UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN OSHKOSH

NURSING



Merritt Knox, Dean
Office: Nursing/Education 148
Telephone: 920-424-3089

Rosemary Smith, Director Graduate Program
Office: Nursing/Education 148E
Telephone: 920-424-2106

Stephanie Stewart, Director
Undergraduate Program
Office: Nursing/Education 148F
Telephone: 920-424-1028

Jaya Jambunathan, Coordinator Continuing Education and Outreach
Office: Nursing/Education 420
Telephone: 920-424-7232

Jaya Jambunathan, Research Director
Office: Nursing/Education 144
Telephone: 920-424-1274

Rebecca Cleveland, Student Services Coordinator
Office: Nursing/Education 41
Telephone: 920-424-2127

Dawn Pope, Health Place Coordinator
Office: Nursing/Education 20
Telephone: 920-424-1242

Code 74 or NURSING

I. FACULTY

Brophy, Cleveland, Conley, DeDee, Dempsey, Ernst, Gentile, Herring, Huebscher, Jambunathan, Kapke, Knier, Knox, Lapp, Lynch, Marnocha, McHugh, Moss, Plach, Pope, Riese, Russell, Scalise, Smith, Stewart, Tauber, Trunk, Van Dongen, Wurzbach, Zachman

PHILOSOPHY/MISSION
The College of Nursing is an integral part of the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh and derives its purpose from the mission and goals of the university. Faculty of the College of Nursing support the mission of the university by striving toward excellence in teaching, participation in research and scholarly activities, and providing service to the community. The College of Nursing faculty believe:

Each individual has inherent worth and uniqueness, the capacity to change, and the autonomy to make decisions at every stage of life. Learning, health behaviors, and the health status of individuals and groups are influenced by interconnections with others, perceptions of life experiences, and adaptations during life processes, and effects from the environment. Each individual has the right to information so that informed choices about health can be made. Therefore, an important function of professional nurses is to provide information, culturally competent and sensitive care enabling diversity of people to promote, maintain, or restore health and practice risk-reduction behaviors. To this end, the professional values of altruism, autonomy, human dignity, integrity and social justice demonstrate ethical behaviors in the provision of safe, humanistic health care with all individuals.

Health is a dynamic state and a process of obtaining physical, psychological, social and spiritual well-being. Well-being is defined as congruence between one’s possibilities and one’s actual practices and meanings derived from lived experiences. Well-being is based on caring and being cared for. Therefore, the central concept of health concerns an expression of the life processes of wholeness.

Environment refers to both internal and external factors. Internal factors consist of the physical, psychological, social and mental characteristics of the individual or group. External factors include the sociocultural, economic, political, physical, legal, ethical, and organizational characteristics of the global community as a whole. The health care system is also an integral part of the environment and influences the health status and health-seeking behaviors of individuals, groups, and communities. Influential factors also include an understanding of implications of living with transportation and information technology that connects all parts of the world. Therefore, nurses interact with all elements of the environment to assist individuals and groups to optimize their health status.

Nursing is a discipline and a profession. As a discipline, nursing supports the belief that there is a dynamic interrelationship between the individual and the environment. As a profession, nursing is committed to assisting individuals in the performance of activities that contribute to and potentiate their health. Caring is provided by nurses to enhance compassionate, sensitive and appropriate ways that enable individuals, families, and groups to gain independence and to participate in planning their health care. Nurses use the nursing process that reflects professional values, the core competencies and core knowledge in assisting clients to reach health.

Education is a reciprocal process during which the learners acquire knowledge, ability, and self- awareness in gaining a diversity of thought. Learning occurs in a variety of ways, at different rates, at different times, and in different settings. Curricula designed to prepare professional nurses acknowledges that formal education and divergent life experiences provide individuals with the knowledge necessary to achieve their potential. The faculty strive to provide a learning environment which acknowledges individual needs, styles of learning, abilities and talents. This learning environment promotes the self-esteem and confidence necessary in the professional nursing role. Students are encouraged to engage in critical thinking, consider alternate viewpoints, appreciate the diversity of a multicultural, dynamic society and demonstrate professional commitment.

Professional nursing education builds on a firm foundation in the liberal arts and sciences. Graduates of the program use problem solving methods, analytical reasoning, and increasing knowledge and skills and the critical thinking dispositions to practice professional nursing. Continuous learning and evaluation are the mutual responsibilities of faculty and students.

At the baccalaureate level, graduates are prepared to: provide nursing care in diverse settings; share accountability for health with clients and other members of the health care team; utilize the findings of nursing research; and make nursing judgements independently and collaboratively with others. Undergraduate students are encouraged to grow and develop using an eclectic conceptual framework to practice as a professional nurse. Upon graduation from the baccalaureate program, the individual is prepared to pursue graduate study.

Graduate nursing education at the masters level includes scholarly inquiry into the preparation, practice, and provision of nursing service to society. Emphasis is on the acquisition and application of advanced knowledge of primary health care nursing through collaborative practice in various settings. The educative process builds upon baccalaureate nursing preparation and facilitates advanced professional role development, identification of researchable nursing issues, and the use of scholarly inquiry by advanced practice nurses. The masters program prepares nurses for advanced nursing practice and provides a foundation for doctoral study.

Continuing education, is an integral part of professional activity, and is fostered as a value in the educative process to promote life-long learning for the professional nurse. Self-initiated activities related to the enhancement of the depth and breadth of nursing practice and further role development are characteristics of professional nurses.

II. DEGREES

Undergraduate: A major in Nursing can lead to the degree(s): Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.).

Graduate: The College offers one graduate degree: Master of Science in Nursing (M.S.N.).

III. SUMMARY OF FIELDS OF STUDY

1. GOAL(S)
See the department for a listing of their goal(s).

2. THE MAJOR(S)
The College offers a choice of 2 emphases within the Nursing Major. These are: 1) Basic Undergraduate Emphasis; 2) Collaborative Program: Baccalaureate Degree for Registered Nurses

The College offers the emphasis for registered nurses in the Collaborative Nursing Program (CNP). Courses are offered in cooperation with the other four nursing programs in the University of Wisconsin System (Madison, Milwaukee, Eau Claire, Green Bay) via distance learning technology. Advisors
are located at the Oshkosh campus and at an outreach office in North Central Wisconsin with an office at the University of Wisconsin Marathon County Center Campus. See RN Emphasis.

