BIO 26-211
Human Anatomy
Summer 2009
human body

Lecture Instructor
Mary L. Seaman
Office: Halsey 160
Phone: 920-424-7085
Office Hours: 8:00 to 9:00 Monday through Thursday. If these times do not fit into your class schedule, then please make an appointment. Don’t hesitate to stop me in the hall and ask questions!

Lab Instructor

Ms. Katrina Olsen
Office: Halsey 255
Phone: 920-424-1102
Office Hours: TBA

 text cover photo

Required Text

        McKinley, M.K, and V.D. O'Loughlin. 2008. Human Anatomy. 2nd edition. McGraw-Hill. Take advantage of the online learning materials provided for the textbook at McGraw-Hill's ARIS. A DVD entitled Anatomy & Physiology Revealed is also available as a recommended addition to the textbook.
Required for Lab
        A lab manual will be available for purchase in the book store. Please bring this manual to class every week. Extra copies will not be available. In addition, please bring a metric ruler, pens and pencils, calculator, plus lined and unlined paper.

Course Syllabus

Download the course syllabus at this LINK.

Please Note the Dates and Times for Lecture Exams

All lecture exams are scheduled for the regular class hour on the dates below.

Lecture exam #1 A09C Monday, June 29th, 2009
Lecture exam #2 A09C Monday, July 13th, 2009
Lecture exam #3 A09C Monday, July 27th, 2009
Lecture exam #4 A09C Thursday, August 6th, 2009

Answer Keys for Lecture Exams will be posted in the Halsey Resource Center after each exam

Lab Equipment

Make certain that you bring ample supplies of paper (blank and lined) and drawing materials such as pens and pencils to each lab to complete lab exercises and record any personal observations of the microscope slides, models and cadavers.

Course Description

Calendar entry: "A study of the fundamental structure and organization of the organs and systems of the human body." During both the lecture and lab components of this course, there will be a strong emphasis on the interplay between form and function. The only prerequisite for this course is BIO 26-105 Biological Concepts-Unity or an equivalent course, and you should enter BIO 26-211 with a working knowledge of scientific methodology and the basics of biological organization from the cellular to organismal level.

Specific Course Objectives

  1. To acquire a precise and accurate structural knowledge of the basic organs and organ systems of the human body and describe concisely their functions.
  2. To develop an appreciation and understanding of the 3-dimensional complexity of the human body through a detailed knowledge of the relational positions of major organs.
  3. To become fluent in the terminology of the major regions and cavities, directions and planes of section of the human body in order to communicate this 3-dimensional complexity to others accurately and succinctly.
  4. To be able to identify gross anatomical and histological details of the major tissues, organs and organ systems from microscope slides, models and diagrams.

You will find BIO 26-211 a challenging course that will require a continual and regular commitment to review and preparation for lectures and labs. Like any anatomy course, BIO 26-211 will be "heavy" with terminology. You will be confronted with seemingly endless lists of terms to understand for lecture and lab. Do not feel daunted! Anyone can master anatomy if the commitment is made from the beginning.

