Human Anatomy
Spring 2018
Photos of human skull and brain


Lecture Section A09C
Dr. David Dilkes

Office: HS 158
Research Lab: HS 244
Phone: 920-424-3074
Office Hours: 9:10am to 10:10am on Wednesday and Friday.  If these times do not fit into your class schedule, then please make an appointment.  Don’t hesitate to stop me in the hall and ask questions!

Lecture Section B09C

Dr. Morgan Churchill
Office: HS 159
Phone: 920-424-4622
Office Hours: TBA

Academic Staff
        Dr. Katrina Olsen

        Office: HS 44
        Phone: 920-424-0280
        Office Hours: TBA

        Ms. Sonja Jeter
        Office: HS 256
        Phone: 920-424-3490
        Office Hours: TBA


 text cover photo

Required Text

        McKinley, M.K, O'Loughlin, V.D., Pennefather-O'Brien, E.E., and R.T. Harris.  2017. Human Anatomy. 5th edition. McGraw-Hill.
Required for Lab
        A bundle of all lab materials will be available for purchase. Please make certain that you bring this bundle to every lab.  Extra copies will not be available. Bring your copy of Human Anatomy to lab each week.

Required Access to Connect Website at McGraw-Hill
      Assignments consisting of 10 questions for each lecture starting with Lectures 2&3 are required as part of your course grade. You must purchase a registration code either as part of a package with your text or separately from the McGraw-Hill Connect website.

Course Syllabus

Download the course syllabus for your lecture section at these links:
Lecture Section A09C

Lecture Section B09C

Please Note the Dates and Times for Lecture Exams
All lecture exams are scheduled for the regular class hour on the dates below.

Lecture exam #1
Wednesday February 21, 2018
Lecture exam #2 Wednesday March 14, 2018
Lecture exam #3 Wednesday April 18, 2018
Lecture exam #4 Wednesday May 9, 2018


Links to Answer Keys for Lecture Exams will be activated after the first three exams. Please contact Dr. Dilkes (A09C) or Dr.
Churchill (B09C) to discuss the answers for Lecture Exam 4.

Lecture Section A09C Lecture Section B09C
Lecture Exam 1 Lecture Exam 1
Form A Form A
Form B Form B
Form C Form C
Form D Form D
Lecture Exam 2 Lecture Exam 2
Form A Form A
Form B Form B
Form C Form C
Form D Form D
Lecture Exam 3 Lecture Exam 3
Form A Form A
Form B Form B
Form C Form C
Form D Form D

Lab Equipment

No dissections are required for this course.  Make certain that you bring ample supplies of paper (blank and lined) and drawing materials such as pens, pencils, ruler and calculator to each lab to complete lab exercises and record any personal observations of the microscope slides, models and cadavers.

Course Description

Calendar entry: "A study of the fundamental structure and organization of the organs and systems of the human body."  During both the lecture and lab components of this course, there will be a strong emphasis on the interplay between form and function.  The only prerequisite for this course is BIO105 Biological Concepts-Unity or an equivalent course, and you should enter BIO211 with a working knowledge of scientific methodology and the basics of biological organization from the cellular to organismal level.

Specific Course Objectives

1. To acquire a precise and accurate structural knowledge of the basic organs and organ systems of the human body and describe concisely their functions.
2. To develop an appreciation and understanding of the 3-dimensional complexity of the human body through a detailed knowledge of the relational positions of major organs.
3. To become fluent in the terminology of the major regions and cavities, directions and planes of section of the human body in order to communicate this 3-dimensional complexity to others accurately and succinctly.
4. To be able to identify gross anatomical and histological details of the major tissues, organs and organ systems from microscope slides, models and diagrams.

You will find BIO211 a challenging course that will require a continual and regular commitment to review and preparation for lectures and labs.  Like any anatomy course, BIO211 will be "heavy" with terminology.  You will be confronted with seemingly endless lists of terms to understand for lecture and lab.   Do not feel daunted!  Anyone can master anatomy if the commitment is made from the beginning.

