Understanding Sustainability

Sustainability References

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Reference Search Results You searched for deforestation

Aburto-Oropeza, Octavio, Exequiel Ezcurra, Gustavo Danemann, Víctor Valdez, Jason Murray, and Enric Sala. 2008. "Mangroves in the Gulf of California Increase Fishery Yields." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105(30):10456-10459. [summary article]

Achard, Frédéric, Hugh D. Eva, Hans-Jürgen Stibig, Philippe Mayaux, Javier Gallego, Timothy Richards, and Jean-Paul Malingreau. 2002. "Determination of Deforestation Rates of the World's Humid Tropical Forests." Science 297(5583):999-1002. [PDF] [comment by Fearnside and Laurance] [response to Fearnside & Laurance comment]  [related website]

Acheson, James. 2000a. "Clearcutting Maine: Implications for the Theory of Common Property Resources." Human Ecology 28(2):145-169. [abstract]

Adams, William Mark. 2008. Green Development: Environment and Sustainability in a Developing World, 3rd Edition. Routledge, London. [First published in 1991 as Green Development: Environment and Sustainability in the Third World.] [PDF]

Alexander, Eustace, David Singh, Tim Killeen, Marc Steininger, Lisa Famolare, Agustin Silvani, Fabiano Godoy, Benjamin Vitale, Robert O'Sullivan, Charlotte Streck, David Shoch, Neils Wielaand, Marciano Glasgow, Mark Bynoe, and David James.2009. Reducing Deforestation and Forest Degradation while Promoting Sustainable Development. South American Regional Infrastructure Development, Forests and REDD: Implications for Guyana. Conservation International, Climate Focus, Terracarbon LLC, SarVision, Development and Policy Management Consultants, July. [PDF]

Altieri, Miguel A. and Walter Pengue. 2009. "GM Soybean: Latin America's New Colonizer." Seedling January:13-17.

Andersen, Lykke E., Clive W.J. Granger, Eustáquio J. Reis, Diana Weinhold, and Sven Wunder. 2002. The Economics of Deforestation and Economic Growth in the Brazilian Amazon. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Anderson, Anthony B. 1990. "Smokestacks in the Rainforest: Industrial Development and Deforestation in the Amazon Basin." World Development 18(9):1556-1570. [abstract]

Anderson, Anthony B. 1991. Alternatives to Deforestation: Steps toward Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest. Columbia University Press, New York.

Barni, Paulo Eduardo, Philip M. Fearnside, and Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro Graça. 2009. "Deforestation and Carbon Emissions in Amazonia: Simulating the Impact of Connecting Brazil’s State of Roraima to the 'Arc of Deforestation' by Reconstructing the BR-319 (Manaus-Porto Velho) Highway." XIII World Forestry Congress Buenos Aires, Argentina, 18-23 October.

Barreto, Paulo, Carlos Souza, Ruth Noguerón, Anthony Anderson, and Rodney Salomão, with Janice Wiles. 2006. Human Pressure on the Brazilian Amazon Forests. World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. [PDF

Becker, Bertha K. 2005. "Geopolítica da Amazônia." Estudos Avançados 19(53):71-86.

Benchimol, Samuel. 1992. Amazônia: A Guerra na Floresta. Civilização Brasileira, Rio de Janeiro.

Benjamin, Jeffrey G., Robert J. Lilieholm, and David Damery. 2009. "Challenges and Opportunities Facing the Northeast Bioproducts Industry." Journal of Forestry 107:125-131.  [PDF]

Binswanger, Hans P. 1991. "Brazilian Policies that Encourage Deforestation in the Amazon." World Development 19(7):821-829. [abstract]

Brando, Paulo M., Daniel C. Nepstad, Eric A. Davidson, Susan E. Trumbore, David Ray, and Plínio Camargo. 2008. "Drought Effects on Litterfall, Wood Production and Belowground Carbon Cycling in an Amazon Forest: Results of a Throughfall Reduction Experiment." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 363(1498):1839-1848.

