Understanding Sustainability

Sustainability References

  • To search the entire database by keyword, enter a term or terms in the "keywords" box and leave the "category" tab at the default setting of blank, then click the "search" button.
  • To search by keyword within a category, select a "category" from the drop-down menu, then enter terms in the "keywords" box, then click "search."
  • To browse within a single category, select the desired category, but leave the "keywords" box blank, then click "search."

Reference Search Results You searched for fugitive

Allen, David T., Vincent M. Torres, James Thomas, David W. Sullivan, Matthew Harrison, Al Hendler, Scott C. Herndon, Charles E. Kolb, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Brian K. Lamb, Jennifer Miskimins, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. 2013. "Measurements of methane emissions at natural gas production sites in the United States." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 16 September. [PDF] [critique 1] [critique 2] [critique 3 (by Joe Romm)] [news story in The New York Times]

Alvarez, Ramón A., Stephen W. Pacala, James J. Winebrake, William L. Chameides, and Steven P. Hamburg. 2012. "Greater focus needed on methane leakage from natural gas infrastructure." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(17):6435-6440.

Bibler, Carol J., James S. Marshall, and Raymond C. Pilcher. 1998. "Status of Worldwide Coal Mine Methane Emissions and Use." International Journal of Coal Geology 35(1-4):283-310. [news article]

Bradbury, James, Michael Obeiter, Laura Drauker, Wen Wang, and Amanda Stevens. 2013. "Clearing the air: Reducing Upstream greenhouse gas emissions from U.S. natural gas systems." Working Paper #CLF-EAS-6, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. [PDF]

Brandt, Adam R. and Alexander E. Farrell. 2007. "Scraping the Bottom of the Barrel: Greenhouse Gas Emission Consequences of a Transition to Low-quality and Synthetic Petroleum Resources." Climatic Change 84:241-263. [PDF]

Brandt, Adam R., G.A. Heath,  E.A. Kort, F. O’Sullivan, G. Pétron, S.M. Jordaan, P. Tans, J. Wilcox, A. M. Gopstein, D. Arent, S. Wofsy, N.J. Brown, R. Bradley, G.D. Stucky,  D. Eardley, R. Harriss. 2014. "Methane Leaks from North American Natural Gas Systems." Science 343(6172):733-735. [news story in Grist]

Burnham, Andrew,  Jeongwoo Han, Corrie E. Clark, Michael Wang, Jennifer B. Dunn, and Ignasi Palou-Rivera. 2012. "Life-cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Shale Gas, Natural Gas, Coal, and Petroleum." Environmental Science and Technology 46(2):619-627. [abstract] [related presentation by Burnham (PDF)]

Clark, Corrie, Andrew Burnham, Christopher Harto, and Robert Horner. 2012. "Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Production: Technology, Impacts, and Policy." Report of 10 September, Argonne National Laboratory. [PDF] [related article]

Darraha, Thomas H., Avner Vengosh, Robert B. Jackson, Nathaniel R. Warner, and Robert J. Poreda. 2014. "Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 15 September. [news article][PDF]

Denysenko, Nataliia and Isabel Murray. 2009. Coal Mine Methane in Russia: Capturing the Safety and Environmental Benefits. OECD/IEA, Paris. [PDF] [news story]

Duman, Ryan J. 2012. Economic Viability of Shale Gas Production in the Marcellus Shale; Indicated by Production Rates, Costs and Current Natural Gas Prices. Masters Thesis, Applied Natural Resource Economics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton. [PDF]

Etiope, Giuseppe and Ronald W. Klusman. 2010. "Microseepage in drylands: Flux and implications in the global atmospheric source/sink budget of methane." Global and Planetary Change 72(4):265-274.

Farrell, Paige, Daniel Culling, and Ira Leifer. 2013. "Transcontinental Methane Measurements: Part 1. A Mobile Surface Platform for Source Investigation." Atmospheric Environment 7 April. [part 2] [story in ScienceDaily]

Fischetti, Mark. 2012. "Fracking Would Emit Large Quantities of Greenhouse Gases. 'Fugitive methane' released during shale gas drilling could accelerate climate change." Scientific American 20 January. [related PDF] [related PDF] [related video]

Flesch, Thomas K., Raymond L. Desjardins, and Devon Worth. 2011. "Fugitive Methane Emissions from an Agricultural Biodigester." Biomass and Bioenergy 35:3927-3935. [PDF]

Giles, Jim. 2006. "Methane quashes green credentials of hydropower." Nature 444:524-525. [PDF]

Hamburg, Steven. 2013. "Measuring Fugitive Methane Emissions from Fracking." EcoWatch 4 January. [related article] [related short video]

Howarth, Robert W. and Anthony Ingraffea. 2012. "Should Fracking Stop?" Point/Counterpoint Nature. [doc] [debate

Howarth, Robert W., Drew Shindell, Renee Santoro, Anthony Ingraffea, Nathan Phillips, and Amy Townsend-Small. 2012. "Methane Emissions from Natural Gas Systems." Background Paper Prepared for the National Climate Assessment. Cornell University. [PDF] [related video, Ingraffea lecture, "Facts on Fracking"] [video 2, Q&A with Ingraffea]

Howarth, Robert W., Renee Santoro, and Anthony Ingraffea. 2011. "Methane and the Greenhouse-gas Footprint of Natural Gas from Shale Formations: A Letter." Climatic Change 106:679-690. [PDF] [comment by Cathles et al. (PDF)] [response to Cathles et al. (PDF)] [video of Marcellus Shale Debate between Howarth & D. Siegel] [news story in Grist] [news story in The New York Times] [related slide presentation (PPT)]

Howarth, Robert W. 2010. "Preliminary Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Natural Gas Obtained by Hydraulic Fracturing." Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Report. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.  [PDF] [news article] [related video]

Hughes, J. David. 2011. Will Natural Gas Fuel America in the 21st Century? Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [PDF] [related video]

Ingraffea, Anthony. 2011. "The Facts on Fracking." Lecture given at the Gas Drilling Awareness Coalition of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, March 23. [video 1, Ingraffea lecture] [video 2, Q & A with Ingraffea]

Jaramillo, Paulina, W. Michael Griffin, and H. Scott Mathews. 2007. "Comparative Life-Cycle Air Emissions of Coal, Domestic Natural Gas, LNG, and SNG for Electricity Generation." Environmental Science and Technology 41(17):6290-6296. [PDF]  [news story]  [related presentation by Jaramillo (PDF)]

Jiang, Mohan, W. Michael Griffin, Chris Hendrickson, Paulina Jaramillo, Jeanne VanBriesen, and Aranya Venkatesh. 2011. "Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of Marcellus shale gas." Environmental Research Letters 6(3): 034014. [PDF]

Kirkland, Joel. 2010. "Concerns Spread over Environmental Costs of Producing Shale Gas. The extent to which utilities will burn natural gas to slash carbon dioxide emissions tied to global warming is a national issue. But on the ground, where it's being produced, the issues become very local." Scientific American 9 July.

Leifer, Ira, Daniel Culling, Oliver Schneising, Paige Farrell, Michael Buchwitz, and John P. Burrows. 2013. "Transcontinental Methane Measurements: Part 2. Mobile Surface Investigation of Fossil Fuel Industrial Fugitive Emissions." Atmospheric Environment 10 May. [story in ScienceDaily] [part 1]

Lohan, Tara. 2013. "Are We Trading Our Health For Oil in New, Fracking-Induced California Gold Rush? When it comes to the health impacts of fracking and drilling in California, there are more questions than answers." AlterNet 9 August. 

Lustgarten, Abrahm. 2011. "Climate Benefits of Natural Gas May Be Overstated." ProPublica 25 January.

Mantius, Peter. 2013. "'Frackademia' – MIT’s Ernest Moniz, Obama's Top Candidate for Energy Secretary, Oversees Pro-Industry-Funded Research." Natural Resources News Service 21 February.

McElroy, Michael B. and Xi Lu. 2013. "Fracking’s Future. Natural gas, the economy, and America’s energy prospects." Harvard Magazine January-February. 

Miller, Scot M., Steven C. Wofsy, Anna M. Michalak, Eric A. Kort, Arlyn E. Andrews, Sebastien C. Biraud, Edward J. Dlugokencky, Janusz Eluszkiewicz, Marc L. Fischer, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Ben R. Miller, John B. Miller, Stephen A. Montzka, Thomas Nehrkorn, and Colm Sweeney. 2013. "Anthropogenic emissions of methane in the United States." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(50):20018-20022.

Moniz, Ernest J., Henry D. Jacoby, and Anthony J.M. Meggs (eds.). 2010. The Future of Natural Gas. An Interdisciplinary MIT Study: Interim Report. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge.  [news story 1, news story 2]  [article by Howarth assessing fugitive GHG emissions associated with fracking shale gas (PDF)]

Mooney, Chris. 2014. "Why the Scientific Case Against Fracking Keeps Getting Stronger. Anthony Ingraffea argues that fugitive methane emissions turn natural gas from a climate benefit into yet another strike against fossil fuels." Mother Jones 15 August. [podcast discussion with Anthony Ingraffea

National Research Council. 2010. Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Production and Use. Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption, National Research Council (NRC), National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. [news article] [PDF of 2009 version]

  • "The gasoline-driven technologies have somewhat higher damages and GHG emissions in 2005 than a number of other fuel/technology combinations. The grid-dependent electric options have somewhat higher damages and GWP than other technologies, even in our 2030 analysis, in large measure due to the continued conventional and greenhouse gas emissions from the existing and likely future grid at least as of 2030." (2009:155)

O'Sullivan, F. and S. Paltsev. 2012. "Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions." Environmental Research Letters 7(4):044030. [PDF] [news story

Osborn, Stephen G., Avner Vengosh, Nathaniel R. Warner, and Robert B. Jackson. 2011. "Methane Contamination of Drinking Water Accompanying Gas-well Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 9 May. [news story in Nature]

Pétron, Gabrielle, Gregory Frost, Benjamin R. Miller, Adam I. Hirsch, Stephen A. Montzka, Anna Karion, Michael Trainer, Colm Sweeney, Arlyn E. Andrews, Lloyd Miller, Jonathan Kofler, Amnon Bar-Ilan, Ed J. Dlugokencky, Laura Patrick, Charles T. Moore Jr., Thomas B. Ryerson, Carolina Siso, William Kolodzey, Patricia M. Lang, Thomas Conway, Paul Novelli, Kenneth Masarie, Bradley Hall, Douglas Guenther, Duane Kitzis, John Miller, David Welsh, Dan Wolfe, William Neff, and Pieter Tans. 2012. "Hydrocarbon emissions characterization in the Colorado Front Range: A pilot study." Journal of Geophysical Research 117(D4).

Peischl, J., T.B. Ryerson, J. Brioude, K.C. Aikin, A.E. Andrews, E. Atlas, D. Blake, B.C. Daube, J.A. de Gouw, E. Dlugokencky, G.J. Frost, D.R. Gentner, J.B. Gilman, A.H. Goldstein, R.A. Harley, J.S. Holloway, J. Kofler, W.C.Kuster, P.M. Lang, P.C. Novelli, G.W. Santoni, M. Trainer, S.C. Wofsy, and D.D. Parrish. 2013. "Quantifying sources of methane using light alkanes in the Los Angeles basin, California." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118(10):4974-4990. 

Ridley, Matt. 2011. The Shale Gas Shock. GWPF Report 2, The Global Warming Policy Foundation, London. [PDF]

Romm, Joe. 2013. "Bridge To Nowhere? NOAA Confirms High Methane Leakage Rate Up To 9% From Gas Fields, Gutting Climate Benefit." Climate Progress 2 January.

Romm, Joseph J. 2011. "Natural Gas Bombshell: Switching from Coal to Gas Increases Warming for Decades, Has Minimal Benefit Even in 2100." Climate Progress 9 September.