Tips for Success in BIO211

1. Attend every lecture and lab!  Yes, this is obvious, but I cannot overemphasize lectures and labs are the opportunities to clarify your understanding of concepts and expand your knowledge.  Be prepared to spend the entire 1 hour in lecture and 2 hours in the lab. Use every opportunity to look at available materials and ask questions.
2. Read the assigned text pages.  Prepare for each class by reading the text chapter(s) specifically assigned for a lecture or lab and review previous readings.
3. Take effective notes.  All images used in lectures will be taken from the text unless specified.  Furthermore, the PowerPoint lectures will be made available through the course web page.  So, it will not be necessary to copy every word that is written on each slide during the lecture!  Generally, the more time that one takes copying down text, the less time is spent listening to the lecturer and learning.  Effective notes may be in a variety of forms such as short point-form, flow chart format or even pictorial.  Discover the technique that works best for you!
4. Review your lecture and lab notes after every class.  This step is especially important because it provides you with the opportunity to fill in missing details to improve your understanding, select key terms and concepts for the lecture, and to focus quickly and sharply on those areas where you may need clarification.  As a general rule, expect to spend approximately 2 hours of review for every hour spent in the class.
5. Use the lecture study guides and links that are provided on this web site.  For each lecture, I will provide a study guide that consists of a set of objectives, a list of all key words that you are required to know and understand, the text diagrams that you need to be able to label for the final exam and a set of review questions.  I hope that these study guides will help you organize the information in the lecture and text so that you know precisely what I am asking you to learn and provide you with additional opportunities to self-test your understanding of the lecture topic.  The long list of links on this web site will take you to sites where you can study many of the lecture topics through a much more interactive approach.  Several of these sites also allow you to self-test.
6. Please see me as soon as possible whenever you have any questions, no matter how small they may appear.  It is critical that you ask questions as they arise rather than wait until the last moment just before a test.  I will do my best to be available for you either during my scheduled office hours or by appointment.  We will also get to know each other more quickly and you will become more comfortable approaching either myself or other instructors.

7. Practice writing terms.  In this way, you can learn the proper spelling.  Also, practice drawing and labeling diagrams so that you will be able to quickly recognize structures that require labeling on an exam question.  Although only the final comprehensive lecture exam will include diagrams, it is wise to get into the regular study habit of learning the required diagrams at the start of the course.  Create flowcharts or pathway diagrams to summarize connections between organs and organ systems.  Although we will study the human body according to each individual organ system, you must not forget that all are interconnected both structurally and functionally.  Expect questions that test your understanding of the human body as an integrated whole.
8. Study effectively and intelligently.  In other words, don't cram!  Plan your study sessions in advance and allow for enough time to adequately review the material.  Form a study group with other students.  Study to understand rather than simply memorize.  The greatest hurtle for any student in an anatomy course is the sheer volume of information that must be learned.  Repetition remains one of the more effective means of memorizing and understanding information, but it is important that you remember two key points.  First, start early in the semester and study regularly.  If you review continually and on a regular basis, then you will retain more information and improve your understanding.  Second, take frequent breaks while studying.  The human brain is not a sponge.  We can only take in so much information at one time.  After approximately 25 – 30 minutes take a break for about 10 minutes.  Get up, stretch your legs and perhaps get a drink and then return to studying.  Remember the key steps of repeated review and short study intervals.
9.  Skeletons, microscopes, microscope slides, and anatomy models will be available in Halsey Instructional Technology Services (Halsey 259) to aid your studying for lecture and lab exams.  Use every opportunity to study the models and other teaching materials.
10.  Do not fall behind!  Otherwise, these tips and techniques will have only limited benefit.

