UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN OSHKOSH

BIOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY



G. Drecktrah, C. McDermott Co-Chairpersons
Department Office: Halsey Science Center 142
Department Telephone: 920-424-1102

Code 26 or BIOLOGY

I. FACULTY

Adler, Bentivenga, Drecktrah, Holton, Kallas, Kleinheinz, Kostman, Lammers, Lansman, Lizotte, McDermott, Rainboth, Shors, Snyder, Vaughan, Wise

II. DEGREES

Undergraduate: A major in Biology or Microbiology can lead to the degree(s): Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Science; Bachelor of Science in Education.

Graduate: Students who complete a major in our department may want to continue in our graduate program, leading to the degree Master of Science.

For specifics, please see the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Graduate Bulletin.

III. SUMMARY OF FIELDS OF STUDY

1. GOAL(S)
See the department for a listing of their goal(s).

2. THE MAJOR(S)
The Department offers two majors. These are: 1) Biology, 2) Microbiology.

Students must choose an emphasis within the Biology major. These are: a) Liberal Arts, b) Secondary Education, c) Cell/Molecular Professional, d) Ecology and Organismal Biology.. Students wishing broad training in Biology should select the Liberal Arts emphasis.

3. THE MINOR(S)
The Department offers two minors: 1) Biology, 2) Microbiology.

IV. ADMISSION/GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

To be eligible for graduation, students must meet all requirements for the degree being sought in addition to earning a minimum grade point average of 2.00 in all courses required for the Biology and Microbiology major or minor.

Those students seeking Wisconsin teacher certification must earn a minimum grade point average of 3.00 in all courses required for their majors and minors in order to meet requirements of the College of Education and Human Services.

V. REQUIRED CORE COURSES

For Biology Major only:
Biology
  • Biology 105 Biology Concepts-Unity 4 cr. OR Biology 108 Honors: Concepts in Biology-Unity 5 cr.
  • Biology 111 Biological Orientation 2 cr.
  • Biology 230 Biology of Animals 4 cr.
  • Biology 231 Biology of Plants and Microbes 4 cr.
  • Biology 323 Introduction Molecular and Cell Biology 3 cr.
  • Biology 343 Genetics 4 cr.
  • Biology 349 Ecology and Evolution 3 cr.
  • Biology 491 Senior Seminar 2 cr.
  • Chemistry (10 cr. total)
  • Chemistry 105 or Chemistry 101 and 102, or equivalent
  • Chemistry 106 or 109 or 110
Mathematics
As specified for College of Letters and Science (COLS) requirements for degree:
  • B.S.- either Calculus I or higher, statistics, computer science or symbolic logic
  • B.A.- no additional math requirement
  • B.S.E.- algebra

VI. THE MAJOR(S), WITH EMPHASES AND/OR OPTIONS

1. BIOLOGY MAJOR

A. Liberal Arts Emphasis
Recommended for students seeking a broad, general purpose background in biology.

Required units (crs.): 46 minimum

Required Courses: In addition to the Core Courses:
Mathematics
As specified for College of Letters and Science (COLS) requirements for degree:
  • B.S.- either Calculus I or higher, statistics, computer science or symbolic logic
  • B.A.- no additional math requirement

Other Requirements: 5 cr.
  • Biology one of the following: Biology 319, 345, 450.

Electives:
Additional units (crs.) (5 or more units (crs.)) from: Biology 212, Biology 233 or 300-/400 level Biology courses for a minimum of 36 units (crs.).

B. Secondary Education Emphasis
Recommended for students who plan to enter the Secondary Education Program in preparation for teaching high school Biology.

Required Units (crs.): 46 minimum

Required Courses: In addition to the Core Courses: (Secondary Education Emphasis students do NOT take Biology and Microbiology 491 from Core).
Chemistry: (10 or more units (crs.))
  • Chemistry 105 or Chemistry 101 and 102, or equivalent;
  • Chemistry 106 or 109 or 110
Mathematics:
As specified for College of Letters and Science (COLS) requirements for degree:
  • B.S.- either Calculus I or higher, statistics, computer science or symbolic logic
  • B.A.- no additional math requirement

Other Requirements:
  • Biology:(8 units (crs.)) Biology 211, 212, 351.