Tips for Success in BIO 26-211

  1. Attend every lecture and lab! Yes, this is obvious, but I cannot overemphasize lectures and labs are the opportunities to clarify your understanding of concepts and expand your knowledge. Be prepared to spend the entire 2 hours in the lab, and take every opportunity to look at available materials and ask questions.
  2. Read the assigned text pages. Prepare for each class by reading the text chapter(s) specifically assigned for a lecture or lab and review previous readings.
  3. Take effective notes. All images used in lectures will be taken from the text unless specified. Furthermore, the PowerPoint lectures will be made available through the course web page. So, it will not be necessary to copy every word that is written on each slide during the lecture! Generally, the more time that one takes copying down text, the less time is spent listening to the lecturer and learning. Effective notes may be in a variety of forms such as short point-form, flow chart format or even pictorial. Discover the technique that works best for you!
  4. Review your lecture and lab notes after every class. This step is especially important because it provides you with the opportunity to fill in missing details to improve your understanding, select key terms and concepts for the lecture, and to focus quickly and sharply on those areas where you may need clarification. As a general rule, expect to spend approximately 2 hours of review for every hour spent in the class.
  5. Use the lecture study guides and links that are provided on this web site. For each lecture, I will provide a study guide that consists of a set of objectives, a list of all key words that you are required to know and understand, the text diagrams that you need to be able to label for the final exam and a set of review questions. I hope that these study guides will help you organize the information in the lecture and text so that you know precisely what I am asking you to learn and provide you with additional opportunities to self-test your understanding of the lecture topic. The long list of links on this web site will take you to sites where you can study many of the lecture topics through a much more interactive approach. Several of these sites also allow you to self-test.
  6. Please see me as soon as possible whenever you have any questions, no matter how small they may appear. It is critical that you ask questions as they arise rather than wait until the last moment just before a test. I will do my best to be available for you either during my scheduled office hours or by appointment. We will also get to know each other more quickly and you will become more comfortable approaching either myself or other instructors.
  7. Practice writing terms. In this way, you can learn the proper spelling. Also, practice drawing and labeling diagrams so that you will be able to quickly recognize structures that require labeling on an exam question. Although only the final comprehensive lecture exam will include diagrams, it is wise to get into the regular study habit of learning the required diagrams at the start of the course. Create flowcharts or pathway diagrams to summarize connections between organs and organ systems. Although we will study the human body according to each individual organ system, you must not forget that all are interconnected both structurally and functionally. Expect questions that test your understanding of the human body as an integrated whole.
  8. Study effectively and intelligently. In other words, don't cram! Plan your study sessions in advance and allow for enough time to adequately review the material. Form a study group with other students if that is an effective study technique for you. Study to understand rather than simply memorize. The greatest hurtle for any student in an anatomy course is the sheer volume of information that must be learned. Repetition remains one of the more effective means of memorizing and understanding information, but it is important that you remember two key points. First, start early in the semester and study regularly. If you review continually and on a regular basis, then you will retain more information and improve your understanding. Second, take frequent breaks while studying. The human brain is not a sponge. We can only take in so much information at one time. After approximately 25 – 30 minutes take a break for about 10 minutes. Get up, stretch your legs and perhaps get a drink and then return to studying. Remember the key steps of repeated review and short study intervals.
  9. Models, microscopes, slides, and anatomy models will be available in Halsey Instructional Technology Services (Halsey 259) to aid your studying for lecture and lab exams. Use every opportunity to study the models and other teaching materials.
  10. Do not fall behind! Otherwise, these tips and techniques will have only limited benefit.

Spelling is Important!
One of the goals for this course is for each student to be able to communicate knowledge of the basic structure and function of the human body. Communication is both verbal and written. During lab exercises, you will have opportunities to practice your verbal skills. Exams and lab quizzes are opportunities to demonstrate your written skills. Spelling is important because a difference in one or two letters can change completely the meaning of a word. For example, adduction (movement towards the body) and abduction (movement away from the body) refer to opposite actions. The ilium (one of three bones of the coxa) and ileum (third part of the small intestine) clearly refer to quite different parts of the body. Within the nervous system, there are two basic divisions: afferent (impulses carried to the central nervous system) and efferent (impulses carried away from the central nervous system).

Spelling will be graded for both lecture and lab. One half (1/2) of a point will be deducted for any incorrect letter. The most that you can lose for a question due to incorrect spelling is one half of a point. If you follow the strategy suggested above of writing out difficult words, then you should be able to master their spelling.


Always remember,
We are here to help you succeed!

Lecture Hours

A09C Monday through Thursday 9:10 to 10:10 a.m. Halsey 106     

Behavior in Lecture
Class sizes for BIO 26-211 are quite large, and in order for everyone to hear the instructor and be able to ask questions (and hear the answers) there are some rules that must be followed.

  1. All pagers, I-pods and cell phones must be turned off or be silenced.
  2. As a courtesy to your fellow classmates, please do not talk during the lecture.
  3. Do not leave early. By signing up for BIO 26-211, you are entering into an agreement with the instructor and the other students in the class that you will stay for the full lecture period. Leaving early is rude to both the instructor and other students, often creates noise that prevents others from hearing the instructor and you may miss important information.