Spelling is Important!
One of the goals for this course is for each student to be able to communicate knowledge of the basic structure and function of the human body.  Communication is both verbal and written.  During lab exercises, you will have opportunities to practice your verbal skills.  Exams and lab quizzes are opportunities to demonstrate your written skills.  Spelling is important because a difference in one or two letters can change completely the meaning of a word.  For example, adduction (movement towards the body) and abduction (movement away from the body) refer to opposite actions.  The ilium (one of three bones of the os coxae) and ileum (third part of the small intestine) clearly refer to quite different parts of the body.  Within the nervous system, there are two basic divisions: afferent (impulses carried to the central nervous system) and efferent (impulses carried away from the central nervous system).

Spelling will be graded for both lecture and lab.  One half (1/2) of a point will be deducted for any incorrect letter.  The most that you can lose for a question due to incorrect spelling is one half of a point.  If you follow the strategy suggested above of writing out difficult words, then you should be able to master their spelling.


Always remember,
We are here to help you succeed!

Lecture Hours

A09C: Monday, Wednesday & Friday             HS 106                8:00am - 9:00am

Monday, Wednesday & Friday    Clow class L101       10:20am - 11:20am


Behavior in Lecture
Class sizes for BIO211 are typically large. In order for everyone to hear the instructor and be able to ask questions (and hear the answers), there are some rules that must be followed.
1. All phones must be turned off or be silenced unless you have permission from your instructor.
2. Please do not talk while the instructor is speaking.  Voices in large lecture rooms tend to carry great distances and can drown out the voice of the instructor.  Those who sit in the back of the lecture room often have a particularly difficult time hearing the instructor.  As a courtesy to your fellow classmates, please do not talk during the lecture.
3. Do not leave early.  By signing up for BIO211, you are entering into an agreement with the instructor and the other students in the class that you will stay for the full lecture period.  Leaving early is rude to both the instructor and other students, often creates noise that prevents others from hearing the instructor, and you may miss important information.

Lab Hours

Lab Section Room  Day Time Instructor
HS 265 Monday
10:20am - 12:20pm
Katrina Olsen
HS 265 Monday
1:50pm - 3:50pm
Morgan Churchill
A03 HS 265 Tuesday 1:20pm - 3:20pm Morgan Churchill
A04 HS 265 Wednesday 9:10am - 11:10am Sonja Jeter
A05 HS 265 Wednesday 11:30am - 1:30pm Sonja Jeter
A06 HS 265 Wednesday 1:50pm - 3:50pm Sonja Jeter
A07 HS 265 Thursday 1:20pm - 3:20pm Katrina Olsen
A08HS 265Friday10:20am - 12:20pmKatrina Olsen
B09HS 265Friday1:50pm - 3:50pmKatrina Olsen
HS 265
8:00am - 10:00am
Morgan Churchill
HS 265
9:40am - 11:40am Morgan Churchill
B12 HS 265 Thursday 9:40am - 11:40am Katrina Olsen
B13 HS 265 Friday 8:00am - 10:00am Katrina Olsen
B14 HS 265 Monday 4:10pm - 6:10pm Katrina Olsen
B15 HS 265 Wednesday 4:10pm - 6:10pm Morgan Churchill
B16HS 265Thursday3:30pm - 5:30pmKatrina Olsen

Behavior in Lab
1. All phones must be turned off or be silenced unless you have permission from the lab instructor.
2. No food or drink will be allowed in the lab.  If you need a drink of water, there is a fountain in the hallway.
3. Please show the proper respect for the cadavers.  The deceased have donated their bodies so that you will have an opportunity to see tissues and organs in their true appearance rather than the simplified form in a model. You will have opportunities to examine the cadavers, but nothing is to be removed or damaged in any way.  No photography of cadavers will be allowed.

Marking Scheme

Lecture Exam #1 14%
Lecture Exam #2 14%
Lecture Exam #3 14%
Lecture Exam #4
Connect Questions 5%
Lab Quizzes (8 X 2% each) 16%
Lab Practical Exam #1 8%
Lab Practical Exam #2 8%
Lab Exit Questions

Grading Scale

91-89 A-
68-66 D+
65-63 D
60-62 D-

Grading Policy
1. There will be no extra credit assignments.
2. There will be no curving of grades for exams, quizzes or the final course grade.
3. Grades will not be posted outside of the lecture or lab rooms and no grades will be given out over the phone. Grades can only be sent by email if requested from your account. Distributions of grades (i.e. number of those who got an A or B etc.) will not be posted for any exam or quiz.