Electives:
From among Biology courses (4 units (crs.)) at the 300 or 400 level, to make a total of 36 units (crs.) in all (Biology 233 Microbial Survey is also an eligible elective)

Education majors are required to take Biology 349 to meet the Department of Public Instruction Environment Education Requirements for Biology Education majors.

C. Cell/Molecular Professional Emphasis
Recommended for students who wish to prepare for careers in cell or molecular biology, genetics, physiology, biochemistry, biotechnology or many other biological and biomedical sciences. This emphasis is good preparation for graduate school in these fields. A Bachelor’s Degree often sufficient for professional placement. See index for additional requirements that may be needed for certain preprofessional programs.

Required Units (crs.): 68 minimum

Required Courses: In addition to the Core Courses: (21 units (crs.) mimimum)
  • Chemistry: Chemistry 105 or Chemistry 101 and 102, or equivalent; Chemistry 106, 109 or 110; Chemistry 235; 335 or 305
  • Mathematics: Calculus I or higher

Other Requirement: (15 or 17 units (crs.))
  • Biology: 5 units (crs.) from the following: Biology 319, 345, 450.
  • Biology: Biology 372, 317, (Biology 389 and 390) or (Biology 341 and 374).

Electives: At least two of these elective courses.
  • Biology 6 units (crs.) from the following: Biology 309, 315, 316, 321, 337, 341, 350, 354, 389.

D. Ecology and Organismal Biology Emphasis

Required Units (crs.): 62-67 minimum

Required Courses: In addition to the Core Courses:
  • Chemistry (10-13 units (crs.)): Chemistry 105 or Chemistry 101 and Chemistry 102 or equivalent; Chemistry 106 or 109 or 110
  • Mathematics (3-4 units (crs.)): Mathematics 171, 175, 201; Geography 385; Psychology 203
  • Biology (one of the following): Biology 319, 345, 450
  • Biology (at least 12 units (crs.) from the following): Biology 304, 321, 327, 328, 330, 332, 335, 336, 354, 358
  • Biology (two of the following): Biology 326, 376, 386

2. MICROBIOLOGY MAJOR
Recommended for students who wish to prepare for careers in microbiology, biotechnology and allied health areas, for graduate study in Microbiology, Biochemistry and many other biological and biomedical sciences. A Bachelor’s degree is often sufficent for professional placement.

Required Units (crs.): 71 minimum

Required Courses:
  • Biology (22 units (crs.) minimum) Biology 105 or 108; Biology 111, 230 or 231; Biology 323, 343, 349, 491

Other Required Courses: (26 units (crs.) minimum)
  • Chemistry: 21 units (crs.) from the following: Chemistry 105, or 101 and 102, or equivalent; Chemistry 106, 109 or 110; Chemistry 235, 335, 305
  • Mathematics: one term of calculus or higher
  • Physics: Physics/Astronomy 107 or 109

Additonal Required Courses: (18 - 19 units (crs.))
  • Biology: Biology 309, 341, 375, 450, one of the following: Biology 313, 374, 390

Electives: (5 or 6 units (crs.)) from the following: Biology 312, 315, 321, 339, 354, 389

Possible minor: A minor in chemistry would require ONLY Chemistry 221 in addition to the chemistry courses specified.

VII. MINOR(S)

1. BIOLOGY MINOR
Recommended for students who are interested in Biology. This Minor can be pursued by students in any college of the University.

Required Units (crs.): 25 minimum

Required Courses:
  • Biology: Biology 105, 230, 231, 233, 343; and sufficient courses from the following departmental offerings to meet the minimum unit (cr.) requirement: Biology 211 and 212, or 221, 319, 345, 450

2. MICROBIOLOGY MINOR
Recommended for students who are majoring in Biology, Chemistry, Medical Technology or other allied health fields.

Required Units (crs.): 22 minimum

Required Courses:
  • Biology: Biology 309, 312, 313, 315, 450

Electives: Sufficient courses from the Department's offerings to meet the Minimum Requirement including:
  • Biology: (one of the following): Biology 339, 341, 372, 375

Comment:
Biology 301 may be taken to fulfill the required 36 units (crs.) for the Microbiology major.