Lab Hours

Lab Section

Room Location







10:20 to 12:20

Katrina Olsen




10:20 to 12:20

Katrina Olsen

A03 HS-265 Monday/Wednesday 12:30 to 2:30 Katrina Olsen

Behavior in Lab

  1. All pagers, I-pods and cell phones must be turned off or be silenced.
  2. No food or drink will be allowed in the lab. If you need a drink of water, then there is a fountain in the hallway.
  3. Please show the proper respect for the cadavers. The cadavers have been donated so that you will have an opportunity to see the actual tissues and organs. Out of respect for the deceased individual, the face and genitals will normally be covered until we look specifically at those body parts. You will have opportunities to examine the cadavers, but nothing is to be removed or damaged in any way. No photography will be allowed in the lab.

Grading Scheme

Lecture Exam #1


Lecture Exam #2


Lecture Exam #3


Lecture Exam #4


Lab Quizzes (10 X 1.6% each)


Lab Practical Exam #1


Lab Practical Exam #2


Lab Exit Questions






Grading Scale


Grading Policy

  1. There will be no extra credit assignments.
  2. There will be no curving of grades for exams, quizzes or the final course grade.
  3. Grades will not be posted and I will not give out grades over the phone. I can only send grades by email if it is requested from your account. I will not post the distribution of grades (i.e. number of those who got an A or B etc.) for any exam or quiz.

Lecture Exams (60% of your total course grade) :

All lecture exams will take place during a scheduled lecture period. Lecture Exams #1-3 will consist of multiple-choice questions and short essay questions. Lecture exam #4 will be a combination of multiple-choice questions, short answer questions and labeling of diagrams. These diagrams will be taken from the course text and are available to be downloaded from this course web site.

Important Notes on Lecture Exams

  1. The final lecture exam is comprehensive and will include questions on all of the topics discussed in lecture. The distribution of questions based upon previously tested lectures and new lectures will be announced in class prior to the final exam.
  2. No aids will be allowed during a lecture exam. All books, bags, jackets and hats will be at the front of the classroom. All electronic devices are to be turned off or silenced and placed at the front of the classroom.
  3. The answer key will be available for viewing in Halsey Instructional Technology Service (HS-259) after the exams have been graded. Copies of an exam will be available in Halsey Instructional Technology Services (HS-259). Copies of earlier exams will be removed with each new exam so it is important to check the exams immediately after you pick up your scantron.
  4. Scantrons will be available in lab shortly after each exam. Please pick up your scantron as soon as possible.
  5. Regular review sessions will be held the day before each lecture exam in place of a regular lecture. The dates are given below. Each review session will be an hour long and follow a question and answer format. Please bring questions with you!

    Review Sessions for Lecture Exams




 Thursday, June 25th, 2009

 9:10 to 10:10 a.m.

 HS 106

 Thursday, July 9th, 2009

 9:10 to 10:10 a.m.

 HS 106

 Thursday, July 23rd, 2009

 9:10 to 10:10 a.m.

 HS 106

Wednesday, August 5th, 2009

 9:10 to 10:10 a.m.

 HS 106

Lab Quizzes (16% of your total course grade) :
Starting with the third lab, there will be a lab quiz most lab periods.  Each lab quiz will be based upon the lab from the previous week.  Lab quizzes will consist of short answer questions and identification of structures on projected images of anatomy models or cadavers.  The structures that you will be asked to identify are those that you will also need to know for the lab practical exam, and the quizzes are intended to be practice for the lab exams.  The quiz will take up no more than 10-15 minutes of a lab and be held at the start of the lab.  If you are late, then you will not be allowed to write a make-up quiz.  The lowest quiz mark will be dropped.

Lab Practical Exams (16% of your total course grade):
Lab practical exams 1 and 2 will follow the format of a “bell-ringer” test where you will be asked to identify labeled structures within a time limit.  As the term “practical” suggests, the goal of the lab practical exams is to test your ability to identify those structures that you learned in lab and your understanding of their form and function based upon your observations of materials in front of you. Each lab practical exam is scheduled during a regular lab period.

Important Notes

  1. The second lab practical exam will only include material learned since the first lab practical exam.  It will not be a comprehensive exam.
  2. No aids will be allowed during a lab practical exam.

Lab Exit Questions (5% of your total course grade):
At the end of each lab period, you will required to hand for grading the answer to a question or some other form of work.  The purpose of this lab exit work is to provide the instructors with an opportunity to further assess your understanding of the lab information.

