Course Offerings - GEOLOGY

51-102 Physical Geology (NS) (3+2) 1-4 cr. (Fall-Spring)

The nature and origin of rocks and the study of geological processes such as erosion, earthquakes, mountain building and plate tectonics. Laboratories illustrate geological methods of scientific inquiry by studies of minerals, rocks, rock deformation, topographic and geologic maps, and by a field trip. Students may receive credit for only one of the following courses: 51-102, Physical Geology; 51-110, Honors: Geology; 51-150 Environmental Geology.
51-109 Evolution of the Earth (NS) (3+2) 4 cr. (Fall-Spring)
Evolution of the Earth with emphasis on plate tectonic concepts and the geologic history of North America. History of life as revealed in the geologic record. A field trip to the Devil's Lake area is required. Satisfies general education requirements in laboratory science. Prerequisites: 51-102 or 51-110 or 51-150.
51-110 Honors: Geology (NS) (4+2) 5 cr. (Fall)
This course provides the scientific foundation to understand how the earth works and why geologic events occur when and where they do. It is divided into three areas of study. The first considers the materials which make up the earth and the processes that produce them. These materials include the common minerals and rocks of the earth as well as the scarce ones that are so important for our economy. Next, a thorough treatment of internal earth processes provides the foundation for understanding the large-scale motions and upheavals of the earth including continental drift, the formation of mountains, eruption of volcanoes, and the origin of earthquakes. The third part of the course studies the surface processes that wear down the mountains and sculptures our landscape into varied and interesting configurations we see today. The laboratory provides hands-on experience with the three aspects of geology and introduces the student to geological methods of scientific inquiry. A field trip is part of the laboratory class. Prerequisite: University Scholar. Students may receive credit for only one of the following courses: 51-102, Physical Geology; 51-110, Honors: Geology; 51-150, Environmental Geology.
51-140 Introduction to Geologic Field Methods 1 cr. (Spring)
Introduction to principles and techniques for observing, describing, and interpreting geological features in the field. Prerequisites: 51-102 (concurrent registration) or 51-110 or 51-150.
51-150 Environmental Geology (NS) (3+2) 1- 4 cr. (Fall-Spring)
The physical environment and human interaction with it. Emphasis on earth processes which affect humans, such as rivers, erosion, groundwater, landslides, and earthquakes. Includes a laboratory with study of rocks and minerals, soils, water quality, maps, hydroprocesses, and a local field trip. Course is recommended for non-majors. Students may receive credit for only one of the following courses: 51-102, Physical Geology; 51-110, Honors: Geology; 51-150, Environmental Geology.
51-205 Mineralogy (3+3) 4 cr. (Fall)
Crystallography and crystal chemistry of the major groups of minerals. Mineral associations, alteration, and economic importance. Laboratory work consists of mineral identification using physical and chemical properties and mineral associations. Field trips may be taken to selected areas to illustrate principles taught in the course. Prerequisites: 51-102 or 51-110 or 51-150; and 32-105 or 32-109 at least concurrently.
51-206 Lithology (3+3) 4 cr. (Spring)
Genesis and classification of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks; principles of magmatic differentiation and sedimentary and metamorphic facies. Laboratory work with hand specimens of rocks and minerals. Field trips may be taken to selected areas to illustrate principles taught in the course. Prerequisite: 51-205.
51-302 Seminar in Geology 1 cr. (Fall)
Readings and discussion of geological literature. Required oral and written presentation. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
51-306/506 X-ray Mineralogy (0+2) 1 cr. (Fall-odd years)
Principles of x-ray diffraction and application to mineral studies using powder methods. Prerequisite: 51-205.
51-307/507 Optical Mineralogy (2+3) 3 cr. (Fall-even years)
Theory and practice of mineral identification using the petrographic microscope. Prerequisite: 51-206.
51-308/508 Petrology (2+3) 3 cr. (Spring-odd years)
The character and origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory examination of thin sections of igneous and metamorphic rocks with a petrographic microscope. Prerequisite: 51-307.
51-309 Paleontology (2+2) 3 cr. (Fall)
Morphology, classification, nomenclature, and stratigraphic distribution of fossil invertebrates. Prerequisite: 51-109.
51-311/511 Stratigraphy (2+2) 3 cr. (Spring-even years)
Interpretation of stratified rocks. Prerequisite: 51-206.
51-314/514 Sedimentology (2+3) 3 cr. (Fall)
Analysis and interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Prerequisite: 51-206.
51-315/515 Sedimentary Petrology (0+3) 1 cr. (Spring-odd years)
Description, classification and interpretation of sedimentary rocks in hand specimen and thin section. Prerequisites: 51-307 and 51-314.
51-320 Geomorphology (2+2) 3 cr. (Fall-even years)
Fundamentals of surficial geology and landscape form and process. Laboratory work includes a study of topographic maps, geologic maps, and air photos which are representative of major physiographic provinces in the United States. A field trip is required. Prerequisite: 51-109
51-322/522 Mineral Deposits 3 cr. (Spring-even years)
Principles that govern the accumulation of the metallic ores. Consideration of the geology of individual ore deposits. Field trips to several mining areas in the Lake Superior region may be required. Prerequisite: 51-206.
51-326/526 Geophysics (2+3) 3 cr. (Spring-even years)