Brook, Barry W., Corey J.A. Bradshaw, Lian Pin Koh, and Navjot S. Sodhi. 2006. "Momentum Drives the Crash: Mass Extinction in the Tropics." Biotropica 38(3):302-305. [related debate summary by R. Butler from Mongabay.com]

Brooks, Thomas M., Stuart L. Pimm, and Joseph O. Oyugi. 1999. "Time Lag between Deforestation and Bird Extinction in Tropical Forest Fragments." Conservation Biology 13(5):1140-1150. [PDF]

Brown, J. Christopher, Matthew Koeppe, Benjamin Coles and Kevin P. Price. 2005. "Soybean Production and Conversion of Tropical Forest in the Brazilian Amazon: The Case of Vilhena, Rondônia." Ambio 34(6):462-469. [PDF]

Brown, Lester R. 2009a. "Growing Demand for Soybeans Threatens Amazon Rainforest." Plan B Updates, 30 December. Earth Policy Institute, Washington, D.C. 

Buchholz, Thomas and Charles D. Canham. 2011. Forest Biomass and Bioenergy: Opportunities and Constraints in the Northeastern United States. Report, 17 February, Carey Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York. [PDF]  [news story in Science Daily]

Buckrell, Jon, Ricardo Carrere, Emily Caruso, Marcus Colchester, Simon Counsell, Liz Chidley, Tom Griffiths, Korinna Horta, Jutta Kill, Ben Pearson, Ravi Repprabagada, and Bhanu Kalluri. 2004. Broken Promises: How World Bank Group Policies and Practice Fail to Protect Forests and Forest Peoples’ Rights. Forest Peoples Programme, Rainforest Foundation U.K., Environmental Defense, Global Witness, SinksWatch, CDM Watch, Samata, Down to Earth, World Rainforest Movement. [PDF]

Burns, Thomas J., Edward L. Kick, and Byron L. Davis. 2003. "Theorizing and Rethinking Linkages between the Natural Environment and the Modern World-system: Deforestation in the Late 20th Century." Journal of World-Systems Research 9(2):357-390. [PDF]

Butler, Rhett A. 2007. "Deforestation causes species extinction in Madagascar. Lack of lemur dung may contribute to demise of some beetles." mongabay.com, 7 March.

Butler, Rhett A. 2009. "Amazon Cattle Ranching Accounts for Half of Brazil's CO2 Emissions." Mongabay.com, 12 December.

Carrier, Jim. 2009. "All You Can Eat: A Journey through a Seafood Fantasy." Orion March/April.

Coops, Nicholas C. and Richard H. Waring. 2011. "A Process-based Approach to Estimate Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.) Distribution in the Pacific Northwest under Climate Change." Climate Change 105(1-2):313-328. [PDF]  [news story in Science Daily]

D'Almeida, Cassiano, Charles J. Vörösmarty, George C. Hurtt, José A. Marengo, S. Lawrence Dingman, and Barry D. Keim. 2009. "The Effects of Deforestation on the Hydrological Cycle in Amazonia: A Review on Scale and Resolution." International Journal of Climatology 27(5):633-647. [abstract]

Davis, Crystal, David Thau, and Rachael Petersen. 2014. "Nine Maps that Explain the World's Forests." Mother Pelican 10(4). [original maps at GlobalForestWatch.org]

Demarest, Arthur A. 2004. Ancient Maya. The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 

Denevan, William M. 1973. "Development and the Imminent Demise of the Amazon Rain Forest." Professional Geographer 25(2):130-135. 

Diamond, Jared. 2005. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive. Viking Press, New York. [excerpts from EcoBooks] [review by Joseph Stiglitz (in doc format)] [review by William Rees in Nature] [review by Jonathon Porritt in The Guardian] [review by David Leary, Macquarie University (in PDF)] [review by Michael Kavanagh in Grist] [review by Scott Page (PDF)] [review by Malcolm Gladwell in The New Yorker] [Diamond on TED Talks]

Edelman, Mark. 1987. "From Costa Rican Pasture to North American Hamburger." Pages 541-561 in Marvin Harris and Eric B. Ross (eds.), Food and Evolution: Toward a Theory of Human Food Habits, Temple University Press, Philadelphia.