VIII. COURSE OFFERINGS

Biology 104 1-4 units (crs.)
Ecosphere in Crisis (NS)
Interaction of humans primarily as biological organisms, with the living world. Emphasis is given to the origin and evolution of the biosphere, and the dual processes of man's awareness of our environment from a biologist's point of view to provide a basis for future intelligent decision making on problems of the biosphere. (3+3) (Fall-Spring)

Biology 105 1-4 units (crs.)
Biological Concepts - Unity (NS)
An introduction to the biological sciences. Addresses phenomena common to a diversity of life forms. Biological organization, cell biology, processing energy, genetics, evolution. (3+2) (Fall-Spring)

Biology 106 1-4 units (crs.)
Biological Concepts - Diversity (NS)
An examination of the five kingdoms. Addresses the differences in ways organisms do things such as get food or react to stimuli. Levels of organization and ecology are examined. Biology 106 is primarily for non-majors. Prerequisite: Biology 105. (3+3) (Fall-Spring)

Biology 107 1-5 units (crs.)
Principles of Modern Biology (NS)
Major biological concepts from molecular to population levels. Laboratory experiments demonstrate analytical and descriptive approaches to biology and involve collection and interpretation of experimental data. Recommended for students with strong background in biology. Previous or concurrent enrollment in general chemistry recommended. (4+3) (Fall-Spring)

Biology 108 5 units (crs.)
Honors: Concepts in Biology - Unity (NS)
An introduction to molecular, cellular and ecological aspects of biology, focusing on recent technological advances, their impact on our society and on our planet. The course is designed for students who have experience in biology and chemistry in high school. Both majors and non-majors are welcome. Participants in the University Scholars Program will be given preference for enrollment.

Biology 111 2 units (crs.)
Biology Orientation
An introduction to the cultural aspects of biological sciences for students declaring or considering a major in Biology or Microbiology. Discussion topics will include: current ‘hot' fields and employment opportunities; roles and responsibilities of scientists in society; professional ethics; scientific communication; planning (career choices, course selection, research experience) and an introduction to department faculty, staff, and facilities. Students are encouraged to take this course as early as possible in their academic program. Pass/Fail course.

Biology 211 3 units (crs.)
Human Anatomy (NS)
A study of the fundamental structure and organization of the organs and systems of the human body. Prerequisite: "C" or better in Biology 105 or equivalent. (Primarily for physical education and music therapy students).

Biology 212 3 units (crs.)
Human Physiology (NS)
Structure/function relationships of the healthy human body, on the molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ-system levels. Primarily for students in medical technology, nursing, and physical education programs. Prerequisite: Biology 211 with a grade of C or better.

Biology 214 3 units (crs.)
Elementary Public Health
Consideration of basic health problems and description of organization and administration of official and voluntary health agencies; principles of prevention in the occurrence and transmission of diseases. Approved as a nonlaboratory, general education course to count as 3 units (crs.) toward the 42 unit (cr.) general education requirement.

Biology 221 5 units (crs.)
Human Anatomy and Physiology
The course is for students who intend to enter a health profession. Structure and function of the human body will be emphasized at various organizational levels from the subcellular to the entire body. Some pathological material will be included as well. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. (4+2) (Fall-Spring)

Biology 230 4 units (crs.)
Biology of Animals (NS)
An introductory, phylogenetic study of the Animal Kingdom considering anatomy, evolution and life histories of major groups. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. (3+3) (Fall-Spring)
Biology 231 4 units (crs.)
Biology of Plants and Microbes (NS)
The biology of plants, fungi, and microorganisms traditionally studied by botanists, with an emphasis on plants. Topics to be covered include taxonomy, evolution, ecology, physiology, and life traits. The impact of these organisms on human affairs will be stressed. Prerequisite: Biology 105 or equivalent.

Biology 233 4 units (crs.)
Microbial Survey (NS)
A survey of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and some algae, fungi, and invertebrates. Emphasis will be placed upon the health care applications of microbiology and transmission of infectious disease agents. Laboratory will focus on standard microbiologic techniques used in the allied health fields. This course is designed for those students interested in allied health fields, including biology, nursing and medical technology majors. Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in Biology 105. (3+2) (Fall)

Biology 250 2 units (crs.)
Medical Mycology
The laboratory identification of fungal human pathogens. (Primarily for medical technologists.) (1+2) (Spring)

Biology 260 3 units (crs.)
Environment and Living Systems
A study of environmental issues from a biological perspective, focusing on the scientific bases for: 1) physical, chemical, and biological influences on living organisms; 2) contracts between natural and perturbed ecosystems; and 3) historical, current, and predicted effects of human activities on local, regional and global scales. Credit cannot be received for both Biology 260 and Environmental Studies 260. Prerequisite: Biology 104 or Biology 105 or permission of instructor.

