Understanding Sustainability

Sustainability References

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Reference Search Results You searched for fracking

Allen, David T., Vincent M. Torres, James Thomas, David W. Sullivan, Matthew Harrison, Al Hendler, Scott C. Herndon, Charles E. Kolb, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Brian K. Lamb, Jennifer Miskimins, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. 2013. "Measurements of methane emissions at natural gas production sites in the United States." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 16 September. [PDF] [critique 1] [critique 2] [critique 3 (by Joe Romm)] [news story in The New York Times]

Arbelaez, Jhon, Shaye Wolf, and Andrew Grinberg. 2014. On Shaky Ground: Fracking, Acidizing, and Increased Earthquake Risk in California. Earthworks, The Center for Biological Diversity, and Clean Water Action. [PDF

Azevedo, Francisco. 2013/2014. "Hydraulic Fracturing: Characteristics and consequences of the shale revolution." 

Baca, Marie C. 2010. "Interview: Former NY Environmental Commissioner Pete Grannis on Gas Drilling." ProPublica 12 November. [related video]

Bateman, Christopher. 2010. "A Colossal Fracking Mess. The dirty truth behind the new natural gas." Vanity Fair 21 June.  

Berman, Arthur. 2013. "After the Gold Rush: A Perspective on Future U.S. Natural Gas Supply and Price." The Oildrum 1 January. [related video]

Birdwell, J.E., T.J. Mercier, R.C. Johnson, and M.E. Brownfield. 2013. "In-place oil shale resources examined by grade in the major basins of the Green River Formation, Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming." Fact Sheet #2012–3145 (January), U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. [PDF]

Bowen, Robert. 2013. "Fracking already depleting water supplies in some localities." Examiner 22 June. 

Bradbury, James, Michael Obeiter, Laura Drauker, Wen Wang, and Amanda Stevens. 2013. "Clearing the air: Reducing Upstream greenhouse gas emissions from U.S. natural gas systems." Working Paper #CLF-EAS-6, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. [PDF]

Brandt, Adam R. and Alexander E. Farrell. 2007. "Scraping the Bottom of the Barrel: Greenhouse Gas Emission Consequences of a Transition to Low-quality and Synthetic Petroleum Resources." Climatic Change 84:241-263. [PDF]

Brodsky, Emily E. and Lia J. Lajoie. 2013. "Anthropogenic Seismicity Rates and Operational Parameters at the Salton Sea Geothermal Field." Science 341(6145):543-546. [PDF]

Burnham, Andrew,  Jeongwoo Han, Corrie E. Clark, Michael Wang, Jennifer B. Dunn, and Ignasi Palou-Rivera. 2012. "Life-cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Shale Gas, Natural Gas, Coal, and Petroleum." Environmental Science and Technology 46(2):619-627. [abstract] [related presentation by Burnham (PDF)]

Buurma, Christine. 2012. "U.S. Cuts Estimate for Marcellus Shale Gas Reserves by 66%." Bloomberg 23 January. 

Clark, Corrie, Andrew Burnham, Christopher Harto, and Robert Horner. 2012. "Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Production: Technology, Impacts, and Policy." Report of 10 September, Argonne National Laboratory. [PDF] [related article]

Cleveland, Cutler J. and Peter O’Connor. 2010. "An Assessment of the Energy Return on Investment (EROI) of Oil Shale." Western Resource Advocates, Boulder.

Cooley, Heather and Kristina Donnelly. 2012. Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Resources: Separating the Frack from the Fiction. Pacific Institute. [PDF]

Dale, Alexander T., Vikas Khanna, Radisav D. Vidic, and Melissa M. Bilec. 2013. "Process Based Life-Cycle Assessment of Natural Gas from the Marcellus Shale." Environmental Science and Technology 47(10):5459-5466. [abstract] [PDF]

Darraha, Thomas H., Avner Vengosh, Robert B. Jackson, Nathaniel R. Warner, and Robert J. Poreda. 2014. "Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 15 September. [news article][PDF]

Duman, Ryan J. 2012. Economic Viability of Shale Gas Production in the Marcellus Shale; Indicated by Production Rates, Costs and Current Natural Gas Prices. Masters Thesis, Applied Natural Resource Economics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton. [PDF]

Eaton, Timothy T. 2013. "Science-based decision-making on complex issues: Marcellus shale gas hydrofracking and New York City water supply." Science of the Total Environment 461-462:158–169. 

