Understanding Sustainability

Sustainability References

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Reference Search Results You searched for USPD

Adams, William Mark. 2008. Green Development: Environment and Sustainability in a Developing World, 3rd Edition. Routledge, London. [First published in 1991 as Green Development: Environment and Sustainability in the Third World.] [PDF]

Ayres, Robert U., Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh, and John M. Gowdy. n.d. "Viewpoint: Weak Versus Strong Sustainability." [PDF]

Barbier, Edward. 1987. "The Concept of Sustainable Economic Development." Environmental Conservation 14(2):101-110. [abstract] [related video] [PDF]

Bartlett, Albert A. 2012. "The Meaning of Sustainability." Teachers Clearinghouse for Science Education Newsletter 31:1-14. [PDF] [related article (PDF)] [related video lecture by A. Bratlet on the exponential function]

Bettencourt, Luís M.A. and Jasleen Kaur. 2011. "Evolution and structure of sustainability science." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(49):19540-19545.

  • A review article that concludes: "...the main themes that define the field, the concept of integrated management of human, social, and ecological systems and of the engineering and policy studies that support and enable them, are the true crosscutting subjects that unify the field...". (p. 19543)

Brklacich, Michael, Christopher R. Bryant, and Barry Smit. 1991. "Review and Appraisal of the Concept of Sustainable Food Production Systems." Environmental Management 15(1):1-14. [abstract]

Brown, Becky J., Mark E. Hanson, Diana M. Liverman, and Robert W. Merideth. 1987. "Global Sustainability: Toward Definition." Environmental Management 11(6):713-719. [PDF] [summary]

Discusses the ambiguity of the terms sustainability and sustainable development. The authors identified these common themes:

  • The continued support of human life on earth
  • Long-term maintenance of the stock of biological resources and the productivity of agricultural systems
  • Stable human populations
  • Limited growth economies
  • An emphasis on small-scale and self-reliance
  • Continued quality in the environment and ecosystems.

Cairns, John, Jr. 1997a. "Defining Goals and Conditions for a Sustainable World." Environmental Health Perspectives 105(11):1164-1170. [PDF]

  • "The presently shared paradigm is that economic growth is the cure for all of society's problems, such as poverty, overpopulation, environmental degradation, and the increasing gap between rich and poor. A paradigm shift from growth to sustainability might result either from suffering painful consequences of continuing to follow out-moded paradigms or by discussing what sort of ecosystems will be available to future generations." (p, 1164)

Cairns, John, Jr. 2002. "Do Unto the Biosphere What You Expect Others to Do: A Universal Ethos and the Carrying Capacity of a Finite Planet." Environmental Health Perspectives 110(2):A66-A69. [PDF

Cairns, John, Jr. 2002. Goals and Conditions for a Sustainable World. Inter-Research, Oldendorf/Luhe, Germany. [PDF]

Cairns, John, Jr. 2004a. "Will the Real Sustainability Concept Please Stand Up?" Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 49-52. [PDF]

  • "My choice for the primary goal of sustainability is staying within the carrying capacity of the planet for humans at an optimal (quality of life) rather than a maximum (lower quality of life) level." (p. 49)
  • "…sustainability requires a dynamic equilibrium between humankind and natural systems." (p. 49)

Caldwell, Lynton. 1984. "Political Aspects of Ecologically Sustainable Development." Environmental Conservation 11(4):299-308. [abstract]

  • "Educational efforts are necessary but insufficient to move the world into an ecologically sustainable mode of behavior. Political action that reflects moral conviction roused by scientific information will also be necessary. Safeguarding the environmental future and the biosphere requires a social commitment of a moral, quasi-religious character." (p. 299)

Carley, Michael and Ian Christie. 2001. Managing Sustainable Development, 2nd Edition. Earthscan, London.

Chichilnisky, Graciela. 1997. "What is Sustainable Development?" Land Economics 73(4):467-491. [PDF] [related video]

Clark, William C. 2007. "Sustainability Science: A Room of its Own." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(6):1737-1738. [PDF] [related video]

  • "Like 'agricultural science' and 'health science,' sustainability science is a field defined by the problems it addresses rather than by the disciplines it employs." (p. 1737)

Clark, William C., Paul J. Crutzen, and Hans J. Schellnhuber. 2005. "Science for Global Sustainability: Toward a New Paradigm." CID Working Paper #120, Center for International Development (CID), Harvard University, Cambridge.