Application of principles and practices of physics to the solution of problems related to the solid earth. Principles of geophysical methods, and the interpretation of earth structure and other geologic problems from geophysical information. Laboratory use of certain geophysical instruments, field trips, and problems involving the reduction and interpretation of geophysical data. Prerequisites: 67-108, 82-110 or 82-108, 51-102 or 51-110 or 51-150. Strongly recommended: 51-331.
51-328/528 Oceanography 3 cr. (Spring)
Basic phenomena and conditions of the oceans, the development of the science of oceanography, the structure of the ocean basins, chemistry and physics of sea water, circulation of oceans, life in the sea and the deposits on the floor of the sea. Prerequisite: Eight credits of lab science.
51-331/531 Structural Geology (2+2) 3 cr. (Spring)
The structure of the earth including theories of mountain formation and evidences of crustal deformation: folds, faults, cleavage, lineation. Laboratory exercise in practical field problems. Field trip required. Prerequisites: 51-102 or 51-110 or 51-150, 67-104 or 67-108; 51-206 recommended.
51-335/535 Glacial Geology (2+2) 3 cr. (Fall-odd years)
The origin, movement, and decay of glaciers; landforms developed by glaciers; the glacial succession and associated environmental changes, and the economic aspects of glaciation. A field trip is required. Prerequisite: 51-102 or 51-110 or 51-150.
51-342 Applied Geologic Field Methods (1+3) 2 cr. (Spring-odd years)
Principles and techniques of acquiring and interpreting geological and geophysical field data. Includes geologic mapping using base maps, aerial photographs, plane table surveys, and pace-and-compass surveys; geophysical surveys with portable instruments. A three-day field trip to LaRue, Wisconsin, and a final written report are required. Prerequisites: required, 51-206 (concurrent enrollment); recommended, 51-140 (concurrent enrollment).
51-344 Field Problems in Geology (0+8) 4 cr. (Summer)
Application of the theories and methods of field geology to problems involving both detailed and regional geologic interpretation. Student projects include measuring stratigraphic sections, stratigraphic correlation, geologic mapping, structural and stratigraphic analysis, and field analysis of igneous and metamorphic sequences. Together, 51-344 and 51-345 make up the Geology Field Camp, which meets for eight weeks during the summer in the mountains of Alberta, British Columbia and the Yukon Territory. Prerequisites: 51-206, 51-331, and consent of instructor. Strongly recommended: 51-342. Also recommended 51-309 and 51-311. Contact instructor for application materials and information regarding special course fees.
51-345 Advanced Field Geology (0+8) 4 cr. (Summer)
Continuation of 51-344. Prerequisite: 51-344.
51-355/555 Geology of Wisconsin 3 cr. (As scheduled)
The Precambrian, Paleozoic and Pleistocene history of Wisconsin and surrounding area, emphasizing the nature and chronology of geological processes which have formed the rocks. Field trips to selected areas illustrate a variety of geological features. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
51-360 Spring Field Trip (1+2) 2 cr. (Spring)
Formal classroom study of an area of geologic interest followed by field study of the area. Study areas change from year to year, but have included the Florida reef tract, coastal North Carolina, the Catskills, the Grand Canyon, the Guadalupe Mountains, Big Bend National Park, the Gulf Coast, and central Coahuila, Mexico. A final examination follows the trip. May be taken for credit more than once. Special sections may be arranged to accommodate students with differing backgrounds in geology. See instructor for special course fees. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.
51-361 Lake Superior Field Trip 1 cr. (As scheduled)
Field trips to selected areas of the Lake Superior region to examine and study various aspects of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, and structural features that relate to the tectonic history of the region. Glacial features will also be studied. See instructor for special course fees. Prerequisites: consent of instructor. May be taken for credit more than once.
51-365/565 Hydrogeology (2+2) 3 cr. (Fall)
The nature, distribution and circulation of fresh water. Major topics include elements of the hydrologic cycle, surface water hydrology, principles of ground water flow, and geologic setting of groundwater supplies. Emphasis upon human interaction with the hydrologic environment. Laboratory exercises stress mathematical and graphical methods of analysis of hydrologic data. A field trip may be required. Prerequisite: 34-115, 51-150 or 51-102 or 51-110, 67-108, or consent of instructor.
51-366/566 Ground Water Hydrology (2+2) 3 cr. (Spring-even years)
The occurrence, nature and movement of ground water studied from both theoretical and practical viewpoints. Ground water resources, hydrogeochemistry, groundwater resource management and techniques of modeling ground water flow. Environmental applications are stressed. Prerequisite: 51-365, 67-171, 32-106.
51-369 Geochemistry 3 cr. (Spring-odd years)
Qualitative and quantitative study of geologically important elements and their distribution in crustal environments. Chemical bonding, solution equilibria, chemical weathering, pH-Eh diagrams and their relevance to base metal deposits, and organic geochemistry. Prerequisite: 51-102 or 51-110 or 51-150, 32-106.
51-398/598 Geology Workshop 1-3 cr. (As scheduled)
A workshop on special topics of interest to teachers. This course may be repeated for credit with different topics. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
51-399/599 Geology of Wisconsin - Field Course (0+6) 3 cr. (As scheduled)
A multi-institutional, team-taught field trip throughout Wisconsin. The trip will provide an opportunity to study some of the exposures on which the geological history of Wisconsin has been interpreted. Undergraduates will take three exams; graduates will take the exams and do small mapping projects. Prerequisite: 51-206 and consent of instructor. See instructor for special course fees.
51-445 Geology Internship 1-3 cr.

Application of geologic training to business/government job environment. Student will be supervised on the job by geotechnical professional. Internships can be arranged any semester. The number of credits to be received and the grading criteria will be agreed upon in advance with the faculty member who is the on-campus supervisor. Course may be repeated for up to a total of three credits. Prerequisites: 51-206 and consent of department chair.

51-446 Independent Study
1-3 cr.

See Independent Study under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements.
51-456 Related Readings
1-3 cr.

See Related Readings under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisites, and proper contract form requirements.
51-460/660 Topics in Geology 1-3 cr.

The study of selected topics in geology. Topics may be of current interest or may expand on material covered in other courses. The topic will be announced in the timetable when the course is offered. The course may be repeated for credit only if the content is different. Prerequisite: 51-206, consent of instructor, and a GPA in geology of 3.0 or higher.

51-474 Honors: Thesis
1-6 cr.

Prerequisites: University scholar status and junior standing. Honors thesis projects include any advanced independent endeavor in the student's major field of study, e.g., a written thesis, scientific experiment or research project, or creative arts exhibit or production. Proposals (attached to Independent Study contract) must show clear promise of honors level work and be approved by a faculty sponsor. Course title for transcript will be "Honors Thesis." Completed projects will be announced and presented to interested students and faculty. Maximum of 6 credits.
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Last Updated July 1, 1999