba. In 1938 he moved to Baie St-Paul (Quebec), where, until his death, he painted his colorful and luminous landscapes in a style characteristic of 1950's Quebec expressionism.","[u'Pelletier, Esther', u'Sauve, Linda', u'Richard, Ren\xe9', u'Rochelle, Joanne']","[u'Canada', u'United States', u'Swaziland']","[u'swiss', u'life', u'immigrants', u'landscapes']","[u'Documentary film']" "kan1139773-139774","stream","","This Is Nollywood","","57 min","","The story of Nigeria's home grown film industry, which is gaining recognition as a cultural and cinematic phenomenon. First came Hollywood, then Bollywood and now Nollywood, Nigeria's booming film industry, which released 2000 feature features in 2006 alone. Where else can you shoot a full-length dramatic film for {dollar}10,000 in 7 days? Until recently little known outside its own country, THIS IS NOLLYWOOD explains why Nigerian video production is becoming recognized as a phenomenon with broad implications for the cultural and economic development of Africa. The center of the Nigerian film industry is Lagos, a chaotic, sprawling metropolis of 15,000,000 people with a life expectancy of 51 years and average daily income under {dollar}1. Nollywood is a {dollar}250,000,000 year industry; each videodisk costs about {dollar}2 and sells an average of 50,000 copies (although a hit can reach hundreds of thousands of sales) with returns to the producers often seven to ten times the production costs. The industry is wholly self-sustaining, receiving no foreign or government assistance. Directors of these films are proud to admit that their intended audience is the average Nigerian not international film festivals. There are an amazing 55,000,000 video players in Nigeria reaching 90% of the population. California Newsreel considered a number of recent films on Nigerian cinema before choosing THIS IS NOLLYWOOD because it offered the most intimate and accurate portrait of the technical, economic and social infrastructure of the industry. At the beginning, a crew member boasts that they will show us step by step how Africans can make movies without any outside help faster than anyone else in the world. The film follows a typical shoot from first day to last, while the director, producer, actors, crew members and notables from the industry, tell us how it all works, why they do it and why they believe locally produced media is essential for Africa. Acclaimed director, Bond Emerwua, has a nine day schedule and {dollar}20,000 to film an action adventure, Check Point. Set in a village outside Lagos, it tells the story of two innocent men robbed and shot by rogue cops who are eventually brought to justice. The film was made against the backdrop of a campaign to clean up the notoriously corrupt Nigerian police force. Emerwua says he makes 'edutainment' because it entertains to get an audience and recoup its costs, but at the same time conveys a relevant social message. Nigerian films regularly involve such controversial issues as AIDS, women's rights, the occult and ethnic differences. Emerwua believes Nollywood films are the most effective way of reaching Nigeria's vast population of 140,000,000, Africa's largest. Shooting conditions, we soon discover, are much more improvised and unpredictable than in the U.S., Hong Kong or Mumbai. Emerwua does not work in a studio but in the streets and countryside, while everyday life flows around him. Sometimes directors simply draft extras out of passing crowds. One day on location, a neighborhood mosque broadcasts non-stop prayers most of the day, bringing the production to a halt. A tropical downpour ruined another day's shooting. Frequent power outages require that every crew take along a generator. The lead actor, a current Nollywood star, arrived several days late and could devote only four days to the project; apparently, he had accepted roles in three films simultaneously. The producer and director remain surprisingly calm during all these costly and unforeseen delays explaining that in Nigeria 'filmmaking is an economic adventure.' Emerwua reflects that 'In Nigeria, we do not count walls, we figure out ways to climb over them.' Among all the chaos, he maintains a professional and cooperative set, managing to shoot a remarkable 13 scenes in one day. Industry veteran Immanuel France describes how this unique system of producing films grew in response to a crisis in the Nigerian film industry at the beginning of the 1990s. Because of civil unrest people stopped attending public theatres and many closed. Then Nigerian television started importing cheap Latin American telenovelas rather than supporting original local production. Nigerian filmmakers had no choice but to find a way to produce inexpensive films for a new market. Low cost video, an innovative technology for feature film production at the time, provided an answer and a new outlet: the VCR. Before the rise of Nollywood, Nigerians saw mostly American Westerns, Hong Kong Kung Fu movies and Bollywood musicals. In contrast, Nollywood appeals to a hunger for indigenous stories with characters and situations audiences can easily relate to. The popularity of these films has spread across English-speaking Africa and their stars have become celebrities from Zambia to Ghana. Nollywood also provides a vital, constantly up-dated link between the vast Nigerian diaspora and their home culture. Thousands of Nigerian films are already available to immigrants to the United States both on DVD and over the internet. The Nollywood phenomenon is doubtless an expression of the resourcefulness and vigor of Nigerian society. But it also raises questions about the potential social impact of commercial cinema, especially in the developing world. Does Nollywood in fact depict daily Nigerian life any more accurately or incisively than Hollywood portrays American society? Does it dare expose the kleptocracy which for forty years has kept its citizens impoverished by pocketing the nation:s immense oil wealth? As for cultural preservation, Nollywood narratives seem more influenced by international genres like the action thriller and the soap opera than Yoruba drama or Ibo folk tales. Can we reasonably hope that a cinematic Chinua Achebe or Wole Soyinka will emerge out of the frenetic deal-making of Lagos? Superstar Saint Obi optimistically predicts that ""I believe very soon we are not only going to have better movies, we'll have that original Nigerian movie."" For the time being, hard-pressed Nigerians are at least getting their own version of the vicarious excitement and undemanding escapism, which have become the prime commodities of the Information Age. For us, these films may give clearer insights into the apprehensions and aspirations of the average Nigerian than any documentary or political drama. ""This documentary film is a partial but intensely focused image from a dense picture: the current cinematic phenomenon in Nigeria which its title proclaims. With an admirable sense of humor, it captures the gritty and confounding optimism that keeps Nigeria going, against all rational expectations. In its innovative approach to narrative and the contingencies of production characteristic of the industry, This is Nollywood becomes the drama it seeks to document, without losing direction."" - Akin Adesokan, Indiana University ""Richly comprehensive in scope and insight, the film vividly captures the austere universe, entrepreneurial verve, hardy outlook, and production dynamics of Nollywood's creative ferment. The resilient voices of key practitioners blend with deft editorial touches to yield invaluable depth and dimensions to the complex relationship between this phenomenon, its generative society, and the search for viable models of African cinema."" - Jude G. Akudinobi, PhD, UC Santa Barbara. ""Extraordinary in scope and profundity, the film succinctly renders, in engaging tones, the unique mixture of infrastructural limitations and originative wealth that characterize Nollywood's innovative, revolutionary approach to film-making."" - Fr. Thomas Ebong, Ph. D., Independent Film Scholar. The strategy of presenting the whole enormous Nigerian video phenomenon through one of its parts-the making of a single film-works brilliantly, vividly illustrating the extraordinary conditions under which the filmmakers work and evoking the personality of this film culture with quiet sympathy."" - Jonathan Haynes, Long Island University. ""This is Nollywood captures the problems and dynamism of making movies in Nigeria while giving a vibrant introduction to this fast growing movie industry. Dealing with rainstorms, missing stars, and power cuts, we see the pressure on Nigerian moviemakers and the guerilla filmmaking they have invented to cope. As the director Bond Emeruwa says, 'In Nollywood we don't count the walls, we have learned ways to climb them'."" - Brian Larkin, Barnard College; Columbia University.","[u'Sacchi, Franco']","[u'Ghana', u'United Kingdom', u'Portugal', u'Mumbai', u'Zambia', u'India', u'United States', u'Lagos', u'Nigeria', u'Hong Kong', u'Hollywood']","[u'work', u'neighborhood', u'hunger', u'streets', u'economic development', u'kung fu', u'united states', u'culture', u'cost', u'audiences', u'latin american', u'filmmaking', u'nigerian', u'home', u'dynamics', u'strategy', u'technology', u'motion', u'shooting', u'police', u'wealth', u'lead', u'prayers', u'directors', u'france', u'draft', u'income', u'stars', u'life expectancy', u'films', u'soap', u'hope', u'personality', u'life', u'african', u'celebrities', u'government', u'men', u'pressure', u'beginning', u'africans', u'population', u'television', u'obi', u'opera', u'industry', u'immigrants', u'optimism', u'drama', u'nigerians', u'american', u'africa', u'time', u'expression']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp2784538-lava","stream","","El barrio de los judíos","","65 min","[u'America Latina en video: ciencias sociales']","Esta es la historia de hijos y nietos de los primeros inmigrantes judíos que vinieron de países distantes y diferentes entre sí, para se tornaren una comunidad unida y fuerte en Uruguay.;Esta é a história de filhos e netos dos primeiros imigrantes judeus que vieram de vários e distantes países para se tornarem uma comunidade unida e forte no Uruguay.;This is the story of the children and grandchildren of the first group of Jewish immigrants who came from various and distant countries become a strong and tight community in Uruguay.","[u'Charlone, Daniel', u'Fabregas, Gonzalo Rodriguez']","[u'Uruguay']","[u'immigrants', u'children']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1158702-158703","stream","","Papers: Stories of Undocumented Youth","","55 minutes","","Papers is the story of undocumented youth and the challenges they face as they turn 18 without legal status in the United States. These are young people who know only the U.S. as home and who, upon high school graduation, find the door to the future slammed shut. They live at risk of arrest, detention and deportation to countries they may not even remember. Currently, there is no path to citizenship for most of these young people. Graham Street Productions produced this film in association with El Grupo Juvenil (the Papers Youth Crew). These youth producers were actively involved in all aspects of the production. They have worked in collaboration with immigrant youth around the country who want to tell their stories and change immigration policy. Screened in the U.S. Capitol Building and to live audiences in all 50 U.S. states.","[u'Galisky, Anne']","[u'United States']","[u'building', u'deportation', u'citizenship', u'immigration', u'face', u'youth', u'american', u'high school', u'audiences', u'immigrant youth', u'home', u'class', u'change', u'risk']","" "asp3235574-marc","stream","","Adelaide","","21 min","[u'Life in Australia']","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the South Australian capital of Adelaide in the mid 