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Pete Brown, Chairperson 

Department Office: Swart 317
Department Telephone: (920) 424-4406

Code 21 or ANTHRO 

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Behm May de Montigny
Brown Spehar

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  • Undergraduate: A major in Anthropology can lead to the degrees: Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Science.

  • Graduate: None

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Summary of Fields of Study

Summary of Fields of Study

  1. Goal(s)

    • See the department for a listing of their goal(s).
  2. The Major(s)

    • The Department offers one major: Anthropology.
  3. The Minor(s)

    • The Department offers one minor: Anthropology.

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Admission/Graduation Requirements

Admission/Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for graduation, students must meet all requirements for the degree being sought in addition to earning a minimum grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the Anthropology major or minor. Refer to the following for complete major/minor course requirements.

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Required Core Courses

Required Core Courses

See Majors section.

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The Major(s), with Emphases and/or Options

The Major(s), with Emphasis and/or Options

Anthropology Major

    Recommended for students who are double majors; who intend to teach secondary level Anthropology or college Anthropology; work in travel, international business or any other area with cross cultural features, such as social work or nursing.

    • Required Units (crs.): 37 minimum

    • Required Courses:

      • Anthropology: Anthropology 202, 232, 250, 274, 301, 494.

      • Methods Requirement: One class from the following list: 350, 362, 363, 378, 394.

    • Electives: Sufficient courses from the Department's offerings in Anthropology to meet the Minimum Requirement.

    Comment: Statistics, foreign language and/or science courses are recommended.


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    The Minor(s)

    The Minor(s)

    Anthropology Minor

    • Required Units (crs.): 24 minimum

    • Required Courses:

      • Anthropology: Anthropology 202, 232, 250, 274.

      • One course from the following: Anthropology 301, 342, 344, 348, 350, 356, 358, 362, 378, 380, 394, 494.

    • Electives: Sufficient courses from the Department's offerings in Anthropology to meet the Minimum Requirement.

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    Course Offering(s)

    Course Offering(s)

    Anthropology   102                                           3 (crs.)

    Introduction to Anthropology (SS) (XS) (NW)

    Basic concepts from the various areas of study within anthropology (cultural, linguistic, biological and Archaeological) brought together to examine and explain, in an integrated fashion, aspects of the human condition.


    Anthropology   122                                           3 (crs.)

    World Ethnography (NW) (SS) (XS)

    An analytical and descriptive survey of selected societies and cultures representative of the major culture areas of the world. Not open to students with more than six units (crs.) in Anthropology.


    Anthropology   123                                           3 (crs.)

    Race, Class, and Gender in American Society (ES) (HU) (XC)

    An analytical and descriptive survey of selected cultures representative of major American ethnic groups.


    Anthropology   202                                           4 (crs.)

    Introduction to Biological Anthropology (NS) (XL)

    Physical anthropology is the study of the human biology and behavior in the framework of evolution. This course provides an introduction to the scientific approaches and methods used by physical anthropologists, including evolutionary theory and the mechanisms of heredity, the ecology and behavior of nonhuman primates and what they can teach us about human origins, the fossil evidence for human evolution, and modern human variation and adaptation. Students should leave this class with a broader understanding of humanity's place in nature and a grasp of our unique evolutionary history. Special fees may apply.


    Anthropology   232                                           3 (crs.)

    Cultural Anthropology (NW) (SS) (XS)

    Focusing on the concept of 'culture', the course discusses the aims, methods and achievements of anthropological research and presents a general model for comprehending human society.


    Anthropology   250                                           3 (crs.)

    Introduction to Archaeology (SS) (XS) (NW)

    An introduction to the study of humanity's past, and how archaeologists retrieve, process, analyze and interpret surviving prehistoric materials.


    Anthropology   272                                           3 (crs.)

    Nature of Languages (SS)

    A survey of the following major fields of linguistic study: Historical, comparative, structural, transformational linguistics; psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, semantics, dialectology. Emphasis on methods and problems to give students basic concepts.


    Anthropology  274                                             3 (crs.)

    Language in Culture (HU) (XC) (NW)

    A study of language as it relates to human culture and the transmission of culture. Genetic and typological variation in language; theories of linguistic universals and relativity. Consideration of social stratification, multidialectal and multilingual societies, selection of national languages.


    Anthropology   300                                           1-6 (crs.)

    Topics in Anthropology: (SS)

    A variable topics course covering a theme of current interest in anthropology.  Each time the course is offered, the topic and number of credit hours will be announced in the Schedule of Classes.  May be repeated with different content.


    Anthropology   301                                           3 (crs.)