Lab Participation (3% of your total course grade) :
During each lab period, you will be assessed for your participation in lab discussions, punctuality to the lab, attendance to the end of each lab period and care with cadavers, anatomy models and microscopes.

Lecture Schedule for Summer 2009



Lecture Topic

Text Readings


Monday, June 15th

Introduction to the Course; Introduction to the Human Body

Chapter 1 (pages 3-10)


Tuesday, June 16th

Introduction to the Human Body

Chapter 1 (pages 11-19) and Chapter 26 (page 784)


Wednesday, June 17th


Chapter 4 (pages 81-94) except for Specialized Structure of Epithelial Tissue.


Thursday, June 18th


Chapter 4 (pages 95-104)


Monday, June 22nd

Integumentary System

Chapter 5 (pages 119-134 and Clinical View on Burns and Grafts on page 137)


Tuesday, June 23rd

Gross Anatomy of the Human Skeleton I:  Axial Skeleton

Chapter 7 (pages 172-181, 185-196 (Sphenoid, Ethmoid and Mandible), 199 (Hyoid & Auditory Ossicles), 202-212)


Wednesday, June 24th

Gross Anatomy of the Human Skeleton II:  Appendicular Skeleton

Chapter 8 (pages 219-241)


Thursday, June 25th

Review for Lecture Exam #1



Monday, June 29th

Lecture Exam #1

Covering lectures #1 to #7


Tuesday, June 30th

Articulations and Movement

Chapter 9 (pages 251-255; 258-263) 


Wednesday, July 1st

Selected Joints and Muscular System  I

Chapter 9 (pages 267-269, 275-278)
Chapter 10 (pages 287, 290-291, 305-310 except for Levers and Joint Biomechanics)  


Thursday, July 2nd

Muscular System II

Chapter 11 (pages 321-328, 330-331, 333-346)


Monday, July 6th

Muscular System III

Chapter 12 (pages 353-371, 375-389)     


Tuesday, July 7th

Nervous System I  

Chapter 14 (pages 414-424)
Chapter 16 (pages 485-508)


Wednesday, July 8th

Nervous System II

Chapter 15 (pages 438-454, 460-468 except for Embryonic Development of the Brain)


Thursday, July 9th

Review for Lecture Exam #2



Monday, July 13th

Lecture Exam #2

Covering lectures #8 to #13


Tuesday, July 14th

Nervous System III

Chapter 15 (pages 470-479)


Wednesday, July 15th

Sense Organs I:  The Visual System

Chapter 19 (pages 571-581 and Clinical View on Eye Disorders on pages 575, 578, 579, 580, 584)


Thursday, July 16th

Sense Organs II:  The Ear

Chapter 19 (pages 584-595)


Monday, July 20th


Chapter 22 (pages. 655-664, Table 22.3)
Chapter 23 (pages 710-712 and Fig.23.23)


Tuesday, July 21st

Circulatory System I

Chapter 6 (page 149 – Hemopoiesis)
Chapter 22 (pages 664-666)
Chapter 23 (pages 687-688, 690-709, 712 (Review of Heart, Systemic, and Pulmonary Circulation), Fig. 23.23; do not read Blood Flow Through The Thoracic and Abdominal Walls and Blood Flow Through the Thoracic Organs)


Wednesday, July 22nd

Circulatory System II

Chapter 22 (pages. 664-666)
Chapter 23 (pages. 687-688, 690-709, 712 (Review of Heart, Systemic, and Pulmonary Circulation), Fig. 23.23; do not read Blood Flow Through The Thoracic and Abdominal Walls and Blood Flow Through the Thoracic Organs)


Thursday, July 23rd

Review for Lecture Exam #3



Monday, July 27th

Lecture Exam #3

Covering lectures #14 to #19


Tuesday, July 28th

Respiratory System

Chapter 25 (pages 746-758)


Wednesday, July 29th

Digestive System I

Chapter 26 (pages. 777-781, 787 (Esophagus) – 794, except for The Swallowing Process)


Thursday, July 30th

Digestive System II

Chapter 26 (pages 794-805)


Monday,  August 3rd

Human Reproductive System

Chapter 28 (pages 839-843, 848-860, 862-866)