1960s.","[u'Jeffrey, James', u'Thompson, Eric']","[u'Australia', u'Adelaide']","[u'life', u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "asp2389556-busv","stream","","Are valuations for tech startups too high?","2013","3 min..","[u'Business education in video']","Shervin Pishevar, managing director at Menlo Ventures, talks with Bloomberg's Emily Chang about immigration reform and the valuation of startups. They speak on Bloomberg Television's Bloomberg West.","[u'Chang, Emily']","","[u'valuation', u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "asp3233282-marc","stream","","Sea Boundaries","","56 min","","The film depicts the daily struggle of fishermen to earn a living in a harsh physical environment that brings out the social and economic tensions of modern society. Manning the Priamo are Cola, the captain, Ahmed, the Tunisian first mate, two Italian engineers, and two Tunisian seamen. At sea for three weeks at a time, they fish off the coasts of Libya and Tunisia, sometimes outside the fishing limits and risking interception by the authorities. An intimate account of remoteness: after a few days on shore, the men leave their homes and families for a month. Night and day the nets are cast every four hours; the work is demanding and poorly paid; the quarters are cramped and uncomfortable; conflicts and prejudices surface amidst the roar of the engines and the sea. Beyond the horizon lies Africa, where immigrants embark for Europe, leaving their homes and families behind in the hope of finding a better life.","[u'Schillaci, Rossella']","[u'Tunisia', u'Italy', u'Libya']","[u'men', u'families', u'immigrants', u'prejudices', u'environment', u'fishing']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod1000145618","stream","","The Gold Rush","","26 min 0 sec","[u'Butterfly Effect (Season 2)']","January 24, 1848. Coloma, California. In a saw mill belonging to Swiss pioneer John Sutter, James W. Marshall, a carpenter, finds pieces of shining metal in the stream next to the saw mill: it's gold! Marshall shares his discovery with his boss, who decides to keep this news secret—a secret the two men are unable to keep. The news spreads like wildfire and is confirmed by a number of newspapers in March 1848. It's the start of an unprecedented gold rush. Waves of immigrants from all over the world arrive in California, raising the population from 15,000 to several hundred thousand. The Indians are driven out, expropriated and decimated by disease. The first transcontinental railroad is built, and a Californian constitution is soon passed. Criminality also explodes: this is the beginning of the myth of the ""Wild West"" and its infamous outlaws. The Gold Rush will end several years later, but California and the American mentality will be changed by it forever.","","[u'United States', u'Marshall', u'Great Britain', u'March', u'Swaziland']","[u'men', u'constitution', u'gold', u'newspapers', u'immigrants', u'first transcontinental railroad', u'gold rush', u'american', u'the gold rush', u'waves', u'swiss', u'indians', u'beginning', u'population']","" "kan1153539-153540","stream","","Life in Australia Series: Geraldton","","","","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the West Australian town of Geraldton in the mid 1960s. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'McCullough, Christopher']","[u'Australia', u'Geraldton']","[u'sound', u'life', u'australia', u'copyright', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'australian']","" "asp3235630-marc","stream","","Perth","","19 min","[u'Life in Australia']","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the Western Australian capital of Perth in the mid 1960s.","[u'Lewes, Henry', u'Thompson, Eric']","[u'United Kingdom', u'Perth']","[u'life', u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100007058","stream","","Immigration :promise and hope for generations","1997","29 min.","[u""America's Promise: Who's Entitled to What?""]","This program examines current immigration policy within the context of our historical role as a melting pot for diverse nationalities. The growing political debate over the influx of illegal immigrants from Latin America is discussed by political leaders-some of whom advocate rights for the illegals, and some of whom do not. New York Mayor Rudolph Guiliani, Governor of California Pete Wilson, and Doris Meissner, Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization Services, offer their opinions.","","","[u'immigrants']","[u'Educational films']" "asp3233494-marc","stream","","Over the rainbow","","56 min","[u'The story of the Jews']","Simon Schama plunges viewers into the lost world of the shtetl, the Jewish towns and villages sewn across the hinterlands of Eastern Europe, which became the seedbed of a uniquely Jewish culture. Shtetl culture would make its mark on the modern world, from the revolutionary politics of the Soviet Union to the mass culture of Tin Pan Alley and Hollywood. It was also the birthplaces of Hasidism, the most visible, iconic and, arguably, most misunderstood expression of Jewish faith and fervor. This episode travels from the forests of Lithuania, where Schama's own family logged wood and fought wolves, to the boulevards of Odessa, where shtetl kids argued the merits of revolutionary socialism over Zionism. From the Ukrainian city of Uman, where today thousands of the Hasidim chant and sing over the tomb of the wonder-working Rabbi Nachman, to the streets of Manhattan's lower east side, where the sons of shtetl immigrants wrote the American songbook. The program returns, with grim inevitability, to Eastern Europe in 1940, where the genocidal mechanisms of the 'final solution' were beginning to grind the shtetl world into dust and ash.","[u'Schama, Simon', u'MacGregor, Hugo']","[u'Ukraine', u'Mexico', u'Lithuania', u'Uman', u'United States', u'Hollywood', u'Manhattan', u'Odessa']","[u'europe', u'faith', u'immigrants', u'family', u'series', u'villages', u'culture', u'american', u'politics']","[u'Documentary television programs']" "kan1132540-132541","stream","","The Melting Pot","","60 min","","Three celebrity chefs who cook the food of their ancestors discover family members who have shaped their lives — and America's cuisine. Tom Colicchio of ""Top Chef"" learns the hardships his family endured (famine, bandits) living in a tiny town in Northern Italy and celebrates the courage of his original immigrant ancestor, a man who crossed the Atlantic many times to bring the Colicchios to the United States; Ming Tsai, the child of immigrants who fled Mao's Cultural Revolution, was raised to believe that his that his family's Chinese past was obliterated by the Communists — instead, he finds that his roots can be traced back more than 2,000 years, yielding a large family tree; and Aaron Sanchez discovers that his family's treasured Mexican roots include people who were Spaniards, Africans and Native Americans.","[u'Soenens, Muriel', u'Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.', u'Bertelsen, Phil', u'Streeter, Sabin', u'Colicchio, Tom', u'S\xe1nchez, Aar\xf3n', u'Gurland-Pooler, Hazel', u'Gleason, John', u'Tsai, Ming', u'Sweet, Jesse']","[u'United States', u'China', u'Mexico']","[u'communists', u'africans', u'italy', u'family', u'chinese', u'celebrity chefs', u'food', u'chefs', u'immigrants', u'back', u'courage', u'child', u'mexican']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1078152-78153","stream","","What is an American?","","","","What is an American? is part of a series of history teaching resources, American Future - A History by Simon Schama. In What is an American?, Simon Schama looks at the bitter conflict over immigration in American history. Who should be allowed to enter America and call themselves an American has always been one of the nation's most divisive issues - and it continues to be so at this election. He traces the roots of this conflict to the founding of America. The early settlers were themselves immigrants but they saw America as fundamentally a white and Protestant nation. Simon looks at the key events that challenged this view: the annexation of parts of Mexico in 1848 that made 100,000 non-whites American citizens, the immigration and subsequent expulsion of the Chinese in the late 19th century, and the massive immigration from Eastern Europe during the industrialisation of the Twenties. Each time there have been those who have insisted America must stay white if it is to stay true to itself, and each time they have been defeated by the sheer force of history. John F Kennedy defined America as a Nation of Immigrants in 1964 and Simon argues that the candidacy of Barack Obama represents the final triumph of the vision of America as a multi-ethnic nation. Part of a series of BBC documentaries about American history and politics.","","[u'United States', u'China', u'Mexico']","[u'europe', u'chinese', u'mexico', u'series', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'american', u'time', u'teaching', u'vision', u'history']","" "kan1153565-153566","stream","","Under the Hammer: Episode 2 - The Crunch","","","","This episode of Under the Hammer looks at the sellers""""a young couple with very big ideas about how much their home is worth, and an elderly man and wife who can no longer manage to live independently. On auction night both are under mounting pressure from their agents to sell""""even if the price falls below their expectations. This episode is alternately humorous and emotionally moving as their homes and lives go under the hammer. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Lambert, Susan']","[u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'copyright', u'immigration', u'elderly', u'pressure', u'home', u'australian']","" "fod100049109","stream","","Between Two Worlds - Life on the Border","2012","57 min.","[u'Moyers and Company']","No writer understands the border culture between Mexico and the United States more intimately than Luis Alberto Urrea. His own life is the stuff of great novels. Son of a Mexican father and Anglo mother, Urrea grew up first in Tijuana and then just across the border in San Diego. Over the years he has produced a series of acclaimed novels, including The Hummingbird's Daughter, The Devil's Highway, and his latest, Queen of America - each a rich and revealing account of the people of the borderlands that join and separate our two nations. Three of Urrea's books were among scores of others removed from classrooms when the Tucson school district eliminated Mexican-American studies, claiming it was ""divisive."" In this edition of Moyers & Company, Urrea talks with Bill Moyers about that episode as he unfolds the modern reality of life on the border.","[u'Emigration and immigration', u'Moyers, Bill D']","[u'United States', u'Tucson', u'San Diego', u'Tijuana', u'Mexico']","[u'united states', u'culture', u'life', u'series']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1110174-110175","stream","","Homemade hillbilly jam","","80 min","","In the 1800s a scrappy group of Scotch-Irish immigrants settled in the Ozark Mountains of Southwestern Missouri. Stereotyped as poor, lawless degenerates, these isolated hill folk over time became the butt of countless jokes and earned themselves the name ""hillbillies."" This enjoyable documentary captures the rich and wonderful sounds of ""hillbilly"" music by following three families of modern-day hillbillies back to the roots of their music-making heritage. Leading the pack is singer/songwriter Mark Bilyeu from the band Big Smith, who have been delighting audiences around the world with their foot-stompin' repertoire of songs, including some passed down through generations- twisted tales of moonshining and adultery alongside heartfelt stories of faith and life. Sumptuously shot on Super 16 film and embellished by old photos and archival footage, Homemade hillbilly jam is both a celebration of modern-day hill folk and a vivid reminder of their hellraising, bootlegging ancestors - all in all a salute to the hillbilly spirit, which refuses to die. Featuring Big Smith, The Pine Ridge Singers, The Baldknobbers & More!","[u'Big Smith (Musical group)', u'Pine Ridge Singers (Musical group)', u'Baldknobbers (Musical group)', u'Bilyeu, Mark']","","[u'faith', u'families', u'mountains', u'tales', u'immigrants', u'back', u'pine', u'music', u'adultery', u'time', u'singers', u'audiences', u'sounds']","[u'Feature films', u'Documentary films']" "kan1102971-102972","stream","","A Nation Of Immigrants","","134 minutes","","This is a 6 video collection.","","","[u'american', u'immigrants']","[u'North American Studies', u'Educational films']" "kan1153547-153548","stream","","Life in Australia Series: Geelong","","","","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the Victorian town of Geelong in the mid 1960s. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Colacino, Antonio']","[u'Australia', u'Geelong']","[u'sound', u'life', u'australia', u'copyright', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'australian']","" "asp3295252-marc","stream","","Latino :the changing face of America","","59 min","","By 2035, Latinos will represent 35% of the U.S. population. How will this impact America's political, social, economic and cultural future? In 2016, will Latinos pick the next U.S. president? Immigration has played an important role in the history of the United States, yet Latinos are not becoming Americans like the immigrants before them. In 2012, Latinos as a group, had overwhelmingly voted for President Obama (75% to 27%) and thus given him a second term in office. That day, Latinos as a unified demographic, demonstrated that they can indeed pick the next President. Republicans and Democrats realize they need the Latino electorate. But to what extent has Latino influence already changed the identity and economic structure of the country?","[u'Frias, Roxanne']","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100009166","stream","","Village radicals, new Americans, boom, and crash","1999","30 min.","[u'A Search for an American Voice in Theater']","This program analyzes the cultural changes that occurred during the early 20th century, the golden age of American mainstream theater. Ellen Adler, owner of The Stella Adler Conservatory; playwright Michael Dinwiddie; Brooks McNamara, director of the Shubert Archive; and theater historian and author Mary Henderson address topics such as the impact of immigrants on the emerging voices in drama; the blossoming of ethnic theater; the role of the American Laboratory Theater; the influence of the Greenwich Village Theatre and the Provincetown Players; and the works of Eugene O'Neill, including Beyond the Horizon, Long Day's Journey into Night, and The Iceman Cometh.","[u'Simon, Elena Pinto']","[u'United States']","[u'american', u'immigrants', u'theater']","[u'Educational films']" "asp2859786-ahiv","stream","","June 6 2015: Celebrating Immigrant Heritage Month","","4 minutes","[u'Your Weekly Address']","In this week's address, the President recognizes Immigrant Heritage Month, an occasion that allows us to celebrate our origins as a nation of immigrants.","[u'Obama, Barack']","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants']","[u'Filmed speeches']" "fod100053128","stream","","North","1993","26 min.","[u'Rights & Wrongs: Human Rights Television']","The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Canada, the United States, and Mexico was supposed to protect the environment, create high-wage U.S. jobs, and raise the living standards of all three countries. The downside is the loss of over half a million U.S. jobs when companies moved jobs to cheaper labor markets, and the near destruction of the Mexican farming industry due to government subsidized produce from the U.S. entering the Mexican market, and a dysfunctional public administration in Canada. This episode looks at the costs of the agreement on the environment, civil liberties, labor and health. Also featured is a Sarajevo ""Video Diary,"" a report on the Tamil Tiger rebels in Sri Lanka, and human rights abuses against illegal immigrants at the U.S./Mexico border.","[u'Canada']","[u'Canada', u'Mexico', u'United States', u'Bosnia and Herzegovina', u'Sri Lanka', u'Sarajevo']","[u'human rights', u'farming', u'american', u'immigrants', u'labor']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100045437","stream","","California Killing Fields","2008","45 min.","","The series Gangland examines some of America's most notorious street gangs. Employing interviews and rare footage, this documentary is a raw look inside gangs and the agencies that are working against them. This program introduces us to the Tiny Rascals Gangsters, the dominant street gang in Fresno, California. Their roots reach back to the Cambodian killing fields of the 1970s, but today this brutal gang of immigrants boasts more than 10,000 members nationwide. The rivalry between the TRGs and The Asian Boyz is also discussed.","","[u'United States', u'Cambodia', u'Fresno']","[u'series', u'immigrants', u'gangs']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1092972-92973","stream","","The Snowy: A Dream of Growing Up","","","","The Snowy Mountains Scheme remains one of the greatest engineering feats in the world today but behind the story of engineering and construction is the story of the people who built the dream, the story of the people behind the power. An estimated 100,000 people worked on the Scheme between 1949 and 1974, the year of its completion. Two thirds of them were immigrants from over 40 countries around the world. The Snowy is a story of social, cultural and political change told through the experiences of those who worked on the scheme. A Film Australia National Interest Program. Produced in association with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia. Executive Producer: Bruce Moir Director: Stephen Ramsey Writer: Stephen Ramsey DOP/Cinematographer: Joel Peterson Narrator/Presenter: Narrator: Noni Hazlehurst","","[u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'mountains', u'australia', u'copyright', u'construction', u'immigrants', u'engineering', u'broadcasting', u'australian', u'change']","" "kan1062851-62852","stream","","Unnatural causes series","","7 s 7 video files","[u'Unnatural causes']","Unnatural causes sounds the alarm about the extent of our glaring socio-economic and racial inequities in health and searches for their root causes. But those causes are not what we might expect. While we pour more and more money into drugs, dietary supplements and new medical technologies, Unnatural causes crisscrosses the country investigating the findings that are shaking up conventional understanding of what really makes us healthy or sick. This is a story that implicates us all. We're spending Two trillion dollars a year and rising on healthcare, more than twice per person than the average industrialized nation. Yet American life expectancy ranks 29th in the world, behind Costa Rica. Infant mortality? Cypress, Slovenia and Malta do better. One third of Americans are obese. Chronic illness now costs American businesses more than One trillion dollars a year in lost productivity. It turns out there's much more to our health than bad habits, healthcare or unlucky genes. The social conditions in which we are born, live and work profoundly affect our well-being and longevity. Unnatural causes is a medical detective story out to solve the mystery of what's stalking and killing us before our time, especially those of us who are less affluent and darker-skinned. But its investigators keep peeling back the onion, broadening their inquiry beyond the immediate, physical causes of death to the deeper, underlying causes that lurk in our neighborhoods, our jobs and even back in history. The perpetrators, of course, aren't individuals but rather societal and institutional forces. And theirs are not impulsive crimes of passion. These are slow deaths the result of a lifetime of grinding wear and tear, thwarted ambition, segregation and neglect. But this is also a story of hope and possibility, of communities organizing to gain control over their destinies and their health. The good news is that if bad health comes from policy decisions that we as a society have made, then we can make other decisions. Some countries already have, and they are living longer, fuller lives as a result.;Video 1. When the bough breaks: The number of infants who die before their first birthday is much higher in the U.S. than in other countries. And for African Americans the rate is nearly twice as high as for white Americans. Even well-educated Black women have birth outcomes worse than white women who haven't finished high school. Why?.;Video 2. Place matters: Why is your street address such a good predictor of your health? Latino and Southeast Asian immigrants like Gwai Boonkeut have been moving into long-neglected urban neighborhoods such as those in Richmond, California, a predominantly Black city in the San Francisco Bay Area. Segregation and lack of access to jobs, nutritious foods, and safe, affordable housing have been harmful to the health of long-time African American residents, and now the newcomers health is suffering too.;Video 3. Collateral damage: Two billion people worldwide are infected with the TB bacillus, but only 9 million people a year actually get the disease. The story of the Marshall Islands can help us understand why.;Video 4. Becoming American: Recent Mexican immigrants, although poorer, tend to be healthier than the average American. They have lower rates of death, heart disease, cancer, and other illnesses, despite being less educated, earning less and having the stress of adapting to a new country and a new language. In research circles, this is the Latino paradox.;Video 5. Bad sugar: The Pima and Tohono Oodham Indians of southern Arizona have arguably the highest diabetes rates in the world half of all adults are afflicted. But a century ago, diabetes was virtually unknown here. Researchers have poked and prodded the Pima for decades in search of a biological or more recently, genetic explanation for their high rates of disease.;Video 6. Not just a paycheck: In the winter of 2006, the Electrolux Corporation closed the largest refrigerator factory in the U.S. and moved it to Juarez, Mexico, for cheaper labor. The move turned the lives of nearly 3,000 workers in Greenville, Michigan, upside down.;Video 7. In sickness and in wealth: What are the connections between healthy bodies, healthy bank accounts and skin colour? Our opening episode travels to Louisville, Kentucky, not to explore whether medical care cures us but to see why we get sick in the first place, and why patterns of health and illness reflect underlying patterns of class and racial inequities.","","[u'Richmond', u'Mexico', u'Cypress', u'South Africa', u'Costa Rica', u'Malta', u'Greenville', u'United States', u'Slovenia', u'Louisville', u'Marshall Islands', u'Michigan']","[u'heart', u'work', u'mexican', u'deaths', u'money', u'back', u'society', u'illness', u'americans', u'skin', u'social conditions', u'sounds', u'death', u'winter', u'housing', u'indians', u'research', u'health', u'sick', u'life expectancy', u'women', u'african americans', u'well-being', u'life', u'healthcare', u'explanation', u'african', u'black women', u'medical care', u'suffering', u'segregation', u'birth', u'communities', u'african american', u'class', u'diabetes', u'latino', u'neighborhoods', u'immigrants', u'stalking', u'american', u'hope', u'dietary supplements', u'infants', u'islands']","" "asp2787461-whiv","stream","","Free voice of labor :the Jewish anarchists","","55 min","","Focuses on the Jewish anarchists as disillusioned immigrants in American sweatshops. Historian Paul Avrich articulates the group's history and philosophy and shows how the spirit of the anarchists remains alive as they reminisce about the group's