3. THE MINOR(S)
None

IV. ADMISSION/GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

1. PROFESSIONAL MAJOR ADMISSION POLICY
Admission in to the professional component of the program is selective, based on University, College, and Agency resources, and College of Nursing admission criteria. To be eligible to apply, the student must have sophomore standing (30 units (crs.) completed) and a minimum 2.75 on the completed requirements (see courses listed below) which shall include a minimum of 4 out of the 6 required science courses. All of the required courses and a total of 45 units (crs.) must be completed with a minumum “C” grade by the end of the term in which you are applying (CD or C are not acceptable grades).

Admission to the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh does not automatically guarantee acceptance into the professional nursing courses. Based on space availability, education facilities, resources of the College of Nursing and clinical learning opportunities, it is possible that some qualified students may not be admitted to the professional component of the nursing major.

Deadlines: Application forms are to be submitted to the Undergraduate Program Office by the end of the fourth week of Spring and Fall semesters. Those students granted admission will begin their nursing studies in the term following application and acceptance.

A. Qualifications for Admission to Professional Major - Basic Student
To be considered for admission to the professional sequence of study, the student must meet the following admission requirements of the College of Nursing.

1) Course work to be completed with a minimum “C” grade to be eligible to apply:
  • English: English 101
  • Mathematics: Mathematics 103 or 107
  • Nursing: Nursing 104 Orientation Seminar
  • Psychology: Psychology 101
  • additional general education requirements (6 units (crs.))
  • at least 4 out of the 6 required science courses:
Biology: Biology 105, 211, 212, 233
Chemistry: Chemistry 101, 102

A student’s admission GPA will be calculated on the above courses (2.75 minimum). If more than 4 science courses are completed, the GPA will be calculated on the best 4 grades.
The GPA is calculated to two decimal points. In addition, the following courses along with sufficient units (crs.) totaling 45 must be completed with a minimum of “C” grade by the conclusion of the term in which the student is applying:
  • Communication: Communication 111 Speech
  • Nursing: Nursing 200 Growth and Development
  • remaining 2 science courses (see required list above)

2) Students are encouraged to take CLEP tests (College Level Examination Program) to lighten unit (cr.) load during the freshman year. These exams give unit (cr.) for prior learning. Contact the nursing advisor for more information.

3) Students are allowed to repeat no more than two courses, one time each, regardless of where taken.

4) Applicants who are selected for acceptance into the clinical nursing major but decline must reapply to a later class if they desire to be reviewed for subsequent progression.

B. Other Requirements for Admission:
1) The faculty may request an interview or written essay (topic, format and evaluation methods to be determined by the Academic Standing Committee).

2) In keeping with the System and University commitment to diversity, the College of Nursing Academic Standing Committee will consider qualified students (meeting the admission criteria but not meeting the cut-off admission score) who are United States citizens and members of underrepresented heritage groups as defined by federal guidelines.

3) Computer Competencies:
Health agencies have been employing increasingly sophisticated computer systems. It is imperative that nursing students be prepared to use computers in their practice. In the nursing major, you will find computer concepts and skills integrated in your courses. Prior to enrolling in Caring and the Foundations of Nursing, you will be expected to have some experience with a word processing program. Netscape and World Wide Web are discussed in your Sophomore II Health Assessment course. It will also be helpful if you become familiar with computer-assisted library research and applications of databases. There are computers available to students on the second floor of the Nursing/Education building, Clow computer lab, Swart computer lab, and Halsey Science computer lab. If you are not familiar with applications of computer programs before admission to the clinical major, you will need to learn them during the first term of the professional component. Short courses are available in your local area through schools and computer stores.

4) Health and CPR Requirements:
A list of required immunizations, including documentation from a health care provider for 2 MMR’s (measles, mumps, rubella) and TB skin test (2 step test required) along with a Xerox copy of both sides of your Professional CPR card will be required by the end of the Sophomore II course in the professional component of the major. TB skin testing clinics and CPR classes will be available through the College of Nursing. (Fees for TB tests and CPR class are nominal and must be paid by the student on the day of the clinic/class.) These requirements should be completed with the entire Sophomore II class at the end of the term. This will ensure that the requirements are complete for a full year of clinical.

5) To be eligible for consideration for admission into the College of Nursing, each applicant must complete and submit, along with his or her application, a criminal history disclosure form and sign a release form authorizing the University to conduct a criminal background check on the applicant. The cost of a criminal background check is $7.50 for Wisconsin residents and must be paid for by the applicant. The results of the criminal background check will not constitute an automatic bar admission; rather, the results, in conjunction with the other information contained in the appplication, will assist admissions personnel in determining the applicants who will best be able to participate in and fulfill the requirements of the program. In determining the effect the results of a criminal background check will have on an applicant’s qualification for the program, admissions personnel will be guided in part by the provisions of the new Wisconsin Caregiver Law. This law applies to licensed health care facilities and identifies certain criminal violations that may prohibit individuals from working in these facilities. Information about crimes that constitute a bar to employment under the Wisconsin Caregiver Law and the effect of criminal history on licensure requirements is available through the College of Nursing. See also, the College of Nursing Policy on Criminal History Search. This policy is subject to revision without prior notice. This requirement is mandatory for eligibility to attend clinical courses (see a copy of the Caregiver Law at the back of the Policy and Procedure section).

6) Random drug screening of students may be required by some clinical agencies. If required, the cost of the test may be the student’s responsibility.

2. TIME COMMITMENT
The nursing curriculum is challenging, labor intensive, and requires commitment and more time than most other courses of study. There are multiple courses each semester, including clinical courses which require a minimum of 3 hours of direct clinical experience per credit hour. This does not include time required for travel, preclinical visits to the clinical agency, or preparation/study prior to and after the clinical day. Students in the College of Nursing are therefore strongly advised to limit their hours of work and/or other nonstudent commitments during the academic year. Students are expected to be available Monday through Friday during the day and evening.

3. COSTS
Nursing is a professional discipline, and students enrolled in the nursing program must anticipate some additional costs that are directly related to the nursing program. These include uniforms, nursing textbooks, standardized tests, criminal background check and associated record costs, CPR, health requirements, transportation associated with clinical experience. In addition to the costs indicated above, students are expected to have a watch with a second hand, nametag, pin, pocket scissors and stethoscope.

Students in the professional nursing program must provide their own transportation to and from clinical experiences. Many clinical experiences will require travel to communities outside the city of Oshkosh.

Some of these requirements may change; for more information, please contact the College of Nursing - Nursing/Education Bldg. 148, 800 Algoma Boulevard, Oshkosh, WI 54901, 920-424-1028.

4. PROGRESSION POLICY FOR STUDENT NURSES
The standards for retention/progression in the College of Nursing are consistent with the University Standards. In addition, the College of Nursing has the following policies. A student must achieve satisfactorily in all aspects of a nursing course to receive a satisfactory grade, i.e., both classroom and clinical. A grade of C or better must be obtained in each course in the major field of study in order for the student to continue in the nursing program. It is also required that students earn a C or better in all required non-nursing courses.
  • A student earning a CD, D or F grade in any course of the major is automaticaly disqualified and cannot proceed to subsequent course in the curriculum. Please note that a C- is not an acceptable grade. Exceptions are determined by the Academic Standing Committee in evaulating extenuating circumstances substantiated by the student’s transcript and other relevant data. In order to repeat the course, an appeal must be made to the Undergraduate Academic Standing Committee of the College of Nursing. The committee will decide whether or not the appeal merits approval (refer to the College of Nursing Appeal Policy and Procedure). Upon a successful appeal, they may repeat a failed course based upon course schedule and space available.
  • A student who has been advised that he/she may not continue in the College of Nursing and who believes circumstances warrant an appeal, may do so in writing to the Undergraduate Academic Standing Committee (refer to the College of Nursing Appeal Policy and Procedure).
  • Faculty will submit a summary letter of course progress and their recommendation to the Undergraduate Academic Standing Committee at the time semester grades are submitted.

5. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BACCALAUREATE GRADUATES OF THE COLLEGE OF NURSING
The graduates of the College of Nursing will use competencies developed from a basic liberal education and will have nursing knowledge and practice skills described in the Essentials of College and University Education for Professional Nursing (1998). They also will be able to manage care and collaborate with other health care providers. They will demonstrate abilities in communication, critical thinking, and nursing interventions. Their behavior will exhibit the internalized values, traditions, obligations, and concerns of the profession. The graduates are motivated to renew their nursing knowledge and are prepared for further formal education in the profession.

Graduates will be committed to nursing as a profession of caring, showing compassion and acceptance of others. Graduates will also be self-assured, self-directed, assertive persons. As professionals and leaders (within a chaotic health care environment), graduates will be accountable to the profession and the client.

Graduates will demonstrate attitudes and behaviors which reflect professional values. They will show a commitment to the seven essential, professional values identified by the AACN which are: altruism, equality, esthetics, freedom, human dignity, justice, and truth. A commitment to these values can be evidenced by caring, commitment, empathy, tolerance, sensitivity, positive regard, independence, trust accountability, genuineness, and authenticity.

6. CURRICULUM OUTCOMES
Using knowledge and abilities acquired from the study of nursing and a liberal education, the graduate of the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh College of Nursing baccalaureate program demonstrates:

  • Competence in the core skills and dispostions of critical thinking
  • Competence in the core knowledge, and core competencies of nursing interventions
  • Competence in the interpersonal skills of nursing interventions
  • Competence in the technical skills of nursing interventions
  • Appropriate use of the interactive process and methods within the context of the situation
  • Commitment to a holistic philosophy of health
  • Competence as a beginning professional nurse in the roles of provider of care; designeer, manager and coordinator of care; and member of a profession
  • Appreciation of the dynamic relationship between client systems and across all environments
  • Use of systematic inquiry to influence nursing practice
  • Appreciation of the role of research in professional nursing
  • Demonstration of affective skills, attitudes and professional behaviors that encompass empathy, compassion, and sensitivity for and in connection with clients
  • Responsibility for personal and professional growth as a member of society and the profession
  • Beliefs and patterns of behaviors exemplifying commitment to client welfare

V. REQUIRED CORE COURSES

Nursing
  • Nursing 200, 202, 204, 206, 207, 209, 309, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 318, 319, 322, 336, 346, 348, 358, 412, 416, 418, 419, 422, 424, 426, 427 and 432.
  • Nursing students must also take a total of 4 credits of Nursing electives.

VI. THE MAJOR(S), WITH EMPHASES AND/OR OPTIONS

1. BASIC UNDERGRADUATE EMPHASIS

Required Units (crs.): 65 minimum

Required Courses: All of the Core Courses

Electives: Sufficient courses from the College’s offerings to meet the minimum requirement.

Comment:
Qualifications of applicants for licensure examination as a registered nurse: 1) good professional character; 2) graduated from high school or its equivalent; and 3) graduated from an accredited school of professional nursing.


1.NURSE - BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING DEGREE COMPLETION EMPHASIS: Collaborative Nursing Program (CNP)
University of Wisconsin Oshkosh College of Nursing offers the emphasis for registered nurses on the Oshkosh campus and an outreach offering in North Central Wisconsin with a faculty office at the University of Wisconsin - Wood County Campus. The College participates in the Collaborative Program for registered nurses offered through the joint efforts of nursing programs at the University of Wisconsin campuses located in Madison, Eau Claire, Oshkosh, Milwaukee and Green Bay. The goal of the program is to provide flexibility so that registered nurses can pursue their education without having to relocate or travel great distances to a campus.

Registered nurses selecting University of Wisconsin Oshkosh as the ? home? institution are eligible for all student related services (advising, financial aid, etc) offered by the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. In addition, the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh offers the baccalaureate degree for those students selecting University of Wisconsin Oshkosh as the ?home? institution. However, students have the option to attend classes at convenient sites throughout the state.

A. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS OF THE COLLEGE
Registered nurse students meet the following requirements of the Collaborative Program: 1) An associate degree in nursing or graduation from a three year nursing program (diploma); 2) minimum grade point average of 2.5; 3) Licensure as a registered nurse (current); 4) one year of clinical practice is highly recommended.

In addition, registered nurse students complete a one unit (cr.) course, Orientation to Clinical Major, RN (Nursing 324) early in the Program.

B. CURRICULUM REQUIREMENTS

1. Collaborative Program Unit (cr.) Breakdown - 120 units (crs.):
  • Units (crs.) determined by the ?home? institution. Other campuses may have up to 124 cr.
  • Prior learning units (crs.) 60 cr. maximum
  • Advanced nursing courses 30 cr.
  • Campus specific requirements 30 cr.