    Reading Theory

    This is a mid-level theory course designed to prepare students to read and analyze theory in Anthropology. The topics and instructors are variable, however the goal is to understand theory, both in broad concept and in particular cases. Prerequisites: Anthropology 232, 250 and 274 or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology 308                                              3 (crs.)

    Race and Human Variation

    This course explores what studies of human biological variation can tell us about the reality of race. We first deconstruct the concept of race, examining the history of race in the United States and how biology has been used to justify racial categories and oppression. Then we examine what studies of modern human genetics and biology tell us about the biological validity of racial categories. We trace the evolutionary history of modern humans, from their origins in Africa to their spread to every corner of the globe. Topics include genetic variation, skin color, height and adaptation to altitude and disease. We then discuss the implication of this variation for the concept of race and how racial categories impact our lives in the United States (covering issues such as genetic ancestry testing, IQ, racially-based medicine, and persistent social inequalities). Prerequisites: None.


    Anthropology   310                                           3 (crs.)

    Anthropology Film (SS)

    A survey of anthropological films, focusing on the ways that film making and ethnographic authority have developed together through time. No formal prerequisites, however, students should be aware of the basic anthropological concepts presented in the department's lower-division courses.


    Anthropology   312                                           3 (crs.)

    The Indians of North America (ES) (SS)

    The course is primarily a description of North American Indian culture past and present. In connection with this diverse Indian life-ways are covered in reading, lecture and audio/visual presentations. This course deals inevitably with how these life-ways and cultures similar to and different from western life-ways and culture. It deals with Indian-white relations, genocide, culturecide, ethnocentrism, bias, pluralism, assimilation, cultural pluralism and so on.


    Anthropology 314                                              3 (crs.)

    Native American Women (ES)

    This class explores the diverse experiences, perspectives, histories, cultures and contemporary issues of Native North American women as well as the ethics of research and representation. Relevant topics include family and gender roles, health, alcoholism, education, language, cultural preservation and change. Examples will be drawn from ethnography, ethnohistory and autobiography. Cross-listed: Anthropology 314/Women's Studies 314. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses.


    Anthropology   318                                           3 (crs.)

    Peoples and Cultures of Southern Asia (NW) (SS)

    A description and analysis of societies and cultures in southern Asia with special emphasis on the Indian subcontinent and insular and mainland Southeast Asia.


    Anthropology   322                                           3 (crs.)

    Peoples and Cultures of Africa (NW) (SS)

    A description and analysis of societies and cultures of sub-Saharan Africa.


    Anthropology   324                                           3 (crs.)

    Latino Culture and Society  (SS)

    An examination of Latino social and cultural adaptations to and influence on contemporary American society and culture. Economic, political, historical, social, educational and other factors are considered. Identity, discrimination and other issues are addressed.


    Anthropology   326                                           3 (crs.)

    Peoples and Cultures of Oceania (NW) (SS)

    An ethnographic survey of the native peoples of the Pacific Ocean discussing the settlement of the Pacific Islands, traditional life and the continuing impact of western contact.


    Anthropology   328                                           3 (crs.)

    Peasant and Contemporary Cultures of Latin America (SS)

    A description and analysis of selected urban and rural cultures of Latin America.


    Anthropology   330                                           3 (crs.)

    Culture Change in Modern Africa (NW) (SS)

    An analysis of the processes of change in contemporary sub-Saharan Africa. Prerequisite: None.


    Anthropology   332                                           3 (crs.)

    Magic and Religion (SS)

    The analysis and description of religious beliefs and practices in non-literate and literate societies.


    Anthropology   336                                           3 (crs.)

    Social Organization (SS)

    A comparative study of the social, political and economic institutions of selected preliterate and complex societies from both the Old and New World. There is an emphasis upon distinction between human and non-human ecology and social organization.


    Anthropology   338                                           3 (crs.)

    The Anthropology of Law and Politics (NW) (SS)

    Anthropological approach to the processes of political competition and of dispute settlement. It builds on the study of traditional societies and considers problems of change, development and growth.


    Anthropology   340                                           3 (crs.)

    Culture and Personality (SS)

    A review of cultural personality literature with special attention given to personality development within contemporary American subculture units.


    Anthropology   342                                           3 (crs.)

    Expressive Culture

    This course will delve into the anthropological study of a broad range of expressive practices including visual art, material culture, body decoration, display events such as pageants and folk festivals, music, dance and verbal art such as storytelling. The course will explore how, through expressive practices, we communicate about identity, historical consciousness, ethnicity, gender and much more. The course will investigate how socio-cultural factors influence our definitions, practices and meanings or art and performance. Conversely, we will explore how culture and social relations emerge out of the artistic production and performance.