Lecture Exams (56% of your total course grade)

All lecture exams will take place during a scheduled lecture period.  Lecture Exams #1-3 will consist of multiple-choice questions.  Lecture exam #4 (also during the scheduled lecture period) will be a combination of multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and labeling of diagrams.  These diagrams will be taken from the course text and are available to be downloaded from this course web site.

Important Notes on Lecture Exams
1. The final lecture exam is comprehensive and will include questions on all of the topics discussed in lecture.  The distribution of questions based upon previously tested lectures and new lectures will be announced in class prior to the final exam.
2. No aids will be allowed during a lecture exam.  All books, bags, jackets and hats will be placed either at the front or rear of the classroom.  All electronic devices are to be turned off or silenced and placed either at the front or rear of the classroom.
3. The answer key to an exam will be posted on the course web page after the exams have been graded.  Copies of an exam will be available in Halsey Instructional Technology Services (HS 259).  Copies of earlier exams will be removed with each new exam so it is important to check the exams immediately after you pick up your scantron. Once the exam is removed, you will not have an opportunity to see it.
4. Scantrons will be available in Halsey Instructional Services shortly after each exam.  Please pick up your scantron as soon as possible.

5. Students must write each exam in their registered lecture section. If you write an exam in another section, it will not be graded and you must write a makeup exam.

Connect Questions (5% of your total course grade):
A set of 10 questions for each lecture (starting with lecture 2) will be a required component of the course grade. Each set of questions has a due date of the start of the lecture. The raw score for all sets will be converted to a grade out of 5. Instructions for registering in Connect are posted in the class D2L.

Lab Quizzes (16% of your total course grade) :
Starting with the third lab, there will be a lab quiz each lab period.  Each lab quiz will be based upon the lab from the previous week.  Lab quizzes will consist of short answer questions and identification of structures on projected images of anatomy models or cadavers.  The structures that you will be asked to identify are those that you will also need to know for the lab practical exam, and the quizzes are intended to be practice for the lab exams.  The quiz will take up no more than 10-15 minutes of a lab and be held at the start of the lab.  If you are late, then you will not be allowed to write a make-up quiz.  The lowest quiz mark will be dropped.

Lab Practical Exams (16% of your total course grade):
Lab practical exams 1 and 2 will follow the format of a “bell-ringer” test where you will be asked to identify labeled structures within a time limit.  As the term “practical” suggests, the goal of the lab practical exams is to test your ability to identify those structures that you learned in lab and your understanding of their form and function based upon your observations of materials in front of you. Each lab practical exam is scheduled during a regular lab period.

Important Notes

1. The second lab practical exam will only include material learned since the first lab practical exam.  It will not be a comprehensive exam.
2. No aids will be allowed during a lab practical exam.

Lab Exit Questions (5% of your total course grade):
At the end of each lab period, you will required to hand for grading the answer to a question or some other form of work.  The purpose of this lab exit work is to provide the instructors with an opportunity to further assess your understanding of the lab information.

Lab Participation (2% of your total course grade) :
During each lab period, you will be assessed for your participation in lab discussions, punctuality to the lab, attendance to the end of each lab period and care with cadavers, anatomy models and microscopes.

