Understanding Sustainability

Sustainability References

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Reference Search Results You searched for

Soule, E. Michael. 1991. “Conservation: Tactics for a Constant Crisis”. Science 253(5021): 744-750. [PDF]

Soule, Judith D. and Jon K. Piper. 1992. Farming in Nature's Image: An Ecological Approach to Agriculture. Island Press, Washington, D.C. [review]

Soulé, Michael E. 1985. "What is Conservation Biology?" BioScience 35(11):727-734. [PDF] [related discussion of the emergence of Conservation Biology in the United States]

Soulé, Michael E. 1986. Conservation Biology: The Science of Scarcity and Diversity. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Soulé, Michael E. 1990. "The Onslaught of Alien Species, and other Challenges in the Coming Decades." Conservation Biology 4:233-239. [abstract]

Soulé, Michael E. and Bruce A. Wilcox (eds.). 1980. Conservation Biology: An Evolutionary-Ecological Perspective. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Sovacool, Benjamin K. and Marilyn A. Brown (eds.). 2007. Energy and American Society: Thirteen Myths. Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands

Spangenberg, Joachim H. 2005. "Economic Sustainability of the Economy: Concepts and Indicators." International Journal of Sustainable Development 8(1/2):47-64. [PDF]

Spangenberg, Joachim H. 2011. "Sustainability Science: A Review, an Analysis and some Empirical Lessons." Environmental Conservation 38(3):275-287. [PDF] [related presentation]

Spangenberg, Joachim H. 2013a. "Development without Growth without Regret." Presentation at the Deutsche Welle Global Media Forum, 17 June, Auftakt.

  • "Of course efficiency, circular economy, and renewable resources offer a potential reduction [of resource consumption]: Maybe by a factor of 4 to 5, i.e. exactly what 3% growth will eliminate within 50 years." (slide 28)
  • Note: Global economic growth has averaged about 3% per annum since 1975 (World Bank) and is expected to rise to 3.6% in 2018 (IMF 2017). Also, although a high rate of reduction may be theoretically possible, it is unlikely that such a reduction would ever occur, so the return to present levels of consumption would likely to be within far fewer years than 50.

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