Currently, many school districts have difficulty hiring teachers in subjects such as mathematics, science, bilingual education, and computer science. According to the Department of Labor, overall employment of kindergarten and elementary school teachers is expected to increase 10 to 20 percent through the year 2006, which is about as fast as the average. Due to the expected large number of teachers retiring, many additional jobs should open up.
The Department of Labor also states that employment of secondary school teachers is expected to grow 21 to 35 percent through the year 2006, which is faster than average. Employment growth depends on individual teaching disciplines and on population growth rates and thus student enrollments. Enrollment of 14 to 17 year olds is expected to grow through the year 2006 while enrollment of 5 to 13 year olds is projected to increase at a slower rate through 2002 and then decline.
According to the National Education Association's (NEA) Rankings of the States, the estimated national salary of public elementary and secondary school teachers in 1997 was $38,611, up from a national average of $37,900 in the 1995-1996 school year. Teachers in the state of Wisconsin were averaged at $39,057 for the 1997-1998 school year. According to the NEA Rankings of the States, 1997 also provides average salaries for all states in the nation.
University and college teaching have always attracted many mathematicians. In most four-year colleges and universities, the Ph.D. is necessary for full faculty status. However, those with master's degrees are also hired to teach at the college level. The 1997 AMS-IMS-MAA Annual Survey (first report) states that 63.9 percent of new doctoral recipients from the 1996-1997 academic year employed in the U.S. hold jobs in academia. Only 6.8 percent of all the 1995-1996 doctoral recipients are unemployed, a significant drop of 3.3 percent from the prior year.
Salaries for faculty depend on the types of degrees offered by the department: bachelors, masters or doctoral, and whether the school is private or public. Differences in salaries are also found between assistant, associate and full professors. New Ph.D.s are usually hired with relatively little experience as assistant professors. In the normal progression of teaching, professional and scholarly growth, assistant professors are usually promoted to associate professors in seven years. It then takes a minimum of five years to become a full professor. For more information on faculty salaries, see The 1997 AMS-IMS-MAA Annual Survey published in the Notices of the American Mathematical Society.