Human Research Protection Program and the IRB
Information about research with human subjects and the Institutional Review Board (IRB).
When is IRB Review Required?
All proposed research that involves:
(1) Intervention or interaction with human subjects
(2) Collection of identifiable private data on living individuals and/or
(3) Data analysis of identifiable private information on living individuals
What is a Human subject?
A living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains
(1) Data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or
(2) Identifiable private information (45 CFR 46)
Identifiable Information can be linked to a specific individual either directly or indirectly through coding systems. Please see the IRB Identifiers Chart.
What is Research?
Research is defined by the U.S. Department Health and Human Services as “a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.” (45 CFR 46).
To be considered a systematic investigation the concept of a research project must:
• Attempt to answer research questions (in some research this would be a hypothesis).
• Be methodically driver, that is, it collects data or information in an organized and consistent manner.
• Analyze or data or information in some way-whether quantitative or qualitative data.
• Draw conclusions from the results.
Generalizable knowledge includes the following:
• The knowledge will contribute to a theoretical framework of an established body of knowledge.
• The primary beneficiaries of the research are other researchers, scholars and practitioners in the field of study.
• There will be publication, presentation, or other distribution of the results intended to inform the field of study.
• The results are expected to be generalized to a larger population beyond the site of data collection.
• The results are intended to be replicated in other settings.
Please refer to the UW Oshkosh IRB Review: Quick Guide for guidance on whether your project will require IRB approval.
In general, the secondary analysis of existing data only requires IRB review when it falls under the regulatory definition of research and human subjects. Please refer to the IRB Policy on Analysis of Secondary Data for further information.
The Role of the IRB
The primary role of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) is to ensure ethical treatment of research participants. While IRB review for protection of human participants in research is a matter of institutional policy and federal law, these policies and law are informed by the ethical principles outlined in the 1979 Belmont Report.
The Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) has posted on its website a new set of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on informed consent. In its announcements, OHRP noted that this and all of its FAQs should be viewed as recommendations unless specific regulatory requirements are cited. View the OHRP Informed Consent FAQs here
All research involving human participants (subjects) must be reviewed and approved by the University's IRB before you begin collecting data. This peer review ensures that adequate measures are used to protect the individuals who volunteer to participate in your study. All human research must be approved by the IRB. No research is exempt from review.
Determining if IRB Review is Required
To determine if IRB application submission and review is required for quality improvement, quality assessment or program evaluation activities, please submit the following form:
- IRB Determination of Human Subjects Research Form for Quality Improvement/Quality Assessment Activities
To determine if IRB application submission is required for your classroom project, please submit the following form:
- COMING SOON!
IRB Submission Process
- Determine which type of application you need:
- IRB Application Form: Use this form for collecting data for new projects
- IRB Existing Data Form: Use this form if you plan to use an existing data set with human subjects identifiers
2. Submit (1) hard, signed copy of the appropriate application along with all required attachments to: Office of Grants and Faculty Development, Suite 214 Dempsey Hall, and (1) electronic copy with attachments as a single word or pdf document to firstname.lastname@example.org.
3. DO NOT begin recruiting participants or collecting data until IRB review is complete and you have received confirmation of approval.
4. An IRB staff member will perform an initial review to determine that the application is complete and to determine what level of IRB review is required for the project. If the level of risk is no more than minimal, the proposal can be handled by Exempt or Expedited procedures. The type of review required is determined by the level of risk participants are asked to assume when engaging in the research. See our Exempt & Expedited Reviews page for more information regarding exempt and expedited reviews.
5. Review will take approximately 1-2 weeks for an “Exempt” review; 2-3 weeks for an “Expedited” review; and 3-6 weeks for a “Full Board” review. The Full Board Committee is required to review any research that is more than minimal risk. The committee meets approximately once a month during the academic school year to conduct IRB business. During the summer months, the IRB doesn't have scheduled meetings, but continuously reviews applications that qualify for exempt status or expedited review.
6. If the reviewers determine changes must be made to your research proposal, you will be contacted directly and the following is required:
- Provide a written response to each of the stipulations in a cover letter detailing any changes made to the protocol and supporting documents. Submit correspondence to email@example.com and CC: your Faculty Supervisor, if applicable.
- If changes to the consent documents are required, include revised consent/assent forms with changes highlighted. Include a copy of any documents requested by the committee and highlight any changes made in response to stipulations.
- You have 30 days after the date of the original e-mail from the IRB to respond or request an extension of time and justification for the extension. After that, the submission will be dismissed and you will need to reapply.
7. When your project is approved, you will receive written confirmation from the IRB that you are cleared to proceed with your participant recruitment and data collection. IRB projects are valid for a period of one year from the approval date.
8. IRB regulations require at least annual monitoring of all projects, although the IRB may prescribe more frequent monitoring based on risk assessment. One year from the date of your IRB approval, you will be required to complete an annual IRB Continuing Review Form. On the continuing review form, a brief summary of the project must be provided and the form will prompt you to select if your project is completed or if a project extension is requested. An extension request must be approved by the IRB before continuing the study beyond the project approval period. The IRB requests that these continuing review forms be submitted 30 days prior to protocol expiration. Submitting an extension request in sufficient time is the responsibility of the PI. If you allow your protocol to expire, all data collection must stop and a new application must be submitted to continue the human subjects research.
9. If changes to your research project are requested , you must submit an IRB Modification Request Form. Approval for your modification request must be granted by the IRB before the changes to your protocol can be implemented.
10. Researchers (PIs) must close out their IRB protocol once the research project is complete. The IRB office will send out reminder e-mails to PIs at 60 and 30 days prior to protocol expiration. Protocols can be closed by the PI by submitting the IRB Closure Form to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Prior to receiving IRB approval, Principal Investigators (and Advisors for student projects) must complete training in human research ethics through CITI Program. Please see the table below for training requirements and instructions for various learner groups. Training is conducted through CITI Program.
| Faculty/Staff (UWO)
|| CITI Training for Faculty/Staff
| Students (UWO)
|| CITI Training for Students
| Non-Affiliated Research Staff
|| CITI Training for Non-Affiliated
Adverse Event and Problem Reporting:
Please direct any questions about the IRB process to IRB Chair Anca Miron at (920) 424-2328 or IRB Administration at 424-3215 or email@example.com.
Principal Investigators wishing to acquire volunteer assistance must complete and submit the UW System Volunteer Agreement Form. This agreement is a standard form utilized by UW System to acquire volunteer help.
Send a copy of the agreement to 1). Dean or Department Head AND 2). Risk Management: Jamie Schwister (firstname.lastname@example.org) OR Raazia Riffat (email@example.com). The letter must be signed by the volunteer and then filed in the protocol record. Send a signed copy of the agreement to firstname.lastname@example.org