Understanding Sustainability

Sustainability References

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Reference Search Results You searched for EROEI

Arbuthnott, Katherine D. and Brett Dolter. 2013. "Escalation of commitment to fossil fuels." Ecological Economics 89:7-13.

Aucott, Michael and Charles Hall. 2014. "Does a Change in Price of Fuel Affect GDP Growth? An Examination of the U.S. Data from 1950–2013." Energies 7(10):6558-6570.

Ayres, Robert and Benjamin War. 2009. The Economic Growth Engine. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham. [related slideshare presentation]  [discussion in the Oil Drum]

Berman, Arthur. 2013. "After the Gold Rush: A Perspective on Future U.S. Natural Gas Supply and Price." The Oildrum 1 January. [related video]

Boyd, Rodger. 2013. Energy and the Financial System: What Every Economist, Financial Analyst, and Investor Needs to Know. Springer, New York.

Browne, John and Jean-Marc Ollagnier. 2013. "We Live in an Age of Energy Abundance." Forbes 7 March. [related video]

Burnham, Andrew,  Jeongwoo Han, Corrie E. Clark, Michael Wang, Jennifer B. Dunn, and Ignasi Palou-Rivera. 2012. "Life-cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Shale Gas, Natural Gas, Coal, and Petroleum." Environmental Science and Technology 46(2):619-627. [abstract] [related presentation by Burnham (PDF)]

Callarotti, Roberto C. 2013. "Fossil fuels and energy sustainability." Fifth International Symposiym on Energy. Puerto Rico Energy Center-Laccei. February 7-8, 2013, Puerto Rico. [PDF

Cleveland, Cutler J. (Lead Author) and Robert Costanza (Topic Editor). 2010. "Net Energy Analysis." In Encyclopedia of Earth. Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington, D.C. [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth July 23, 2010; Last revised Date July 23, 2010.] [related video]

Cleveland, Cutler J. (Robert Costanza topic Editor). 2008. "Biophysical Economics." In Cutler J. Cleveland (ed.), Encyclopedia of Earth, Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington, D.C. [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth September 14, 2006; Last revised November 18, 2008.]

Cleveland, Cutler J. 1992. "Energy Quality and Energy Surplus in the Extraction of Fossil Fuels in the U.S." Ecological Economics 6:139-162. [PDF]

Cleveland, Cutler J. 2004. "Net Energy from the Extraction of Oil and Gas in the United States." Energy 20:1-14. [PDF]

Cleveland, Cutler J. and Peter O’Connor. 2010. "An Assessment of the Energy Return on Investment (EROI) of Oil Shale." Western Resource Advocates, Boulder.

Cleveland, Cutler J. n.d. "Net Energy from the Extraction of Oil and Gas in the United States, 1954-1997." Working Paper #0101. Center for Energy and Environmental Studies and Department of Geography, Boston University, Boston. [PDF

Cleveland, Cutler J., Ida Kubiszewski, Peter K. Endres, and Peter Saundry. 2007. "Energy Return on Investment (EROI) for Wind Energy." In Cutler J. Cleveland (ed.) Encyclopedia of Earth. Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington, D.C. [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth June 7, 2007; Last revised Date September 10, 2011; Retrieved February 25, 2013.

Cleveland, Cutler J., Robert Costanza, Charles A.S. Hall, and R.K. Kaufmann. 1984. "Energy and the U.S. Economy: A Biophysical Perspective." Science 225(4665):890-897. [PDF]

Cleveland, Cutler J., Robert K. Kaufmann, and David I. Stern. n.d. "Aggregation and the Role of Energy in the Economy." Center for Energy and Environmental Studies and Department of Geography, Boston University, Boston, and Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Australian National University, Canberra. [PDF]

Cobb, Kurt. 2010. "Biophysical Economics: Putting Energy at the Center." Scitizen 21 January. [related video]

Cobb, Kurt. 2012. "The Oil Industry's Deceitful Promise of American Energy Independence." Scitizen 4 May. [related video]

Cohen, Dave. 2007. "Does the Peak Oil "Myth" Just Fall Down? -- Our Response to CERA." The Oil Drum 4 February. 