Biology 300 1-6 units (crs.)
Internship in Biology
An internship experience with a cooperating organization or corporation to gain on-the-job learning. Internships may be arranged at any time, but most that provide salary are available only in summer. Prerequisite: Student must arrange for a specific internship with the Internship Director before registering for the course.

Biology 301 0-6 units (crs.)
Internship in Microbiology
An internship experience with a cooperating organization or corporation to gain on-the-job learning. Internship may be arranged at any time, but most that provide salary are available only in summer. The students will work with cooperating agencies such as regional or state public health laboratories, private food processing plants, hospitals, etc. Prerequisite: Student must arrange for a specific internship with the Internship Director before registering for the course.

Biology 304 3 units (crs.)
Plant Taxonomy
Collection, identification and preservation of flowering plants; a consideration of biosystematic methods and procedures; study of evolutionary mechanisms. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. 304/504 (2+2) (Fall)

Biology 308 5 units (crs.)
Comparative Anatomy
A comparative study of representative vertebrates. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. 308/508 (3+4) (Spring-even years)

Biology 309 5 units (crs.)
Bacteriology
The course covers basic concepts of microbiology, through chemical and physiological properties, genetics, evolution, and diseases caused by microbes and the microbial activities beneficial to human. Laboratory covers standard microbiological experiments and isolation and identification of bacteria. Prerequisites: Biology and Microbiology 107 and one year of general chemistry. (3+4) (Fall-Spring)

Biology 311 3 units (crs.)
Animal Behavior
An introduction to the behavior mechanisms of invertebrate and vertebrate animals emphasizing a naturalistic point of view. Prerequisite: Biology 340 or Biology 343. 311/511 (2+2) (Spring)

Biology 312 2 units (crs.)
Medical Bacteriology (Lecture)
Bacterial pathogens and their relationships to diseases; prevention and control of infectious diseases. Prerequisite: Biology 309 and Biology 341. 312/512 (2+0) (Spring)

Biology 313 2 units (crs.)
Medical Bacteriology (Laboratory)
Isolation study, identification and laboratory handling of pathogenic bacteria. Prerequisite: Biology 309 and 341. 313/513 (0+2) (Spring)

Biology 315 3 units (crs.)
Virology
Principles of animal and human molecular virology. Topics include replication, expression, pathogenesis, methods of diagnosis and detection, current uses of viruses in gene therapy and vaccine applications, viruses and cancer and other diseases, persistent infections, and emerging viruses. Prerequisite: Biology 323 or consent of instructor.

Biology 316 3 units (crs.)
Developmental Biology
Developmental Biology will first examine, at a morphological level, different strategies of embryonic development in diverse organisms, and then study molecular cues that cells use to migrate, differentiate and eventually form a normal organism. Prerequisite: Biology 323/523 or equivalent. Strongly recommended: Biology 343. 316/516 (3+0) (Spring)

Biology 317 3 units (crs.)
Cell/Development Biology Laboratory
This laboratory focuses on current techniques in cell and developmental biology. Students will perform experiments involving tissue culture, immunohistology and genetic engineering. Students will be given some of the responsibility for designing and executing experiments. Consequently students must be able to work in the lab outside of the scheduled hours. Prerequisite: Biology 343 and either Biology 323/523, Biology 316/516 or concurrent enrollment in Biology 316/516. 317/517 (1+4)

Biology 319 5 units (crs.)
General Animal Physiology
Structure/function relationships common to a variety of ani-mal body plans; on the molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ-system levels. Prerequisite: One year of chemistry. Strongly recommended: Biology 105, 230 or 323.

Biology 321 3 units (crs.)
Mycology
A study of the fungi; characteristics, physiology; habits and laboratory identification of molds, yeasts, mushrooms and related organisms. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. 321/521 (2+2) (Fall)
Biology 322 1 unit (cr.)
Mushroom Identification
The collection and identification of mushrooms and other fleshy fungi. Prerequisite: Concurrent or prior enrollment in Biology 321/521. 322/522

Biology 323 3 units (crs.)
Introduction to Molecular and Cell Biology
This course is an introduction to the basic elements of molecular and cellular biology. Molecular biology covers structure, function and biosynthesis of DNA, RNA and proteins as well as regulation of gene expression. Cell biology examines cellular structures and how they are used to accomplish replication, metabolism and response to the environment. Prerequisite: Biology 105 or equivalent, Chemistry 105 or equivalent, previous or concurrent enrollment in Chemistry 106.