Santoro, R.L., Robert W. Howarth, and Anthony Ingraffea. 2011. "Indirect Emissions of Carbon Dioxide from Marcellus Shale Gas Development." Technical Report from the Agriculture, Energy, & the Environment Program, Cornell University. 30 June. [PDF]

Shindell, Drew T., Greg Faluvegi, Dorothy M. Koch, Gavin A. Schmidt, Nadine Unger, and Susanne E. Bauer. 2009. "Improved Attribution of Climate Forcing to Emissions." Science 326 716-718. [PDF] [news story in Science]

Steingraber, Sandra. 2010a. "Shale Game. Playing with Unknowns Underground." Orion Magazine May/June. [related video] [related video]

Steingraber, Sandra. 2010b. "The Whole Fracking Enchilada. Violating the Bedrock, the Atmosphere, and Everything in between." Orion Magazine September/October.  [related short video]

Tang, Junhong, Guojian Wang, Haoyong Yin, and Hongjun Li. 2013. "Methane in soil gas and its transfer to the atmosphere in the Yakela condensed gas field in the Tarim Basin, Northwest China." Petroleum Science 10(2):183-189. [abstract]

Tollefson, Jeff. 2013. "Methane leaks erode green credentials of natural gas losses of up to 9% show need for broader data on US gas industry’s environmental impact." Nature 2 January.

Townsend-Small, Amy, Stanley C. Tyler, Diane E. Pataki, Xiaomei Xu, and Lance E. Christensen. 2012. Isotopic measurements of atmospheric methane in Los Angeles, California, USA: Influence of “fugitive” fossil fuel emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 117(D7). 

UCS. 2013. "UCS Position on Natural Gas Extraction and Use for Electricity and Transportation in the United States." Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), Cambridge, Massachusetts. [PDF]

Valderrama, Andrésand and Isaac Beltran. 2007. "Diesel Versus Compressed Natural Gas in Transmilenio-Bogotá: Innovation, Precaution, and Distribution of Risk." Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy 3(1):59-67. [PDF]

Wanga, Qiang, Xi Chena, Awadhesh N. Jhac, and Howard Rogers. 2014. "Natural gas from shale formation – The evolution, evidences and challenges of shale gas revolution in United States." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 30:1-28. [PDF]

Weber, Christopher L. and Christopher Clavin. 2012. "Life Cycle Carbon Footprint of Shale Gas: Review of Evidence and Implications." Environmental Science and Technology 46(11):5688-5695. [PDF]

Wennberg, Paul O., Wilton Mui, Debra Wunch, Eric A. Kort, Donald R. Blake, Elliot L. Atlas, Gregory W. Santoni, Steven C. Wofsy, Glenn S. Diskin, Seongeun Jeong, and Marc L. Fischer. 2012. "On the Sources of Methane to the Los Angeles Atmosphere." Environmental Science and Technology 46(17):9282-9289. 

Westbrook, Graham K., Kate E. Thatcher, Eelco J. Rohling, Alexander M. Piotrowski, Heiko Pälike, Anne H. Osborne, Euan G. Nisbet, Tim A. Minshull, Mathias Lanoiselle, Rachael H. James, Veit Hühnerbach, Darryl Green, Rebecca E. Fisher, Anya J. Crocker, Anne Chabert, Clara Bolton, Agnieszka Beszczynska-Möller, Christian Berndt, and Alfred Aquilina. 2009. "Escape of Methane Gas from the Seabed along the West Spitsbergen Continental Margin." Geophysical Research Letters 36:L15608. [abstract]  [PDF]  [news story]

Wigley, Tom M.L. 2011. "Coal to Gas: The Influence of Methane Leakage." Climate Change 108(3):601-608. [News report]

Wunch, D., P.O. Wennberg, G.C. Toon, G. Keppel-Aleks, and Y.G. Yavin. 2009. "Emissions of greenhouse gases from a North American megacity." Geophysical Research Letters 36(15).

Log In