Ellis, Erle C. 2011. "Anthropogenic Transformation of the Terrestrial Biosphere." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 369(1938):1010-1035. [related article by E. Ellis et al. in Global Ecology & Biogeography (PDF)]

Ellis, Erle C., Kees Klein Goldewijk, Stefan Siebert, Deborah Lightman, and Navin Ramankutty. 2010. "Anthropogenic Transformation of the Biomes, 1700 to 2000." Global Ecology and Biogeography 19:589-606. [PDF] [related video] [related paper by Ellis]

Eva, Hugh D., Frédéric Achard, Hans-Jürgen Stibig, and Philippe Mayaux. 2003. "Response to Comment on 'Determination of Deforestation Rates of the World's Humid Tropical Forests'." Science 299(5609):1015. [original article by Achard et al. (PDF)] [comment on Achard et al. by Fearnside & Laurance]

FAO. 2010. Global Forest Assessment 2010. FAO Forestry Paper #163. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. [PDF]

Fargione, Joseph, Jason Hill, David Tilman, Stephen Polasky, and Peter Hawthorne. 2008. "Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt." Science 7 February. [abstract] [PDF] [news story]

Fearnside, Philip M. 1989. "Extractive Reserves in Brazilian Amazonia. An Opportunity to save Tropical Rain Forest Under Sustainable Use." BioScience 39(6):387-393. [PDF]

Fearnside, Philip M. 1989. "Deforestation and Agricultural Development in the Brazilian Amazon." Interciencia 14(6):291-297. [PDF

Fearnside, Philip M. 1993. "Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: The Effect of Population and Land Tenure." Ambio 22(8):537-545.

Fearnside, Philip M. 1996. "Amazonian Deforestation and Global Warming: Carbon Stocks in Vegetation Replacing Brazil's Amazon Forest." Forest Ecology and Management 80(1-3):21-34. [abstract]

Fearnside, Philip M. 1997c. "Greenhouse Gases from Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: Net Committed Emissions." Climatic Change 35(3):321-360. [abstract]

Fearnside, Philip M. 2001. "Soybean Cultivation as a Threat to the Environment in Brazil." Environmental Conservation 28:23-28. [PDF] [abstract]

Fearnside, Philip M. 2001. "Soybean cultivation as a threat to the environment in Brazil." Environmental Conservation 28(1):23-38.

Fearnside, Philip M. 2003. A Floresta Amazônica nas Mudanças Globais. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus. [PDF]

Fearnside, Philip M. 2005. "Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: History, Rates, and Consequences." Conservation Biology 19(3):680-688. [abstract] [PDF

Fearnside, Philip M. 2008. "Amazon Forest Maintenance as a Source of Environmental Services." Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 80(1):101-114. [PDF] [related presentation by author (PDF)]

Fearnside, Philip M. 2008b. "Will urbanization cause deforested areas to be abandoned in Brazilian Amazonia?" Environmental Conservation 35(3):197-199. [original paper by Wright and Muller-Landau (PDF)]

Fearnside, Philip M. 2009. "Potential benefits and impacts of biofuel production in the Brazilian Amazon." Pages  29-36 in E. J. Garen and J. Mateo-Vega (eds.), Biocombustibles y Bosques Neotropicales: Tendencias, Implicaciones, y Alternativas Emergentes / Biofuels and  Neotropical Forests: Trends, Implications, and Emerging Alternatives. Proceedings of the ELTI/PRORENA Conference, 5 December, 2008, Environmental Leadership and Training Initiative (ELTI) /Proyecto de Reforestación con Especies Nativas (PRORENA), Proceedings Vol. 3, No. 1. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), Panama City. 

Fearnside, Philip M. 2011. "Global Warming: How much of a Threat to Tropical Forests?" Pages 1283-1292 in H. Gökçekus, U. Türker, and J.W. LaMoreaux (eds.), Survival and Sustainability: Environmental Concerns in the 21st Century. Springer, Berlin. [PDF]

Fearnside, Philip M. 2012. "Belo Monte Dam: A spearhead for Brazil’s dam-building attack on Amazonia." Global Water Forum 19 March.

Fearnside, Philip M. and R.I. Barbosa. 2003. "Avoided Deforestation in Amazonia as a Global Warming Mitigation Measure: The Case of Mato Grosso." World Resource Review 15(3):352-361. [PDF]

Fearnside, Philip M. and William F. Laurance. 2003. "Comment on 'Determination of Deforestation Rates of the World's Humid Tropical Forests'." Science 299:1015. [PDF] [focus article by Achard et al. (PDF)] [response by Achard et al.]

Fearnside, Philip M. and William F. Laurance. 2004. "Tropical Deforestation and Greenhouse-gas Emissions." Ecological Applications 14:982-986. [abstract] [PDF]

Fearnside, Philip M., Adriano M.R. Figueiredo, and Sandra C.M. Bonjour. 2013. "Amazonian forest loss and the long reach of China’s influenceEnvironment, Development and Sustainability 15(2):325-338. 

Fearnside, Philip M., N. Leal Filho, and P.M. Fernandes. 1993. "Rainforest Burning and the Global Carbon Budget: Biomass, Combustion Efficiency and Charcoal Formation in the Brazilian Amazon." Journal of Geophysical Research 98(D9):16733-16743. [abstract] [PDF]

Feeley, Kenneth J. and Miles R. Silman. 2009. "Extinction Risks of Amazonian Plant Species." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(30):12382-12387.

Foley, Jonathan A., Gretchen C. Daily, Robert Howarth, David A. Vaccari, Adele C. Morris, Eric F. Lambin, Scott C. Doney, Peter H. Gleick, and David W. Fahey . 2010. "Boundaries for a Healthy Planet." Scientific American April.  [introduction]  [related article in Nature]  [related article in Ecology & Society]  [news story in Science Daily] [related video]

Foley, Jonathan A., Ruth DeFries, Gregory P. Asner, Carol Barford, Gordon Bonan, Stephen R. Carpenter, F. Stuart Chapin, Michael T. Coe, Gretchen C. Daily, Holly K. Gibbs, Joseph H. Helkowski, Tracy Holloway, Erica A. Howard, Christopher J. Kucharik, Chad Monfreda, Jonathan A. Patz, I. Colin Prentice, Navin Ramankutty, and Peter K. Snyder. 2005. "Global Consequences of Land Use." Science 309(5734):570-574. [abstract] [PDF] [related article] [TED video]

Foster, David R., Brian M. Donahue, David B. Kittredge, Kathleen F. Lambert, Malcolm L. Hunter, Brian R. Hall, Lloyd C. Irland, Robert J. Lilieholm, David A. Orwig, Anthony W. D’Amato, Elizabeth A. Colburn, Jonathan R. Thompson, James N. Levitt, Aaron M. Ellison, William S. Keeton, John D. Aber, Charles V. Cogbill, Charles T. Driscoll, Timothy J. Fahey, and Clarisse M. Hart. 2010. Wildlands and Woodlands: A Vision for the New England Landscape. Harvard Forest, Harvard University, Petersham, Massachusetts. [NSF press release] [PDF]

Friedman, Shari. 2010. Farms Here, Forests There: Tropical Deforestation and U.S. Competitiveness in Agriculture and Timber. Avoided Deforestation Partners, Washington, D.C.  [PDF]  [response from Brazilian organizations]  

Gallagher, Kevin P. and Daniel Chudnovsky (eds.). 2010. Rethinking Foreign Investment for Sustainable Development: Lessons from Latin America. Anthem Press, New York. [Foreword by J. Ocampo (PDF)]  [brief review]

Geist, Helmut J. and Eric F. Lambin. 2002. "Proximate Causes and Underlying Driving Forces of Tropical Deforestation." BioScience 52(2):143-150. [abstract]

Gibbs, H.K., A.S. Ruesch, F. Achard, M.K. Clayton, P. Holmgren, N. Ramankutty, and J.A. Foley. 2010. "Tropical Forests Were the Primary Sources of New Agricultural Land in the 1980s and 1990s." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 31 August. [PDF] [news story]

Golding, Nicola and Richard Betts. 2008. Fire Risk in Amazonia Due to Climate Change in the HadCM3 Climate Model: Potential Interactions with Deforestation. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 22:GB4007. [abstract]

Goodland, Robert J.A., H.S. Irwin, and G. Tillman. 1978. "Ecological Development for Amazonia." Ciência y Cultura 30(3):275-289.

Gribel, Rogerio. 1990. "The Balbina Disaster: The Need to Ask Why? The Ecologist 20(4):133-135.

