UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN OSHKOSH

GEOLOGY



William N. Mode, Chairperson
Department Office: Harrington Hall 215
Department Telephone: 920-424-4460

Code 51 or GEOLOGY

I. FACULTY

Hiatt, Hudak, Lehrmann, Mode, Muldoon, Paulsen, Suszek, Wenner

II. DEGREES

Undergraduate: A major in Geology can lead to the degree(s): Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science; A major in Secondary Earth Science Education can lead to the degree: Bachelor of Science in Education.

Graduate: The Department does not offer a graduate degree program.

III. SUMMARY OF FIELDS OF STUDY

1. GOAL(S)
See the department for a listing of their goal(s).

2. THE MAJOR
The Department offers 2 majors: 1) Geology, 2) Secondary Earth Science Education.
The Department offers a choice of 3 emphases within the Geology Major: 1) Professional Emphasis in Geology, 2) Professional Emphasis in Hydrogeology, 3) Liberal Arts Emphasis in Geology.

Students pursuing double majors may wish to formulate an individually planned program and should consult with the Department Chairperson.

3. THE MINOR(S)
The Department offers 2 minors: 1) Geology, 2) Secondary Earth Science Education.

IV. ADMISSION/GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

To be eligible for graduation, students must meet all requirements for the degree being sought in addition to earning a minimum grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the Geology major or minor.

Those students seeking Wisconsin teacher certification must earn a minimum grade point average of 3.00 in all courses required for their majors and minors in order to meet requirements of the College of Education and Human Services.

V. REQUIRED CORE COURSES

Geology
One of the following three courses:
  • Geology 102 Physical Geology 4 cr.
  • Geology 110 Honors: Geology 5 cr.
  • Geology 150 Environmental Geology 4 cr.
  • (exception: Secondary Earth Science majors must take Geology 150)
Followed by these three courses:
  • Geology 109 Evolution of the Earth 4 cr.
  • Geology 205 Mineralogy 4 cr.
  • Geology 206 Lithology 4 cr.

Prerequisites: Note that Chemistry, Chemistry 105 or Chemistry 109, must be taken before or concurrently with Mineralogy, Geology 205, and that the Chemistry courses have Math prerequisites.

Comment:
Students who elect Geology Emphasis A or B are expected to take a substantial number of courses in mathematics and other sciences, as specified below.

VI. THE MAJOR(S), WITH EMPHASES AND/OR OPTIONS


1.GEOLOGY MAJOR(S)

A. Professional Emphasis in Geology
Recommended for students who plan graduate studies in geology or who will ultimately seek professional employment as a geologist. This emphasis stresses courses traditionally included in an undergraduate major in geology.

Required Units (crs.): 41 minimum (Required courses in departments other than Geology are not included in the minimum).

Required Courses: In addition to the Core Courses:
  • Geology: Geology 302, 309, 314, 326 or 369, 331; and 6 units (crs.) from this list: Geology 307, 308, 311, 320, 322, 326 or 369, 365.
  • Chemistry: Chemistry 105 and Chemistry 106 or Chemistry 109.
  • Mathematics: Mathematics 171 and 172.
  • Physics: Physics/Astronomy 107 and 108; or Physics/Astronomy 109* and 110*.
  • Computer Science:  Computer Science 115 or 141 or 142 or 221.
*Recommended course sequence

Other Requirements: 6 units (crs.) of field geology taught in a summer field course that has been pre-approved by the Geology Department. Please consult with the Geology Department Chair during the fall term if you are planning to take a field geology course other than Geology 344.

Electives: For students who wish to take additional courses beyond the minimum requirement, these studies are recommended:
  • Biology: Biology 105 or 107, Biology 230 or 231.
  • Chemistry: Chemistry 221.
  • Mathematics: Mathematics 201 or 301.

B. Professional Emphasis in Hydrogeology
Recommended for students who plan graduate studies in Hydrogeology, Environmental Science, Environmental Geology or Water Resources Management programs. Also suitable for students who will seek immediate employment in one of these fields.