experiences.","[u'Sucher, Joel', u'Avrich, Paul', u'Fischler, Steven']","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants', u'american', u'philosophy', u'history', u'labor']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1211407-211408","stream","","Donald Trump: The Apprentice President","","57 minutes","","Since announcing his candidacy, Donald Trump is everywhere. To him, it seems that nothing is taboo and no policy too outlandish to embrace. Somehow, this billionaire candidate has become the champion of ordinary America, with supporters travelling hundreds of miles just to see him.. To understand this phenomenon, we followed his campaign across the country for 200 days. In the beginning, he met his supporters in small rooms and the media was often absent. But quickly, he started packing rallies and the 'Trump Show' developed. On stage, he provoked immigrants and Muslims, women and minorities. But behind the scenes, he was tightly managing a slick media campaign and shutting out journalists.. We go behind the image and talk to his childhood friends and billionaire buddies, as well as his critics and those who have had the experience of working with him. What would a Trump Presidency be like?.","","","[u'immigrants', u'american', u'taboo', u'friends', u'childhood', u'women']","[u'North American Studies', u'Documentary films']" "fod100047032","stream","","Illegal Immigration in the US, 1985","1985","3 min.","[u'The WPA Film Library']","Discussion of Illegal immigration. Includes shots of INS capturing illegals.","","[u'United States']","[u'discussion', u'immigration']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films']" "kan1129359-129360","stream","","Father Michael McGivney","","57 minutes","","Father Michael McGivney is a documentary that brings to life the story of one of America's most extraordinary Catholic priests. Born in Connecticut of Irish immigrant parents just a few years before the Civil War, Michael McGivney grew up at a time when millions of Catholic immigrants were struggling to overcome poverty and prejudice.","","[u'Born', u'Netherlands', u'Ireland']","[u'life', u'immigrants', u'father', u'irish', u'parents', u'time', u'poverty']","" "fod1000142782","stream","","Demographic Shifts and Biblical Ideals Contribute to Evangelical Immigration Stance (5/16/13) ","","7 min 9 sec","","While lawmakers in Washington continue work on overhauling American immigration policy, Ray Suarez reports from Colorado, where members of the Evangelical Christian community are advocating passage of immigration reform to respond to demographic shifts in membership.","","[u'United States', u'Brazil', u'Washington', u'Colorado']","[u'american', u'work', u'immigration']","" "fod100049785","stream","","Made in L.A","2007","70 min.","","In 2001 three of the Latina immigrants working in a Los Angeles garment factory, fed up with its low wages and poor working conditions, began to speak out. Through a groundbreaking class-action lawsuit and consumer boycott, the women established an important legal and moral precedent holding Forever 21, a popular American retailer, liable for the labor conditions under which its products are manufactured. This program tells their story, providing an insider's view into the struggles of recent immigrants and into the organizing process itself: the enthusiasm, discouragement, hard-won victories, and ultimate self-empowerment.","","[u'United States', u'Italy', u'Los Angeles']","[u'poor', u'immigrants', u'labor', u'american', u'wages', u'women']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1153551-153552","stream","","Risky Business","","103 minutes","","Most small businesses hit the wall in the first three years. For those who tough out the turmoil, it's a Risky Business. This real-life sitcom follows the fortunes of four small businesses and the people who run them. All take risks that threaten their future, their financial security and their family relationships. The charismatic cellular cowboys, part of the rising breed of hip twenty-something business types, face a shootout with a large American telecommunications company in order to expand their mobile phone business into the fat end of town. A rich young Hong Kong couple and their Australian partners lose their cool as they meet obstacle after obstacle in a frantic race to open their upmarket Asian icecream cafe on time. Two hot new fashion designers risk economic survival and their relationship while preparing for the cut-throat catwalks of Australian Fashion Week, and a father's obsession to rule the roost and open yet another chicken shop turns up the heat on a family business. The tension rises over four episodes to reveal the highs and lows behind modern entrepreneurial Australia. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Lambert, Susan']","[u'United States', u'Most', u'Australia', u'Hong Kong', u'Czech Republic']","[u'sound', u'fashion designers', u'family', u'fashion', u'copyright', u'business', u'survival', u'modern', u'american', u'fat', u'face', u'heat', u'race', u'immigration', u'australian', u'designers', u'telecommunications', u'risk']","" "asp3235598-marc","stream","","Geraldton","","20 min","[u'Life in Australia']","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the West Australian town of Geraldton in the mid 1960s.","[u'McCullough, Christopher', u'Thompson, Eric']","[u'Australia', u'Geraldton']","[u'life', u'immigrants']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1132978-132979","stream","","Trafficked: The Reckoning","","","","Trafficked - The Reckoning is the inspiring story of a former police officer's quest to find the man who enslaved a young Thai girl in a Sydney brothel. Ning was thirteen when she was trafficked to Australia and sold to a Sydney brothel operator. Chris Payne was an AFP officer at the time, running Australia's first anti-trafficking operation. A month before Immigration officials found Ning his operation was shut down and he was ordered not to investigate the case. Fifteen years later Payne mounts an investigation, determined to solve this cold case, and to put to rest some unfinished business. Awards and Festivals 2013 International Film Festival for Peace, Inspiration and Equality - In competition 2013 International Film Festival for Environment, Health and Culture - In competition 2012 Mumbai International Film Festival - In competition 2012 Pacific international Documentary Film Festival (FIFO) 2012 New York International Film Festival - Los Angeles Edition - Best Crime Documentary 2012 18/18 International Film Festival on Human Trafficking - In competition 2012 Atom Award Finalist","","[u'Canada', u'Taiwan', u'Australia', u'Sydney']","[u'australia', u'equality', u'thai', u'immigration', u'competition', u'crime', u'culture', u'running', u'health', u'awards', u'police', u'festivals', u'human trafficking', u'cold', u'inspiration']","" "asp2715052-envv","stream","","Little Alien","","52 min","","The past is painful, the present is inhumane and the future is uncertain; but these young immigrants are not giving up yet. They're alive because they fled. But in the lands that offer shelter from war and persecution these young asylum seekers face an existence spent in life's waiting rooms. This intimate portrait follows them as they try to negotiate a complex and contradictory legal system and carve out a life in the no-man's-land they inhabit. Yet each new challenge is met with a mixture of tenacity, guile and humour as they adapt to the insanity of the environment they are trapped in.","[u'Kusturica, Nina']","","[u'environment', u'life', u'immigrants', u'war']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod1000154756","stream","","In Wake Of Harvey, Houston's Undocumented Community Faces Uncertainty","","5 min 17 sec","","For Houston's undocumented immigrant community, some 600,000 people, Hurricane Harvey has turned anxiety about immigration raids and deportations into a visceral fear to seek shelter. In addition, many who have been impacted by the storm are unable to qualify for government disaster relief. P.J. Tobia reports on how undocumented families are overcoming Harvey.","","[u'United States', u'Houston', u'Harvey']","[u'anxiety', u'families', u'government', u'uncertainty', u'immigration', u'fear']","" "kan1153543-153544","stream","","Life in Australia Series: Launceston","","","","Made by the Department of Immigration in the mid 1960s to entice immigrants from Great Britain, this film shows an idyllic picture of life in the Tasmanian town of Launceston in the mid 1960s. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Edwards, John', u'Young, Peter']","[u'Launceston', u'Australia', u'Young', u'Uruguay']","[u'sound', u'life', u'australia', u'copyright', u'immigrants', u'immigration', u'australian']","" "fod100038093","stream","","Members of the U.S. House of Representatives Discuss the Simpson-Mazzoli Immigration Act ca. 1984.Part 2","","0 min., 22 sec.","","The Immigration Reform and Control Act, known as Simpson-Mazzoli, was first introduced to Congress in 1982. It was the first comprehensive immigration bill introduced to Congress in 32 years, and became one of the most controversial topics of the mid-1980s. Florida Representative E. Clay Shaw, a proponent of stricter immigration regulations, believed that by working for less than minimum wage, illegal immigrants caused a scarcity of jobs for American workers.","","[u'United States']","[u'american', u'immigrants']","[u'Newsreels', u'Internet videos']" "kan1245548-245549","stream","","The Garden","","80 minutes","","The fourteen-acre community garden at 41st and Alameda in South Central Los Angeles is the largest of its kind in the United States. Started as a form of healing after the devastating L.A. riots in 1992, the South Central Farmers have since created a miracle in one of the country's most blighted neighborhoods. Growing their own food. Feeding their families. Creating a community...But now, bulldozers are poised to level their 14-acre oasis...The Garden follows the plight of the farmers, from the tilled soil of this urban farm to the polished marble of City Hall. Mostly immigrants from Latin America, from countries where they feared for their lives if they were to speak out, we watch them organize, fight back, and demand answers:..Why was the land sold to a wealthy developer for millions less than fair-market value? Why was the transaction done in a closed-door session of the LA City Council? Why has it never been made public?..And the powers-that-be have the same response: ""The garden is wonderful, but there is nothing more we can do.""