Ellsworth, William L. 2013. "Injection-Induced Earthquakes." Science 341(6142):12 July. [PDf]

Ellsworth, William L., Jessica Robertson, and Christopher Hook. 2013. "Man-made earthquakes." USGS Blog, Science Features, 12 July. [news story in ScienceDaily]

Etiope, Giuseppe and Ronald W. Klusman. 2010. "Microseepage in drylands: Flux and implications in the global atmospheric source/sink budget of methane." Global and Planetary Change 72(4):265-274.

Fine, Daniel. 2009. "The Impact of Shale Gas Technology on Geopolitics: Dr. Daniel Fine of MIT discusses how new technology in extracting gas will impact geopolitics and the environment." Fletcher Features, Discussion, April 2010, Fletcher School of International Affairs, Tufts, University, Medford, Massachusetts.

Fischetti, Mark. 2012. "Fracking Would Emit Large Quantities of Greenhouse Gases. 'Fugitive methane' released during shale gas drilling could accelerate climate change." Scientific American 20 January. [related PDF] [related PDF] [related video]

Goldenberg, Suzanne. 2013. "A Texan tragedy: ample oil, no water. Fracking boom sucks away precious water from beneath the ground, leaving cattle dead, farms bone-dry and people thirsty." The Guardian 11 August. 

Gross, Daniel. 2010. "Fracking, Oil Sands, and Deep-Water Drilling. The dangerous new era of 'extreme energy'." Slate 6 June.

Hamburg, Steven. 2013. "Measuring Fugitive Methane Emissions from Fracking." EcoWatch 4 January. [related article] [related short video]

Heinberg, Richard. 2013. Snake Oil: How Fracking’s False Promise of Plenty Imperils Our Future.  Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [brief review in Permaculture] [video lecture by Heinberg]

Howarth, Robert W. and Anthony Ingraffea. 2012. "Should Fracking Stop?" Point/Counterpoint Nature. [doc] [debate

Howarth, Robert W., Drew Shindell, Renee Santoro, Anthony Ingraffea, Nathan Phillips, and Amy Townsend-Small. 2012. "Methane Emissions from Natural Gas Systems." Background Paper Prepared for the National Climate Assessment. Cornell University. [PDF] [related video, Ingraffea lecture, "Facts on Fracking"] [video 2, Q&A with Ingraffea]

Howarth, Robert W., Renee Santoro, and Anthony Ingraffea. 2011. "Methane and the Greenhouse-gas Footprint of Natural Gas from Shale Formations: A Letter." Climatic Change 106:679-690. [PDF] [comment by Cathles et al. (PDF)] [response to Cathles et al. (PDF)] [video of Marcellus Shale Debate between Howarth & D. Siegel] [news story in Grist] [news story in The New York Times] [related slide presentation (PPT)]

Howarth, Robert W. 2010. "Preliminary Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Natural Gas Obtained by Hydraulic Fracturing." Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Report. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.  [PDF] [news article] [related video]

Hughes, David J. 2013. Drilling California: A reality check on the Monterey shale. Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [news story in the L.A. Times] [story in Resilience]

Hughes, David J. 2014. Drilling Deeper: A Reality Check on U.S. Government Forecasts for a Lasting Tight Oil & Shale Gas Boom. Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [PDF]

Hughes, David J. 2016. 2016 Tight Oil Reality Check: Revisiting the U.S. Department of Energy Play-by-Play Forecasts through 2040 from Annual Energy Outlook 2016. Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [PDF]

Hughes, J. David. 2010. "Hydrocarbons in North America." Chapter 17 in Richard Heinberg and Daniel Lerch (eds.), The Post Carbon Reader: Managing the 21st Century’s Sustainability Crises. Watershed Media, Healdsburg, California. [PDF] [related slide presentation (PDF)] [related video]

Hughes, J. David. 2011. Will Natural Gas Fuel America in the 21st Century? Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [PDF] [related video]

Hughes, J. David. 2013. Drill, Baby, Drill: Can Unconventional Fuels Usher in a New Era of Energy Abundance? Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [video 1] [video 2] [slide presentation] [news story]

Ingraffea, Anthony. 2011. "The Facts on Fracking." Lecture given at the Gas Drilling Awareness Coalition of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, March 23. [video 1, Ingraffea lecture] [video 2, Q & A with Ingraffea]

Jackson, Robert B., Avner Vengosh, Thomas H. Darrah, Nathaniel R. Warner, Adrian Down, Robert J. Poreda, Stephen G. Osborn, Kaiguang Zhao, and Jonathan D. Karr. 2013. "Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(28):11250-11255. 