Tuesday, August 4th

Urinary System

Chapter 27 (pages 814-831, except for Juxtaglomerular Apparatus and Innervation of the Kidney)


Wednesday, August 5th

Review for Lecture Exam IV



Thursday, August 6th

Lecture Exam #4

Comprehensive and covering all lectures

Lectures and Lecture Study Guides
Click on the title for the lecture to access the study guide

Lecture 1 - Introduction to the Human Body (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 1 (ppt)
Lecture 14 - Nervous System III (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 14 (ppt)
Lecture 2 - Introduction to the Human Body (Continued) (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 2 (ppt)
Lecture 15 - Sense Organs I (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 15 (ppt)
Lectures 3 & 4 - Histology (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 3 & 4 (ppt)
Lecture 16 - Sense Organs II (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 16 (ppt)
Lecture 5 - Integumentary System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 5 (ppt)
Lecture 17 - Heart (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 17 (ppt)
Lecture 6 - Gross Anatomy of the Human Skeleton I (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 6 (ppt)
Lecture 18 - Circulatory System I (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 18 (ppt)
Lecture 7 - Gross Anatomy of the Human Skeleton II (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 7 (ppt)
Lecture 19 - Circulatory System II (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 19 (ppt)
Lecture 8 - Articulations and Movement (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 8 (ppt)
Lecture 20 - Respiratory System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 20 (ppt)
Lecture 9 - Selected Joints & Muscular System I (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 9 (ppt)
Lecture 21 - Digestive System I (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 21 (ppt)
Lecture 10 - Muscular System II (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 10 (ppt)
Lecture 22 - Digestive System II (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 22 (ppt)
Lecture 11 - Muscular System III (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 11 (ppt)
Lecture 23 - Human Reproductive System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 23 (ppt)
Lecture 12 - Nervous System I (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 12 (ppt)
Lecture 24 - Urinary System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 24 (ppt)
Lecture 13 - Nervous System II (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 13 (ppt)

Answers to Study Guide Questions
Click on the title for the lecture to access the study guide answers

Lecture 1 Study Guide Answers Lecture 14 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 2 Study Guide Answers Lecture 15 Study Guide Answers
Lectures 3 & 4 Study Guide Answers Lecture 16 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 5 Study Guide Answers Lecture 17 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 6 Study Guide Answers Lecture 18 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 7 Study Guide Answers Lecture 19 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 8 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 20 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 9 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 21 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 10 Study Guide Answers Lecture 22 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 11 Study Guide Answers Lecture 23 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 12 Study Guide Answers Lecture 24 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 13 Study Guide Answers

Table of Muscle Origins, Insertions and Actions

       Click HERE for a Word file with the origins, insertions and actions of muscles discussed in lecture.

Unlabelled Text Figures
       Click HERE for the PPT file with the unlabelled figures.

Lab Schedule for Summer 2009


Lab Topic

Text Readings

Monday and Tuesday, June 15th & 16th

Lab 1:
Introduction to Lab,
Grading Scheme,
Use of the Microscope & How to Make a Biological Drawing


Wednesday and Thursday, June 17th & 18th

Lab 2:
Basic Organization of the Human Body

Chapter 1 and Chapter 26 (page 784)

Monday and Tuesday, June 22rd & 23rd

Lab 3:
Epithelial  and Nervous Tissue
Lab Quiz #1

Chapter 4

Wednesday and Thursday, June 24th & 25th

Lab 4:
Connective Tissue and Integumentary System

Chapters 4 and 5

Monday, June 29th and Tuesday, June 30th

Lab 5:
Bone and Cartilage,
Skeletal System - Axial Skeleton
Lab Quiz #2

Chapters 4, 6 and 7

Wednesday and Thursday, July 1st & 2nd

Lab 6:
Appendicular Skeleton,
Articulations and Movement
Lab Quiz #3

Chapters 8 and 9

Monday and Tuesday, July 6th & 7th

Lab Practical Exam #1

Material from Labs 1 through 6

Wednesday and Thursday, July 8th & 9th

Lab 7:
Muscle Tissue,
Head & Neck Muscles,
Lab Quiz #4

Chapters 10 and 11

Monday and Tuesday, July 13th & 14th

Lab 8:
Muscles of Trunk and Limbs
Lab Quiz #5

Chapter 12

Wednesday and Thursday, July 15th & 16th

Lab 9:
Central Nervous System – Brain and Cranial and Spinal Nerves
Lab Quiz #6

Chapters 14, 15 and 16

Monday and Tuesday, July 20th & 21st

Lab 10:
Sense Organs – Eye and Ear
Lab Quiz #7

Chapters 19

Wednesday and Thursday, July 22nd & 23rd

Lab 11:
Circulatory System – Heart
Blood Vessels of Thorax, Abdomen and Limbs
Lab Quiz #8

Chapters 22 and 23

Monday and Tuesday, July 27th & 28th

Lab 12:
Respiratory  and Digestive Systems
Lab Quiz #9


Chapters 25 and 26


Wednesday and Thursday, July 29th & 30th

Lab 13:
Urinary and Reproductive Systems
Lab Quiz #10

Chapters 27 and 28

Monday and Tuesday, August 3rd & 4th

Lab 14:

Lab Practical Exam #2

Material from Labs 7 through 13

Wednesday and Thursday, August 5th & 6th

No Lab Classes



Links to Human Anatomy Web Pages
Basic Structure of the Human Body:
The Visible Human Project at the National Library of Medicine
Digital Anatomist Project at the University of Washington
Anatomy of the Human Body Online version of book by Henry Gray (1918) - much more detail than you need to know, but a great reference!
Human Anatomy Online
The Virtual Body by
Review of Anatomy of the Head and Neck at the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas
Gross Anatomy at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Learn'Em is an interactive exam for gross human anatomy at Loyola University Medical Education Network
Virtual Hospital/ Virtual Pediatric Hospital is no longer online, but the content is archived

Organs and Organ Systems:
Organ, Tissues and Organ Systems at John Jay College of the City University of New York
The Merck Manual (2nd Edition) Online version

Anatomy and Physiology Microscope Slide Photos at North Harris College
Tissues of the Human Body at Lakehead Community College
Histology at Loyola University Chicago
JayDoc HistoWeb at The University of Kansas
Epithelial Study Guide by the University of Texas Medical Board
Muscular System at the University of Kansas Medical Center

The Integument and Its Accessory Organs at North Harris College

Skeletal System:
Cranial Anatomy by Dale A. Charletta.  Good graphics, but animation sequence runs on its own.
Skull Anatomy Tutorial at Gateway Community College
Spinal Anatomy by
The eSkeleton Project at the University of Texas at Austin.  Select the Human Skeleton.
Human Osteology by the University of Utah Health Sciences Center

Muscles and Joints:
Anatomy of Joints at the University of Washington
Upper Extremity Muscle Atlas at the University of Washington
Lower Extremity Muscle Atlas at the University of Washington
Musculoskeletal Atlas at the University of Washington
Master Muscle List by Loyola University Medical Education Network
Knee Injuries for a Skier by Dr. Michael Tuggy

Special Senses:
The Eye at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario Canada
Structure of the Eye by Sumanas Inc. A quick review of basic eye structure.  Requires Shockwave.
Hearing at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario Canada
Sense of Balance at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario Canada
A Pictorial Guide to Cochlear Fluids from the Cochlear Fluids lab at Washington University

Cranial Nerves at Gateway Community College
Cranial Nerves at Yale University School of Medicine
Anatomy of the Brain at the Internet Stroke Center

Digestive system:
Pathophysiology of the Digestive System at Colorado State University

Policy for Lecture and Lab Practical Exams and Lab Quizzes

The only valid reasons for missing a quiz or exam (that will be acceptable for a make-up exam) are:

  1. Illness.  A valid doctor's note will be required.  This note must be on official stationary with the name, address and phone number of the doctor (photocopies will not be acceptable).  It must state clearly that you were unable to attend the lecture/lab exam on the date of the exam and have the doctor's signature.  Once the validity of the note has been verified, you will be allowed to write a make-up exam.
  2. Death in the family.  Documentation such as a letter from the funeral home or hospital will be required.
  3. An officially approved absence from the university.  In the case of a sporting event, a signed letter from your coach is required and must be received by the lecture or lab instructor at least 7 days prior to the exam.