..If everyone told you nothing more could be done, would you give up?","","[u'United States', u'Alameda']","[u'riots', u'immigrants', u'healing', u'farmers']","[u'Documentary films', u'Race and Class Studies']" "kan1096777-96778","stream","","The newcomers","","30 min","","The Newcomers is a film about economically threatened Appalachian people in transition. Fresh as the day it was made in 1963, the issues of immigration and migration and learning how to live with people who are different from one's self are as challenging and critical as ever. The filmmaker George Stoney writes, ""The newcomers was made for a church audience. I suspect that that church audience shared my middle-class attitude towards 'hillbillies.' It was a re-enacted documentary but the family represented had gone through the experience of being newcomers in a community ... It involves Appalachians recalling their own experiences of relocation to urban cities to find work. Over the years I have heard from a number of people whose families were in the original cast, so they seem to feel a certain sense of pride in the documentation ... But, for me, being exposed to them I felt was exposing myself to people I had always held in contempt. Getting to know them changed my attitude and I hope it also did for the middle class audience we made the film for. I suspect those class attitudes exist today and I hope that this film can continue to help change those attitudes."" Filmmaker: George C. Stoney.","[u'Stoney, George C.']","","[u'families', u'family', u'self', u'documentation', u'immigration', u'filmmaker', u'hope', u'learning', u'middle class', u'cities', u'class', u'change', u'migration']","[u'Short films', u'Documentary films']" "asp2387226-busv","stream","","How to best target the emerging Hispanic market","2013","7 min..","[u'Business education in video']","Judge Alberto Gonzales discusses the rising contributions of the Hispanic community to U.S. economic growth and the debate over immigration reform. He speaks with Adam Johnson and Trish Regan on Bloomberg Television's 'Street Smart.'","[u'Johnson, Adam', u'Regan, Trish']","","[u'growth', u'immigration']","[u'Television news programs']" "asp2711770-ausv","stream","","Admission impossible","1992","55 min","","Following World War Two, one of the largest mass migrations in history took place. More than five million people came to Australia, transforming it into the most multicultural country on earth. However, this was never meant to be. For much of the 20th century, successive Australian governments pursued a policy of deporting and barring entry to any race of people they considered undesirable. This was known as the White Australia policy. Admission Impossible is the true story of the behind-the-scenes political forces and propaganda campaigns that attempted to populate Australia with ""pure white"" migrants. The fear of being ""swamped"" with Asian immigrants kept this policy in place for over seven decades. This compelling story of how the shifts and upheavals in Asia, from colonial control to emerging new nations, caused great unease in Australia and strengthened the government's resolve to keep Australia ""white"" and ""European"". Eyewitness accounts and recently discovered confidential documents reveal how immigration officers carried out racial selectivity following examination by medical officers for signs of ""colour"".The White Australia policy was officially scrapped in 1972. Today Australia is still coming to terms with being part of the Asian region.","[u'Morgan, Alec', u'Barry, Paul']","[u'Philippines', u'Australia']","[u'immigrants', u'war', u'race', u'world war', u'propaganda', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1263348-263349","stream","","Rue Mouffetard","","27 minutes","","Rue Mouffetard is a documentary that captures one day in the life of one of the most cosmopolitan places in the world. Shot entirely in a single location, it encapsulates all the diversity and liveliness of people sharing the same space since Neolithic times in Paris. Rue Mouffetard is a celebration of multiculturalism and humanism. From the small details of everyday life to broad philosophical questions such as happiness and dreams, Rue Mouffetard is a thought-provoking mosaic. A place where young and old people, traditional residents and immigrants work, love, argue, laugh, cry, live. The street is the location, the unifying place. The characters are the soul...Rue Mouffetard is candid, poignant, simple and direct. Following the cinema-verite tradition of Jean Rouch's Chronique d'un Ete, it proposes to the real-life characters the same seminal question: ""Etes-vous heureux?""(Are you happy?) and then follows up with lively conversations all in the same multicultural environment.","","[u'United States', u'Paris']","[u'life', u'language', u'space', u'immigrants', u'multiculturalism', u'happiness']","[u'European/Baltic Studies', u'Documentary films']" "fod100031328","stream","","No turning back","2003","88 min.","[u'Becoming American: The Chinese Experience']","The new immigration laws of 1965 were a turning point for the Chinese in America and allowed a new wave of immigrants to enter the country. Chinese American life has flourished in the years since. Narrated by Bill Moyers, this program presents intimate portraits of the new Chinese Americans who face a struggle common to so many immigrants: to reconcile some losses of their old culture in order to embrace their adopted American one.","[u'Moyers, Bill D']","[u'United States', u'China']","[u'life', u'chinese', u'chinese americans', u'immigrants', u'culture', u'american']","[u'Educational films']" "fod100114482","stream","","Operation Streamline :Criminalizing Unauthorized Border Crossing","","50 min., 3 sec.","[u'Dan Rather Reports on Immigration']","On this episode of Dan Rather Reports, the program explores the benefits and criticisms of Operation Streamline. Topics include: immigration reform, the for-profit prison industry, crossing the border illegally, and the right to due process.","[u'Rather, Dan']","","[u'industry', u'immigration', u'prison']","" "asp2072789-asiv","stream","Arefpour, Shalizeh.drt","Heiran","2009","86 min","[u'Asian film online']","During the Taliban rule in Afghanistan (1996 to 2001) about 3 million Afghans, mostly illegal immigrants, entered Iran. This film is the story of a 17 year old rural girl, Mahi, who comes from a war-stricken family in southern Iran. Mahi falls in love with an Afghan student named Heiran, who has came to her village to work. Mahi's family is strictly against her marriage to an Afghan. Mahi must now choose between her family and her love for the Afghan student, Heiran. The Director uses real footage of illegal immigrants and refugee camps to depict how Afghans are being treated, and mirrors this with the treatment of women in Iran. Awards: Best Film at Tunis International Film Festival in 2009; New Talent Award at the Hong Kong Asian Film Festival in 2009.","[u'Kosari, Baran', u'Aslani, Farhad', u'Sameti, Zhaleh']","[u'Afghanistan', u'Iran']","[u'love', u'family', u'refugee camps', u'immigrants', u'marriage', u'women']","[u'Feature films']" "fod100093445","stream","","Becoming Americans ","","54 min 19 sec","[u'The Italian Americans']","Written and produced by John Maggio and narrated by Academy Award-nominated actor Stanley Tucci, ""The Italian Americans"" explores the evolution of the Italian community, from ""outsiders"" in the late nineteenth viewed with suspicion and mistrust to some of the most prominent leaders of business, politics and the arts today. This film explores racial discrimination faced by immigrants from 1900 to 1930. In public schools, children were taught to reject their Italian identity to assimilate to American culture. Arturo Giovannitti led the largest labor strike of 1912, winning better working conditions and wages. When Italian Americans were marginalized by the Irish Archdiocese, they took to the streets to reinforce their beliefs and culture. Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti's execution reinforced negative stereotypes, while Prohibition bred a new kind of organized criminal. Distributed by PBS distribution.","","[u'United States', u'Italy']","[u'anarchists', u'arts', u'streets', u'discrimination', u'immigrants', u'evolution', u'prohibition', u'labor', u'american', u'americans', u'politics', u'italian americans', u'children', u'irish', u'italian']","" "asp2103679-curv","stream","","Asia","2013","60 min","[u'Equator']","In Indonesia, Simon visits a village of sea gypsies and meets tribespeople who want to adopt him. Simon Reeve continues his epic journey in Asia and finds himself on a sun-kissed island in the far west of Indonesia, the world's largest archipelagic nation -- a collection of perhaps 18,000 islands that are home to more than 220 million people speaking hundreds of languages. Children on the island have never seen a foreigner before, but locals welcome their visitors and invite Simon hunting. On mainland Sumatra, he hears fears about bird flu and meets the matrilineal Minang people. Men live as guests in their wives' familial homes, and women propose marriage (Minang men call their daughters 'iron butterflies'). In Kalimantan, conservationists warn that hundreds of orangutans in Borneo -- the only great apes living outside Africa -- are killed each year as a result of illegal logging; a large tree can be worth 10,000 dollars. In recent years, there have been regular mass-killings in Borneo of immigrants who have arrived from other Indonesian islands (often due to a government policy of trans-migration) by the Dayak head-hunters. One of the men tells Simon why the killings happened and how his family were involved, then offers to adopt Simon. Not wanting to appear rude, Simon accepts, and the next day (following local customs) he gives his """"father"""" a fine pair of trousers, is then blessed with chicken blood, presented with a short sword and adopted. Three Christian schoolgirls were recently beheaded on the island of Sulawesi, which has a long history of violence between Muslims and Christians. Simon visits a camp of militant Muslims who refuse to answer any questions about their involvement in the fighting; Simon tries to break the ice by joining them for a game of football. On Indonesia's beautiful Togean Islands, Simon stays in a village of 'sea-gypsies' who live in stilt-houses. Expert divers, they take Simon fishing for octopus, and then let him win an underwater breath-holding contest. Simon and the crew then head back to the mainland to get a flight out of Indonesia but are caught in floods that kill at least 220 locals.","[u'Reeve, Simon', u'Kemp, Darren']","[u'Philippines', u'Indonesia']","[u'head', u'violence', u'family', u'floods', u'immigrants', u'muslims', u'marriage', u'fishing', u'men', u'islands', u'women', u'children', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1134883-134884","stream","","The Migrant Experience: Setting Out","","","","Setting Out presents a condensed general history of migration to Australia over 200 years, surveying the chief events in Australian and world history that have influenced our migration patterns and immigration laws. Combining contemporary and historical experiences, it illustrates the complexities of migrating to a new home. Particular attention is paid to the controversial White Australia policy. A co-production of Film Australia and the Australian Institute of Multicultural Affairs. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia. Producer: Malcolm Smith (Series Producer) Director: Ben Lewin Writer: Ben Lewin DOP/Cinematographer: Geoff Simpson, Mick Bornemann (additional), Roger Deakins (UK), Barry Nancarrow (additional) Narrator/Presenter: Peter Gwynne Featured People: Dr Rhys Jones, Eric Willmot, Patsy Adam-Smith, Frank Cusack, Dennis O'Hoy, Rev Stan Allen, Reuben Wheeler, John Bluthal, Doris Liffman, Herbert Liffman, Brian Murray, Arthur Calwell, Fred Daly, George Kiddle, Sir Billy Snedden, Harold Grant, Giovanni Sgro, Robert Richter, Sam Levin, Vivi Koutsanadis, Athol Townley, Sir Hubert Opperman, Al Grassby, Greg Humphries, Nga To, Wayne Gibbons, Kien Quach, Robert Manne, Bruce Ruxton, Dr Frank Knopfelmacher, Nick Gekas","[u'Lewis, Ben']","[u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'australia', u'copyright', u'attention', u'immigration', u'migration', u'surveying', u'world history', u'australian', u'class', u'history']","" "asp2233581-ahiv","stream","","USA, it's our history","2006","100 min","[u'American history in video']","America has relied on its movie industry in order to spread its sense of values ... in order to educate and integrate successive waves of immigrants from different cultural backgrounds. Hollywood brought to the screen major events, great men and mythical heroes of the American history. In a vast cinematic canvas of 10 chapters, the film explores the founding principles of the American nation, from the 'Mayflower' to the 1960's - as shown in the cinema. Two American writers, Jim Harrison and Russell Banks, will comment on particular historic episodes and how they are illustrated in the movies.","[u'Meurice, Jean Michel']","[u'United States', u'Hollywood']","[u'american', u'immigrants', u'men', u'waves']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100052698","stream","","Gangster Refugees","2011","52 min.","[u'A Case Study in Immigration and Assimilation: Once Upon a Time in Cabramatta']","When thousands of war refugees