Bacterial vaginosis is an infection from one or more types of bacteria. Multiple sex partners, recent or current infection with certain sexually transmitted diseases and douching all increase chances of developing bacterial vaginosis.
- "Fishy" odor, which can worsen after intercourse
- Excessive grayish white vaginal discharge
- Have your condition checked by a healthcare provider
- Avoid stress
- Avoid multiple sex partners
Most breast lumps are found by women doing their own exams. Do a breast self-exam monthly before your period. If you do not have regular periods, do it on the same day each month.
Most breast lumps are not cancer, but if you find a lump or have nipple discharge, report it to your medical provider.
An ectopic pregnancy is where a fertilized egg has implanted in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.
- Having missed one or more periods
- Lower abdominal pain
If this is a medical emergency, see a healthcare provider as soon as possible.
Most women experience menstrual cramps.
- Dull or throbbing pain in your lower abdomen
- Pain that radiates to your lower back and thighs
- Loose stools
During menstrual periods, the uterus contracts to help expel its lining. If the uterus contracts too strongly, it can press against nearby blood vessels, cutting off oxygen supply to the muscle tissue of the uterus.
- Use heat (heating pad, hot water bottle, hot bath) to relax tense muscles and relieve cramping
- Get plenty of rest
- Herbal teas (chamomile, mint, raspberry and blackberry) may help soothe tense muscles and anxious moods
- Empty your bladder as soon as you feel the urge to urinate
- Take aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen as recommended
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a sexually transmitted infection of the genital tract in women.
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Painful intercourse
- Painful urination
- Irregular period
- Abdominal pain
This is a serious condition. See a healthcare provider.
Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida. Yeast is always present in small amounts, and symptoms only occur with overgrowth. Some types of birth control pills and/or antibiotics can trigger overgrowth of yeast.
- Vaginal discharge has no odor
- Discharge is thick and white
- Itching; redness
- Burning and/or pain when urinating or with sex
- Practice good hygiene by keeping the vaginal area clean using a mild soap
- Dry area well
- Avoid douching and irritating agents such as harsh soaps and feminine sprays
- Avoid spreading bacteria from the rectum area by wiping front to back
- Limit sugary foods
- Eat yogurt
- Take showers instead of baths
- Wear cotton or cotton-lined underwear
- Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothing
- Wear knee-high panty hose