H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment. 2008a. The State of the Nation's Ecosystems 2008: Measuring the Lands, Waters and Living Resources of the United States. Island Press, Washington, D.C. [highlights (PDF)

H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment. 2008b. Environmental Information: A Road Map to the Future. Policy Recommendations from the Heinz Center. The H. John Heinz III Center For Science, Economics and the Environment, Washington, D.C. [PDF]

Hagan, John M., Lloyd C. Irland, and Andrew A. Whitman. 2005. "Changing Timberland Ownership in the Northern Forest and Implications for Biodiversity." Report No. MCCS-FCP-2005-1, Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences, Brunswick, Main. [excerpt] [PDF]

Haggerty, Richard A. (ed.). 1989. Haiti: A Country Study. GPO for the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. [Chapter on Forestry]

Hall, Anthony L. 1989. Developing Amazonia: Deforestation and Social Conflict in Brazil's Carajás Program. Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Hansen, Matthew C., Stephen V. Stehman,  and Peter V. Potapov. 2010. "Quantification of Global Gross Forest Cover Loss." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(19):8650-8655.  [response by Kurz in PNAS]   [news story by Jeremy Hance at Mongabay.com]

Harris, Larry D. 1984. The Fragmented Forest: Island Biogeography Theory and the Preservation of Biotic Diversity. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

He, Fangliang and Stephen P. Hubbell. 2011. "Species–area relationships always overestimate extinction rates from habitat loss." Nature 473:368-371. [PDF]  

Hecht, Susanna B. 1993. "The Logic of Livestock and Deforestation in Amazonia." Bioscience 43(10):687-695. [PDF]

Hecht, Susanna B. 2013. The Scramble for the Amazon and the "Lost Paradise" of Euclides da Cunha. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago. [review by Robert Mayhew]

Hecht, Susnana B. and Alexander Cockburn. 1990. The Fate of the Forest: Developers, Destroyers and Defenders of the Amazon. Harper Perennial, New York. [review by Betty Meggers]

Hiraoka, Mario and S. Yamamoto. 1980. "Agricultural Development in the Upper Amazon of Ecuador." Geographical Review 70:423-445.

Houghton, R.A., R.D. Boone, J.M. Melillo, C.A. Palm, G.M. Woodwell, and N. Myers. 1985. "Net Flux of Carbon Dioxide from Tropical Forests in 1980." Nature 316(15 August):617-620. [abstract]

Huntingford, Chris, Przemyslaw Zelazowski, David Galbraith, Lina M. Mercado, Stephen Sitch, Rosie Fisher, Mark Lomas, Anthony P. Walker, Chris D. Jones, Ben B. B. Booth, Yadvinder Malhi, Debbie Hemming, Gillian Kay, Peter Good, Simon L. Lewis, Oliver L. Phillips, Owen K. Atkin, Jon Lloyd, Emanuel Gloor, Joana Zaragoza-Castells, Patrick Meir, Richard Betts, Phil P. Harris, Carlos Nobre, Jose Marengo, and Peter M. Cox. 2013. "Simulated resilience of tropical rainforests to CO2-induced climate change." Nature Geoscience 6:268-273. [related slide presentation (PDF)]

Hurrell, Andrew. 1992. "Brazil and the International Politics of Amazon Deforestation." Pages 396-420 in A. Hurrell and B. Kingbury (eds.), The International Politics of the Environment: Actors, Interests, and Institutions. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Jaramillo, Carlos, Diana Ochoa, Lineth Contreras, Mark Pagani, Humberto Carvajal-Ortiz, Lisa M. Pratt, Srinath Krishnan, Agustin Cardona, Millerlandy Romero, Luis Quiroz, Guillermo Rodriguez, Milton J. Rueda, Felipe de la Parra, Sara Morón, Walton Green, German Bayona, Camilo Montes, Oscar Quintero, Rafael Ramirez, Germán Mora, Stefan Schouten, Hermann Bermudez, Rosa Navarrete, Francisco Parra, Mauricio Alvarán, José Osorno, James L. Crowley, Victor Valencia, and Jeff Vervoort. 2010. "Effects of Rapid Global Warming at the Paleocene-Eocene Boundary on Neotropical Vegetation." Science 330(6006):957-961.  [abstract]  [news story] [supplementary materials in PDF]

Jha, S. and K.S. Bawa. "Population Growth, Human Development, and Deforestation in Biodiversity Hotspots." Conservation Biology 20(3):906-912.

Kaimowitz, David, Benoit Mertens, Sven Wunder, and Pablo Pacheco. n.d. "Hamburger Connection Fuels Amazon Destruction: Cattle Ranching and Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon." Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor Barat, Indonesia. [PDF]

Karliner, Joshua. 1997. The Corporate Planet, Ecology, and Politics in the Age of Globalization. Sierra Club, San Francisco. [review]

Kasperson, Jeanne X., Roger E. Kasperson, and B.L. Turner II (eds.). 1995. Regions at Risk: Comparisons of Threatened Environments. United Nations University Press, New York.

Keith, Heather, Brendan G. Mackey, and David B. Lindenmayer. 2009. "Re-evaluation of Forest Biomass Carbon Stocks and Lessons from the World's most Carbon-dense Forests." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(28):11635-11640.

Keizer, E.W.H. 2008. "Literature on Forests and Climate Change Interactions." Bibliography for Project ESPA, 16 January.  [doc]

Kirby, Kathryn R., William F. Laurance, Ana K. Albernaz, Götz Schroth, Philip M. Fearnside, Scott Bergen, Eduardo M. Venticinque, and Carlos da Costa. 2006. "The Future of Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon." Futures 38(4): 432-453. [PDF]

Kozloff, Nikolas. 2010. No Rain in the Amazon: How South America’s Climate Change Affects the Entire Planet. Palgrave Macmillan, New York.  [related news story by author]

Kurz, Werner A. 2010. "An Ecosystem Context for Global Gross Forest Cover Loss Estimates." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(20):9025-9026. [this paper is a response to Hansen et al. in PNAS]

López, Ramón. 1997. "Environmental Externalities in Traditional Agriculture and the Impact of Trade Liberalization: The Case of Ghana." Journal of Development Economics 3(1):17-39. [abstract]

Lapola, David M., Luiz A. Martinelli, Carlos A. Peres, Jean P.H.B. Ometto, Manuel E. Ferreira, Carlos A. Nobre, Ana Paula D. Aguiar, Mercedes M.C. Bustamante, Manoel F. Cardoso, Marcos H. Costa, Carlos A. Joly, Christiane C. Leite, Paulo Moutinho, Gilvan Sampaio, Bernardo B.N. Strassburg, and Ima C.G. Vieira. 2013. "Pervasive transition of the Brazilian land-use system." Nature Climate Change 20 December. [PDF]

Lapola, David M., M.D. Oyama, and C.A. Nobre. 2009. "Exploring the Range of Climate Biome Projections for Tropical South America: The Role of CO2 Fertilization and Seasonality." Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23:GB3003. [abstract] [PDF]

Lapola, David M., Ruediger Schaldach, Joseph Alcamo, Alberte Bondeau, Jennifer Koch, Christina Koelking, and Joerg A. Priess. 2010. "Indirect land-use changes can overcome carbon savings from biofuels in Brazil." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(8):3388-3393. [PDF]

Laurance, William F. 2007. "Have We Overstated the Tropical Biodiversity Crisis?" Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22(2):65-70. [PDF] [related debate summary by R. Butler from Mongabay.com]

Laurance, William F. and S. Joseph Wright (eds.). 2009. Will Rainforests Survive? New Threats and Realities in the Tropical Extinction Crisis. Symposium Proceedings, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. [symposium overview by Jeremy Hance on Mongabay.com] [complete symposium video]

Laurance, William F., H.E.M. Nascimento, S.G. Laurance, A. Andrade, J.E.L.S. Ribeiro, J.P. Giraldo, T.E. Lovejoy, R. Condit, J. Chave, K.E. Harms, and S. D'Angelo. 2006. "Rapid Decay of Tree-community Composition in Amazonian Forest Fragments." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103(50):19010-19014.

Laurance, William F., José L.C. Camargo, Regina C.C. Luizãoa, Susan G. Laurance, Stuart L. Pimm, Emilio M. Bruna, Philip C. Stouffer, G. Bruce Williamson, Julieta Benítez-Malvido, Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, Kyle S. Van Houtan, Charles E. Zartman, Sarah A. Boyle, Raphael K. Didham, Ana Andrade, and Thomas E. Lovejoy. 2011. "The fate of Amazonian forest fragments: A 32-year investigation." Biological Conservation 144:56-67. [PDF]

Laurance, William F., M.A. Cochrane, S. Bergen, P.M. Fearnside, P. Delamônica, C. Barber, S. d'Angelo, and T. Fernandes. 2001. "The Future of the Brazilian Amazon: Development Trends and Deforestation." Science 291:438-439. [PDF]

Laurance, William F. et al. 2012. "Averting Biodiversity Collapse in Tropical Forest Protected Areas." Nature 489:290-294. [PDF

Lawrence, Deborah, Paolo D'Odorico, Lucy Diekmann, Marcia DeLonge, Rishiraj Das, and James Eaton. 2007. "Ecological Feedbacks Following Deforestation Create the Potential for a Catastrophic Ecosystem Shift in Tropical Dry Forest." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(52):20696-20701.

Lele, Nikhil and P. K. Joshi. 2008. "Analyzing Deforestation Rates, Spatial Forest Cover Changes and Identifying Critical Areas of Forest Cover Changes in North-East India During 1972–1999." Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 156(1-4): 159-170. [abstract]

Lepers, Erika, Eric F. Lambin, Anthony C. Janetos, Ruth DeFries, Frederic Achard, Navin Ramankutty, and Robert J. Scholes. 2005. "A Synthesis of Information on Rapid Land-cover Change for the Period 1981–2000." BioScience 55(2):115-124. [PDF]

Lindenmayer, David B., William F. Laurance, and Jerry F. Franklin. 2012. “Global Decline in Large Old Trees.” Science 338(6112):1305-1306 [news article]

Lindo, Zoë and Jonathan A. Whiteley. 2011. "Old Trees Contribute Bio-available Nitrogen through Canopy Bryophytes." Plant and Soil 28 January.  [news story in Science Daily]  

MacMillan, Gordon. 1995. At the End of the Rainbow? Gold, Land, and People in the Brazilian Amazon. Columbia University Press, New York. 

Mahar, Dennis J. 1989. Government Policies and Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon Region. World Bank, Washington, D.C.  [PDF]

Manson, Steven M. and Tom Evans. 2007. "Agent-based Modeling of Deforestation in Southern Yucatán, Mexico, and Reforestation in the Midwest United States." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(52):20678-20683.

Marengo, José A., Carlos A. Nobre, Javier Tomasella, Marcos D. Oyama, Gilvan Sampaio de Oliveira, Rafael de Oliveira, Helio Camargo, Lincoln M. Alves, and Foster Brown. 2008. "The Drought of Amazonia in 2005." Journal of Climate 21:495-516. [PDF]

Matthews, Jessica T. 1989. "Redefining Security." Foreign Affairs 68(2):162-177. [summary]

McAfee, Kathleen. 2012. "The Contradictory Logic of Global Ecosystem Services Markets." Development and Change 43(1):105-131.

McFarlane, Dan and Anna Haines. 2010. Spatial Implications of a Wood Gasification System at UW-Stevens Point. Environmental and Economic Research and Development Program, Final Report, September 2010, Center for Land Use Education, University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point, Stevens Point. [PDF]

Medvigy, David, Robert L. Walko, Martin J. Otte, and Roni Avissar. 2013. "Simulated Changes in Northwest U.S. Climate in Response to Amazon Deforestation." Journal of Climate 26:9115-9136. [abstract] [news story]

Mitchell, Andrew. n.d. "Why are we eating the Amazon?" The Ecologist.

Morton, D.C., R.S. DeFries, Y.E. Shimabukuro, L.O. Anderson, E. Arai, F. del Bon Espirito-Santo, R. Freitas, and J. Morisette. 2006. "Cropland Expansion Changes Deforestation Dynamics in the Southern Brazilian Amazon." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103:14637-14641.

Moutinho, Paulo and Stephan Schwartzman (eds.). 2005. Tropical Deforestation and Climate Change. Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia, Belém. [PDF

Myers, Norman. 1981. "The Hamburger Connection: How Central America's Forests Became North America's Hamburgers." Ambio 10:3-8. [abstract]

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