poured into the Sydney suburb of Cabramatta in 1979, the first Vietnamese community in Australia was born. But it didn't take long for problems stemming from language barriers, cultural differences, and economic hardship to arise. The newcomers' traditional family structure began to crumble, leaving their children vulnerable to the allure of gang life. As terrifying crime rings sprang up, Cabramatta became a symbol of white Australia's worst nightmares about allowing foreigners into their country. Through the story of the first Vietnamese refugees in Australia, this program explores some of the challenges faced by immigrants and the factors that threaten a smooth assimilation. Viewable/printable instructor's guide available online.","","[u'Canada', u'Vietnam', u'Australia', u'Sydney']","[u'family', u'immigrants', u'war', u'crime', u'refugees', u'children']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100043053","stream","","Ellis Island","1997","140 min.","","For some it was the Isle of Hope. For others, it was the Isle of Tears. For half a century, Ellis Island was America's ""golden door,"" where entrance meant a new life and rejection meant a heartbreaking return to hopelessness. In this A&E Special, we meet an ethnically diverse group of immigrants who recall their extraordinary adventures, from the treacherous passage across the sea to the daunting challenge of starting life over in a new and foreign land. Interviews from the Ellis Island Oral History Project reveal what the immigration experience was actually like, while historians address the island administration's sometimes insensitive and overly expedient policies. Rare photos and film footage are also included.","[u'Ellis Island Immigration Station (N.Y. and N.J.)']","","[u'life', u'immigrants', u'history']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "fod100037104","stream","","Antonio Gala","2007","28 min.","","Culture and multiculturalism are the dominant recurring themes in this program as Spanish writer Antonio Gala reflects on his heritage and the value of integrating immigrants into the fabric of society. The author of Poemas de Amor, Los Verdes Campos del Eden, El Manuscrito Carmesi, La Regla de Tres, and numerous other books also talks about how he first started writing and the process of creating literature, the societal risks of politicizing religion, the upside of getting older, and the decadence and stagnation that can come from too much prosperity at the national level.","[u'Gala, Antonio']","[u'United States', u'Spain']","[u'culture', u'multiculturalism', u'immigrants', u'writing']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "asp1641255-blsv","stream","Kramer, Karen(Karen Susan)","Celebration","1992","30 min","[u'Black studies in video']","This joyous, upbeat film explodes with the color, music, and pride of Carnival in America's largest Caribbean community. Modeled after the one held ""back home"" in the islands, this has become an annual event in New York, bringing together Caribbean immigrants from virtually every island in the West Indies. It is filled with striking visual displays of costumed performers, infectious calypso music, steel bands, a mosaic of tropical food, and rocking and jumping crowds. But the film shows more than simply the Caribbean capacity for celebration. It captures the thoughts and feelings of expatriate West Indians, as they are interviewed during preparations leading up to the Carnival. As we go behind the scenes to watch the step-by-step making of the elaborate (and enormous) sculpture-like costumes, we learn how the Carnival is a way of maintaining a sense of identity and continuity of cultural tradition.","","[u'United States', u'New York']","[u'immigrants', u'carnival']","[u'Nonfiction films']" "kan1281372-281373","stream","","Transit","","92 minutes","","TRANSIT explores the intersecting stories of Filipinos in Tel Aviv when the threat of a law deporting the children of migrant workers looms over their precarious lives. Janet (Adlawan), a domestic worker on an expired visa, struggles to hide her half-Israeli daughter, Yael (Curtis-Smith)—a rebellious teenager caught up in a juvenile romance. Most endangered in the situation is Janet's four-year old nephew, Joshua (Alvarez), whom Janet and Yael watch over because the boy's father, Moises (Medina), must work out of town during the week as a caregiver. Joshua is the most vulnerable to the deportation law because he is under the age of five and therefore must be kept hidden otherwise he risks being seen by the immigration authorities, who regularly patrol the neighborhood. The film also explores the life of a young lady, Tina (Cabral), who arrives to start a new life in Israel. ..Transit examines what it means to be a family and what it means to be a stranger, within one's home and in a foreign land.","","[u'Israel', u'Czech Republic', u'Medina', u'United States', u'Most', u'Tel Aviv']","[u'deportation', u'life', u'language', u'family', u'age', u'work', u'immigration', u'filipinos', u'home', u'law', u'children']","[u'Feature films', u'Asian Studies']" "kan2516098-1516099","stream","","Whose Land is This?","","25 minutes","","The nation seethes with racial conflict as immigrants increasingly become targets of prejudice, and as settlers and soldiers massacre Western Indians and force them onto reservations. As European freedom-seekers continue to pour into America through Ellis Island, the Supreme Court finally rules that non-citizens are due equal protection under the law.","[u'Kunhardt III, Philip', u'Steiner, Nancy', u'W. Kunhardt, Peter']","[u'Nancy', u'France']","[u'indians', u'immigrants', u'racial conflict', u'supreme court', u'soldiers', u'european']","[u'Education films']" "kan1289452-289453","stream","","Some Kind Of Funny Porto Rican?","","84 minutes","","This feature documentary tells the untold tragedy and scandal of what happened to a vibrant community of immigrants from the Cape Verde Islands in the Fox Point section of Providence Rhode Island who were forcibly displaced by urban renewal to make way for coffee shops, antique stores and elegantly restored houses. It is the first in a trilogy of documentaries about Cape Verdean community in the Fox Point section of Providence, Rhode Island.","","[u'United States', u'Providence', u'Cape Verde']","[u'urban renewal', u'coffee', u'immigrants', u'islands', u'tragedy', u'cape verdean']","[u'Documentary films', u'Race and Class Studies']" "fod1000114051","stream","","Immigration Orphans: How US Policy is Hurting American Kids ","","8 min 33 sec","","More than 100,000 American children are affected by parental deportations each year. These deportations can have devastating consequences for children; apart from the emotional and psychological effects of losing a parent, these children often end up in financially perilous situations or are even placed in foster care. Nora Santiago has taken on a personal quest to help over 800 of these kids. Her mission is illustrated against larger questions and controversies over immigration policy. A Reason TV production.","","[u'United States']","[u'american', u'reason', u'children', u'immigration']","" "fod100070943","stream","","Degrees of Whiteness ","","1 min 29 sec","[u'Luminaries']","Professor of American studies and history Matthew Frye Jacobson talks about violence carried out against immigrants, as well as a curious duality in the way European immigrants were viewed in the early twentieth century. Professor Jacobson explains that such immigrants were legally white and had the rights and privileges that went with that designation. But, at the same time, their whiteness was highly contested and seen in different ways by different people.","","[u'United States']","[u'american', u'immigrants', u'history', u'european', u'violence']","" "kan1130798-130799","stream","","The Roosevelts, The Rising Road (1933-1939) : An Intimate History","","1 videos file 120 min","","Franklin Delano Roosevelt's 1933 presidential inauguration comes during the nation's worst economic crisis – the Great Depression. Banks have failed and savings accounts have been wiped out, so to explain the banking system and how it works, Franklin Roosevelt gives his first ""fireside chat"" to the American people. In fourteen and a half minutes he calms the public, and by the next Monday people begin to redeposit their money, thereby averting a crisis. This begins his first one hundred days in office, the most productive in presidential history. Fifteen major bills are passed, social programs are instituted, and the federal government – which up to this point has been a mostly passive observer of the people's problems – becomes an active force in trying to solve them. Eleanor Roosevelt takes to her new role as First Lady with energy and purpose. She holds weekly press conferences for female reporters only and embraces controversial social programs, such as a planned community for unemployed coal miners in West Virginia. And throughout her time in the White House, ER is an ardent supporter of civil rights and never allows the struggle against segregation or the outrage of lynching to be far from the president's attention. Many Americans know that Franklin Roosevelt has polio, but the extent of his disability is minimized, with his movements in and out of buildings, cars and crowds carefully controlled – and forbidden to be photographed or filmed. Whether they like him or not, Americans are fascinated by FDR and his family, but most are unaware of the complicated relationship between the President and his wife, or the domestic difficulties of their five children. And no one, not even Roosevelt's closest associates, are aware of the importance that his sixth cousin, Margaret ""Daisy"" Suckley, has in his life. Since first becoming reacquainted in the early 1920s, she has become not only an occasional companion but a trusted confidant, someone with whom he shares the burdens of his office and his disability in a way that he cannot do with anyone else, including his wife. By the spring of 1935, President Roosevelt launches three sweeping new social programs and presses Congress to act before they adjourn for the summer on an additional six more. Two of these are among the most important pieces of legislation in American history – the National Labor Relations Act, which guarantees labor's right to organize and bargain collectively; and the Social Security Act, which provides the elderly and the unemployed with old-age and survivor's insurance. But despite everything FDR has done, the United States is still in its fifth year of Depression and a group of presidential challengers begin to foster their own ideas on how to save the country's economy. After the Supreme Court declares the National Recovery Act unconstitutional, and with his landslide victory in the 1936 Presidential election, Franklin Roosevelt attempts to shore up his other New Deal reforms by devising a plan to ""pack"" the Supreme Court with judges sympathetic to his mission. The legislation is unpopular and is allowed to die, but alienates many of his Democratic allies. By 1937, FDR sees that the economy is steadily improving, and with the fear of inflation spurring him on, he decides to slash relief and public works funds so that the budget can be balanced. An economic recession follows, which some call the ""Roosevelt Recession."" During the 1930s, most Americans deplore the events unfolding in Europe under Hitler and Mussolini, but many do not want the United States to become involved. While an isolationist Congress shrinks the army, limits immigration and enacts the Neutrality Acts, FDR believes, as Theodore Roosevelt had, that the United States has an important role to play overseas. As Hitler's demands increase and the harrowing events of Kristallnacht in 1938 and the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1939 take place, FDR begs Congress to allow arms sales to Britain and France, but the proposal is watered down in the House and