Biology

Information

Information

S. Cooper, T. Kostman, Co-Chairpersons

Department Office: Halsey Science Center 142
Department Telephone: (920) 424-1102

Code 26 or BIOLOGY

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Faculty

Faculty

Adler
McDermott
Bentivenga
Michalski
Cooper
Merriman
Dilkes
Mueller-Spitz
Dorn
Pillsbury
Kallas
Rainboth
Kostman
Shors
Matson
Stelzer
Wise
 

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Degrees

Degrees

  • Undergraduate: A major in Biology, Microbiology, Environmental Health, or Radiologic Science can lead to the degree(s): Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Science; Bachelor of Science in Education.

  • Graduate: The department offers a Master's of Science in either Biology or Microbiology. For specifics, please see the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Graduate Bulletin.

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Summary of Fields of Study

Summary of Fields of Study

  1. Goal(s)

    • See the department for a listing of their goal(s).

  2. The Major(s)

    • The Department offers four majors. These are: 1) Biology, 2) Environmental Health, 3) Microbiology, 4) Radiologic Science.

      • Students must choose an emphasis within the Biology major. These are:

        a) Liberal Arts,

        b) Secondary Education,

        c) Cell/Molecular Professional,

        d) Ecology and Organismal Biology,

        e) Healthcare-Science,

        f) Healthcare-Business.

      • Students wishing broad training in Biology should select the Liberal Arts emphasis.

  3. The Minor(s)

    • The Department offers two minors: 1) Biology, 2) Microbiology.

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Admission/Graduation Requirements

Admission/Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for graduation, students must meet all requirements for the degree being sought in addition to earning a minimum grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the Biology, Environmental Health,  Microbiology and Radiologic Science majors and the Biology or Microbiology minor. Students seeking Wisconsin teacher certification must earn a minimum grade point average of 3.00 in all courses required for their majors and minors in order to meet requirements of the College of Education and Human Services.

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Required Core Courses

Required Core Courses

For Biology Major only:

    • Biology

      • Biology 105 Biological Concepts-Unity 4 cr. OR Biology 108 Honors: Concepts in Biology-Unity 5 cr.

      • Biology 323 Introduction Molecular and Cell Biology 3 cr.

      • Biology 343 Genetics 4 cr.

      • Biology 491 Senior Survey 0 cr.

    • Chemistry

      • Chemistry 105 General Chemistry I

      • Chemistry 106 General Chemistry II

    • Mathematics As specified for College of Letters and Science (COLS) requirements for degree: (Unless specified otherwise, under emphasis.)

      • B.S. - either Math 171, Calculus I, or higher, statistics, computer science or symbolic logic

      • B.A. - no additional math requirement

      • B.S.E. - College Algebra, Math 104

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The Major(s), with Emphases and/or Options

The Major(s), with Emphases and/or Options

1. Biology Major

A. Liberal Arts Emphasis
Recommended for students seeking a broad, general-purpose background in biology.

      • Required units (crs.): 48 minimum
      • Other Requirements: In addition to the Core Courses:
        • Biology 230
        • Biology 231
        • Biology 349
        • One of the following Courses: Biology 319, 345, 450.
      • Electives: Additional units (crs.) (11 or more units (crs.)) from: 300-/400 level Biology courses.  Note:  Biology 333 may be used as an elective if it is not used to meet a requirement for a major, minor or licensure program in the College of Education and Human Services.

Note: Chemistry 101 and 102 may be substituted for Chemistry 105 and 106.  Chemistry 101 and 102 are a terminal sequence and never substitute for Chemistry 105 and 106 should additional chemistry be desired.

B. Secondary Education Emphasis
Recommended for students who plan to enter the Secondary Education Program in preparation for teaching high school Biology.

      • Required Units (crs.): 45 minimum

      • Other Requirements: In addition to the Core Courses:

        • Biology 211

        • Biology 212

        • Biology 230

        • Biology 231

        • Biology 349

        • Biology 351

      • Electives: Additional units (crs.)  (4 or more units (crs.)) from: 300-/400 level Biology courses.

C. Cell/Molecular Professional Emphasis
Recommended for students who wish to prepare for careers in cell or molecular biology, genetics, physiology, biochemistry, biotechnology or many other biological and biomedical sciences. This emphasis is good preparation for graduate school in these fields.

      • Required Units (crs.): 57 minimum
      • Other Requirements: In addition to the Core Courses:

        • Biology: 230 and 231 or 106

        • Biology 319 or 345 or 450

        • Biology 349 or 351

        • Biology 372

        • Biology 374 or 390

        • Biology 350, or 375 and 377, or 389 and 390, or 374 (if not used in above requirement)

        • Chemistry 234, 235, 303, 334, 335

      • Electives: At least two courses from these courses (if not used to fill preceding requirement):
        • Biology 306, 309, 315, 316, 321, 337, 350, 354, 375, 377, 389, 390
        • Chemistry 315

D. Ecology and Organismal Biology Emphasis
Recommended for students who have a special interest in ecology and/or organismal biology and who seek to learn more about evolutionary and conservation biology.

      • Required Units (crs.): 60 minimum
      • Other Requirements: In addition to the Core Courses:
        • Biology 230
        • Biology 231
        • Biology 349
        • Biology 319 or 345 or 450
        • Biology 325
        • Two courses from the following: Biology 326, 376, 386
        • Math 171 or Math 201 or Psychology 203 or Geography 385
      • Electives: 14 units (crs.) from these courses (if not used to fill preceding requirement):
        • Biology 300, 304, 308, 316, 318, 321, 326, 327, 328, 330, 332, 335, 336, 338, 354, 355, 358, 367, 376, 386.
        • Environmental Studies 314

E. Healthcare-Science Emphasis
Recommended for students seeking a rigorous undergraduate program in the biological and social sciences related to Healthcare, particularly if graduate education is desired. The Honors version of any course may be substituted. 

      • Required Units (crs.): 63 minimum
      • Other Requirements: In addition to the Core Courses:
        • Biology 211 or 308
        • Biology 233 or 309
        • Biology 319
        • Chemistry 234 and 235, 334 and 335, 303
      • Electives: 10 units (crs.) from these courses (if not used to fill preceding requirement):
        • Biology 300, 301, 303, 306, 308, 310,312, 313, 315, 316, 321, 338, 339, 341, 344, 354, 372, 374, 389, 390, 446 (must be Healthcare related), 450.
      • One course from the following list may be counted towards the 10 credits of electives, provided that its prerequisites are met:
        • Chemistry 304, 315
        • Kinesiology 280, 350
        • Physical Education 375
        • Psychology 367, 383, 384, 456

    F. Healthcare-Business Emphasis
    Recommended for students seeking a broad background in the biological sciences related to Healthcare, combined with business essentials. The Honors version of any course may be substituted. 

        • Required Units (crs.): 72 minimum
        • Other Requirements: In addition to the Core Courses:

          • Biology 211 or 308

          • Biology 212 or 319

          • Biology 233 or 309

          • Biology 349

          • Business 198, 206, 207, 311, 351, 361; plus any two of the following courses: Business 320, 331, 341, 371; Economics 204. Note: A maximum of 6 Business credits per semester are allowed.

          • Chemistry 101 and 102 (with a grade of B or better in both courses), or Chemistry 105 and 106, (Note: Chemistry 101 and 102 are a terminal sequence and never substitutes for Chemistry 105 and 106 should additional Chemistry be desired)

        • Electives: 10 units (crs.) from these courses (if not used to fill preceding requirement):
          • Biology 300 (must be Healthcare-related), 301 (must be Healthcare-related), 303, 306, 308, 309, 310, 312, 313, 315, 316, 321, 338, 339, 341, 344, 354, 372, 374, 389, 390, 446 (must be Healthcare-related), 450.
        • One course from the following list may be counted toward the 10 credits of electives, provided its prerequisites are met:
          • Kinesiology 280, 350
          • Physical Education 375
          • Psychology 367, 383, 384, 455

    2. Environmental Health Major

    This major is recommended for students who are interested in human health and the interaction of the human population with biological, chemical, and physical hazards.  Environmental Health is a professional degree involved with protection of public health from hazards found in the built and external environments.

        • Required Units (crs.): 56 minimum
        • Required Courses:
          • Biology: Biology 105 or 108, 113, 300 or 301 or 302, 303, 309, 312, 323, 338, 339, 445, 491.
          • Chemistry: Chemistry 105, 106, 234, 235, 334, 335
          • Physics: Physics 107 or 109
          • Math: Math 201 or any statistics course that meets the COLS BS math requirement.
            • Public Administration: Public Admin 221, 307 or 366
          • Electives: One course from at least two different areas (6 crs.)
            • Air Quality and Control: Engineering 201
            • Built Environment: Urban Planning 317
            • GIS: Geography 391
            • Hydrogeology: Geology 365
            • Soils: Geography 304
            • Solid and Hazardous Waste: Engineering 203
            • Water and Wastewater: Geography 364 or Engineering 202
            • Vector Control: Biology 332, 354
          • Recommended Courses:
            • Math: Math 171
            • Economics: Economics 204, 206, 360. 

       

        3. Microbiology Major

        Recommended for students who wish to prepare for careers in microbiology, biotechnology and allied health areas, for graduate study in Microbiology, Biochemistry and many other biological and biomedical sciences.

              • Required Units (crs.): 69 minimum
              • Required Courses:

                • Biology: Biology 105 or 108; Biology 106, 323, 327, 491

              • Other Required Courses: (26 units (crs.) minimum)
                • Chemistry: 21 units (crs.) from the following: Chemistry 105; Chemistry 106, 234, 235, 303, 334, 335
                • Mathematics: one term of calculus or higher
                • Physics: Physics/Astronomy 107 or 109
              • Additional Required Courses: (18 - 19 units (crs.))

                • Biology: Biology 309, 341, 375, 450, one of the following: Biology 313, 374, 377, 390

              • Electives: (7 or 8 units (crs.)) from the following: Biology 303, 312, 313, 315, 321, 338, 339, 343, 349, 354, 389, or the following if not used to fulfill requirement above: Biology 374, 377, 390.

           

          4. Radiologic Science Major

          This major is for students desiring a career performing medical imaging using x-rays.  The student earns the Registered Radiologic Technology (RT(R)) credential alongside the BS degree.  The degree program involves 2-3 years of study at the UW Oshkosh campus, which includes earning the Associate of Arts & Science degree, followed by competitive admission to a 2-year program of study at an affiliated hospital.  A passing score on the national exam for the profession completes the BS degree requirements.

              • Required Units (crs.): A minimum of 60 credits in residence at UW Oshkosh; 60 credits from clinical training.
              • Required Courses:
                • Biology: Biology 105 or 108; 211, 212; 
                  • Chemistry: Chemistry 101, 102; or Chemistry 105 and 106 or Physics 107 and 108;
                  • Kinesiology:  Kinesiology 170.
                  • Math: Math 104 and 106; or Math 108;
                  • Math: Math 201 or 301, or Economics 210, or Criminal Justice 281, or Geography 385, or Psychology 203 or 341, or Sociology 281.
                  • Psychology: Psychology 101 or equivalent.
                • Other Requirements: Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) credential.

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              The Minor(s)

              The Minor(s)

              1. Biology Minor

                Recommended for students who are interested in Biology. This minor can be pursued by students in any college of the University.

                • Required Units (crs.): 24 minimum

                • Required Courses:

                  • Biology: Biology 105, 230, 231, 323, 349

                • Electives: (6 or more credits) 300 level classes from the offerings of the Department of Biology:

                • Note: Electives used to fulfill a Biology Minor may not be counted toward a Microbiology major or minor. Education majors are required to take an environmental/ecology course to meet DPI requirements. Biology 349 meets this requirement for Biology Education Majors.

              2. Microbiology Minor

                Recommended for students who are majoring in Biology, Chemistry, Medical Technology or other allied health fields.

                • Required Units (crs.): 23 minimum

                • Required Courses:

                  • Biology: Biology 105 or 108, 309, 323

                • Electives: (11 credits to include at least one lab-only course) from the following:

                  • Biology: 312, 315, 321, 327, 339, 341, 343, 350, 354, 375, 389, 450.

                  • Biology Labs Only: 313, 374, 377, 390.

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              Course Offering(s)

              Course Offering(s)

              Biology     61

               

              RT Continuing Registration

              This course serves as a placeholder (in lieu of full or part-time registration) for Radiologic Science majors who have completed all required University-based courses for the Associate's and Bachelor's degree by the end of the Fall semester prior to their beginning study at hospital-based school of radiography. Enrollment in this course provides continuing registration, substitutes for a Spring Leave of Absence, and avoids re-application when the hospital program is begun the very next Fall. Pass/Fail Spring only. May not be repeated.

               

               

              Biology    104

               

              Ecosphere in Crisis (NS)(XL)

              Treats humans as biological organisms that interact with the living and nonliving world.  Emphasis is given to how humans affect, and are affected by, their environment.  Topics covered include basic ecology, global change, renewable and nonrenewable energy sources, air and water quality, and biological diversity.  Special course fees will be charged to cover the cost of transportation during local field trips. Special fees may apply. (3+3) (Fall/Spring)

               

               

              Biology    105

               

              Biological Concepts - Unity (NS)(XL)

              An introduction to the biological sciences. Addresses phenomena common to a diversity of life forms. Biological organization, cell biology, processing energy, genetics, evolution. (3+2) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    106

               

              Biological Concepts - Diversity (NS)(XL)

              A non-majors course examining the diversity of life on Earth, including bacteria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals.  A central theme in the class is evolution as a process driving diversity.  Emphasis is placed on how these organisms impact humans, and the role of humans in the ecosystem.  A section on human biology is included.  Laboratory exercises involve observation of specimens to illustrate in this diversity. Prerequisite: Biology 105. (3+2) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    108

               

              Honors: Concepts in Biology - Unity (NS)(XL)

              An introduction to molecular, cellular and ecological aspects of biology, and how they relate to current societal issues.  Emphasis on scientific method, fundamental cellular processes, and formation and maintenance of biological populations. This course is designed for students who have had experience in biology and chemistry in high school.  Majors and non-majors welcome.  Prerequisites: Enrolled in good standing with The Honors College with prior or concurrent enrollment in HNRS 175.  Students cannot earn credit in both an honors course and a non-honors course of the same title. Special fees may apply. (3+1+3) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    113

               

              Environmental Health Orientation

              This is an introductory course to the field of Environmental Health that addresses foundation areas of this science. The topics addressed in this course are to expand the students' understanding of aspects of risk (e.g. assessment, communication, analysis and management) through introductions to air quality, food protection, occupational health, vectorborne disease, and water quality. This course also will examine current topics relevant to environmental health, employment opportunities, and the roles and responsibilities of environmental health professionals (Registered Sanitarians) in society. Students are encouraged to take this course as early as possible in their academic programs. Students with 90 or more credits must obtain department consent to enroll. (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    117

               

              The Right and Wrong of Healthcare Science (XS)(SS)

              The average American trusts that ethical scientific reasoning is faithfully applied during the cradle-to-grave, life -or-death decision making of health care. Yet critics complain that "bad science" (BS) all too often betrays that trust, wasting money and risking lives. It takes years for doctors to learn their craft, so what can the average American possibly do? A lot, as it turns out. This class helps you develop your own critical thinking "BS meter" by examining claims about dietary supplements, alternative medicine, prescription drugs, and more. These claims affect communities ranging from doctor and patient, to surgical team, to global modern medicine; so you'll learn to take multiple perspectives on a problem. You'll gain experience recognizing good ideas, and coming up with your own. Just enough biology will be taught for understanding arguments and evidence. By acquiring civic knowledge that applies to healthcare, you'll better understand how to ethically pursue a better quality of life in your community.

               

               

              Biology    211

               

              Human Anatomy (NS)(XL)

              A study of the fundamental structure and organization of the organs and systems of the human body. Prerequisite: "C" or better in Biology 105 or equivalent. (If you have AP credit for Biology 105, please see your Advisor). (2+2) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    212

               

              Human Physiology (NS)(XL)

              Structure/function relationships of the healthy human body, on the molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ-system levels. Prerequisite: Biology 211 or 323 with a grade of C or better. (3+2) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    230

               

              Biology of Animals (NS)(XL)

              An introductory, phylogenetic study of the Animal Kingdom considering anatomy, evolution and life histories of major groups. Prerequisite: Biology 105. (3+3) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    231

               

              Biology of Plants and Microbes (NS)(XL)

              The biology of plants, fungi, and microorganisms traditionally studied by botanists, with an emphasis on plants. Topics to be covered include taxonomy, evolution, ecology, physiology, and life history traits. The impact of these organisms on human affairs will be stressed. Prerequisite: Biology 105.  (2+4) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    233

               

              Microbial Survey (NS)(XL)

              A survey of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and some algae, fungi, and invertebrates. Emphasis will be placed upon the health care applications of microbiology and transmission of infectious disease agents. Laboratory will focus on standard microbiologic techniques used in the allied health fields. This course is designed for those students interested in allied health fields, including biology, nursing and medical technology majors. Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in Biology 105. (3+2) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    250

               

              Medical Mycology (NS)

              The laboratory identification of fungal human pathogens. (Primarily for medical technologists.) (1+2) (Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    260

               

              Environment and Living Systems

              A study of environmental issues from a biological perspective, focusing on the scientific bases for: 1) physical, chemical, and biological influences on living organisms; 2) contacts between natural and perturbed ecosystems; and 3) historical, current, and predicted effects of human activities on local, regional and global scales. Credit cannot be received for both Biology 260 and Environmental Studies 260. Prerequisite: Biology 104 or Biology 105 or permission of instructor. (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    300

               

              Internship in Biology

              An internship experience with a cooperating organization or corporation to gain on-the-job learning. Internships may be arranged at any time, but most that provide salary are available only in summer. Prerequisite: Student must arrange for a specific internship with the Internship Director before registering for the course. May be taken more than once for credit for up to a total of six credits. A maximum of six credits from Biology 300 and/or 301 can be counted towards a degree in Biology or Microbiology.

               

               

              Biology    301

               

              Internship in Microbiology

              An internship experience with a cooperating organization or corporation to gain on-the-job learning. Internship may be arranged at any time, but most that provide salary are available only in summer. Prerequisite: Student must arrange for a specific internship with the Internship director before registering for the course. May be taken more than once for credit for up to a total of six credits. No more than six credits from Biology 300 and/or 301 can be counted towards a degree in Biology or Microbiology.

               

               

              Biology    302

               

              Internship in Environmental Health

              An internship experience with a cooperative organization or corporation to gain on-the-job learning. Internships may be arranged at any time, but most that provide salary are available only in summer. The student will work with cooperating agencies such as regional or state health departments, federal agencies, or private enterprises. Prerequisites: Students must arrange for a specific internship with the Internship Director or EH Coordinator before registering for the course.

               

               

              Biology    303

               

              Epidemiology

              This course will investigate the study of epidemiology as it relates to the practice of public health. This course covers application of epidemiologic procedures to the understanding of the occurrence and control of conditions such as infections and chronic diseases, mental disorders, community and environmental health hazards, accidents and geriatric problems. Prerequisites: Biology 105 or consent of instructor. (3+0) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    304

               

              Plant Taxonomy (NS)

              Introduction to the theory and principles underlying systematic botany, and to the methodologies of plant classification and nomenclature. Survey of major families of flowering plants emphasizing structure and diversity.  Prerequisite: One term of general biology. Special fees may apply. (2+2) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    306

               

              Neurobiology

              Study of the nervous system and its regulatory role in the body.  Underlying physics and chemistry; molecular and cellular principles; development and plasticity; motor control; rhythms and emotions; evolution and diversity. Prerequisites:  Biology 105 or equivalent.   (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    308

               

              Comparative Anatomy (NS)

              A comparative study of representative vertebrates.  Prerequisite: One term of general biology. 308/508 (3+4) (Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    309

               

              Bacteriology (NS)

              The course covers basic concepts of microbiology, through chemical and physiological properties, genetics, evolution, and diseases caused by microbes and the microbial activities beneficial to human. Laboratory covers standard microbiological experiments and isolation and identification of bacteria. Prerequisite: Biology 105 and one year of general chemistry.  (3+4) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    310

               

              Biology of Gender

              Evolution, genetics, development, anatomy, and physiology of gender in humans and other animals. Gender diversity including intersex and transgender. Roles of gender in reproductive and social behavior. Using biology in evidence-based critical thinking about related sociopolitical issues such as endocrine disruptors, defining deviancy, gender-based medicine, and sexual reassignment of infants and adults. Cross-listed: Biology 310/Women's and Gender Studies 310. Students may receive credit for only one of the cross-listed courses. Prerequisites: Biology 105 and either Biology 211 (preferred) or Biology 230 or Biology 308, or instructor's permission. (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    311

               

              Human Anatomy

               

               

               

              Biology    311

               

              Animal Behavior

              An introduction to the behavior mechanisms of invertebrate and vertebrate animals emphasizing a naturalistic point of view. Prerequisite: Biology 340 or 343. (2+2) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    312

               

              Medical Bacteriology (Lecture)

              Bacterial pathogens and their relationships to diseases; prevention and control of infectious diseases. Prerequisite: Biology 309 and Biology 341. (2+0) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    313

               

              Medical Bacteriology (Laboratory) (NS)

              Isolation study, identification and laboratory handling of pathogenic bacteria. Prerequisite: Biology 309 and 341, concurrent enrollment in Biology 312. 313/513 (0+2) (Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    314

               

              Principles of Wildlife Management

              This course is designed to help students bridge the gap between academic experience and advances into the wildlife profession. The course will apply population and community ecology to the management and conservation of wild populations. Cross-listed: Environmental Studies 314/Biology 314. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses. Prerequisites: Environmental Studies 260 and Biology 349 or consent of instructor. Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    315

               

              Human Anatomy

               

               

               

              Biology    315

               

              Virology

              Principles of animal and human molecular virology. Topics include replication, expression, pathogenesis, methods of diagnosis and detection, current uses of viruses in gene therapy and vaccine applications, viruses and cancer and other diseases, persistent infections, and emerging viruses. Prerequisite: Biology 323 or consent of instructor. (3+0) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    316

               

              Developmental Biology

              Developmental Biology will first examine, at a morphological level, different strategies of embryonic development in diverse organisms, and then study molecular cues that cells use to migrate, differentiate and eventually form a normal organism. Prerequisite: Biology 323 or equivalent. Recommended: Biology 343. (3+0)  (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    318

               

              Wildlife Behavior and Conservation

              This course is designed to teach the fundamental theory of behavioral ecology and then apply that theory to wildlife conservation. We will examine how environments shape organisms' lives and what that means for our efforts to manage and conserve species. The specific course objectives are to 1) gain a rigorous biological foundation in behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and related topics in order to understand how environments shape behavior; 2) provide a forum for discussion of current issues in conservation biology; 3) develop a framework for applying behavior ecological theory to wildlife conservation. Cross-listed: Biology 318/Environmental Studies 318. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses. Prerequisites: Biology 105 or Biology 260/Environmental Studies 260 or consent of instructor. (3+0)

               

               

              Biology    319

               

              General Animal Physiology (NS)

              Structure/function relationships common to a variety of animal body plans on the molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ-system levels. Prerequisite: One year of chemistry; Biology 323. Biology 230 strongly recommended. (3+1+3) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    321

               

              Mycology (NS)

              A study of the fungi: characteristics, physiology, habits and laboratory identification of molds, yeasts, mushrooms and related organisms. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. Special fees may apply. (2+2) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    322

               

              Mushroom Identification

              The collection and identification of mushrooms and other fleshy fungi. Prerequisite: Concurrent or prior enrollment in Biology 321/521. (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    323

               

              Molecular and Cell Biology

              This course covers the fundamental elements of molecular and cellular biology, including some current research techniques. Molecular biology covers structure, function and biosynthesis of DNA, RNA and proteins as well as regulation of gene expression. Cell biology examines cellular structures and how they accomplish replication, metabolism and response to the environment. Prerequisites: Biology 323; Biology 105 (or equivalent); Chemistry 105 (or equivalent); and previous or concurrent enrollment in Chemistry 106; or equivalent. Biology 535: One year of college-level chemistry. (3+0) (Fall/Spring)

               

               

              Biology    325

               

              Field Ecology (NS)

              An introductory field ecology course that will cover comparative, experimental and theoretical approaches to basic and applied questions in ecology. Field and laboratory exercises will treat various levels of organization including populations, communities and ecosystems. Studies will be carried out in a variety of local aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Students will gain firsthand experience with modern sampling and analytical techniques in ecology. Prerequisite: Biology 105 and Biology 349/549 (may be taken concurrently). Special fees may apply. (0+1+3) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    326

               

              Introductory Limnology (NS)

              The physical, chemical and biological character of lakes and streams. Methods of field measurements, collection and analysis of water samples. Investigation of aquatic communities. Prerequisites: One term of general biology, one year of general chemistry, and consent of instructor. Special fees may apply. (2+2) (Fall, odd years)

               

               

              Biology    327

               

              Microbial Ecology & Diversity

              A broad overview of the physiological, phylogenetic and genomic diversity and ecology of microorganisms within a framework of general ecological principles. Focuses on evolutionary pressures leading to microbial diversity, biogeochemical cycles, symbiotic relationship, microbial relationships with other living organisms, metabolic pathways, and biotransformation of novel compounds. Prerequisites: Biology 231 or Biology 233 or Biology 309 or consent of instructor. (3+0) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    328

               

              Ornithology (NS)

              An introduction to the systematic, evolution, anatomy, behavior, and ecology of birds of the world. Field Trips.  Prerequisite: Biology 230. (2+3) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    330

               

              Ichthyology (NS)

              The biology of fishes including functional anatomy, evolution, taxonomy, ecology, physiology, behavior and development. Field trips required. Prerequisite: Biology 230 and one year of general chemistry with laboratory. (2+3) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    332

               

              Entomology (NS)

              An introduction to the study of insects. Principles of biology, ecology and classification are emphasized.  Elements of morphology, physiology, and collection and preservation techniques are included. Field trips. General collection of insects (assembled during the term) is required. Prerequisite: One term of general biology and Biology 230. (2+3) (Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    333

               

              Teaching Science I: Using the Nature of Science in the Classroom

              This course draws a parallel between the nature of science and teaching science through science inquiry. Students will study evidence-based reasoning and critical thinking in the discipline of science and learn to apply those concepts to classroom-based inquiry. Students will develop an understanding of what counts as learning and what counts as knowledge in the different fields of science with special emphasis on the biological sciences. Students will also study the parallel between historical examples of paradigm shifts in science and individual learning using the theory of evolution as an exemplar. Prerequisites: Admission to licensure of education majors, or the consent of the instructor for non-education majors.

               

               

              Biology    335

               

              Systematic Biology

              A study of the principles of taxonomy, nomenclature, classification and systematics incorporating the most recent approaches to derivation and application of hierarchical classification systems. Quantitative methods, their underlying assumptions, and their logical outcomes will be stressed. Prerequisite: Two terms of biology, including a survey course. (2+2) (Fall, even years)

               

               

              Biology    336

               

              Fresh Water Algae (NS)

              Classification, biochemistry, physiology and ecology of fresh water algae. Emphasis on the roles algae play in aquatic ecosystems and on applications in environmental monitoring, aquaculture, and as experimental systems for basic research in photosynthesis. Prerequisite: Biology 231, 233 or 309. (2+2) (Fall, even years)

               

               

              Biology    337

               

              Plant Anatomy (NS)

              Structural aspects of cells, tissues, and organs comprising the plant body, their functional role in the ecology and life history of the plant, and their relationship to human affairs. Special fees may apply. (Spring, even years)

               

               

              Biology    338

               

              Environmental Toxicology

              Provides studies with an appreciation and understanding of the principles of environmental toxicology and chemistry including the sources, fate, and effects of chemicals in the environment. Emphasis is on contemporary problems in human health and the environment. Prerequisite: Biology 105 or consent of instructor. (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    339

               

              Public Health and Food Microbiology (NS)

              A study of microorganisms and microbial processes important to a variety of public health applications: special reference to food, water, wastewater, and environmental processes and their applications. Prerequisite: Biology 233 or 309. (3+0) (Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    341

               

              Immunology

              Principles of immunology, with emphasis on the cellular and molecular basis of immune function, including clinical aspects of host immune processes. Areas of immunology currently under investigation will also be examined.  Prerequisite: Biology 323 or consent of instructor. Strongly recommended: Biology 233 or 309. (3+0) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    343

               

              Genetics - Lecture and Laboratory (NS)

              A study of inheritance and variation at the molecular, cellular, organismic and population levels.  Prerequisite:  Biology 323. (3+2) (Fall/Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    344

               

              Introduction to Hematology

              An introduction to the basic techniques used in the chemical and microscopic examination of blood. Morphology of blood cells is emphasized. (Primarily for Medical Technologists) As a part of this course, students will be instructed in universal precautions for handling blood and body fluids consistent with U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines.  Prerequisite: Biology 341 and consent of instructor. (2+2) (Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    345

               

              Plant Physiology (NS)

              An experimental study of plant growth, metabolism, nutrition, reproduction and response to environment.  Prerequisite: One term of general biology, one year of general chemistry and Biology 231.  (3+4) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    349

               

              Ecology and Evolution

              Basic principles which influence and govern the plant and animal relations with their environments. An explanation of the distribution, abundance, and specialization of the present-day organisms, and of extinction. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. (3+0) (Fall/Spring)

               

               

              Biology    350

               

              Electron Microscopy (NS)

              Electron Microscopy is an intensive, hands-on course covering the practices, procedures and operational theories of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Topics covered include specimen preparation, ultramicrotomy, microscope design and microscope function. The laboratory provides experience with all techniques necessary to prepare, observe, and photograph biological specimens on the SEM and TEM. Special fees may apply. (1+3) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    351

               

              Evolution

              The record of evolution and the mechanism of evolutionary processes.  Prerequisite: One term of general biology. (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    354

               

              Parasitology (NS)

              A look at the most common mode of life on earth.  Emphasis will be placed on parasites of medical and veterinary importance.  Topics will include life histories, identification and diagnosis, parasitic diseases, host-parasite interactions and parasite evolution. Prerequisite: One term of general biology and Biology 230. (2+2) (Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    355

               

              Field Parasitology

              Field Parasitology (Biology 355) is an intensive 2-week course taught at the Pigeon Lake Field Station during mid to late summer. In this course we will study parasite population and community structure, life cycles, and taxonomy. The course is designed to provide students with a broad exposure to the methods of collection, preservation and identification of parasites; data collection and analysis, and presentation of results as well as the ecology of infectious organisms. Each student will do an independent research project, and compile and present their findings during an in-class scientific program. This course emphasizes invertebrate zoology and involves fieldwork, lecture, specimen labs and readings. Prerequisite: Biology 105 or equivalent. (Summer)

               

               

              Biology    358

               

              Freshwater Invertebrates

              In this course benthic organisms and zooplankton will be studied. Sampling techniques for different situations will be used. Data will be analyzed using several diverse techniques. The role of benthos and zooplankton in aquatic systems will be examined. Prerequisite: An introductory biology course and consent of instructor. (0+4) (Spring Interim, odd years)

               

               

              Biology    360

               

              Special Topics in Biology

              A biology course on a topic not covered in the department's curriculum. This course may be repeated with different content. Each time it is offered, the topic will be announced in the class schedule. Prerequisites: Biology 105 and consent of instructor.

               

               

              Biology    367

               

              Field Ornithology

              Field-oriented course intended to provide the practical "hands-on" experience essential to students interested in field biology. Field studies will emphasize identification and natural history of local avian species using a variety of field techniques. In addition to fieldwork, the course will involve lecture, specimen labs, and readings to examine important aspects of systematics, anatomy, physiology, behavior, ecology, and conservation as they apply to birds. Special fees may apply. (Summer).

               

               

              Biology    372

               

              Medical and Environmental Applications of Cell Biology and Genetics

              Theme-based course that discusses the principles and techniques of cell biology and genetics and how they apply to a variety of medical issues as well as other societal topics such as the molecular basis of drug addiction, cancer, aging and long term memory as well as the application of molecular techniques to species conservation, evolution and environmental influences on humans and other species. Papers from the literature will be read. Prerequisites: Biology 323 or equivalent or permission of the instructor. (3+0) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    373

               

              Biology Field Trip

              Formal library and classroom study of an area of interest followed by field study of that area. Site of study will change from year to year and could include Florida Everglades and Keys, Gulf Coast, Desert Southwest, etc. A final examination will follow the trip. See instructor for special course fees. May be taken more than once for credit but only two (2) units (crs.) will apply toward the major or minor at the undergraduate level or MS Biology degree. To receive credit, student must be enrolled at beginning of term. (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    374

               

              Cell/Immunology Laboratory (NS)

              Laboratory course integrating principles of cell biology and immunology. Techniques employed include, but are not limited to western blotting, SDS-PAGE, PCR and applications, ELISAs, tissue culture, and microscopy. Course is designed for students interested in molecular methods and who aim to do research or gain jobs in fields of cell and molecular biology, microbiology, medicine and medical technology.  Prerequisites: Previous or concurrent enrollment in Biology 341 or 372. Special fees may apply. (0+4) (Fall).

               

               

              Biology    375

               

              Microbial Genetics

              Structure of microbial genome, mutation, expression and exchange of genetic information, genetic analysis, genetic engineering. Prerequisite: Biology 309 or Biology 323. (3+0) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    376

               

              Population and Community Ecology (NS)

              An introduction to the study of populations and communities. Examines population-level phenomena (e.g., density, demography, reproduction) and population-level interactions within biological communities (e.g., competition, predation, parasitism). Labs involve discussions of papers from the literature, data analysis, and computer simulations. Prerequisite: Biology 349 or consent of instructor. Special fees may apply. (2+3) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    377

               

              Microbial Genetics Laboratory (NS)

              A laboratory course on investigation, manipulation, and engineering of microbial genes, genomes, and thus microbes. Experiments include mutagenesis, transposable elements, classical and molecular analysis of genes, gene transfer, gene expression, strain construction, and bioinformatics used to investigate problems in diverse areas of biology and medicine. Part of the semester is devoted to unique mini-projects that students may design.  Prerequisite: Biology 309 or 323. Special fees may apply. (0+4) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    386

               

              Ecosystems Ecology (NS)

              An introduction to the study of ecosystems with an emphasis on biogeochemical cycles, energy budgets, and other emergent properties.  Laboratory will focus on comparative and experimental approaches to the study of local ecosystems (streams, lakes, wetlands, forests). Students will acquire hands-on experience with techniques used by ecosystem ecologists such as nutrient analysis of streamwater, determination of ecosystem metabolism, and analysis of forest and wetland soils.  Prerequisite:  Biology 349 or consent of instructor. Special fees may apply. (2+2) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    389

               

              Principles of Biotechnology

              A lecture and discussion course on the discovery, modification, production, and purification of bio-products for applications in research, industry, and medicine. Topics include bio-product discovery, genetic engineering, genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, cell culture, bioreactors, biomass conversions, solar energy capture, product purification strategies, transgenic microbes, algae, animals, and plants and bioinformatics. Prerequisite: Biology 309 or 323. (3+0) (Spring)

               

               

              Biology    390

               

              Biotechnology Laboratory (NS)

              A laboratory course that complements the lecture course Biology and Microbiology 389/589 in biotechnology. Students will gain hands-on experience in some of the principles of cell culture, product isolation and purification, and molecular genetic manipulation of genes that are basic to many areas of this broad and rapidly changing field. Exercises are planned in cell culture, computer analysis of cell culture parameters, protein isolation and purification, gene cloning and nucleic acid probe techniques, DNA sequencing, and computer analysis of DNA and protein sequences. If taken at the undergraduate level, the course may not be repeated for graduate credit. Prerequisite: Biology 309 or 323. (0+4) (Spring) Special fees may apply.

               

               

              Biology    404

               

              RT Block I

              This RT Block Course is the first in a series for students who have completed the requisite in-residence Radiologic Science major course work at UW Oshkosh and have been accepted into a JRCERT- accredited School of Radiology/Radiography/Radiologic Technology. It consists of course work in Introduction to Radiography, Anatomy & Physiology, Radiographic Positioning, Radiographic Principles, Patient Care and Clinical Education. Prerequisites: Completion of the UW Oshkosh "in residence portion" of the UW Oshkosh Radiologic Technology major and admission into a JRCERT-accredited School of Radiology/Radiography/Radiologic Technology, and permission of instructor.

               

               

              Biology    405

               

              RT Block II

              This RT Block Course is the second in a series for students who have completed the requisite in-residence Radiologic Science major course work at UW Oshkosh, have been accepted into a JRCERT-accredited School of Radiology/Radiography Radiologic Technology, and have successfully completed RT Block I. It consists of course work in Anatomy & Physiology, Radiographic Positioning, Radiographic Principles, Radiographic Physics, Film Critique, Patient Care and Clinical Education. Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology 404.

               

               

              Biology    406

               

              RT Block III

              This RT Block Course is the third in a series for students who have completed the requisite in-residence Radiologic Science major course work at UW Oshkosh, have been accepted into a JRCERT-accredited School of Radiology/Radiography Radiologic Technology, and have successfully completed Biology 405.  It consists of course work in Anatomy & Physiology, Radiographic Positioning, Radiographic Principles, Film Critique, Patient Care and Clinical Education. Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology 405.

               

               

              Biology    407

               

              RT Block IV

              This RT Block Course is the fourth in a series for students who have completed the requisite in-residence Radiologic science major course work at UW Oshkosh, have been accepted into a JRCERT-accredited School of Radiology/Radiography/Radiologic Technology, and successfully completed Biology 406. It consists of course work in Anatomy & Physiology, Radiographic Positioning, Radiation Protection, Film Critique, Patient Care and Clinical Education. Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology 406.

               

               

              Biology    408

               

              RT Block V

              This RT Block Course is the fifth in a series for students who have completed the requisite in-residence Radiologic Science major course work at UW Oshkosh, have been accepted into a JRCERT-accredited School of Radiology/Radiography/Radiologic Technology, and have successfully completed Biology 407. It consists of course work in Imaging Equipment, Anatomy & Physiology, Radiographic Positioning, Radiation Biology, Pathology, Film Critique and Clinical Education. Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology 407.

               

               

              Biology    409

               

              RT Block VI

              This TR Block Course is the sixth in a series for students who have completed the requisite in-residence Radiologic Science major course work at UW Oshkosh, have been accepted into a JRCERT-accredited School of Radiology/Radiography/Radiologic Technology, and have successfully completed Biology 408. It consists of course work in Anatomy & Physiology, Radiographic Positioning, Radiographic Principles, Film Critique, Patient Care and Clinical Education. Prerequisite: Successful Completion of Biology 408.

               

               

              Biology    410

               

              RT Registry Exam Completion

              This RT Block Course is the culminating experience for students in the Radiologic Science major. It consists of taking the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) Registry Exam which is required for licensure to practice in Wisconsin and most other states. A passing grade on the Registry exam is 75% or greater. Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology 409.

               

               

              Biology    415

               

              Seminar

              Oral presentation of scientific papers, research, or selected topic which require a study and use of literature. Prerequisite: Senior in Biology.  (1+0)

               

               

              Biology    445

               

              Topics in Environmental Health

              This course will investigate and discuss in detail contemporary issues in environmental public health. Subject material and faculty will rotate. Course may be repeated for a total of 6 credits, although only three credits will count towards the Environmental Health Major, and the same topic may not be repeated. Topics include, but are not limited to Environmental Analytical Methods, Emerging Diseases, Environmental Law or Policy, Inspection of Food Establishments, Recreational Environmental Health, Water Resource Evaluation, etc. Prerequisites: Biology 105, Chemistry 105, and consent of instructor/Environmental Health Coordinator. (Fall/Spring)

               

               

              Biology    446

               

              Independent Study

              See Independent Study under Course and Academic Advisement Policies Information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements May be taken more than once for credit. A maximum of six credits from Biology 446 and/or Biology 456 can be counted towards a degree in Biology or Microbiology. (Fall/Spring)

               

               

              Biology    450

               

              Microbial Physiology (NS)

              Physiological and metabolic processes of bacteria with emphasis on growth, nutrition, synthesis of cellular constituents and energy yielding processes. Prerequisite: Biology 309. Strongly recommended: Chemistry 305. Special fees may apply. (3+4) (Fall)

               

               

              Biology    456

               

              Related Readings

              See Related Readings under Course and Academic Advisement Policies Information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements. A maximum of six credits from Biology 446 and/or Biology 456 can be counted towards a degree in Biology or Microbiology. (Fall/Spring)

               

               

              Biology    474

               

              Honors Thesis

              Honors thesis projects include any advanced independent endeavor in the student's major field of study Proposals (attached to Independent Study Contract) must show clear promise of honors level work and be approved by a faculty sponsor. Course title for transcript will be "Honors Thesis." Completed projects will be announced and presented to interested students and faculty. Prerequisite: The Honors College and junior standing. Maximum of 6 units (crs.) (Fall/Spring)

               

               

              Biology    491

               

              Senior Survey

              Senior students, during their last semester, will take a general assessment exam and fill out a survey to express their opinion of the biology program.  Tests/surveys will be taken in the Testing Center at the student's convenience, (but during normal Testing Center hours). Completion of the survey and a minimum score of 30% correct on the exam are required to pass the course and to graduate. Exam may be retaken the same semester. Pass/Fail (Fall/Spring)

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