Biology 326 3 units (crs.)
Introductory Limnology
The physical, chemical and biological character of lakes and streams. Methods of field measurements, collection and analysis of water samples. Investigation of aquatic communities. Prerequisite: One term of general biology, one year of general chemistry, and consent of instructor. 326/526 (2+2) (Fall)

Biology 327 3 units (crs.)
Microbial Ecology
A study of the activities of microorganisms in a variety of natural habitats and their relevance to the overall quality of the environment. Emphasis will be on specific processes; transformations in biogeochemical cycles, symbiotic relationships, microbial relationships with other living organisms, hydrocarbon oxidations, and biotransformation of novel compounds. Prerequisite: Biology 231, 233, 309 or consent of instructor.

Biology 328 3 units (crs.)
Ornithology
An introduction to the systematics, evolution, anatomy, behavior, and ecology of birds of the world. Field Trips. Prerequisite: Biology 230. 328/528 (2+3) (Spring)
Biology 330 3 units (crs.)
Ichthyology
The biology of fishes including functional anatomy, evolution, taxonomy, ecology, physiology, behavior and development. Field trips required. Prerequisite: Biology 230 and a year of general chemistry with laboratory. 330/530 (2+3)

Biology 332 3 units (crs.)
Entomology
An introduction to the study of insects. Principles of biology, ecology and classification are emphasized. Elements of morphology, physiology, and collection and preservation techniques are included. Field trips. General collection of insects (assembled during the term is required. Prerequisite: One term of general biology.

Biology 335 3 units (crs.)
Systematic Biology
A study of the principles of taxonomy, nomenclature, classification and systematics incorporating the most recent approaches to derivation and application of hierarchical classification systems. Quantitative methods, their underlying assumptions, and their logical outcomes will be stressed. Prerequisite: Two terms of biology, including a survey course. 335/535 (2+2)

Biology 336 3 units (crs.)
Fresh Water Algae
Classification, biochemistry, physiology and ecology of fresh water algae. Emphasis on the roles algae play in aquatic ecosystems and on applications in environmental monitoring, aquaculture, and as experimental systems for basic research in photosynthesis. Prerequisite: Biology 231, Biology 233 or Biology 309. 336/536 ( 2+2) (Fall)

Biology 337 3 units (crs.)
Plant Anatomy
The structure of representative groups of ferns, fern allies and seed-bearing plants. Emphasis on structure/function relationships. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. Strongly recommended: Biology 231. 337/537 (Spring-odd years)

Biology 339 3 units (crs.)
Industrial Microbiology
A study of microorganisms and microbial processes important to a variety of industrial applications; special reference to food, biotechnical, and environmental processes and their applications. Prerequisite: Biology 309. 339/539

Biology 340 3 units (crs.)
Genetics W/O Lab
A study of inheritance and variation at the molecular, cellular, organismic and population levels. Prerequisite: Biology 372. (3+2)

Biology 341 3 units (crs.)
Immunology
Principles of immunology, with emphasis on the cellular and molecular basis of immune function, including clinical aspects of host immune processes. Areas of immunology currently under investigation will also be examined. Prerequisite: Biology 323 or consent of instructor. Strongly recommended: Biology 233 or 309. 341/541 (3+0) (Fall)

Biology 343 1-4 units (crs.)
Genetics - Lecture and Laboratory
A study of inheritance and variation at the molecular, cellular, organismic and population levels. Prerequisite: Biology 372. (3+2) (Fall-Spring)

Biology 344 3 units (crs.)
Introduction to Hematology
An introduction to the basic techniques used in the chemical and microscopic examination of blood. Morphology of blood cells is emphasized. (Primarily for Medical Technologists) Prerequisite: Biology 341 and consent of instructor. (2+2) (Fall Interim)

Biology 345 5 units (crs.)
Plant Physiology
An experimental study of plant growth, metabolism, nutrition, reproduction and response to environment. Prerequisite: One term of general biology, one year of general chemistry and Biology 231. 345/545 (4+3) (Spring)

Biology 349 3 units (crs.)
Ecology and Evolution
Basic principles which influence and govern the plant and animal relations with their environments. An explanation of the distribution, abundance, and specialization of the present-day organisms, and of extinction. Prerequisite: One term of general biology.