never reaches the Senate floor. Even as the King and Queen of England visit America in 1939 to foster sympathy for Britain as it faces the growing threat from Nazi Germany, FDR still faces a country reluctant to ready itself for war. And while his attention is drawn to the conflict overseas, Franklin Delano Roosevelt is also contemplating something no president has ever considered before – a third consecutive term as President of the United States.","[u'Roosevelt, Eleanor', u'Burns, Ken', u'Roosevelt, Theodore', u'Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano)']","[u'United States', u'Roosevelt', u'France']","[u'lynching', u'summer', u'england', u'energy', u'sales', u'elderly', u'united states', u'neutrality', u'struggle', u'americans', u'fear', u'depression', u'judges', u'banking', u'government', u'legislation', u'labor', u'federal government', u'crowds', u'unemployed', u'economy', u'europe', u'play', u'savings accounts', u'civil rights', u'attention', u'immigration', u'miners', u'supreme court', u'public works', u'segregation', u'press', u'press conferences', u'social security', u'budget', u'coal', u'american', u'time', u'coal miners', u'history']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1322171-322172","stream","","Reunification","","86 minutes","","In this deeply personal award-winning documentary that gives an insider view on the contemporary immigrant experience, divorce and family psychology, and the personal filmmaking process, filmmaker Alvin Tsang reflects on his family's migration from Hong Kong to Los Angeles in the early 1980s - fraught with betrayal from his parents' divorce, economic strife and communication meltdown between parents and children. This poetic exploration of many unresolved years moves moodily across different channels and modes, bending into labor histories and Hong Kong's colonial trajectories. Tsang turns the camera on his own family, cautiously prodding for answers, but fully acknowledging that the only closure he can get will be from deciding for himself how to move on...""REUNIFICATION beautifully documents modern Asian American immigration from the brave, personal perspective of filmmaker Alvin Tsang. It is A MUST-SEE for anyone interested in understanding the struggles and triumphs of the Asian community."".-Aurorae Khoo, Writer, ""Nurse Jackie""..""A bittersweet, masterful, nuanced portrait of a family's quest for a life filled with more opportunity and the subsequent fall-out. SPARKS EMPATHY AND IMAGINATION— this is what documentary is built for."".-Jessica Green, Director, Maysles Cinema..""It's a documentary unlike any I've seen… Of all the films I watched this year, REUNIFICATION is the film that's come closest to feeling like a TRULY DISTINCT Asian-American [film] language."".-Arthur Chu, SALON","","[u'United States', u'Turkey', u'Hong Kong', u'Los Angeles', u'Of']","[u'life', u'empathy', u'family', u'communication', u'modern', u'betrayal', u'immigration', u'labor', u'american', u'filmmaking', u'parents', u'perspective', u'divorce', u'films', u'exploration', u'filmmaker', u'opportunity', u'migration']","[u'Documentary films', u'Race and Class Studies']" "asp3258074-marc","stream","","The immigration game","","40 min","","These three investigative films made for the BBC explore the sometimes dangerous ways illegal immigrants make their way into Britain, get jobs and obtain false documents. The films involve undercover filming to test the boundaries of the British immigration system. Independent investigative journalist Sorious Samura kicks off by revealing the route which many illegal immigrants take to get into the UK. He then shows the ways illegal immigrants find work -� by cloning other people's identities.He manages to secure employment using someone else's papers and asks is it ever possible to clamp down entirely on illegal immigration? We also focus on the ease with which forged documents can be obtained that give immigrants the right to work in Britain. Many of the documents are convincing enough to stand up to basic scrutiny -� indeed, that's why so many find work so easily. We look at the scams that are being used and ask if you can ever make the system watertight enough to stop them.","[u'Samura, Sorious']","[u'United Kingdom']","[u'immigrants']","" "asp3258076-marc","stream","","Living with illegals","","48 min","","In Living with Illegals, award-winning journalist Sorious Samura becomes an illegal immigrant. His journey is epic as he travels from Morocco into Europe through Spain and France, finally crossing the English Channel to Britain. Samura wants to understand the reality of being an illegal immigrant, so he lives in the exact same conditions and experiences the same gruelling hardships as his companions. The story begins in Northern Morocco, where hundreds of illegal immigrants live in forests waiting for their chance to break into the enclave of Ceuta, a Spanish enclave in Africa. For them, Europe means work: 'I am ready to do any kind of job. If I have to I'll wash the toilets, bathrooms or train stations and I'll be very happy. Forget I am a graduate'�.All that separates them from Ceuta and Europe is a 50km, 6m fence, around which they camp. Huddled together in cold, flimsy tents and hounded by daily police raids, the immigrants struggle to survive with no food, money or peace of mind, but their determination to reach the promised land is unyielding. Samura meets Gus and Theo who have decided to swim around the fence and thus into Europe, an extremely dangerous method of entry which many have paid for with their lives. The next day news arrives that only Theo made it to other side. Gus was captured. Samura leaves the Moroccan forest and meets with Theo in Ceuta. Together they try to earn some money parking cars. Samura soon discovers a derelict factory known as the Longhouse where those on the run from immigration authorities live. The conditions are horrifying. For these people, the dream of Europe has already turned into a nightmare. Samura travels through several cities of mainland Spain where he begs, sleeps rough, performs odd jobs and learns inside tricks to survive as an immigrant. He encounters Thommy, a stranger of amazing generosity, who helps him raise money to continue his journey.He also meets people who try to con him out of his earnings. The world of the newly arrived immigrant, Samura soon learns, has at least as many pitfalls as ladders. Through a connection man, Samura crosses the Spanish/ French border, and onwards by train he reaches Calais. This is the hub for all immigrants trying to enter the UK. Samura is surprised to find living conditions and scenes of desperation as bad as those in Morocco. Arick, a Sudanese immigrant, explains: 'Every second, every minute I am trying to get to England. At least in London they treat you like a human being'�. That night, Samura and Arick break into a lorry heading for the UK. Once inside they must stay completely still, but after an hour of waiting they are caught and arrested. In the end, through astonishing circumstances, both Sorious and Arick do reach their final destination. It has been an incredible journey, but was all the suffering really worth it? 'Living with Illegals' is one of this year's most extraordinary documentaries. Offering unprecedented access and unique insights into the world of African illegal immigration, it raises important questions about the rights of individuals to seek a better life free of poverty and war. Produced for Channel 4, UK.","[u'Samura, Sorious', u'Jones, Elizabeth C.']","[u'Morocco', u'Sudan', u'France', u'United Kingdom', u'Ceuta', u'London', u'Calais', u'Spain']","[u'europe', u'life', u'police', u'money', u'immigrants', u'poverty']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1131886-131887","stream","","No Strangers Here","","48 minutes","","No Strangers Here is a fictionalised account of a family of ""new Australians"" arriving in their new home town. The family (mum, dad, girl and boy) are displaced persons from Northern and Eastern Europe. Produced for the Department of Immigration during the migrant boom that followed World War Two, the film's essential message is ""We want them. We need them"". It presents an idealised Australia, ""a happy, smiling land"" where people are generally friendly and accepting despite some xenophobia, and echoes the government policies of decentralisation and assimilation.","[u'Sternberg, Doc K.']","[u'Australia']","[u'family', u'government', u'immigration', u'strangers', u'home', u'smiling', u'world war', u'war']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1114849-114850","stream","","The Holocaust : what the allies knew","","70 min","","This documentary delves into never before seen archival footage and documents to investigate how much the Allies knew about the mass murder of Europe's Jews during World War II and why they did not do more to stop it. What the allies knew examines the immigration policy, top secret documents, personal prejudice and government policies that resulted in the deaths of millions.","","","[u'murder', u'jews', u'deaths', u'government', u'holocaust', u'immigration', u'prejudice', u'world war', u'war', u'mass murder']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100007988","stream","","Latin and African Americans :friends or foes?","1996","44 min.","[u'The Hispanic Americans']","Hispanics and African-Americans-from politicians to poets to everyday people-speak candidly about the tensions between their communities. In Los Angeles, Mexican-Americans resent the African-American perception of them as mostly illegal immigrants who are taking their jobs. In Miami, the division between blacks and Hispanics leaves Cubans feeling culturally isolated. In New York, Puerto Ricans and blacks speak frankly about competition for educational and financial resources. Poet Maya Angelou, political activist Al Sharpton, Congressman Herman Badillo, actress Philicia Rashad, and others suggest solutions that emphasize cultural understanding. Hosted by actor Hector Elizondo.","","","[u'poets', u'perception', u'immigrants', u'competition', u'politicians', u'african americans']","[u'Educational films']" "kan1272632-272633","stream","","The invisibles","","132 minutes","","Europe is in the grip of an immigration crisis: people from Africa, the Middle East, and elsewhere are arriving in ever greater numbers as they flee war, oppression, and a lack of opportunity. Germany receives more asylum seekers than any other European country. The Invisibles presents the human face of the immigration crisis, following four migrants from Syria, Kenya and Cameroon as they wade through Germany's rigorous immigration process and await the final verdict on their applications for asylum. At the initial registration center in Eisenhuttenstadt, the men bond with fellow asylum seekers and attempt to stave off boredom and growing anxiety about their future. For all four, Germany is their only option. There is no ""Plan B"" should their applications be rejected. Some face life threatening circumstances if they are deported back to their home country. All are aware of how slim their chances, as Germany accepts only about 25% of asylum applicants. Without narration, the camera lingers to convey the uneasy stasis their lives have now become during this long and uncertain transitional period. During their three month wait in Germany, they are transferred to other camps or centers. As one man puts it while surveying his new location, ""Is this our home or our new cage?""","[u'Kahlmeyer, Benjamin']","[u'Syria', u'Germany', u'Cameroon', u'Kenya']","[u'europe', u'life', u'anxiety', u'immigration', u'men', u'back', u'face', u'germany', u'surveying', u'home', u'camps', u'european']","[u'Documentary films']" "fod100094792","stream","","Inner Borderlines :Visions of America Through the Eyes of Alejandro Morales","","1 hr. 13 min., 9 sec.","","In April 2013, Spanish film maker Luis Mancha went to the University of California, Irvine to