    Anthropology   343                                           3 (crs.)

    Masculinity Across Cultures

    By taking a cross-cultural approach with examples from all over the world, the course aims to interrogate notions of masculinity that have become naturalized in wider American society. Some of the topics of the course may include issues of men and violence, emotion, invulnerability, independence, kinship, the body, transsexuality, masculinity and national identity and rites of passage. The course will examine the relationships between particular masculinities and femininities and gendered hierarchies, power and inequality in culture and society. Implicit in all these discussions will be the relationships between men and women, definitions of masculinity and femininity, gender, gender roles and expectations, and how factors of race, class and gender shape definitions and expressions of masculinity. Cross-listed: Anthropology 343/Women's Studies 343. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses.


    Anthropology   344                                           3 (crs.)

    Kinship, Gender and Sexuality (SS)

    Examination of comparative gender roles and the behavior, status and economic position of the sexes in cultural groups other than contemporary U.S. society. Cross-listed: Anthropology 344/ Women's Studies 344.  Students may receive credit for only one of the cross-listed courses.


    Anthropology   348                                           3 (crs.)

    Economy, Nature, and Culture (SS)

    A comparative survey and analysis of differing modes of acquisition, allocation and distribution of scarce resources in primarily pre-industrial societies of differing levels of socio-cultural integration and in differing time frames.


    Anthropology   350                                           3 (crs.)

    Ethnographic Methods (SS)

    This course introduces students to the theory of research in cultural anthropology beginning with an examination of basic principles followed by the development of skills in ethnographic research techniques. Students will complete field projects. Prerequisites: Junior standing and Anthropology 232 and 274, or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   352                                           3 (crs.)

    Old World Archaeology (SS)

    A survey of human cultural and biological development in Africa, Asia and Europe as evidenced in archaeological records from the earliest beginnings to the achievement of civilizations. Prerequisites: Introduction to Archaeology (Anthropology 250) or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   354                                           3 (crs.)

    New World Archaeology (SS)

    A survey of prehistory in the New World from the earliest migrations to Colombian times, with special emphasis on North America. Prerequisites: Introduction to Archaeology (Anthropology 250) or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology 355                                           3 (crs.)

    Wisconsin Archaeology

    This course is a survey of the archaeological record of Wisconsin, starting with the earliest documented inhabitants just before the end of the Pleistocene and proceeding chronologically to recent times. While the overwhelming majority of the course will focus on the archaeological record of prehistoric and historic Native Americans, Euroamerican and African-American archaeology is also included.  Prerequisites: Introduction to Archaeology (Anthropology 250) or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   356                                           3 (crs.)

    Primitive Technology (SS)

    Analysis of material culture of primitive people, historical development and distribution; techniques and methods of manufacture; use and function within society. Prerequisites: Introduction to Archaeology (Anthropology 250) or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   358                                           3 (crs.)

    Archaeological Theory (SS)

    A survey of the methodology used in developing archaeological data through excavation and analysis, and an examination of the theory upon which these methods are based. Prerequisites: Introduction to Archaeology (Anthropology 250) or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   359                                           3 (crs.)

    Fantastic Archaeology

    Fantastic Archaeology describes those claims and interpretations about the archaeological record that are outside the orthodox mainstream of the scholarly and professional world of archaeology. This can range from the new, and as yet untested and unaccepted theories that may eventually be the orthodox interpretations in the future to the outrageous that can be easily refuted with a careful and rigorous evaluation of the data. The entire range of competing, non-orthodox interpretations of the archaeological record are considered in this course. Prerequisites: Introduction to Archaeology (Anthropology 250) or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   360                                           3 (crs.)

    Mesoamerican Culture (NW) (SS)

    Comparative study of cultural development in ancient Mexico and Central America from pre-Columbian to modern times.


    Anthropology   362                                           1-8 (crs.)

    Field Work in Archaeology (SS)

    Students will be allowed to repeat this course for credit (although only eight units (crs.) can be counted toward the 34 unit (cr.)  minimum required for the Anthropology Major or the 24 unit (cr.) minimum required for the Minor). Prerequisite: Anthropology 250 or consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   363                                           3 (crs.)

    Archaeological Analysis (SS)

    Fundamentals of archaeological analysis. Actual analysis of archaeological materials excavated by the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Summer Field School and problems of description, classification, association and interpretation. Prerequisites: Introduction to Archaeology (Anthropology 250) or Theory and Method of Archaeology (Anthropology 358) or consent of instructor.  (2+2)


    Anthropology   364                                           3 (crs.)