Biology 350 4 units (crs.)
Electron Microscopy
Electron microscope operation in electron diffraction and conventional imaging. The preparation of metals and other crystalline materials and biological specimens. The student may elect scanning, transmission EM or both. 350/550 (1+4) (Fall)

Biology 351 2 units (crs.)
Evolution
The record of evolution and the mechanism of evolutionary processes. Prerequisite: One term of general biology. (2+0)

Biology 352 3 units (crs.)
Biology of Aging
The course is designed to familiarize the student with the latest biological knowledge on the complex process of aging, a multifaceted phenomenon not unique to the human species. Prerequisite: Biology 104 or 107, and Biology 211or 212 or 211. 352/552 (3+0)

Biology 353 3 units (crs.)
Introduction to Arachnology
An introduction to the arachnid orders with emphasis on spiders, harvestman, scorpions, and solfugids. Morphology, classification, ecology, and collecting techniques will be emphasized. A collection of spiders and harvestman is required. Prerequisite: Biology 230. 353/553 (1+4) (Spring Interim-even years)

Biology 354 3 units (crs.)
Parasitology
A look at the most common mode of life on earth. Emphasis will be placed on human parasites, but attention will be given to some of the more common and the more bizarre parasites of Wisconsin animals. Topics will include life histories, identification and diagnosis, parasitic diseases, host-parasite interactions, and parasite evolution. Prerequisite: One term of general biology and Biology 230. 354/554 (2+2) (Spring)

Biology 358 2 units (crs.)
Freshwater Invertebrates
In this course benthic organisms and zooplankton will be studied. Sampling techniques for different situations will be used. Data will be analyzed using several diversity techniques. The role of benthos and zooplankton in aquatic systems will be examined. Prerequisite: An introductory biology course and consent of instructor. 358/558 (0+4) (Spring Interim-odd years)

Biology 367 3 units (crs.)
Waterfowl Biology
Taxonomy, distribution, migration, production, habitat, mortality agents and management of waterfowl. An intensive, highly field-oriented course intended to provide the practical ‘hands-on' experience essential to students planning a career in field biology, especially wildlife biology. Several full days of field activity. Half of course devoted to field activities. (2+3) (Spring Interim-even years)

Biology 372 3 units (crs.)
Advanced Molecular and Cell Biology
In-depth consideration of topics such as replication, transcription, translation and regulation of gene expression. Mechanisms that guide and drive cellular function and metabolism will be covered in detail. Studies of aberrant cell behavior (e.g. cancer and cell death) will be included. This course will emphasize scientific literature and quantitative problem-solving. Prerequisite: Biology 323, 343 and Chemistry 106. 372/572

Biology 373 2 units (crs.)
Biology Field Trip
Formal library and classroom study of an area of interest followed by field study of that area. Site of study will change from year to year and could include Florida Everglades and Keys, Gulf Coast, Desert Southwest, etc. A final examination will follow the trip. See instructor for special course fees. May be taken more than once for credit but only two (2) units (crs.) will apply toward the major or minor at the undergraduate level or MS Biology degree. To receive credit, student must be enrolled at beginning of term. 373/573 (Spring)

Biology 374 3 units (crs.)
Immunology/Virology Laboratory
Laboratory course integrating principles of immunology and virology. Techniques employed include, but are not limited to, western blotting, SDS-PAGE, PCR and applications, ELISAs, tissue culture, and microscopy. Course is designed for students interested in molecular methods used to study virus/host interactions; including microbiology, biology, and medical technology majors. Prerequisite: Biology 341, Biology 315 or concurrent enrollment in Biology 315/515. (Fall)
Biology 375 3 units (crs.)
Microbial Genetics
Structure of microbial genome mutation, expression and exchange of genetic information, genetic analysis, genetic engineering. Prerequisite: Biology 309 and 340 or 343. (375/575) (Fall)

Biology 376 3 units (crs.)
Population and Community Ecology
An introduction to the study of populations and communities. Examines population-level phenomena (e.g., density, demography, reproduction) and population-level interactions within biological communities (e.g., competition, predation, parasitism). Labs involve discussions of papers from the literature, data analysis, and computer simulations. Prerequisite: Biology 349 or consent of instructor. 376/576 (2+3)