Jacobs, Ryan. 2013. "Biggest Oklahoma Earthquake in Memory Linked to Oil Industry." Mother Jones 27 March. 

Jaramillo, Paulina, W. Michael Griffin, and H. Scott Mathews. 2007. "Comparative Life-Cycle Air Emissions of Coal, Domestic Natural Gas, LNG, and SNG for Electricity Generation." Environmental Science and Technology 41(17):6290-6296. [PDF]  [news story]  [related presentation by Jaramillo (PDF)]

Kassotis, Christopher D., Donald E. Tillitt, J. Wade Davis, Annette M. Hormann, and Susan C. Nagel. 2013. "Estrogen and Androgen Receptor Activities of Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Surface and Ground Water in a Drilling-Dense Region." Endocrinology 16 December. [news story in Grist] [news article from the University of Missouri]

Keranen, Katie M., Heather M. Savage, Geoffrey A. Abers, and Elizabeth S. Cochran. 2013. "Potentially induced earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA: Links between wastewater injection and the 2011 Mw 5.7 earthquake sequence." Geology March 26. [PDF] [related news story]

Kirkland, Joel. 2010. "Concerns Spread over Environmental Costs of Producing Shale Gas. The extent to which utilities will burn natural gas to slash carbon dioxide emissions tied to global warming is a national issue. But on the ground, where it's being produced, the issues become very local." Scientific American 9 July.

Klare, Michael T. 2010. "The Relentless Pursuit of Extreme Energy: A New Oil Rush Endangers the Gulf of Mexico and the Planet." The Huffington Post 19 May. [related video] [related video]

Klimas, Liz. 2013. "Fracking might have a new water problem…and it’s not pollution." The Blaze 2 May.

Konschnik, Kate, Margaret Holden and Alexa Shasteen. 2013. "Legal Fractures in Chemical Disclosure Laws. Why the Voluntary Chemical Disclosure Registry FracFocus Fails as a Regulatory Compliance Tool." Harvard Law School, Environmental Law Initiative, 23 April. [PDF]

Kroh, Kiley. 2013. "Neyong Keystone XL: Three Controversial Pipeline Proposals." EcoWatch 17 August. [related video]

Lohan, Tara. 2013. "Are We Trading Our Health For Oil in New, Fracking-Induced California Gold Rush? When it comes to the health impacts of fracking and drilling in California, there are more questions than answers." AlterNet 9 August. 

Lustgarten, Abrahm. 2011. "Climate Benefits of Natural Gas May Be Overstated." ProPublica 25 January.

Magill, Bobby. 2013. "Climate change, fracking, water shortages in Northern Colorado top environmental concerns in coming decades." Coloradoan 28 July.

Mantius, Peter. 2013. "'Frackademia' – MIT’s Ernest Moniz, Obama's Top Candidate for Energy Secretary, Oversees Pro-Industry-Funded Research." Natural Resources News Service 21 February.

McElroy, Michael B. and Xi Lu. 2013. "Fracking’s Future. Natural gas, the economy, and America’s energy prospects." Harvard Magazine January-February. 

Miller, Scot M., Steven C. Wofsy, Anna M. Michalak, Eric A. Kort, Arlyn E. Andrews, Sebastien C. Biraud, Edward J. Dlugokencky, Janusz Eluszkiewicz, Marc L. Fischer, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Ben R. Miller, John B. Miller, Stephen A. Montzka, Thomas Nehrkorn, and Colm Sweeney. 2013. "Anthropogenic emissions of methane in the United States." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(50):20018-20022.