Lecture Schedule for Spring 2018

Lecture Number
Date Lecture Topic Text Readings
Monday January 29
Introduction to the Course
2 & 3
Wednesday January 31 & Friday February 2
Organization, Terrminology & Body Plan for the Human Body + Review Chapter 1: Sections 1.2 Definition of Anatomy, 1.3 Structural Organization of the Body and 1.4 Precise Language of Anatomy
4 & 5
Monday February 5 & Wednesday February 7
Chapter 4: Section 4.1 Epithelial Tissue (except for 4.1c Specialized Structures of Epithelial Tissue) and Section 4.2 Connective Tissue (except for Bone and Blood)
Friday February 9
Integumentary System Chapter 5: Sections 5.1 Structure and Function of the Integument, 5.2 Epidermis, 5.3 Dermis, 5.4 Subcutaneous Layer (Hypodermis), and 5.5 Integumentary Structures Derived from Epidermis and Clinical View on Burns and Grafts
7, 8 & 9
Monday February 12, Wednesday February 14 & Friday February 16
Axial Skeleton and Appendicular Skeleton Chapter 7: Sections 7.1 Skull and 7.1a Views of the Skull and Landmark Features, 7.1c Bones of the Cranium, 7.1d Bones of the Face (only the Mandible), 7.1h Bones Associated with the Skull (Hyoid and Auditory Ossicles), 7.4 Vertebral Column (except 7.4b), 7.5 Thoracic Cage
Chapter 8: Sections 8.1 Pectoral Girdle, 8.2 Upper Limb, 8.3 Pelvic Girdle, 8.4 Lower Limb (except for 8.4d Tarsals, Metatarsals, and Phalanges)
10 Monday February 19
Articulations and MovementChapter 9: Sections 9.1 Articulations, 9.2 Fibrous Joints, 9.3 Cartilaginous Joints, 9.4a General Anatomy of Synovial Joints and 9.4c Movements at Synovial Joints
Wednesday February 21
Covering lectures 2 to 8, not Appendicular Skeleton
Friday February 23
Selected Joints + Review Chapter 9: Sections 9.5b Joints of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limbs (Glenohumeral (Shoulder) Joint), 9.5c Joints of the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs (Knee Joint)
12, 13 & 14
Monday February 26, Wednesday February 28 & Friday March 2
Muscle Tissue, Architecture of Skeletal Muscles, Axial Muscles & Appendicular Muscles + Review Chapter 10: Sections 10.1 Properties of Muscle Tissue, 10.2b Gross Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle (only Muscle Attachments), 10.5 Skeletal Muscle Fiber Organization, 10.7b Actions of Skeletal Muscles, 10.8 The Naming of Skeletal Muscles
Chapter 11: Sections 11.1a Muscles of Facial Expression, 11.1c Muscles of Mastication, 11.1f Muscles of the Anterior Neck, 11.1g Muscles That Move the Head and Neck, 11.2 Muscles of the Vertebral Column, 11.3 Muscles of Respiration, 11. 4 Muscles of the Abdominal Wall
Chapter 12: Sections 12.1 Muscles That Move the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limb (except for 12.1e Intrinsic Muscles of the Hand), 12.2 Muscles That Move the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb (except for 12.2d Intrinsic Muscles of the Foot)
15 & 16
Monday March 5 & Wednesday March 7
Nervous Tissue, Organization of Nervous System, Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves + Review Chapter 14: Sections 14.1 Organization of the Nervous System, 14.2 Cytology of Nervous Tissue, 14.3 Myelination of Axons
Chapter 16: Sections 16.1 Gross Anatomy of the Spinal Cord, 16.2 Spinal Cord Meninges, 16.3 Sectional Anatomy of the Spinal Cord, 16.4 Spinal Nerves
17 & 18
Friday March 9 7 Monday March 12
Brain + Review Chapter 15: Sections 15.1b Organization of Neural Tissue Areas in the Brain, 15.2 Support and Protection of the Brain, 15.3a Cerebral Hemispheres, 15.4 Diencephalon, 15.5 Brainstem, 15.6 Cerebellum
  Wednesday March 14
Covering lecture 8 & 9 (Appendicular Skeleton) and lectures 10-16