Required Units (crs.): 41 minimum (Required courses in departments other than Geology are not included in the minimum.)

Required Courses: In addition to the Core Courses:
  • Geology: Geology 302, 314, 320 or 335, 326 or 369, 331, 365, 366.
  • Chemistry: Chemistry 105 and 106; or Chemistry 109 or 110.
  • Mathematics: Mathematics 171 and 172.
  • Physics: Physics/Astronomy 107 and 108; or Physics/Astronomy 109* and 110*.
  • Computer Science: Computer Science 115 or 141 or 142 or 221.
*Recommended course sequence

Other Requirements: 6 units (crs.) of field geology taught in a summer field course that has been pre-approved by the Geology Department. Please consult with the Geology Department Chair during the fall term if you are planning to take a field geology course other than Geology 344.

Electives: For students who wish to expand their background by taking additional courses in related topics offered by another department, these studies are recommended:
  • Economics: Economics 206, 207, 355.
  • Mathematics: Mathematics 201, 273, 371.
  • Biology: Biology 105, Biology 106, Biology 233.
  • Chemistry: Chemistry 221, 235, 320, 347.

C. Liberal Arts Emphasis in Geology
Recommended for students who want a general, non-professional liberal arts education and are pursuing either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree.

Required Units (crs.): 34 minimum (Required courses in departments other than Geology are not included in the minimum)

Required Courses: In addition to the Core Courses:
  • Chemistry/Physics: Two semesters of one or the other;
  • A 3 unit (cr.) writing emphasis course in Geology.

Electives: Sufficient courses from the Department's offerings to meet the Minimum Requirement.

2. SECONDARY EARTH SCIENCE EDUCATION MAJOR
Recommended for students who are in Education and wish to teach Earth Science at the junior or senior high school level.

Required Units (crs.): 38 minimum (Required courses in departments other than Geology are not included in the minimum except for Astronomy (Physics/Astronomy 103) and Geography (Geography 342 or 335)).

Required Courses: In addition to the Core Courses:
  • Geology: Geology 309, 320 or 335, 328, 344.
  • Astronomy: Physics/Astronomy 103.
  • Geography: Geography 342 or 335.
  • Mathematics: Mathematics 108 or 104.

Other Requirements: Two semesters of Biology, Chemistry or Physics.

Prerequisites: Note that Geology 331 is a prerequisite for Geology 344.

VII. MINOR(S)


1.GEOLOGY MINOR

Required Units (crs.): 22 minimum in Geology

Required Courses:
  • Geology: Geology 102 or 110 or 150; 109.

Electives: Sufficient courses from the Department's offerings to meet the Minimum Requirement.


2.SECONDARY EARTH SCIENCE EDUCATION MINOR

Required Unit (cr.): 32 minimum

Required Courses:
  • Geology: Geology 150, 109, 205, 206, 309, 320 or 335, 328.
  • Physics: Physics/Astronomy 103.
  • Geography: Geography 335 or 342.

VIII. COURSE OFFERINGS

Geology 102 1-4 units (crs.)
Physical Geology (NS)
The nature and origin of rocks and the study of geological processes such as erosion, earthquakes, mountain building and plate tectonics. Laboratories illustrate geological methods of scientific inquiry by studies of minerals, rocks, rock deformation, topographic and geologic maps, and by a field trip. Students may receive credit for only one of the following courses: Geology 102, 110 or 150. (3+2) (Fall-Spring)

Geology 109 4 units (crs.)
Evolution of the Earth (NS)
Evolution of the Earth with emphasis on plate tectonic concepts and the geologic history of North America. History of life as revealed in the geologic record. A field trip to the Devil's Lake area is required. Satisfies general education requirements in laboratory science. Prerequisite: Geology 102, 110 or 150. (3+2) (Fall-Spring)