Moniz, Ernest J., Henry D. Jacoby, and Anthony J.M. Meggs (eds.). 2010. The Future of Natural Gas. An Interdisciplinary MIT Study: Interim Report. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge.  [news story 1, news story 2]  [article by Howarth assessing fugitive GHG emissions associated with fracking shale gas (PDF)]

Mooney, Chris. 2014. "Why the Scientific Case Against Fracking Keeps Getting Stronger. Anthony Ingraffea argues that fugitive methane emissions turn natural gas from a climate benefit into yet another strike against fossil fuels." Mother Jones 15 August. [podcast discussion with Anthony Ingraffea

National Research Council. 2010. Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Production and Use. Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption, National Research Council (NRC), National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. [news article] [PDF of 2009 version]

  • "The gasoline-driven technologies have somewhat higher damages and GHG emissions in 2005 than a number of other fuel/technology combinations. The grid-dependent electric options have somewhat higher damages and GWP than other technologies, even in our 2030 analysis, in large measure due to the continued conventional and greenhouse gas emissions from the existing and likely future grid at least as of 2030." (2009:155)

NDGS. n.d. "Bakken Formation Reserve Estimates." North Dakota Geological Survey, Bismarck. [PDF

Nelder, Chris. 2012. "The U.S. Will not Actually Produce more Oil than Saudi Arabia in 2020." Slate 30 November. [related blog by Nelder] [related video]

Nelder, Chris. 2013. "Oil majors are whistling past the graveyard." SmartPlanet 20 March. 

Nelder, Chris. 2013b. "Peak oil isn’t dead; it just smells that way." SmartPlanet 24 July. [related interview with Nelder in the Washington Post]

Nelder, Chris. 2013c. "Trouble in fracking paradise." SmartPlanet 7 August. 

O'Sullivan, F. and S. Paltsev. 2012. "Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions." Environmental Research Letters 7(4):044030. [PDF] [news story

Olmstead, Sheila M., Lucija A. Muehlenbachs, Jhih-Shyang Shih, Ziyan Chu, and Alan J. Krupnick. 2013. Shale gas development impacts on surface water quality in PennsylvaniaProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 11 March. 

Osborn, Stephen G., Avner Vengosh, Nathaniel R. Warner, and Robert B. Jackson. 2011. "Methane Contamination of Drinking Water Accompanying Gas-well Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 9 May. [news story in Nature]

Pétron, Gabrielle, Gregory Frost, Benjamin R. Miller, Adam I. Hirsch, Stephen A. Montzka, Anna Karion, Michael Trainer, Colm Sweeney, Arlyn E. Andrews, Lloyd Miller, Jonathan Kofler, Amnon Bar-Ilan, Ed J. Dlugokencky, Laura Patrick, Charles T. Moore Jr., Thomas B. Ryerson, Carolina Siso, William Kolodzey, Patricia M. Lang, Thomas Conway, Paul Novelli, Kenneth Masarie, Bradley Hall, Douglas Guenther, Duane Kitzis, John Miller, David Welsh, Dan Wolfe, William Neff, and Pieter Tans. 2012. "Hydrocarbon emissions characterization in the Colorado Front Range: A pilot study." Journal of Geophysical Research 117(D4).

Pearson, Thomas W. 2013. "Frac Sand Mining in Wisconsin: Understanding Emerging Conflicts and Community Organizing." Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment 35(1):30-40. [PDF]

Philpott, Tom. 2013. "The Surprising Connection between Food and Fracking." Mother Jones 30 January.

Pollastro, R.M., T.A. Cook, L.N.R. Roberts, C.J. Schenk, M.D. Lewan, L.O. Anna, S.B. Gaswirth, P.G. Lillis, T.R. Klett, and R.R. Charpentier. 2008. "Assessment of Undiscovered Oil Resources in the Devonian-Mississippian Bakken Formation, Williston Basin Province, Montana and North Dakota, 2008." U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2008-3021, USGS, Washington, D.C.. 2008. Assessment of Undiscovered Oil Resources in the Devonian-Mississippian Bakken Formation, Williston Basin Province, Montana and North Dakota, 2008. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2008-3021, USGS, Washington, D.C. [PDF]

Powers, Bill. 2013. Cold, Hungry and in the Dark: Exploding the Natural Gas Supply Myth. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, British Columbia. [author interview in The Energy Report] [author interview in OilPrice.com] [podcast interview]

Ridley, Matt. 2011. The Shale Gas Shock. GWPF Report 2, The Global Warming Policy Foundation, London. [PDF]

Rogers, Deborah. 2013. Shale and Wall Street: Was the decline in natural gas prices orchestrated? Energy Policy Forum. [PDF] [related video]

Romm, Joe. 2013. "Bridge To Nowhere? NOAA Confirms High Methane Leakage Rate Up To 9% From Gas Fields, Gutting Climate Benefit." Climate Progress 2 January.