19 Friday March 16
Cranial Nerves Chapter 15: Section 15.8 Cranial Nerves
March 19 to 23
Spring Break
No lectures
20 & 21
Monday March 26 & Wednesday March 28
The Visual System + Review Chapter 19: Section 19.5a Accessory Structures of the Eye, 19.5b Eye Structure, and Clinical View on Eye Disorders (detached retina, macular degeneration, cataracts, glaucoma, hyperopia, myopia, astigmatism, presbyopia)
22 & 23
Friday March 30 & Monday April 2
The Ear + Review
Chapter 19: Sections 19.6a External Ear, 19.6b Middle Ear, 19.c Inner Ear (except for Auditory Pathways)
Wednesday April 4
The Heart Chapter 22: Sections 22.1c Characteristics of the Pericardium, 22.2b External Heart Anatomy, 22.2c Internal Heart Anatomy: Chambers and Valves, Table 22.3
Chapter 23: Sections 23.5 Review of Heart, Systemic, and Pulmonary Circulation
25, 26 & 27
Friday April 6, Monday April 9 & Wednesday April 11
Circulatory System + Review Chapter 22: Section 22.3 Coronary Circulation
Chapter 23: Sections 23.1b Arteries, 23.1c Capillaries, 23.1d Veins, Clinical View on Varicose Veins, 23.3 Systemic Circulation (except for 23.3d Blood Flow Through the Thoracic and Abdominal Walls and 23.3e Blood Flow Through the Thoracic Organs)
Friday April 13
Respiratory System Chapter 25: Sections 25.1 General Organization and Functions of the Respiratory System, 25.2 Upper Respiratory Tract, 25.3 Lower Respiratory Tract
Monday April 16
Digestive System + Review Chapter 26: Sections 26.1 General Structure and Functions of the Digestive System, 26.2 Oral Cavity except for 26.2d Teeth, 26.3 Pharynx, 26.5 Esophagus, 26.7 Stomach, 26.8 Small Intestine, 26.9 Large Intestine, 26.10 Accessory Digestive Organs
Wednesday April 18
Covering lectures 17-26, not veins
30 & 31
Friday April 20 & Monday April 23
Digestive System + Review Chapter 26: Sections 26.1 General Structure and Functions of the Digestive System, 26.2 Oral Cavity except for 26.2d Teeth, 26.3 Pharynx, 26.5 Esophagus, 26.7 Stomach, 26.8 Small Intestine, 26.9 Large Intestine, 26.10 Accessory Digestive Organs
Wednesday April 25
Human Reproductive System
Chapter 28: Sections 28.1 Comparison of the Female and Male Reproductive Systems, 28.2 Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System (except for Ovarian Follicles and Oogenesis and the Ovarian Cycle), 28.3 Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System (except for Development of Sperm: Spermatogenesis and Spermiogenesis)
Friday April 27
Urinary System
Chapter 27: 27.1 General Structure and Functions of the Urinary System, 27.2a Gross and Sectional Anatomy of the Kidney, 27.2b Blood Supply to the Kidney, 27.2d Nephrons, 27.3 Urinary Tract
34 Monday April 30
Lymphatic System + Review Chapter 24: Sections 24.1 Functions of the Lymphatic System, 24.2 Lymph and Lymph Vessels (except for 24.2c and 24.2d), 24.3 Lymphatic Cells, 24.4 Lymphatic Structures
  Wednesday May 2
Review or Video: Your Inner Fish  
  Friday May 4
Review or Video: Your Inner Reptile  
  Monday May 7
Review or Video: Your Inner Monkey  
Wednesday May 9
Comprehensive and covering all lectures


Powerpoint Lectures and Lecture Study Guides for A09C Lecture Section
Click on the title for the lecture to access the study guide

Lectures 2 & 3 - Organization, Terminology & Body Plan for Human Body (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 2&3 (pdf)

Lectures 20 & 21 - The Visual System (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 20&21 (pdf)

Lectures 4 & 5 - Histology (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 4&5 (pdf)

Lectures 22 & 23 - The Ear (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 22&23 (pdf)

Lecture 6 - