Understanding Sustainability

Sustainability References

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Reference Search Results You searched for NPNGOs

Ahmed, S. and D.M. Potter. 2006. NGOs in International Politics. Kumarian Press, Bloomfield, Connecticut.

Bendell, Jem and David F. Murphy. 1999. Partners in Time? Business, NGOs and Sustainable Development. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva. [PDF]

  • "The analysis of Shell’s experience in Nigeria reveals the impact which co-ordinated global protest can have on corporate activities. This case suggests that enhanced dialogue and partnership may not be enough to improve the global image of the oil industry. The big oil companies confront serious limits in their ability to change fundamentally the environmentally damaging nature of their business and, in general, have failed to recognize the need for energy alternatives." (p. V)

Clark, John D. 1991. Democratizing Development: The Role of Voluntary Organizations. Kumarian Press, West Hartford.

Crutchfield, Leslie and Heather McLeod Grant. 2007. Forces for Good: The Six Practices of High-Impact Nonprofits. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco. [related article by the authors]

Grant, Heather McLeod and Leslie R. Crutchfield. 2007. "Creating High-Impact Nonprofits." Stanford Social Innovation Review Fall:32-41.

Kuck, Sarah. 2013. "Bringing Bison and Biodiversity Back to the Prairie. A Montana-based nonprofit is moving to preserve 3.5 million acres of the Great Plains." Yes Magazine 29 August.

LeBaron, Genevieve. 2013. "Green NGOs cannot take big business cash and save planet." The Guardian 1 October.

Macekura, Stephen J. 2011. "The limits of the global community: The Nixon administration and global environmental politics." Cold War History 11(4):489-518. [review (PDF)]

  • "Nixon took an unexpected turn. He talked about quality of life, social reform, and environmental issues. He explained: 

'On my recent trip to Europe I met with world leaders and private citizens alike, and I was struck by the fact that our discussions were not limited to military or political matters. More often than not our talks turned to those matters deeply relevant to our societies – the legitimate unrest of young people, the frustration of the gap between generations, the need for a new sense of idealism and purpose in coping with an automating world.' 

  • NATO, Nixon asserted, needed to address these concerns. ‘For 20 years, our nations have provided for the military defense of Western Europe. For 20 years we have held political consultations. Now the alliance of the West needs a third dimension’. Nixon proposed the creation of the ‘Committee for the Challenges of Modern Society’, which would give institutional expression to NATO’s new dimension. ‘We are not allies because we are bound by treaty’, Nixon said. ‘We bind ourselves by treaty because we are allied in meeting common purposes and common concerns." (pp. 492-493)
  • "While Nixon primarily viewed environmental issues through the lens of electoral politics, the new president and other leaders also saw environmental legislation as a way to help restore faith in political institutions in the wake of virulent domestic protests. By 1968, many groups which had protested peacefully in the early 1960s adopted a more hostile and bellicose approach suffused with threats of violence. Framed around issues such as civil rights, university politics and environmentalism, protesters criticised capitalism, the nature of government, and the effectiveness of their leaders. The rising anger over the United States’ continued war in Vietnam further stoked the flames of protest." (p. 494)

Macekura, Stephen J. 2015. Of Limits and Growth: The Rise of Global Sustainable Development in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge University Press, New York.

  • Nixon's "New Directions" in U.S. foreign aid intended to focus on development aid outcomes to bring the poorest of the poor in rural areas of the poorest countries out of poverty. (pp. 150-151)
  • "The idea of sustainable development arose from two critiques of development planning - an environmental critique and the 'the basic human needs' critique. In the postwar years, many developing nations created national development plans that often ignored environmental considerations. By the 1960s, environmentalists rallied against such plans... At the same time, countries of the Global South faced extensive poverty, poor health conditions, and fragile economies subject to the vicissitudes of global finance, trade, and aid. Amid the environmental criticism of development planning, reformers from the developing world critiqued the same plans for neglecting the basic human needs of the poor and demanded 'alternative' approaches." (pp. 220-221)
  • "By the 1980s, sustainable development became detached from its roots as a way to connect environmentalism with alternative, reformist development approaches premised on poverty eradication and community participation." (p. 222) 
  • "Thus, as many NGOs began to reconcile long-standing tensions between environmental protection and demands of social and economic justice emanating from the Global South, they lost control of the sustainability discourse as the concept became associated with a variety of different definitions having little to do with its original purpose." (pp. 222-223)

Mark, Jason. 2013. "Naomi Klein: Green groups may be more damaging than climate change deniers. The "No Logo" author explains how environmentalists may be more damaging to their cause than climate change deniers." Salon 5 September.

Pandolfi, Francis P. and Michael P. Dombeck. 2007. The Business of the Conservation Nonprofit. Social Enterprise Strategies Group, Stonington, Connecticut. 

Rachman, Gideon. 2010. "Inside the Gates Foundation." Financial Times 12 November.

Robinson, Richard D. 1981. "Background Concepts and Philosophy of International Business from World War II to the Present." Journal of International Business Studies 12:13-21. [abstract]

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