    Cross-Cultural Approaches to Mental Illness (SS)

    An investigation of the relationship between culture and mental health, the comparative method for the study of mental health and survey some of the culture specific syndromes and non-Western native therapies. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   366                                           3 (crs.)

    The Evolution of Human Language

    This course introduces students to the interdisciplinary study of the nature and emergence of human language, "the most human thing about being human". We will examine the cognitive, neurological and genetic underpinnings of language and evidence for its biological innateness in human beings. We will investigate the key characteristics of human language and their possible basis in the abilities of other animals, focusing particularly on language studies with the great apes. We also will examine the fossil and archaeological record of human evolution for anatomical and cultural clues as to when and why language might have evolved. Finally, we will discuss how the first language(s) might have morphed into the over six thousand languages spoken by human beings today.


    Anthropology   368                                           3 (crs.)

    Human Dimensions of Wildlife Conservation

    This course focuses on the most central issue in the conservation of wildlife: people. This course will integrate perspectives from conservation biology and environmental anthropology, focusing particularly on the interaction between humans and the environment and how this influences the effectiveness and appropriateness of measures taken to preserve biodiversity. The course includes a discussion of perspectives on the value of biodiversity; a careful exploration of human-generated threats to biodiversity, including habitat destruction, over-hunting, the wildlife trade, invasive species and global warming; and an extensive overview and critique of conservation solutions, such as the creation of protected areas, community-based conservation, ecotourism, economic incentives programs, debt-for-nature swaps and more. The effects of globalization on international conservation will be an integral part of this discussion. Cross-listed: Anthropology368/Environmental Studies 368. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses.


    Anthropology   372                                           3 (crs.)

    Primate Behavior and Ecology

    This course is designed to introduce students to our closest living relatives, the nonhuman primates (monkeys, apes and prosimians). The course will focus on primate diversity and characteristics, ecology, social behavior, communication, cognition and conservation. We will also discuss the relevance of primate studies to understanding human evolution. This course will involve at least one field trip to the Milwaukee zoo. Cross-listed: Anthropology 372/Environmental Studies 372. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses.


    Anthropology   376                                           3 (crs.)

    Culture Change (SS)

    A review of anthropological theory regarding culture change both micro and macro. The evolution of culture, acculturation, diffusion and invention, relation to ethnographic data. Prerequisite: None.


    Anthropology   378                                           3 (crs.)

    Human Evolution (SS)

    Analysis of the bio-cultural developmental history of human populations in an ecological context. Human genetics and human paleontology and the biological nature and development of Homo sapiens will be explored in lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: Anthropology 202. (2+2)


    Anthropology   380                                           3 (crs.)


    "Globalization" has become an all-encompassing term for describing a series of processes which are reshaping the society, economy, politics, culture and environment of the planet. This course will introduce some of the main, often competing perspectives on globalization. Through intensive readings and discussion, we will try to understand the ways in which the local and the global are increasingly intertwined, and to assess both the risks and the promises of the global society that lies ahead.  Cross-listed: Environmental Studies 380/Anthropology 380.  Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses.


    Anthropology   392                                           1-4 (crs.)

    Museum Techniques (SS)

    A survey of knowledge essential to the successful operation of an anthropological museum. Lectures and labs focus on acquisitions, record keeping, collection preservation, exhibition, public relations and current policy issues. (3+2)


    Anthropology   394                                          1-6 (crs.)

    Field Experience

    This is a field research course. Students are given the opportunity to travel to a field site(s), collect data, and consider theoretical conclusions. This course is field based and requires travel. It may be taken or repeated for up to six credits. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   446                                           1-3 (crs.)

    Independent Study (SS)

    See Independent Study under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisites and proper contract form requirements.


    Anthropology   450                                           3 (crs.)

    Urban Anthropology (SS)

    The development and structure of urban societies. The course will focus mainly upon recent anthropological research concerning the problems of complex societies. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.


    Anthropology   456                                           1-3 (crs.)

    Related Readings (SS)

    See Related Readings under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisites and proper contract form requirements.


    Anthropology   494                                           3 (crs.)

    History of Anthropological Thought (SS)

    A survey of the history and development of theories and methods in Social and Cultural Anthropology. The intellectual contexts out of which Anthropology developed and the permanence of early theorists and methods in contemporary anthropological research. Prerequisites: Physical Anthropology 202, Cultural Anthropology 232, Intro Archaeology 250, Language and Culture 274; and junior standing or consent of instructor.

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