Romm, Joseph J. 2011. "Natural Gas Bombshell: Switching from Coal to Gas Increases Warming for Decades, Has Minimal Benefit Even in 2100." Climate Progress 9 September.

Royte, Elizabeth. 2012. "Fracking Our Food Supply Are dying cattle the canaries in the coal mine? Farmers and ranchers are sounding alarms about the risks to human health of hydraulic fracturing." The Nation 28 November.

Santoro, R.L., Robert W. Howarth, and Anthony Ingraffea. 2011. "Indirect Emissions of Carbon Dioxide from Marcellus Shale Gas Development." Technical Report from the Agriculture, Energy, & the Environment Program, Cornell University. 30 June. [PDF]

Sheppard, Kate. 2010. "Fracking Halliburton." Mother Jones 10 November. 

Steingraber, Sandra. 2010a. "Shale Game. Playing with Unknowns Underground." Orion Magazine May/June. [related video] [related video]

Steingraber, Sandra. 2010b. "The Whole Fracking Enchilada. Violating the Bedrock, the Atmosphere, and Everything in between." Orion Magazine September/October.  [related short video]

Tang, Junhong, Guojian Wang, Haoyong Yin, and Hongjun Li. 2013. "Methane in soil gas and its transfer to the atmosphere in the Yakela condensed gas field in the Tarim Basin, Northwest China." Petroleum Science 10(2):183-189. [abstract]

Tollefson, Jeff. 2013. "Methane leaks erode green credentials of natural gas losses of up to 9% show need for broader data on US gas industry’s environmental impact." Nature 2 January.

U.S. EPA. 2016. Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas: Impacts from the Hydraulic Fracturing Water Cycle on Drinking Water Resources in the United States. Report # EPA-600-R-16-236Fa December, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development Washington, D.C. 

UCS. 2013. "UCS Position on Natural Gas Extraction and Use for Electricity and Transportation in the United States." Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), Cambridge, Massachusetts. [PDF]

UCS. 2013. Science, Democracy, and Fracking: A Guide for Community Residents and Policy Makers Facing Decisions over Hydraulic Fracturing. The Center for Science and Technology, Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Upton, John. 2013. "Oil and fracking chemicals spill into Colorado's floodwaters." Grist 16 September.

Urbina, Ian. 2011. "Regulation Lax as Gas Wells' Tainted Water Hits Rivers." The New York Times 26 February. [related video]

van der Elst, Nicholas J., Heather M. Savage, Katie M. Keranen, and Geoffrey A. Abers. 2013. "Enhanced Remote Earthquake Triggering at Fluid-Injection Sites in the Midwestern United States." Science 12 July:164-167. [abstract] [press release] [news story in Mother Jones] [news story in ScienceDaily]

Walsh, Bryan. 2011. "Could Shale Gas Power the World?" Time 31 March.

Weber, Christopher L. and Christopher Clavin. 2012. "Life Cycle Carbon Footprint of Shale Gas: Review of Evidence and Implications." Environmental Science and Technology 46(11):5688-5695. [PDF]

Westbrook, Graham K., Kate E. Thatcher, Eelco J. Rohling, Alexander M. Piotrowski, Heiko Pälike, Anne H. Osborne, Euan G. Nisbet, Tim A. Minshull, Mathias Lanoiselle, Rachael H. James, Veit Hühnerbach, Darryl Green, Rebecca E. Fisher, Anya J. Crocker, Anne Chabert, Clara Bolton, Agnieszka Beszczynska-Möller, Christian Berndt, and Alfred Aquilina. 2009. "Escape of Methane Gas from the Seabed along the West Spitsbergen Continental Margin." Geophysical Research Letters 36:L15608. [abstract]  [PDF]  [news story]

Wigley, Tom M.L. 2011. "Coal to Gas: The Influence of Methane Leakage." Climate Change 108(3):601-608. [News report]

Wilber, Tom. 2012. Under the Surface: Fracking, Fortunes, and the Fate of the Marcellus Shale. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. [Wilber's blog with videos] [podcast interview]

Yergin, Daniel. 2011. "Stepping on the Gas. With the nuclear industry in crisis and oil prices on the rise, could the solution to our energy problems be in the ground at home? Daniel Yergin on the promise of shale gas." The Wall Street Journal 2 April.

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