Dale, Alexander T., Vikas Khanna, Radisav D. Vidic, and Melissa M. Bilec. 2013. "Process Based Life-Cycle Assessment of Natural Gas from the Marcellus Shale." Environmental Science and Technology 47(10):5459-5466. [abstract] [PDF]

Davidson, Debra J., Jeffrey Andrews, and Daniel Pauly. 2014. "The effort factor: Evaluating the increasing marginal impact of resource extraction over time." Global Environmental Change 25:63-68.

  • "When efficiency efforts do not succeed, declining reserves to production ratios are presumed to induce substitution. Discussions have been especially enthusiastic of late for the application of renewable energy resources, and to a lesser extent nuclear power, as less carbon-intensive substitutes for fossil fuel. While all options for climate mitigation ought to be thoroughly considered, and we do not dispute the potential benefits of energy alternatives, all material requirements impose ecological costs. Therefore substituting one form of fuel/mineral/protein for another when one becomes depleted, in those instances in which alternative resources capable of comparable performance are available, simply substitutes one portfolio of social and ecological impacts for another. Replacing coal with nuclear power reduces CO2 emissions but raises the specter of accidents involving widespread radiation; replacing fish with soy increases pressure on agrarian lands, further motivating the use of chemical inputs to boost production. Grains on the other hand simply have no substitute. Technological innovations directed toward efficiency, moreover, as with all investments in science and technology, suffer from declining returns: big discoveries tend not to be followed by bigger discoveries, they are followed by smaller, and more expensive ones (Strumski et al., 2010). A brief case in point, Imperial Oil has brought water consumption at its Cold Lake oilsands in-situ operations down from 3.5 barrels of water per barrel of oil in 1985 to about 0.5 barrels today (CAPP, 2012). But that 0.5 threshold was achieved over twelve years ago, basically within the first few years, and further improvements have not been realized despite continued investments in efficiency technologies." (p. 67)

Duman, Ryan J. 2012. Economic Viability of Shale Gas Production in the Marcellus Shale; Indicated by Production Rates, Costs and Current Natural Gas Prices. Masters Thesis, Applied Natural Resource Economics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton. [PDF]

Gagnon, Nathan, Charles A.S. Hall, and Lysle Brinker. 2009. "A Preliminary Investigation of Energy Return on Energy Investment for Global Oil and Gas Production." Enegries 2:490-503.

Garza, Eric L. 2011. "The Energy Return on Invested of Biodiesel in Vermont." Report, 24 April, Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Vermont, Burlington. [PDF]

Georgescu-Roegen, Nicholas. 1975. "Energy and Economic Myths." Southern Economic Journal 41(3):347-381.

Goldemberg, José, Suani Teixeira Coelho, and Patricia Guardabassi. 2008. "The sustainability of ethanol production from sugarcane." Energy Policy 36:2086-2097. [PDF]

Guilford, Megan C., Charles A.S. Hall, Pete O’Connor, and Cutler J. Cleveland. 2011. "A New Long Term Assessment of Energy Return on Investment (EROI) for U.S. Oil and Gas Discovery and Production." Sustainability 3:1866-1887.

Gupta, Ajay K. and Charles A.S. Hall. 2011. "A Review of the Past and Current State of EROI Data." Sustainability 3(10):1796-1809. [full text available]

Haberl, Helmut. 2001a. "The Energetic Metabolism of Societies, Part I: Accounting Concepts." Journal of Industrial Ecology 5(1):11-33.

Haberl, Helmut. 2001b. "The Energetic Metabolism of Societies, Part II: Empirical Examples." Journal of Industrial Ecology 5(2):71-88. 

Hagens, Nathan J. 2010. "Applying Time to Energy Analysis." The Oil Drum 13 December. [related video]

Hagens, Nathan J. 2010. Towards an Applied Net Energy Framework. A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate College of the University of Vermont. [PDF]

Hagens, Nathan J. 2013. "Twenty (Important ) Concepts I Wasn't Taught in Business School - Part I." The Oil Drum 13 September.