interview Alejandro Morales, an under-read Chicano author whose works present a vision of Southern California and America so different from the image that the United States projects abroad that Mancha felt compelled to make this documentary film. In it we follow Morales' journey around Southern California as he tries to understand issues concerning the Latino population in California and the U.S. He and other Chicano/Latino academic experts discuss the first immigrants to California; how California was taken over by Anglo-Americans; how the city of Irvine came to be and its juxtaposition to Santa Ana; Barrios and ""white flight;"" Chicano literature; institutionalized racism and university barriers to ethnic studies programs; gang violence and the incarceration system; and future relations between the U.S. and Mexico. Also featuring Leo Chavez, MarC-a Herrera-Sobek, Francisco LomelC-, Belinda Campos, RaC:l Fernandez, Mario GarcC-a, Ellen McCracken, and Eleanor Guzman.","[u'Morales, Alejandro']","[u'Mexico', u'Irvine', u'United States', u'Guatemala', u'Morales', u'Santa Ana', u'Spain']","[u'united states', u'immigrants', u'violence', u'racism', u'population']","[u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']" "kan1245183-245184","stream","","Corner Store","","68 minutes","","Corner Store is the true story of Yousef Elhaj; beloved shop owner, Palestinian immigrant and long-distance father. Ten years ago, Yousef left his wife and three small children in Palestine to start a new life for them all in San Francisco. For the past decade he has worked day and night to build a small business, save money, and become part of his adopted community while still trying to stay connected from afar. The film profiles Yousef's life in San Francisco and the challenges of the immigration process for his family. It then follows his journey back to his fractured homeland to finally reunite with his wife and kids. But a lot has changed, and Yousef must confront the current realities in both his family and his country and decide if a new life in America is really still the right path for them to take. ..Corner Store faithfully documents Yosuef's resoundingly universal tale of hard won choices for a better life, now set on the back drop of San Francisco and modern-day Palestine. Compelling and emotionally-engaging, the film is a story about community relationships, cultural understanding, immigration, and the politics of living in an occupied territory. Even more, the film is about family, the sacrifices people make for each other, and the deep connections that bind us all together.","","[u'United States', u'Palestine', u'Palestinian Territory', u'San Francisco']","[u'life', u'family', u'back', u'immigration', u'american', u'politics', u'children']","[u'North American Studies', u'Documentary films']" "asp1003084643-ahiv","stream","","Arrival of emigrants , Ellis Island","1906","3 min","[u'American history in video', u'New York at the turn of the century']","Depicts scenes at the Immigration Depot and a nearby dock on Ellis Island. Appears to show, first, a group of immigrants lined up to board a vessel leaving the island, then another group arriving at the island and being directed off of the dock and into the Depot by a uniformed official.","[u'Ellis Island Immigration Station (N.Y. and N.J.)', u'Bitzer, G. W.']","","[u'immigrants']","" "fod1000144895","stream","","Remembering Ellis Island","","59 min 51 sec","","A comprehensive documentary of the Ellis Island story in all its complexity. We take you behind the scenes into the memory-haunted ruins of unrestored Ellis Island. Our cameras trace the saga of Immigrants coming from the old world through what is now Ellis Island Immigration Museum.","","[u'United States']","[u'immigrants', u'cameras', u'immigration']","" "kan1159508-159509","stream","","Episode 2: Order and Disorder (1825-1865)","","114 minutes","","Already established as America's premier port, New York City swelled into the nation's greatest industrial metropolis as a massive wave of German and Irish immigration turned the city into one of the world's most complex urban environments, bringing with it a host of new social problems. Episode Two reveals how the city's artists, innovators and leaders, from poet Walt Whitman to Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux (the designers of Central Park) grappled with the city's growing conflicts -- which culminated in the catastrophic Civil War Draft Riots of 1863.","[u'Burns, Ric']","[u'United States', u'New York City', u'Germany', u'Ireland']","[u'irish', u'law', u'immigration', u'civil war', u'riots', u'american', u'draft', u'designers', u'war']","" "kan1153563-153564","stream","","Under the Hammer: Episode 1 - The Squeeze","","","","Going behind the scenes of the highly-competitive real estate business, this episode follows agents as they prepare for an auction. It's a comedy of errors as the boss turns up the heat on his agents to get more listings and sellers make them compete to lower their commissions. Watching the pressure mount, this is an unusually candid look at the frustrations and foibles of the real estate auction business. Legally required acknowledgements for publication: An Australian National Film Board Production. Produced for the Department of Immigration by the Australian Commonwealth Film Unit. Copyright - 2011 National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.","[u'Lambert, Susan']","[u'Australia']","[u'sound', u'copyright', u'immigration', u'pressure', u'heat', u'australian', u'comedy']","" "fod1000154370","stream","","The Mosque Next Door, Episode 2","","1 hr 0 min 32 sec","[u'The Mosque Next Door']","A member of the mosque congregation is reported to the National Security Hotline, as the mosque leadership confronts the fault lines between Muslim immigration and terrorism.","","","[u'leadership', u'national security', u'immigration']","" "kan1080412-80413","stream","","North of Capricorn","","","","Australia's great divide is not between the city and the bush. It is between the north and the south. Looking at Australia from the top down changes the whole story of our nation's history. The people of Australia's deep north have lived in a multiracial frontier society, long before the south accepted non-Anglo migrants. The tropical north has different ancestors, architecture, music, fashions, food, vegetation and work ethics and has cultural ties with Asia/ Pacific. Today's descendants revel in their difference, and celebrate being part of the 'Asian century'. The north has always been closer to Timor, PNG and Indonesia than to Sydney or Melbourne. They were part of the Chinese, Japanese, and Indonesian Archipelago trade route for trepang (sea cucumber) long before the British and French sailed down under. They had relationships with Aboriginal people which continue today. Broome attracted Japanese, Malay and Filipinos to work in pearling and shipping Darwin drew Timorese, Pacific Islanders and Chinese to the gold fields and market gardening Cairns attracted Chinese and Islanders (some indentured) who established farms and businesses In 1901 the southern founding fathers of Federation introduced legislation to discourage mixed race liaisons, and deport Asians and Melanesians with the Immigration Restriction Act and Pacific Islanders Labour Act. Early entrepreneurial spirit was replaced by Aboriginal missions and bureaucracies. The 'white Australia' policy was born and lasted 70 years, but the north found ways to keep their cultures alive. Today, despite southern interventions, the north is renewing their ties with Asia/Pacific through festivals, the Arafura Games, business and family relationships, and the visit of the next Chinese President Xi Jinping.  Featuring prominent Australian Prime Ministers, the current Presidents of Indonesia and the USA, the music and untold stories of our north, and Professor Reynolds reveals his own complex family heritage Inspired by Professor Henry Reynolds' book 'North of Capricorn'.  Directed by Margaret Anne Smith Narrated by Ursula Yovich","[u'Anne Smith, Margaret']","[u'Canada', u'Melbourne', u'Australia', u'Philippines', u'Indonesia', u'Asia', u'France', u'United States', u'Cairns', u'Great Britain', u'China', u'Sydney', u'Japan', u'Darwin']","[u'melanesians', u'gardening', u'family', u'presidents', u'fathers', u'trade', u'farms', u'british', u'gold', u'legislation', u'filipinos', u'music', u'australian', u'indonesian', u'australia', u'asians', u'business', u'immigration', u'french', u'ethics', u'indonesia', u'missions', u'work', u'shipping', u'race', u'chinese']","" "asp3366726-marc","stream","","This world.Invasion of Lampedusa","","53 minutes","","This World finds out how a crisis on a tiny island in the middle of the Mediterranean is changing the face of immigration in Europe. In spring 2011, in the wake of the uprisings across the Arab world, the Italian island of Lampedusa, just 70 miles from the African coast, has seen the arrival of over 40,000 migrants from Tunisia and Libya. This programme charts how, within weeks, its small migrant reception centre is overflowing, and the island's tourist economy faces meltdown. The islanders openly revolt, blockading the small port and riot in the streets.","[u'Gammon, Lottie', u'Lambert, Olly']","[u'Tunisia', u'Italy', u'Libya']","[u'europe', u'libya', u'tunisia', u'streets', u'immigration', u'face', u'arab', u'african', u'islands', u'economy', u'italian']","[u'Documentary films']" "kan1201327-201328","stream","","Voices Across the Divide - Identity & History of Palestinians & Jews","","58 minutes","","The Israeli/Palestinian conflict is one of the most prominent, hot button debates in the US today. There is often little space for compassionate listening or deepening awareness. Access to information about the conflict is shaped by powerful forces and organizations. We believe a better future is possible based on mutual respect and knowledge. We hope Voices Across the Divide will contribute to an open dialogue grounded in mutual respect, understanding, and political activism that leads to justice for all people in the region. Narrated by Alice Rothchild, an American Jew raised on the tragedies of the Holocaust and the dream of a Jewish homeland in Israel,. Voices Across the Divide follows her personal journey as she begins to understand the Palestinian narrative, while exploring the Palestinian experience of loss, occupation, statelessness, and immigration to the US. Learn about these important stories, and be inspired to make a difference. Raise a voice to build a just peace in Israel and Palestine. Start by confronting the common experiences of trauma, yearning, immigration, and the realities of injustice and dispossession. Join us in humanizing this tortured and misunderstood history..","","[u'United States', u'Palestine', u'Israel', u'Palestinian Territory']","[u'jews', u'space', u'justice', u'activism', u'peace', u'holocaust', u'immigration', u'american', u'listening', u'respect', u'voice', u'hope', u'history']","[u'Documentary films', u'Middle Eastern Studies']" "fod100052882","stream","","Border Wars","2008","52 min.","","It stretches for 2,000 miles, carving through major metropolitan areas and inhospitable deserts as it divides the U.S. from Mexico. Each year about 350 million people cross this, the busiest border in the world, not including an estimated one million undocumented immigrants. In response to a growing tide of illegal activity that includes human and drug smuggling, U.S. factions have tightened their grip on the border. But by foot or by car, immigrants and drug traffickers will do whatever it takes to reach the U.S. Drugs and the border are two hot commodities that lead to an escalated battle - an increase in the arsenal of weapons and tactics. It's become war - as this episode of Border Wars investigates.","","[u'Mexico']","[u'deserts', u'drugs', u'immigrants', u'weapons', u'foot', u'war']","[u'Videorecording', u'Educational films', u'Internet videos']"