Clark, William C., Paul J. Crutzen, and Hans Joachim Schellnhuber. 2004. "Science for Global Sustainability: Toward a New Paradigm." Pages 1-28 in H.J. Schellnhuber, P.J. Crutzen, W.C. Clark, M. Claussen, and H. Held (eds.), Earth System Analysis for Sustainability, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge. [PDF

Costanza, Robert and Bernard C. Patten. 1995. "Defining and Predicting Sustainability." Ecological Economics 15(3):193-196. [abstract] [PDF]

Dovers, Stephen and Tony Norton. 1994. "Population, Environment, and Sustainability: Reconstruction the Debate." Sustainable Development 2(1):1-7. [PDF]

Dresner, Simon. 2002. The Principles of Sustainability. Earthscan, London. [chapter 2: "From Muir to Meadows" (PDF)]

Ekins, Paul. 1989. "Beyond Growth: The Real Priorities of Sustainable Development." Environmental Conservation 16(1):5-6, 12. [introduction] [related video]

Elliott, Jennifer A. 1999. An Introduction to Sustainable Development. Routledge, London. [PDF]

Estes, Richard J. 1993. "Toward sustainable development: From theory to praxis." Social Development Issues 15(3):1-29. [PDF

Fricker, Alan. 1998. "Measuring up to Sustainability." Futures 30(4):367-375.

Gale, Richard and Sheila M. Cordray. 1991. "What Should Forests Sustain? Eight Answers." Journal of Forestry 89(5):31-37.

Gale, Richard and Sheila M. Cordray. 1994. "Making Sense of Sustainability: Nine Answers to what Should Be Sustained?" Rural Sociology 59(2):311-332. [abstract]

Gatto, M. 1995. "Sustainability: Is it a Well Defined Concept?" Ecological Applications 5(4):1181-1183. [PDF]

Gavrilescu, M. 2011. "Sustainability." Pages 905–923 in Colin Webb (ed.), Engineering Fundamentals of Biotechnology, Volume 2 in Comprehensive Biotechnology, 2nd Edition. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Glavic, Peter and Rebeka Lukman. 2007. "Review of Sustainability Terms and Their Definitions." Journal of Cleaner Production 20:1-11. 

Goodland, Robert J.A. and George Ledec. 1987. "Neoclassical Economics and Principles of Sustainable Development." Ecological Modeling 38:19-46. [abstract]

  • "Present-day neoclassical economic theory and its applications to development policy seriously overlook or undervalue major ecological concerns. The economic values of environmental services, while very real, are systematically underestimated in cost-benefit analysis because of measurement and valuation difficulties. ‘Intangible’ environmental benefits, such as those derived from the preservation of biological diversity, are recognized even less in economic analysis."

Goodwin, Neva R. 2003. "Five Kinds of Capital: Useful Concepts for Sustainable Development." Working Paper #03-07, September, Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts. [PDF]

Graaf, H.J. de, C.J.M. Musters, and W.J. Ter Keurs. 1996. "Sustainable Development: Looking For New Strategies." Ecological Economics 16:205-216. [PDF]

Harris, Jonathan M., Timothy Wise, Gallagh Kevin, Neva R. Goodwin (eds.). 2001. A Survey of Sustainable Development: Social and Economic Dimensions. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Harris, Jonathan M. 2000. "Basic Principles of Sustainable Development." GDAE Working Paper #00-04, Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts. [PDF]

  • Accepts the three pillars, but acknowledges the important role of the lack of public policies in allowing so many to suffer during the Great Depression. 

Harrison, Neil E. 2000.Constructing Sustainable Development. State University of New York Press, Albany. [summary]

Hediger, Werner. 2000. "Sustainable Development and Social Welfare." Ecological Economics 32(3):481-492.

Heinberg, Richard. 2007. "Five Axioms of Sustainability." MuseLetter #178. [related video]

Heinberg, Richard. 2010. "What Is Sustainability?" Chapter 2 in Richard einberg and Daniel Learch (eds.), The Post Carbon Reader: Managing the 21st Century’s Sustainability Crises. Watershed Media, Healdsburg, California. [PDF] [related article by Heinberg, "The Five Axioms of Sustainability"]

Heyes, Anthony G. and Catherine Liston-Heyes. 1995. "Sustainable Resource Use: The Search for Meaning." Energy Policy 23(1):1-3. [PDF]

Hofstadter, Richard. 1963. Anti-intellectualism in American life. Knopf, New York. [review]

Holdren, John P., Gretchen C. Daily, and Paul R. Ehrlich. 1995. "The Meaning of Sustainability: Biogeophysical Aspects." Pages 3-17 in M. Munasinghe and W. Shearer (eds.), Defining and Measuring Sustainability: The Biogeophysical Foundations, United Nations University and the World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Hornborg, Alf. 2003. "Cornucopia or Zero-sum Game? The Epistemology of Sustainability." Journal of World-Systems Research 9(2):205-216. [PDF]

IISD. 2012. "Sustainable Development Timeline." The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Winnipeg. [PDF]

Ikerd, John E. 2012. The Essentials of Economic Sustainability. Kumarian Press, West Hartford. [excerpt 1: “The Three Ecological Principles of Economic Sustainability” in CSR Wire] [excerpt 2: “Ethics & The Challenge of Economic Sustainability” in CSR Wire] [excerpt 3: “The Hierarchy of Economic Sustainability: Getting The Principles Right” in CSR Wire]

Jacques, Peter J. 2015. Sustainability: The Basics. Routledge, New York.