Hagens, Nathan J. 2013. "What if the Future is Real?" Earth Week Keynote Presentation, 24 April, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. [Q&A response video]

Hagens, Nathan J., Robert Costanza, and Kenneth Mulder. 2006. "Energy Returns on Ethanol Production." Science 312:1746. [PDF]

Hall, Charles A.S, Cutler J. Cleveland and R. Kaufmann. 1986. Energy and Resource Quality: The Ecology of the Economic Process. Wiley-Interscience, New York.

Hall, Charles A.S. 2017. Energy Return on Investment: A Unifying Principle for Biology, Economics, and Sustainability. Springer, Cham, Switzerland. [chapter 1 “Investments” (PDF)] 

Hall, Charles A.S. and Cutler J. Cleveland. 1981. "Petroleum Drilling and Production in the United States: Yield per Effort and Net Energy Analysis." Science 211:576-579. [PDF

Hall, Charles A.S. and Doug Hansen (eds.). 2011. "New Studies in EROI (Energy Return on Investment)." Sustainability (Special Issue). (21 papers) [PDF]

Hall, Charles A.S. and Kent Klitgaard. 2011. Energy and the Wealth of Nations: Understanding the Biophysical Economy. Springer, New York. [review 1] [review 2 (PDF)] [webinar] [video]

Hall, Charles A.S. and John W. Day. 2009. "Revisiting the Limits to Growth After Peak Oil. In the 1970s a rising world population and the finite resources available to support it were hot topics. Interest faded—but it’s time to take another look." American Scientist 97(2):230-237. [link to full paper] [PDF] [related video]

Hall, Charles A.S., Stephen Balogh, and David J.R. Murphy. 2009. "What is the Minimum EROI that a Sustainable Society Must Have?" Energies 2:25-47. [PDF] [related video] [summary discussion in the Oil Drum]

Hammerschlag, Roel. 2006. "Ethanol’s Energy Return on Investment: A Survey of the Literature 1990-Present." Environmental Science Technology 40:1744-1750. [PDF]

Hanson, Jay. 1999. "Energetic Limits to Growth." Energy Spring. [PDF] [related video]

Hanson, Jay. 2012. "From Capitalism to Democracy: From Complexity to Simplicity."  

Hehl, Friedrich. 2013. Learning from the Past-Evaluating Forecasts for Canadian Oil Sands Production with Data. Master's Thesis, Physics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. [PDF

Heinberg, Richard. 2009. Searching for a Miracle: 'Net Energy' Limits and the Fate of Industrial Society. International Forum on Globalization and Post Carbon Institute, Sebastopol, California. [PDF] [related video]

Heinberg, Richard. 2013. Snake Oil: How Fracking’s False Promise of Plenty Imperils Our Future.  Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [brief review in Permaculture] [video lecture by Heinberg]

Heun, Matthew Kuperus and Martin de Wit. 2012. "Energy Return on (Energy) Invested (EROI), Oil Prices, and Energy Transitions." Energy Policy 40:147-158. 

Hopkins, Rob. 2008. The Transition Handbook: From Oil Dependency to Local Resilience. Chelsea Green, White River Junction, Vermont. [related video on TED Talks]

Hu, Yan, Lianyong Feng, Charles C.S. Hall, and Dong Tian. 2011. "Analysis of the Energy Return on Investment (EROI) of the Huge Daqing Oil Field in China." Sustainability 3(12):2323-2338.