Biology 377 2 units (crs.)
Microbial Genetics Laboratory
A laboratory course to study the genetics of bacteria and their viruses. Genetic mapping will be introduced using techniques involving mutagenesis, recombination, plasmid transfer, transduction and transformation systems. Prerequisite: Biology 309; Biology 375 should be taken prior to this course or concurrently. 377/577 (0+4) (Fall)

Biology 386 3 units (crs.)
Systems Ecology
An introduction to the study of ecosystems from the perspectives of biogeochemical cycles, energy budgets, and other emergent properties. Laboratory will focus on approaches to monitoring (e.g. field sampling, remote sensing) and modeling ecosystems at various scales of time and space (e.g. local, regional and global). Students will develop environmental sampling schemes and ecosystem models needed to study hypothetical scenarios and for projects of their own design. Prerequisite: Biology 349 or consent of instructor. 386/586 (2+2)

Biology 389 3 units (crs.)
Principles of Biotechnology
A survey of methods and processes used in industrial microbiology and the techniques used in the development of new processes (Recombinant DNA, monoclonal antibodies and genetic improvement). Prerequisite: Biology 323 and 343. Strongly recommended: Biology 375 or consent of instructor. 389/589 (3+0) (Spring)

Biology 390 2 units (crs.)
Biotechnology Laboratory
A laboratory course that complements the lecture course Biology and Microbiology 389/589 in biotechnology. Students will gain hands-on experience in some of the principles of cell culture, product isolation and purification, and molecular genetic manipulation of genes that are basic to many areas of this broad and rapidly changing field. Exercises are planned in cell culture, computer analysis of cell culture parameters, protein isolation and purification, gene cloning and nucleic acid probe techniques, DNA sequencing, and computer analysis of DNA and protein sequences. If taken at the undergraduate level, the course may not be repeated for graduate credit. Prerequisite: Biology 309. Strongly recommended: Biology 372 and 375. 390/590 (Spring)

Biology 414 1 unit (cr.)
Seminar
Oral presentation of scientific papers, research, or selected topic which require a study and use of literature. Prerequisite: Senior in Biology. (1+0)

Biology 415 1 unit (cr.)
Seminar
Oral presentation of scientific papers, research, or selected topic which require a study and use of literature. Prerequisite: Senior in Biology. (1+0)

Biology 444 3 units (crs.)
Neurobiology
Advanced study of the nervous systems of animals. Princi-ples, techniques, development, pathology, research fron-tiers. Prerequisite: One year of chemistry, Biology 323 and a grade of C or better in Biology 212, 319, Psychology 383 or equivalent. 444/644

Biology 446 1-3 units (crs.)
Independent Study
See Independent Study under Course and Academic Advisement Policies Information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements.

Biology 450 5 units (crs.)
Microbial Physiology
Physiological and metabolic processes of bacteria with emphasis on growth, nutrition, synthesis of cellular constituents and energy yielding processes. Prerequisite: Biology 309. Strongly recommended: Chemistry 305. 450/650 (3+4) (Fall)

Biology 456 1-3 units (crs.)
Related Readings
See Related Readings under Course and Academic Advisement Policies Information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements.

Biology 474 1-6 units (crs.)
Honors Thesis
Honors thesis projects include any advanced independent endeavor in the student's major field of study Proposals (attached to Independent Study Contract) must show clear promise of honors level work and be approved by a faculty sponsor. Course title for transcript will be ‘Honors Thesis.' Completed projects will be announced and presented to interested students and faculty. Prerequisite: University Honors program and junior standing. Maximum of 6 units (crs.)

Biology 491 2 units (crs.)
Biology/Microbiology Senior Seminar
A seminar-style capstone class for students majoring in Biology or Microbiology that will discuss basic concepts necessary for a career in the biological sciences. Students are expected to actively participate in the assessment of their major, and participate in discussions of major issues in the biological sciences. The course will cover resume and cover letter writing, professionalism, and proposal writing. Current topics in life sciences will be used to examine students' abilities to integrate scientific concepts and use communications skills gained in previous courses. Prerequisite: Senior standing and consent of department chair.
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Last Updated July 1, 2001