2. Required Core Courses:
Collaborative Program
  • Nursing Collaborative Program 341 Theoretical Foundations
  • Nursing Collaborative Program 317 Health Assessment
  • Nursing Collaborative Program 434 Nursing Research
  • Nursing Collaborative Program 437 Management and Leadership in Nursing
  • Nursing Collaborative Program 444 Community Health Nursing

3. Required Campus Specific Courses:
In addition to the required general education requirements, the core collaborative courses, registered nurses complete:
  • Nursing 324 Orientation to Major, RN 1 cr.
  • Nursing 438 Nursing Practicum III, RN 3 cr. (clinical)
  • Nursing 448 Nursing Practicum IV, RN 4 cr. (clinical)
  • Nursing electives 4 cr.

4. Nursing Electives:
Students may select from any of the nursing electives by the College of Nursing or courses approved as nursing electives on the various collaborating campuses. For additional information about nursing electives, contact an advisor.

5. Electives:
Sufficient courses to meet the required number of units (crs.) for graduation.

6. Prior Learning Units (crs.) (Policy of Collaborative Program):
Wisconsin ADN (Associate Degree in Nursing) students who have graduated from a National League for Nursing (NLN) approved program in 1989 or later, may be granted up to 60 units (crs.). This would include units (crs.) taken in basic nursing, general education, occupational support and approved electives.

Registered nurses not meeting the ADN completion date of 1989 or who attended diploma school or an out-of-state school will be evaluated on an individual basis to determine transfer units (crs.). Additional lower division coursework in general education and/or occupational support content may be needed.

7. Advisor(s):
Christine Tower; M.S., Ed; University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Advisement Office, Dempsey Hall 130/Diane Ernst, RN M.S.N; University of Wisconsin Marathon County Campus, Wausau

VII. MINOR(S)

None

VIII. COURSE OFFERINGS

COLLABORATIVE PROGRAM

Nursing Collaborative Program 317 4 units (crs.)
Health Assessment
A course emphasizing essential nursing skills in the assessment process, introducing health history and physical examination techniques across the life span. Students conduct a health appraisal and collect, record and analyze data. Current models of health, including cultural and developmental variations, are examined. Pre/Co-requisite: Registered nurse (AD or diploma) and prenursing general education courses. (3+1)

Nursing Collaborative Program 341 4 units (crs.)
Theoretical Foundations
This course analyzes historical, legal, cultural, economic, and social factors that influence nursing/health care delivery. Nursing theories are presented as frameworks for practice. Students examine philosophical perspectives and discuss strategies for analyzing ethical dilemmas in nursing and health care. Prerequisite: Registered nurse (AD or diploma) and prenursing general education courses.

Nursing Collaborative Program 434 3 units (crs.)
Nursing Research
The role of the nurse as researcher and research consumer are emphasized. The course focuses on both quantitative and qualitative research. Skills necessary to prepare a research proposal, to evaluate nursing research, and to utilize the results of research in practice are developed. The historical, legal, and ethical aspects are considered. Pre/Co-requisite: Collaborative Nursing Program 317 and 341.

Nursing Collaborative Program 437 4 units (crs.)
Management and Leadership
The nurse as an effective leader and manager is explored, as well as the context within which these roles are enacted. Factors which promote or hinder the development of nursing leadership and the interrelationships of leadership, management and clinical roles are examined. Strategies which enable nurses to assume leadership roles in various settings are analyzed. Theories, processes and behaviors of leadership and management are investigated, with an emphasis on their research bases. Pre/Co-requisite: Collaborative Nursing Program 317 and Collaborative Nursing Program 341.

Nursing Collaborative Program 444 3 units (crs.)
Community Health Nursing
This is a course in community health nursing (CHN) principles and CHN roles focusing on families and aggregates as targets of service. The foci of CHN are programs, services and institutions involved in promoting and maintaining the health of populations. This requires an understanding of public health, community, epidemiology, and levels of prevention; skill of community assessment, health teaching, screening home visiting and health counseling; and knowledge of nursing care delivery in the community. The interrelationships among environmental factors, human responses and health status of clients are explored. Environmental factors addressed are societal trends, political, legal and economic forces, cultural factors and ethical issues. Pre/Co-requisite: Collaborative Nursing Program 317 and Collaborative Nursing Program 341.

Nursing Collaborative Program 495 2-3 units (crs.)
Special Topics
Special topics in nursing health care are offered. Course content is expected to differ from offering to offering. Prerequisite: Admitted to CNP Program or consent of instructor.

Nursing Collaborative Program 496 3 units (crs.)
Special Topics
Special topics in nursing health care are offered. Course content is expected to differ from offering to offering. Prerequisite: Admitted to CNP Program or consent of instructor.

NURSING COURSES

Nursing 6 0 units (crs.)
Nursing RN
All registered nurse students except those enrolled in a course offered by UW Oshkosh are required to register for the course (Nursing RN) each term. Prerequisite: Admission to UW Oshkosh and Registered Nurse. Pass/Fail course.

Nursing 103 1 unit (cr.)
Nursing As A Career
An introductory course for non-nursing majors designed to explore nursing as a potential career. Discussion focuses on the historical development of nursing as a profession, the differences between professional and technical nursing, and the expanding role of the nurse. Pass/Fail course.

Nursing 104 0 units (crs.)
Orientation Seminar
This course introduces the freshman student to the College of Nursing and campus life. Orientation is provided to Advisement and Student Services. Presentations by faculty members and community guests and practitioners will suggest to the student the range of expertise of University faculty and the myriad of work world opportunities open to the professional nurse.

Nursing 120 3 units (crs.)
Health Care System - Consumer Perspective
This course is intended to help the individual become a knowledgeable and responsible consumer of health care services by examining the progress and dilemmas in health care delivery. Content focuses on the patterns of health care utilization and delivery within the United States, the role of the United States in international health and factors influencing health care resources in international health. Projects will assist the student in investigating health care services available for a variety of potential health concerns.

Nursing 200 3 units (crs.)
Growth, Development and Health across the Life Span
This course examines growth and development from the prenatal period through late adulthood. This will include discussion of physical growth and changes including fine and gross motor skill development. Also, included are concepts related to psychosocial development such as sensory, personality, language, gender identity and moral development. Factors such as nutrition, sleep, exercise. Environment and relationships which are integral to achieving healthy growth and development are included. Pre/Co-requisite: Biology 221 and Psychology 101 or consent of instructor.