Hughes, David J. 2014. Drilling Deeper: A Reality Check on U.S. Government Forecasts for a Lasting Tight Oil & Shale Gas Boom. Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [PDF]

Hughes, David J. 2016. 2016 Tight Oil Reality Check: Revisiting the U.S. Department of Energy Play-by-Play Forecasts through 2040 from Annual Energy Outlook 2016. Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [PDF]

Hughes, J. David. 2010. "Hydrocarbons in North America." Chapter 17 in Richard Heinberg and Daniel Lerch (eds.), The Post Carbon Reader: Managing the 21st Century’s Sustainability Crises. Watershed Media, Healdsburg, California. [PDF] [related slide presentation (PDF)] [related video]

Hughes, J. David. 2013. Drill, Baby, Drill: Can Unconventional Fuels Usher in a New Era of Energy Abundance? Post Carbon Institute, Santa Rosa, California. [video 1] [video 2] [slide presentation] [news story]

Inman, Mason (interviews Charles Hall). 2013. "Will Fossil Fuels Be Able to Maintain Economic Growth? A Q&A with Charles Hall. The inventor of the energy return on investment (EROI) metric argues that economic growth could soon stop—and that we need to get smart about incorporating the true cost of fuel in energy policies." Scientific American 21 March.  

Inman, Mason. 2013. "Behind the Numbers on Energy Return on Investment." Scientific American 11 April.

Jones, Glenn A. and Kevin J. Warner. 2016. "The 21st century population-energy-climate nexus." Energy Policy 93:206-212.

  • "Abstract. World population is projected to reach 10.9 billion by 2100, yet nearly one-fifth of the world's current 7.2 billion live without access to electricity. Though universal energy access is desirable, a significant reduction in fossil fuel usage is required before mid-century if global warming is to be limited to <2 °C. Here we quantify the changes in the global energy mix necessary to address population and climate change under two energy-use scenarios, finding that renewable energy production (9% in 2014) must comprise 87–94% of global energy consumption by 2100. Our study suggests >50% renewable energy needs to occur by 2028 in a <2 °C warming scenario, but not until 2054 in an unconstrained energy use scenario. Given the required rate and magnitude of this transition to renewable energy, it is unlikely that the <2 °C goal can be met. Focus should be placed on expanding renewable energy as quickly as possible in order to limit warming to 2.5–3 °C." (p. 206)

King, Carey W. and Charles A.S. Hall. 2011. "Relating Financial and Energy Return on Investment." Sustainability 3(10):1810-1832.

Klitgaard, Kent. 2013. "Heterodox Political Economy and the Degrowth Perspective." Sustainability 5(1):276-297. [related article]

Kubiszewski , Ida , Cutler J. Cleveland, and Peter K. Endres. 2010. "Meta-analysis of net energy return for wind power systems." Renewable Energy 35:218-225. [PDF]

Lambert, Jessica, Charles Hall, Steve Balogh, Alex Poisson, and Ajay Gupta. 2012. "EROI of Global Energy Resources: Preliminary Status and Trends." DFID, 59717, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York. [PDF]

Liska, Adam J., Haishun S. Yang, Virgil R. Bremer, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Daniel T. Walters, Galen E. Erickson, and Kenneth G. Cassman. 2009. "Improvements in Life Cycle Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Corn-Ethanol." Journal of Industrial Ecology 13(1):58-74. [PDF] [see comments]

Mearns, Euan. 2011. "Peak Oil - Now or Later? A Response to Daniel Yergin." The Oil Drum 22 September. [related video]

Moore, Jason W. 2007. On the Origins of Our Ecological Crisis. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Geography, University of California, Berkeley. [PDF]  

Moore, Jason W. 2014. "Cheap Food & Bad Climate: From Surplus Value to Negative-Value in the Capitalist World-Ecology." Essay, Department of Sociology and Fernand Braudel Center, Binghamton University. [PDF] [related podcast interview

Moore, Jason W. 2014. "The End of Cheap Nature. Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying about “The” Environment and Love the Crisis of Capitalism." Essay, Department of Sociology and Fernand Braudel Center, Binghamton University. [PDF] [related podcast interview

Mulder, Kenneth and Nathan J. Hagens. 2008. "Energy Return on Investment: Toward a Consistent Framework." Ambio 37:74-79. [PDF]

Mulder, Kenneth, Nathan J. Hagens, and Brendan Fisher. 2010. "Burning Water: A Comparative Analysis of the Energy Return on Water Invested." Ambio 39(1):30-39. [PDF]

Murphy, David J. and Charles A.S. Hall. 2010. "Year in Review – EROI or Energy Return on (Energy) Invested." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1185:102-118.