Geology 110 5 units (crs.)
Honors: Geology (NS)
This course provides the scientific foundation to understand how the earth works and why geologic events occur when and where they do. It is divided into three areas of study. The first considers the materials which make up the earth and the processes that produce them. These materials include the common minerals and rocks of the earth as well as the scarce ones that are so important for our economy. Next, a thorough treatment of internal earth processes provides the foundation for understanding the large-scale motions and upheavals of the earth including continental drift, the formation of mountains, eruption of volcanoes, and the origin of earthquakes. The third part of the course studies the surface processes that wear down the mountains and sculptures our landscape into varied and interesting configurations we see today. The laboratory provides hands-on experience with the three aspects of geology and introduces the student to geological methods of scientific inquiry. A field trip is part of the laboratory class. Prerequisite: University Honors program. Students may receive credit for only one of the following courses: Geology 102, 110 or 150. (4+2) (Spring)

Geology 140 1 unit (cr.)
Introduction to Geologic Field Methods
Introduction to principles and techniques for observing, describing, and interpreting geological features in the field. Prerequisite or concurrent enrollment: Geology 102, 110 or 150. (Spring)

Geology 150 1-4 units (crs.)
Environmental Geology (NS)
The physical environment and human interaction with it. Emphasis on earth processes which affect humans, such as rivers, erosion, groundwater, landslides, and earthquakes. Includes a laboratory with study of rocks and minerals, soils, water quality, maps, hydroprocesses, and a local field trip. Course is recommended for non-majors. Students may receive credit for only one of the following courses: Geology 102, 110, or 150. (3+2) (Fall-Spring)

Geology 205 4 units (crs.)
Mineralogy
Crystallography and crystal chemistry of the major groups of minerals. Mineral associations, alteration, and economic importance. Laboratory work consists of mineral identification using physical and chemical properties and mineral associations. Field trips may be taken to selected areas to illustrate principles taught in the course. Prerequisite: Geology 102, 110 or 150; and Chemistry 105 or 109 (may be taken concurrently). (3+3) (Fall)

Geology 206 1-4 units (crs.)
Lithology
Genesis and classification of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks; principles of magmatic differentiation and sedimentary and metamorphic facies. Laboratory work with hand specimens of rocks and minerals. Field trips may be taken to selected areas to illustrate principles taught in the course. Prerequisite: Geology 205. (3+3) (Spring)

Geology 302 1 unit (cr.)
Seminar in Geology
Readings and discussion of geological literature. Required oral and written presentation. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. (Fall)

Geology 306 1 unit (cr.)
X-Ray Mineralogy
Principles of x-ray diffraction and application to mineral studies using powder methods. Prerequisite: Geology 205. 306/506 (0+2) (Fall-odd years)

Geology 307 3 units (crs.)
Optical Mineralogy
Theory and practice of mineral identification using the petrographic microscope. Prerequisite: Geology 206. 307/507 (2+3) (Fall-even years)

Geology 308 3 units (crs.)
Petrology
The character and origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory examination of thin sections of igneous and metamorophic rocks with a petrographic microscope. Prerequisite: Geology 307. 308/508 (2+3) (Spring-odd years)

Geology 309 3 units (crs.)
Paleontology
Morphology, classification, nomenclature, and stratigraphic distribution of fossil invertebrates. Prerequisite: Geology 109. (2+2) (Fall)

Geology 311 3 units (crs.)
Stratigraphy
Interpretation of stratified rocks. Prerequisite: Geology 206. 311/511 (2+2) (Spring-even years)

Geology 314 3 units (crs.)
Sedimentology
Analysis and interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Prerequisite: Geology 206. 314/514 (2+3) (Fall)

Geology 315 1 unit (cr.)
Sedimentary Petrology
Description, classification and interpretation of sedimentary rocks in hand specimen and thin section. Prerequisite: Geology 307 and 314. 315/515 (0+3) (Spring-odd years)

Geology 320 3 units (crs.)
Geomorphology
Fundamentals of surficial geology and landscape form and process. Laboratory work includes study of topographic maps, geologic maps, and air photos which are representative of major physiographic provinces in the United States. A field trip is required. Prerequisite: Geology 109. (2+2) (Fall-even years)

Geology 322 3 units (crs.)
Mineral Deposits
Principles that govern the accumulation of the metallic ores. Consideration of the geology of individual ore deposits. Field trips to several mining areas in the Lake Superior region may be required. Prerequisite: Geology 206. 322/522 (Spring-even years)

Geology 326 3 units (crs.)
Geophysics
Application of principles and practices of physics to the solution of problems related to the solid earth. Principles of geophysical methods, and the interpretation of earth structure and other geologic problems from geophysical information. Laboratory use of certain geophysical instruments, field trips, and problems involving the reduction and interpretation of geophysical data. Prerequisite: Mathematics 108, Physics and Astronomy 110 or 108, Geology 102, 110 or 150. Strongly recommended: Geology 331. 326/526 (2+3) (Spring-even years)

Geology 328 3 units (crs.)
Oceanography
Basic phenomena and conditions of the oceans, development of the science of oceanography, structure of the ocean basins, chemistry and physics of sea water, circulation of oceans, life in the sea and the deposits on the floor of the sea. Prerequisite: Eight units (crs.) of lab science. 328/528 (Spring)

Geology 331 3 units (crs.)
Structural Geology
The structure of the earth including theories of mountain formation and evidence of crustal deformation: folds, faults, cleavage, lineation. Laboratory exercise in practical field problems. Field trip required. Prerequisite: Geology 102, 110 or 150, Mathematics 104 or 108. Strongly recommended: Geology 206. 331/531 (2+2) (Spring)

Geology 335 3 units (crs.)
Glacial Geology
The origin, movement, and decay of glaciers; landforms developed by glaciers; the glacial succession and associated environmental changes, and the economic aspects of glaciation. A field trip is required. Prerequisite: Geology 102, 110 or 150. 335/535 (2+2) (Fall-odd years)

Geology 342 2 units (crs.)
Applied Geologic Field Methods
Principles and techniques of acquiring and interpreting geological and geophysical field data. Includes geologic mapping using base maps, aerial photographs, plane table surveys, and pace-and-compass surveys; geophysical surveys with portable instruments. A field trip and a final written report are required. Prerequisite: Geology 206 (concurrent enrollment). Strongly recommended: Geology 140 (concurrent enrollment). (1+3) (Spring-odd years)

Geology 344 6 units (crs.)
Field Geology
Application of the theories and methods of field geology in the mountains of the western United States. Provides practical experience and instruction in geologic mapping and field analysis of geologic structures and sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rock assemblages. Geology 344 meets for six weeks during the summer. Prerequisite: Geology 206, 331 and consent of instructor. Strongly recommended: Geology 309 and 311. Contact instructor for application materials and information regarding special course fees.

Geology 355 3 units (crs.)
Geology of Wisconsin
The Precambrian, Paleozoic and Pleistocene history of Wisconsin and surrounding area, emphasizing the nature and chronology of geological processes which have formed the rocks. Field trips to selected areas illustrate a variety of geological features. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 355/555 (As scheduled)

Geology 360 1-3 units (crs.)
Spring Field Trip
Formal classroom study of an area of geologic interest followed by field study of the area. Study areas change from year to year, but have included the Florida reef tract, coastal North Carolina, the Catskills, the Grand Canyon, the Guadalupe Mountains, Big Bend National Park, the Gulf Coast, and central Coahuila, Mexico. A final examination follows the trip. May be taken for credit more than once. Special sections may be arranged to accommodate students with differing backgrounds in geology. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Contact instructor for information regarding special course fees. (1+2) (Spring)

Geology 361 1 unit (cr.)
Lake Superior Trip
Field trips to selected areas of the Lake Superior region to examine and study various aspects of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, and structural features that relate to the tectonic history of the region. Glacial features will also be studied. See instructor for special course fees. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. May be taken for credit more than once. (As scheduled)

Geology 365 3 units (crs.)
Hydrogeology
The nature, distribution and circulation of fresh water. Major topics include elements of the hydrologic cycle, surface water hydrology, principles of ground water flow, and geologic setting of groundwater supplies. Emphasis upon human interaction with the hydrologic environment. Laboratory exercises stress mathematical and graphical methods of analysis of hydrologic data. A field trip may be required. Prerequisite: Computer Science 115; Geology 150 or 102 or 110; Mathematics 108; or consent of instructor. 365/565 (2+2) (Fall)

Geology 366 3 units (crs.)
Ground Water Hydrology
The occurrence, nature and movement of ground water studied from both theoretical and practical viewpoints. Ground water resources, hydrogeochemistry, groundwater resource management and techniques of modeling ground water flow. Environmental applications are stressed. Prerequisite: Geology 365, Mathematics 171 and Chemistry 106. 366/566 (2+2) (Spring-even years)

Geology 369 3 units (crs.)
Geochemistry
Qualitative and quantitative study of geologically important elements and their distribution in crustal environments. Chemical bonding, solution equilibria, chemical weathering, pH-Eh diagrams and their relevance to base metal deposits, and organic geochemistry. Prerequisite: Geology 102, 110 or 150, and Chemistry 106. (Spring-odd years)

Geology 398 1-3 units (crs.)
Geology Workshop
A workshop on special topics of interest to teachers. This course may be repeated for credit with different topics. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 398/598 (As scheduled)

Geology 399 3 units (crs.)
Geology of Wisconsin - Field Course
A multi-institutional, team-taught field trip throughout Wisconsin. The trip will provide an opportunity to study some of the exposures on which the geological history of Wisconsin has been interpreted. Undergraduates will take three exams; graduates will take the exams and do small mapping projects. Prerequisite: Geology 206 and consent of instructor. See instructor for special course fees. 399/599 (0+6) (As scheduled)

Geology 444 1-3 units (crs.)
Research in Geology
A student will work collaboratively with a professor on a research project, which may be field- or laboratory-based or both. This is an opportunity for a student to learn how to initiate, pursue, and complete a geologic research study. Geology students are encouraged to take this course because it will prepare them for graduate work or geological employment. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor.

Geology 445 1-3 units (crs.)
Geology Internship
Application of geologic training to business/government job environment. Student will be supervised on the job by geotechnical professional. Internships can be arranged any
term. The number of units (crs.) to be received and the grading criteria will be agreed upon in advance with the faculty member who is the on-campus supervisor. Course may be repeated for up to a total of three units (crs.). Prerequisite: Geology 206 and consent of department chair.

Geology 446 1-3 units (crs.)
Independent Study
See Independent Study under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements.

Geology 456 1-3 units (crs.)
Related Readings
See Related Readings under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements.

Geology 460 1-3 units (crs.)
Topics in Geology
The study of selected topics in geology. Topics may be of current interest or may expand on material covered in other courses. The topic will be announced in the timetable when the course is offered. The course may be repeated for credit only if the content is different. Prerequisite: Geology 206, consent of instructor, and a GPA in Geology of 3.0 or higher. 460/660

Geology 474 1-6 units (crs.)
Honors: Thesis
Honors thesis projects include any advanced independent endeavor in the student's major field of study, e.g., a written thesis, scientific experiment or research project, or creative arts exhibit or production. Proposals (attached to Independent Study contract) must show clear promise of honors level work and be approved by a faculty sponsor. Course title for transcript will be ‘Honors Thesis.' Completed projects will be announced and presented to interested students and faculty. Prerequisite: University Honors status and junior standing. Maximum of 6
units (crs.).
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Last Updated July 1, 2001