Nursing 202 3 units (crs.)
Human Behavior
The focus of this course is on understanding basic concepts of human behavior as they relate to the role of the professional nurse with clients and other professionals. The importance of effective communication with individuals, families, and groups in order to develop caring relationships is emphasized. Theories of human behavior are discussed and basic mental health concepts are introduced. Selected behaviors compromising health are also included. Pre/Co-requisite: Admitted to professional major or consent of Undergraduate Program Director.

Nursing 204 3 units (crs.)
Caring and the Foundations of Nursing Practice
A beginning nursing course introducing the student to the concept of caring and the foundations of professional nursing practice. Nursing's historical development, health care delivery systems, the nurse's role in promoting the health of the community, ways of knowing, critical thinking, and the nursing process are explored. Throughout the course, there is an emphasis on the personal development of caring as the basis for nursing practice. Pre/Co-requisite: Admitted to professional major or permission of Undergraduate Program Director.

Nursing 206 2 units (crs.)
Health Assess
This course focuses on the skills needed to complete a systematic health assessment of the child and adult client. Assessment of cultural differences and developmental stages of the individual is included. Therapeutic communication and interviewing skills are used to obtain a health history. Family assessment and nursing processes are introduced. Pre/Co-requisite: Admitted to professional major or consent of Undergraduate Program Director.

Nursing 207 2 units (crs.)
Health Assessment Lab
This course provides the College Laboratory practice necessary to obtain the psychomotor and communication skills necessary to complete a systematic health assessment. The course includes inspection, auscultation, palpation and percussion techniques necessary to perform a physical examination. Cultural and developmental implications of the health appraisal are addressed. Prerequisite: Admitted to professional major or consent of Undergraduate Program Director. Concurrent with Nursing 206. (0+2)

Nursing 209 1 unit (cr.)
Foundation Lab Skills
An entry level nursing course introducing professional nursing practice. Basic nursing care skills and scientific principles of nursing care will be introduced. Emphasis will be placed upon development of nursing skills and competencies in a simulated clinical setting. Pre/Co-requisite: Admitted to professional major or consent of Undergraduate Program Director. (0+1)

Nursing 210 2-3 units (crs.)
Images and Experiences: Nursing and the Humanities
This course explores the relationship of the humanities to nurses and nursing from an historical, philosophical and literary perspective. Course activities are designed to develop an appreciation of the humanities which may affect the development of the nursing profession.

Nursing 222 3 units (crs.)
Wellness: A Challenge in Today's Society (GE)
Introduces the student to the concept of wellness as it influences his/her lifestyle and to the effects wellness has on every day comfort and performance. An opportunity will be provided for the student to learn about his/her personal health status. Various practices to improve personal quality of life will be explored. Wellness will be examined as a political and social commodity. Not to be taken by nursing majors.

Nursing 300 2-3 units (crs.)
Honors: Images and Experience: Nursing and the Humanities
This course explores the relationship of the humanities to nurses and nursing from an historical, philosophical and literary perspective. Course activities are designed to develop an appreciation of the humanities which may affect the development of the nursing profession. Prerequisite: Consent of department.

Nursing 303 2-3 units (crs.)
Healing Practices
A two-three unit (cr.) nursing elective exploring a variety of healing therapies which are often considered 'alternative' therapies and outside of the mainstream of western medical practice. Yoga, folk remedies, herbal medicine, and accupressure are some examples. These therapies are critically analyzed and the historical development and use in examined. In addition, when the course is offered as a three-unit (cr.) option, selected therapies which can be initiated and/or taught by nurses, such as guided imagery, biofeedback, touch and energy transfer are included with a component of the course providing demonstration and actual hands-on practice.

Nursing 309 2 units (crs.)
Therapeutic Nutrition
This course focuses on the science of food and nutrients and the important part nutrition plays in the prevention and treatment of illness. The use of nutritional therapy will be explored as it related to physiological problems of various body systems. Students will apply principles of normal nutrition and basic assessment in planning nutritional care. Throughout the course emphasis will be placed on the role of the health professional in assisting the client toward optimal nutritional habits and the restoration and promoting of health. Pre/Co-requisite: Biology and Microbiology 221, Nursing 200, 206 or consent of instructor.

Nursing 311 1 unit (cr.)
Lab: Adult Health I
A clinical course focusing on selected psychomotor skills correlating with the Adult Health I theory and Adult I clinical Courses (Nursing 312, Nursing 313). Laboratory experiences are designed to examine the theory and principles, as well as provide opportunities to develop and refine the neuromuscular coordination in skill performance. Prerequisite: Nursing 207 and 209. Concurrent enrollment in Nursing 313.

Nursing 312 3 units (crs.)
Clinical: Adult Health II
The nursing process is applied in the care of adults who are experiencing non-complex acute illness episodes. The nursing interventions that utilize concepts of restorative care and health promotion are emphasized to promote health. Concepts of caring and client empowerment will be used. The environments that influence restorative care and health promotion will be explored and utilized. Systematic inquiry related to restorative care and health promoting will be emphasized. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in Nursing 311 and 313.

Nursing 313 2 units (crs.)
Clinical: Adult Health I
This clinical course will use the theory presented in the Adult Health I as a basis for interacting with adult client systems in a variety of environments. Clinical experiences will provide opportunities for students to take part in the health restoration of adult client systems using various models of coordinated care to provide opportunities to help client/patients recover. This may include home follow-up, coordinating care needs and referral to or arrangements for community resources. Clinical activities also provide a rich source of knowledge and skill development. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in Nursing 311 and 312. (0+2)

Nursing 314 3 units (crs.)
Nursing: Adult Health II
The focus of this course will be the utilization of the nursing process in the care of adult clients in various environments who have chronic conditions, complex conditions, or multisystem failure. The nursing intervention that utilizes concepts of restorative care and health promotion are emphasized. Concepts of caring and client empowerment introduced in Adult Health I will be further expanded upon. The environments that influence restorative care and health promotion will be explored and utilized. Systematic inquiry related to restorative care and health promotion will be emphasized. The student will also be exposed to the concept of coordinated care. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 313. Concurrent enrollment in Nursing 315.