Murphy, David J., Charles A.S. Hall, and Bobby Powers. 2011. "New Perspectives on the Energy Return on (Energy) Investment (EROI) of Corn Ethanol." Environment, Development and Sustainability 13(1):179-202. [PDF]

Murphy, David J., Charles A.S. Hall, Michael Dale, and Cutler Cleveland. 2011. "Order from Chaos: A Preliminary Protocol for Determining the EROI of Fuels." Sustainability 3(10):1888-1907.

Nelder, Chris. 2012. "The U.S. Will not Actually Produce more Oil than Saudi Arabia in 2020." Slate 30 November. [related blog by Nelder] [related video]

Nelder, Chris. 2013. "Oil majors are whistling past the graveyard." SmartPlanet 20 March. 

Nelder, Chris. 2013b. "Peak oil isn’t dead; it just smells that way." SmartPlanet 24 July. [related interview with Nelder in the Washington Post]

Nelder, Chris. 2013c. "Trouble in fracking paradise." SmartPlanet 7 August. 

Odum, Howard T. 1974. "The Plowboy Papers: Energy, Ecology and Economics." Mother Earth News 27( May/June).

Palmer, Graham. 2014. "Solar, peak oil and net energy. Solar and renewables are being touted as the energy sources of the future, but will they provide enough power relative to the energy that must be invested in them? Engineer Graham Palmer argues there’s no easy solution to the fact that we’re running out of fossil fuels." Ockham’s Razor 21 July.

Pimentel, David and Tad W. Patzek. 2005. "Ethanol Production Using Corn, Switchgrass, and Wood; Biodiesel Production Using Soybean and Sunflower." Natural Resources Research 14(1):65-76. [abstract] [PDF]

Pimentel, David. 2003. "Ethanol Fuels: Energy Balance, Economics and Environmental Impacts Are Negative." Natural Resources Research 12(2):127-134. [PDF]

Prieto, Pedro A. and Charles A. S. Hall. 2013. Spain's Photovoltaic Revolution: The Energy Return on Investment. Springer, New York. [summary]

Rapier, Robert. 2012. Power Plays: Energy Options in the Age of Peak Oil. Springer-Verlag, New York. [author interview (video)]

Reijnders, L., Mark A.J. Huijbregts, and M.A.J. Huijbregts. 2009. Biofuels for Road Transport: A Seed to Wheel Perspective. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. [Chapter 2: "Energy Balance: Cumulative Fossil Fuel Demand and Solar Energy Conversion Efficiency of Transport Biofuels" (PDF)]

Rhodes, Chris. 2012. "'Peak Oil' is Nonsense… Because there’s Enough Gas to Last 250 Years." Scitizen 12 December.  

Schmer, M.R., K.P. Vogel, R.B. Mitchell, and R.K. Perrin. 2008. "Net Energy of Cellulosic Ethanol from Switchgrass." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105(2):464-469.

Sell, Bryan, David Murphy, and Charles A.S. Hall. 2011. "Energy Return on Energy Invested for Tight Gas Wells in the Appalachian Basin, United States of America." Sustainability 3:1986-2008. 

Shapouri, Hosein, M. Salassi, and J.N. Fairbanks. 2006. "The Economic Feasibility of Ethanol Production from Sugar in the United States." USDA Report, July, USDA, Washington, D.C. [PDF]

Stafford, James. 2012. "Shale Gas Will be the Next Bubble to Pop - An Interview with Arthur Berman." oilprice.com 12 November.

von Blottnitz, Harro and Mary Ann Curran. 2007. "A Review of Assessments Conducted on Bio-ethanol as a Transportation Fuel from a Net Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Environmental Life Cycle Perspective." Journal of Cleaner Production 15:607-619. [PDF]

Weber, Christopher L. and Christopher Clavin. 2012. "Life Cycle Carbon Footprint of Shale Gas: Review of Evidence and Implications." Environmental Science and Technology 46(11):5688-5695. [PDF]

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