Kates, Robert W., Thomas M. Parris, and Anthony A. Leiserowitz. 2005. "What is Sustainable Development? Goals, Indicators, Values, and Practice." Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development 47(3):8-21. [PDF]

  • "...under the heading 'what is to be sustained,' the board identified three major categories—nature, life support systems, and community—as well as intermediate categories for each, such as Earth, environment, and cultures." (p.11)

Kates, Robert W., William C. Clark, Robert Corell, J. Michael Hall, Carlo C. Jaeger, Ian Lowe, James J. McCarthy, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, Bert Bolin, Nancy M. Dickson, Sylvie Faucheux, Gilberto C. Gallopin, Arnulf Grübler, Brian Huntley, Jill Jäger, Narpat S. Jodha, Roger E. Kasperson, Akin Mabogunje, Pamela Matson, Harold Mooney, Berrien Moore III, Timothy O'Riordan, and Uno Svedin. 2001. "Sustainability Science." Science 292:641-642. [PDF]  [supplementary material]

  • Summary: "Meeting fundamental human needs while preserving Earth's life support systems will require an accelerated transition toward sustainability. A new field of sustainability science is emerging that seeks to understand the fundamental character of interactions between nature and society and to encourage those interactions along more sustainable trajectories. Such an integrated, place-based science will require new research strategies and institutional innovations to enable them especially in developing countries still separated by deepening divides from mainstream science. Sustainability science needs to be widely discussed in the scientific community, reconnected to the political agenda for sustainable development, and become a major focus for research."

Kermath, Brian. 2012. "The DNA Double Helix of Sustainability." Office of Sustainability, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh.

Korten, David C. 1992. "Sustainable Development." World Policy Journal 9(1):157-190. [summary]

Korten, David C. 1996. "Sustainable Development: Conventional Versus Emergent Alternative Wisdom." Paper prepared for the Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress, by the People Centered Development Forum, New York.

Martens, Pim. 2006. "Sustainability: Science or Fiction?" Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy 2(1):36-41. [PDF

McFarlane, Donovan A. and Agueda G. Ogazon. 2011. "The challenges of sustainability education." Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 3(3):81-107. 

Meadows, Donella H. 1998. Indicators and information systems for sustainable development. The Sustainability Institute, Hartland Four Corners, Vermont. [PDF]

Miller, Morris. 1990. "Can Development be Sustainable?" Development 3/4:28-37.

Mitcham, Carl. 1995. "The Concept of Sustainable Development: Its Origins and Ambivalence." Technology in Society 17(3):311-326. [PDF]

Mitlin, Diana. 1992. "Sustainable Development: a Guide to the Literature." Environment and Urbanization 4(1):111-124. [PDF]

Molnar, Daniella, Alexis J. Morgan, and David V.J. Bell. 2001. "Defining Sustainability, Sustainable Development and Sustainable Communities." Working paper, Sustainable Toronto Project, University of Toronto, Toronto. [doc]

National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition toward Sustainability. Board on Sustainable Development, NRC. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. [Executive Summary (PDF)]

  • "…the primary goals of a transition toward sustainability over the next two generations should be to meet the needs of a much larger but stabilizing human population, to sustain the life support systems of the planet, and to substantially reduce hunger and poverty." (p. 4)

Nordhaus, William D. 1998. "Reflections on the Concept of Sustainable Economic Growth." Cowles Foundation Paper #951, Yale University, New Haven. [PDF

Orr, David W. 2002b. "Four Challenges of Sustainability." Conservation Biology 16:1457-1460. (Revised for the "Spring Seminar Series - Ecological Economics," School of Natural Resources, University of Vermont, Burlington, 2003.) [PDF] [related video]

Orr, David W. 2006. "Framing Sustainability." Conservation Biology 20:265-266. [PDF]

Parris, Thomas M. and Robert W. Kates. 2003a. "Characterizing and Measuring Sustainable Development." Annual Review of Environment and Resources 28:559-586. [PDF]

Pearce, David W. 1988. "Economics, Equity and Sustainable Development." Futures 20(6):595-602. [abstract]

Pearce, David W. and Edward Barbier. 2000. Blueprint for a Sustainable Economy. Earthscan, London.

Pezzey, John C.V. 1992b. "Sustainable Development Concepts: An Economic Analysis." World Bank Environment Paper #2. World Bank, Washington, D.C. [PDF]

Ponting, Clive. 1990. "Historical Perspectives on Sustainable Development." Environment 32(9):49, 31-33. [PDF]

Ponting, Clive. 2007. A New Green History of the World: The Environment and the Collapse of Great Civilizations. Penguin, New York.

Prugh, Thomas and Erik Assadourian. 2003. "What is Sustainability Anyway?" Worldwatch Magazine September/October:10-21.

Redclift, Michael. 1992. "The Meaning of Sustainable Development." Geoforum 25(3):395-403. [summary]

Rees, William E. 1989. "Defining sustainable development." CHS Research Bulletin, University of British Colombia, Vancouver. 

Rees, William E. 1998. "Understanding Sustainable Development." Pages 19-42 in B. Hammand and P. Muttagi (eds.), Sustainable Development and the Future of Cities, Intermediate Technology, London.

Rist, Gilbert. 2007. "Development as a buzzword." Development in Practice 17(4-5):485-491. [PDF

Sachs, Ignacy. 1979. "Ecodevelopment: A Definition." Ambio 8(2/3):113.

Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim, Paul J. Crutzen, William C. Clark, Martin Claussen, and Hermann Held. 2004. Earth System Analysis for Sustainability. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge. [Introduction (PDF)] [related paper by Schellnhuber et al. in Environment (PDF)]

Shearman, Richard. 1990. "The Meaning and Ethics of Sustainability." Environmental Management 14(1):1-8. [abstract]

Simon, David. 1989. "Sustainable Development: Theoretical Construct or Attainable Goal." Environmental Conservation 16(1):41-48. [abstract]

Sneddon, Chris, Richard B. Howarth, and Richard B. Norgaard. 2006. "Sustainable development in a post-Brundtland world." Ecological Economics 57(2):253-268.

  • "Embracing pluralism provides a way out of the ideological and epistemological straightjackets that deter more cohesive and politically effective interpretations of SD. Using pluralism as a starting point for the analysis and normative construction of sustainable development, we pay particular attention to how an amalgam of ideas from recent work in ecological economics, political ecology and the 'development as freedom' literature might advance the SD debate beyond its post-Brundtland quagmire. Enhanced levels of ecological degradation, vast inequalities in economic opportunities both within and across societies, and a fractured set of institutional arrangements for global environmental governance all represent seemingly insurmountable obstacles to a move towards sustainability. While these obstacles are significant, we suggest how they might be overcome through a reinvigorated set of notions and practices associated with sustainable development, one that explicitly examines the linkages between sustainability policies and sustainability politics." (p. 253)

Spangenberg, Joachim H. 2011. "Sustainability Science: A Review, an Analysis and some Empirical Lessons." Environmental Conservation 38(3):275-287. [PDF] [related presentation]

Springett, Delyse. 2013. "Critical Perspectives on Sustainable Development." Sustainable Development 21:73-82.

  • "...sustainable development is ... the progeny of the free market – the means by which corporations may appropriate the environmental agenda to one focused on growth and maintaining the social relations of capital."
  • "... corporations have long known that, to appropriate and manage an agenda that calls into question the basic paradigm of capitalist business, it is vital to work at institutional level, through powerful administrative coalitions between business organizations themselves and between business and government. This has not gone undetected. In the years immediately following UNCED (1992) and the exhibition of corporate power at that forum, the ability of executive cliques to appropriate and contain or subvert the agenda of sustainable development was clearly revealed (see, for example, Korten, 1995; Beder, 1997; Welford, 1997)."

Strange, Tracey and Anne Bayley. 2008. Sustainable Development: Linking economy, society, environment. OECD, Paris. [PDF]

Tisdell, Clement Allan. 1988. "Sustainable Development: Differing Perspectives of Ecologists and Economists, and Relevance to LDCs." World Development 16(3):373-384. [abstract] [PDF]

Vallance, Suzanne, Harvey C. Perkins, and Jennifer E. Dixon. 2011. "What is social sustainability? A clarification of concepts." Geoforum 42(3):342-348. 

Vanderheiden, Steve. 2008. "Two conceptions of sustainability." Political Studies 56(2):435-455. 

WCED. 1987. Report of the World Commission on Environmenta and Development: Our Common Future. United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development, Oxford University Press, London. (Chaired by Gro Brundtland, the publication also is referred to as the Brundtland Report.) [PDF] [Chapter Two with a focus on growth]

White, Mark A. 2013. "Sustainability: I know it when I see it." Ecological Economics 86:213-217.

Worster, Donald. 1993. "The Shaky Ground of Sustainability." Pages 132-145 in Wolfgang Sachs (ed.), Global Ecology: A New Arena of Political Conflict. Zed Books, London. [PDF]

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