Nursing 315 2.5 units (crs.)
Clinical: Adult Health II
This course will focus on the application of the nursing process to promote optimal health in clients with long-term mental and physical impairments. While the focus is on the individual client, the influences of family and community systems are also appreciated in the provision of care. The tertiary level of prevention is emphasized, while primary and secondary prevention strategies are also implemented as appropriate. The development of long-term caring relationships to address the psychosocial needs of clients is stressed. While the emphasis is on the unique contributions of nursing, the mutidisciplinary approach to providing care of clients with long-term health needs is also recognized. Pre/Co-requisites: Successful completion of Nursing 313. Concurrent with Nursing 314. (0+2.5)

Nursing 317 2 units (crs.)
Adult Health I Clinical Honors
This clinical course will use the theory presented in the Adult Health I as a basis for interacting with adult client systems in a variety of environments. Clinical experiences will provide opportunities for students to take part in the health restoration of adult client systems using various models of coordinated care to provide opportunities to help clients/patients recover. This may include home follow-up, coordinating care needs and referral to or arrangements for community resources. Clinical activities also provide a rich source of knowledge and skill development. Pre/Co-requisite: Concurrent enrollment in Nursing 311, 312 and consent of instructor.

Nursing 318 2 units (crs.)
Nursing: The Aging Client System
This course is an exploration of the role the nurse in the health care of older adults from a family development perspective. The course is designed to build upon previous and concurrent content in adult development, adult health, and mental health. Theories of aging and nursing theories are analyzed as bases for nursing care. Issues common to the aging clients' system are addressed and nursing implications are derived. Pre/Co-requisite: Completion of Junior I of the nursing major and Nursing 313.

Nursing 319 0.5 units (crs.)
Laboratory: Adult Health II
A clinical course focusing on selected psychomotor skills correlating with the Adult Health II theory and Adult II clinical courses. Laboratory experiences are designed to examine the theory and principles, as well as provide opportunities to develop and refine the neuromuscular coordination in skill performance. Prerequisite: Nursing 313. Concurrent enrollment in Nursing 315. Pass/Fail course.

Nursing 320 2 units (crs.)
Directed Clinical Study
Clinical practice in an accredited health care agency that offers a structural externship/internship program for nursing students. Student is under direct supervision of a registered nurse and performs selected nursing care activities. Program includes classroom/library time for independent study and evaluation of performance. Course enrollment requires planning of learning objectives with and approval by the Undergraduate Program Director. Prerequisite: Nursing 314 or RN status.

Nursing 322 1 unit (cr.)
Seminar in Professional Issues
What are the issues that a nurse faces and deals with in everyday nursing practice? This course offers an opportunity to explore these issues and a way to dialogue about their impact on practice and the responsibility of nursing. The seminar method for the class offers the opportunity to explore approaches and resources to respond to these issues and develop one's own beliefs and values. Some of the issues that could be discussed will likely involve topics such as ethical and legal situations, professional obligations, and life and death issues. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in Nursing 314 and 315.

Nursing 324 1 unit (cr.)
Orientation to Major- RN
Discusses areas of primary concern for registered nurses returning to school to complete requirements for a baccalaureate degree in nursing. Discussion includes baccalaureate education trends and expectations, learning needs and learning styles, the professional roles of the nurse, and history that has affected these roles. Prerequisite: Registered Nurse, a graduate from a diploma or associate degree nursing program, ability to use library and other learning resources. Pass/Fail (1+0)

Nursing 336 2 units (crs.)
Pharmacology I
This course focuses on pharmacologic interventions in nursing including the related nursing responsibilities. This course provides an overview of the clinical application of classifications of drugs on human systems. The use, action, response, side effects and adverse reactions for selected major drug classifications will be presented to correlate with Adult I and Pathophysiology I. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 209.

Nursing 340 2-3 units (crs.)
Health Practices With Ethnic Groups (ES)
The course discusses and explores beliefs, practices and traditions pertaining to cultural health and healing traditions. Uses a comparative approach emphasizing cross-cultural similarities and differences; and focuses on value of orientation as it affects health care of persons with different ethnic backgrounds. Pre/Co-requisite: Sophomore standing.

Nursing 346 2 units (crs.)
Pharmacology II
This course focuses on pharmacologic intervention in nursing including the related nursing responsibilities. This course provides an overview of the clinical application of classifications of drugs on human systems. The use, action, response, side effects and adverse reactions for selected major drug classifications will be presented. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 313 and Nursing 336.

Nursing 348 2 units (crs.)
Pathophysiology I
This first of two courses focusing on the characteristics and manifestations of disease caused by alterations or injury to the body structure or functions. Conditions in which altered metabolism, inadequate supply and use of oxygen; altered blood and nutrient transport; fluid, electrolyte and acid-base imbalances and altered structures of bones and/or muscles are discussed. The body defenses, including the stress response and the interrelationship of the physical, emotional and psychological responses in actual disease or disease threats are included in the course. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 209.

Nursing 358 2 units (crs.)
Pathophysiology II
This first of two courses focusing on the characteristics and manifestations of disease caused by alterations or injury to the body structure or functions. Conditions in which altered metabolism, inadequate supply and use of oxygen; altered blood and nutrient transport; fluid, electrolyte and acid-base imbalances and altered structures of bones and/or muscles are discussed. The body defenses, including the stress response and the interrelationship of the physical, emotional and psychological responses in actual disease or disease threats are included in the course. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 209.

Nursing 359 4 units (crs.)
Pathological and Pharmacological Perspectives in Athletic Training and Health Promotion
This interdisciplinary course will offer an overview of human responses to inactivity, illness/disease and injury. The action, response, side effects and adverse reactions and contraindications for selected major drug classifications will be presented. All content will describe interactions in the ultimate context of health promotion and disease prevention.

Nursing 360 2-3 units (crs.)
Health Care of the Working Population
An introduction to factors that influence the role of nursing and health care services in an occupational health care setting. Health risks of the work environment on the worker are discussed in relation to occupational illnesses and injuries, disease prevention and health promotion, and legal and ethical issues. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 313 or RN status.

Nursing 361 3 units (crs.)
Human Health and the Environment
A systems perspective is used explain the interconnections between human and ecosystem health as evident through current and emerging environmental health problems. Emphasis is on the influence of environmental agents on human health based on relevant epidemiologic, toxicologic, and exposure factors. Specific topics will include physical, chemical, and biological agents, routes and pathways of exposure, specific environmentally related diseases, vulnerable populations, and the legal context of environmental health.

Nursing 380 2-3 units (crs.)
Women's Health: Issues and Nursing Practice
An overview of the health care of women from a nursing perspective. The status of women as health care professionals, as well as clients in the health care system, is explored. Aspects of health promotion and female health related problems are studied with the incorporation of psycho-socio-political aspects. Content related to child-bearing will not be addressed. Open to majors and non-majors. Cross-listed: Nursing 380/Women's Studies 380. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses.

Nursing 381 1 unit (cr.)
Health
A basic course that emphasizes practices for health promotion and maintenance. The concept of health will be explored in the context of religion, relationships, and culture, factors such as nutrition, safe environment, sleep and rest, exercise, activity, and leisure will also be discussed. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 202 and Nursing 204.

Nursing 390 2-3 units (crs.)
Cardiopulmonary Critical Care Nursing
The focus in beginning practice in adult or pediatric critical care nursing with acute alterations in cardiovascular and respiratory function. The management modalities and collaborative roles are examined within the framework of the nursing process and critical care situation. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 315.

Nursing 405 3 units (crs.)
Health Assessment
Identification of health status of the individual at all ages through history, interview, physical examination; recognition of differences in physiological function and psychosocial behavior; assessment of developmental stages of the individual and relationship to family unit; exploration of collaborative role development by nurse and physician in primary health care delivery.

Nursing 410 2-3 units (crs.)
Nursing in the School Setting
Use of the nursing process to conduct a school health program is the basis of this course. Roles of health provider, manager, counselor, educator, and advocator are explored. Professional development of the nurse and research in the setting are discussed. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 416, Nursing 424 and Nursing 425.

Nursing 411 2 units (crs.)
Clinical Elective: Childbearing Family
A clinical course which utilizes the theory presented in Nursing 412 as a basis for clinical activity related to the holistic health care of the childbearing client system in its unique context. The course provides a variety of opportunities in which the student will apply concurrently and previously learned theory in providing and coordinating care and health promotion activities for the childbearing family. The nursing student will have the opportunity to apply this knowledge through communication with individuals, families and through the implementation of nursing interventions and the nursing process in the acute care setting. Prerequisite: Nursing 315 and Nursing 412 (may be taken concurrently).

Nursing 412 2 units (crs.)
Nursing: Childbearing Families
The Childbearing family and the nurse's role in the holistic health care and health promotion of the childbearing family are the focus of this course. Individuals and changing relationships within the family will be addressed from a family development perspective. Normal physiological changes as well as psychosocial, environmental, and cultural influences and pathophysiological processes occurring during the reproductive cycle are included. Prerequisite: Nursing 315. Concurrent enrollment: Nursing 418.

Nursing 415 3 units (crs.)
International Studies in Nursing and Health
International Studies in Nursing and Health provides undergraduate students with opportunities to examine nursing, health, and health care in other countries. Students observe similarities and differences among health care facilities through hospital and health related agency tours. Lecture/discussions with host country representatives and professionals involved in nursing education, practice and administration of nursing and health care provide student opportunities to gather and compare information with their current knowledge of the American health care system. Several nursing specialty areas are addressed within their current knowledge of the American health care system. Prerequisite: Nursing 315 or permission of Undergraduate Program Director and Academic Standing Committee.

Nursing 416 3 units (crs.)
Nursing: Communities
An overview of the nursing roles of provider and coordinator of care and member for client systems of aggregates, pluralities, and communities. Using relevant research, the diversity of these systems and their contexts is addressed as a basis for comprehensive community health services and primary health care. The nurse's responsibilities to these client systems as a member of the profession are highlighted. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 315 and completion of term 1, 2 and 3 of nursing major.

Nursing 419 3 units (crs.)
Clinical: Internship
A senior-level capstone course designed to assist the student in preparing for role transition to practicing professional nurse. Students collaboratively plan the experience with a faculty advisor and professional registered nurse who has been approved to serve as a preceptor to the student. The experience can be arranged in a variety of settings where the student can practice the knowledge, skills, and attitudes inherent in professional nursing. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 426, Nursing 427 and Nursing 432. (Students must complete the following requirement prior to enrolling in Nursing 419 (Clinical: Role Transition). 1. Collaboratively plan a preceptorship experience with preceptor, agency, and faculty advisor. 2. Assume responsibility for initiating and finalizing the preceptorship experience as evidenced by submitting completed ‘Preceptorship initiation Request' and ‘Student Data for Preceptorship' forms to the course coordinator by the designated date. 3. Develop learning objectives in conjunction with preceptor and faculty advisor. 4. Approval from course coordinator. (0+2-3)

Nursing 422 2 units (crs.)
Research
A two-unit (cr.) course offered Senior I focusing on using research in practice. This course builds on a firm grounding in and an appreciation for the use of literature and inquiry in learning. The course assumes a close interrelationship of practice, theory and research in which each is viewed as essential and supporting to the other. Selected processes of research will be used to help students assume responsibilities as a member of a professional discipline, i.e., remaining current in practice, evaluating care and practice, promoting quality and seeking ways to improve practice or gain insights into current care and treatment modalities. Prerequisite: Nursing 315 or permission of Undergraduate Program Director.

Nursing 424 2 units (crs.)
Nursing: Children and Adolescents
Role of the nurse in the health care of the child and adolescent from a family development perspective will be explored. The study of common physiological, behavioral, and psychosocial conditions are addressed as well as treatments, nursing interventions, and health promotion activities related to children and adolescents in their unique contexts. Primary health care needs of children and adolescents are addressed. Prerequisite: Admitted to professional major or permission of Undergraduate Program Director.

Nursing 426 3 units (crs.)
Nursing: Mental Health
The discussion of psychiatric/mental health nursing theory to clients with mental health needs. Theoretical explanations of mental health and mental illness, manifestations and classifications of mental illness, major treatment modalities, and psychosocial interventions are discussed within the context of the broad sociocultural environment. While considering ethical, legal, and economic aspects the nursing process in alterations in mental health functioning is emphasized. Pre/Co-requisite: Completion of Nursing 418.

Nursing 427 3 units (crs.)
Clinical: Mental Health Nursing
This course will focus on the application of the nursing process to promote optimal health in clients and/or aggregates with acute or persistent impairments in mental health functioning. The attainment of therapeutic relationships to address mental health needs is stressed. The unique contributions of the nurse as a collaborating member of the interdisciplinary mental health treatment team are emphasized. Critical thinking is encouraged as the student considers the emotional and sociocultural contexts of care, including legal and ethical issues. Pre/Co-requisite: Nursing 413, Nursing 417, Nursing 425. Concurrent with Nursing 426. (0+3)

Nursing 430 2-3 units (crs.)
Nursing Management of Perinatal Patients at Risk
Describes nursing responsibilities in the care of childbearing women, fetuses and neonates at risk who are undergoing diagnostic and status assessments with various technological modalities. Potential and actual complications of childbearing women and the related role of professional nursing are discussed. The implications to the fetus and neonate are interrelated with the perinatal risk. Nursing management contributing to the reduction of perinatal risks is emphasized and the influences of technology and research along with trends are explored. Prerequisite: Nursing 412 and 413.