It is the student's responsibility to contact the lecture or lab instructor within 72 hours of missing an exam.  A student can make up a missed lab only with signed permission from the lecture or lab instructor.

Important Note on Make-up Exams
All those who miss an exam for a valid reason will have their names placed on a make-up exam list once proper documentation is received. All make-up exams will be given in the Halsey Biology conference room (#149( by scheduling a pre-arranged date with the lecture instructor. If you cannot take the make-up exam on the pre-arranged date, then the value of the missed exam will be added to the value of the final exam provided proper documentation is received. Otherwise a grade of zero will be recorded for that exam. It is strongly recommended that you make every effort to attend each scheduled exam.

Changing of Grades in Exams or Quizzes:
Clerical Error-If you discover an addition error on your exam or quiz, then return it immediately to the lecture instructor for correction.
Corrections in Grading-Regrading of an exam will only be considered if a written explanation of the problem accompanies the exam. Any lecture notes or text readings that support regrading must be included with the explanatory note. The lecture instructor must receive the exam and its explanatory note within one (1) week after the return of the exams in order to be considered for regarding. Please note that regrading of an exam will not necessarily result in additional marks. The exam grade may increase, decrease or stay the same.


Academic Misconduct
A university is a community of individuals who have come to together to instruct and learn.  Of the many academic and personal goals to be achieved at university, included is the ability to think independently and creatively, hone your written and oral skills for the communication of your ideas and grow as an individual with confidence in your abilities.  For the university, it strives continually to improve its ability to instruct effectively and instill in each of its students the self-confidence, skills and knowledge to be successful.  Academic misconduct such as cheating and plagiarism harms both the student and university by defeating these goals.  A student who cheats fails to acquire the skills, knowledge and self-confidence needed for success, and the university will acquire an undesired reputation.  Elimination of cheating and plagiarism is the responsibility of both the university and each student.

The University of Wisconsin Oshkosh is committed to a standard of academic integrity for all students.  The system guidelines state: "Students are responsible for the honest completion and representation of their work, for the appropriate citation of sources, and for respect of others' academic endeavors." (UWS 14.01,Wisconsin Administrative Code).

Students are subject to disciplinary action for academic misconduct, which is defined in UWS 14.03, Wisconsin Administrative Code.  Students on the UW Oshkosh campus have been suspended from the University for academic misconduct.

Students are encouraged to review the procedures related to violations of academic honesty as outlined in Chapter UWS 14, Wisconsin Administrative Code.  The system guidelines and local procedures are printed in the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Student Discipline Code 2003-2004 and can be found on the Dean of Students website at

Specific questions regarding the provisions in Chapter UMW 14 (and institutional procedures approved to implement Chapter UMS 14) should be directed to the Dean of Students Office.

Below are the details of UWS 14.03.

UWS 14.03 Academic misconduct subject to disciplinary action.
(1) Academic misconduct is an act in which a student:
(a) Seeks to claim credit for the work or efforts of another without authorization or citation;
(b) Uses unauthorized materials or fabricated data in any academic exercise;
(c) Forges or falsifies academic documents or records;
(d) Intentionally impedes or damages the academic work of others;
(e) Engages in conduct aimed at making false representation of a student's academic performance; or
(f) Assists other students in any of these acts.

(2) Examples of academic misconduct include, but are not limited to: cheating on an examination; collaborating with others in work to be presented, contrary to the stated rules of the course; submitting a paper or assignment as one's own work when a part or all of the a paper or assignment as one's own work when a part or all of the paper or assignment is the work of another; submitting a paper or assignment that contains ideas or research of others without appropriately identifying the sources of those ideas; stealing examinations or course materials; submitting, if contrary to the rules of a course, work previously presented in another course; tampering with the laboratory experiment or computer program of another student; knowingly and intentionally assisting another student in any of the above, including assistance in an arrangement whereby any work, classroom performance, examination or other activity is submitted or performed by a person other than the student under whose name the work is submitted or performed.

Cheating will not be tolerated in BIO 26-211.  Any instance of academic misconduct may result in an academic penalty such as a failing grade on the exam or quiz, a failure in the course or possible expulsion from the university.

Web page updated on June 10th, 2009 by Mary L. Seaman