Nursing 431 3 units (crs.)
Intraoperative Nursing
Three unit (cr.) elective designed to give the student in-dept knowledge of intraopative nursing. The student acquires knowledge and practice related to aseptic technique, positioning, basic surgical instrumentation, and prioritizing care for the surgical client. Legal and ethical principles will be applied in guiding nursing care, problem solving, and applying research process during the intraoperative phase to best meet clients' needs and collaborate with other members of the surgical team.

Nursing 432 3 units (crs.)
Profession Role Synthesis
A three-unit (cr.) course offered Senior II focusing on the professional nurse as coordinator, leader and manager of client care. The collaborative and leadership aspects of professional nursing are emphasized throughout the course. Ethics in nursing and health care, change, caring, advocacy and approaches to ensure quality of care and nursing practice are included throughout the course. Prerequisite: Nursing 413, 417 and 425.

Nursing 438 3 units (crs.)
Nursing Practicum III-RN
A course for registered nurses that focuses on the management of nursing care for individual families and groups with long term health impairments. The promotion of optimal level of functioning of clients and groups in the community and the interdisciplinary approach to clients is applied in the clinical experiences. Prerequisite: Professional Concepts I and Health Assessment RN and demonstrated evidence of attainment of Entry Behaviors.

Nursing 440 3 units (crs.)
Ethics Issues in Nursing and Healthcare
Selected ethical issues which influence nursing practice are analyzed from both an ethical and legal perspective. Current models for ethical decision-making are explored and applied in the analysis of selected ethical problems in nursing practice. The student is encouraged to examine and clarify personal and professional values. The relationships between nursing and health care issues are explored.

Nursing 448 4 units (crs.)
Nursing Practicum IV-RN
The course has a theory and a clinical practicum component designed to assist the registered nurse student to apply, synthesize, and evaluate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed by the professional nurse for leadership in promoting quality nursing care. Major concepts discussed in relation to the role of the professional nurse are teaching, research, quality assurance, leadership and the control and evaluation aspects of management of nursing care. Content from previous courses is applied and synthesized. Practicum experiences are individualized to meet the course objectives and the individual needs of the student in applying and synthesizing the roles of practitioner, manager, teacher, and leader. Prerequisite: Nursing 438.

Nursing 450 2-3 units (crs.)
Computers in Nursing Practice
Aimed at increasing student's contact and skill with computers as well as the application of these skills to nursing practice. Focus is on the current and future use of computers in nursing such as patient education, inservice education, and record keeping. Legal and ethical implications of the use of computers in health care are explored. Open to Majors and Non Majors. (1.5 +.5 or 1.5+1.5)

Nursing 451 2-3 units (crs.)
Issues in Health Care Informatics
This course is focused on the developing field called Health Care Informatics, which combines Nursing and Medical science, computer science, and information/decision science. Students will examine related issues of applying informatics concepts within complex health care organizations and administrative structures. Content is directed toward assisting the student to understand the relationships between the current state of medical and nursing science, health care administration, management and payment information and the complex issues involved in Health Care Informatics. Professional standards issues are emphasized. Research, practice, education and administration implications are analyzed. Among the many topics discussed are ethical, social cultural, economic, privacy, confidentiality and legal issues.

Nursing 452 3-4 units (crs.)
Health Care Information Systems
This course will provide theoretical and practicum components which focus on process of evaluating and choosing a Health Care Information System. The course will assist the student to identify the critical needs which the Health Care Information System is to address. Different methods of evaluation will be presented and discussed in terms of how they apply to Health Care Information Systems. The evaluation process will begin with identifying the needs of the organization presenting them in an organized manner so the vendors can address the identified needs followed by mechanisms for evaluation.

Nursing 460 2-3 units (crs.)
Nursing Care of the Substance Abusing Client
Designed for the student nurse who wishes to achieve an in-depth understanding of the nursing care of clients who are substance abusers. Focus is on the nurse's role in the diagnosis and treatment of the human responses related to substance abuse and addiction. The Standards of Addiction Nursing Practice with Selected Diagnoses and Criteria provides a framework for the content. Emphasis is on achieving an in-depth understanding of the etiological factors associated with substance abuse, the health needs of particular groups of substance abusers, and the treatment strategies required in the nursing care of substance abusing clients and their families. Prerequisite: Nursing 202.

Nursing 474 2-3 units (crs.)
Honors: Thesis
An honors thesis project of advanced independent endeavor in the area of nursing health care; e.g., a written thesis, scientific experiment, or research project. Proposals must show clear promise of honors level work and be approved

Nursing 480 2-3 units (crs.)
Topical Seminar in Advanced Clinical Pharmacology I
Advanced principles and concepts of clinical pharmacology and the related nursing responsibilities are synthesized through the analysis of clinical case studies. The pharmacodynamics of selected drug categories will be analyzed in relation to case studies. Legal and ethical responsibilities are discussed in relation to the role of the nurse. This series of topical drug categories will include: Immunizations, Endocrine/hormones, Oncology, Anti-infective, Analgesics, Gastrointestinal. Prerequisite: Nursing 346.

Nursing 481 2-3 units (crs.)
Topical Seminar in Advanced Clinical Pharmacology II
Advanced principles and concepts of clinical pharmacology and the related nursing responsibilities are synthesized through the analysis of clinical case studies. The pharmacodynamics of selected drug categories will be analyzed in relation to case studies. Legal and ethical responsibilities are discussed in relating of the role of the nurse. This series of topical drug categories will include: Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Neurological, Renal. Prerequisite: Nursing 346.

Nursing 490 2 units (crs.)
Topics in Nursing
Current topics in professional nursing are discussed in relation to the implications for nursing and health care. The topic is expected to be different between offerings. Prerequisite: Nursing 436 and 438.

Nursing 495 1-5 units (crs.)
Independent Study
See Independent Study under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements.

Nursing 496 1-3 units (crs.)
Honors Independent Study
See Independent Study under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements. Department consent required.
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Last Updated July 1, 2001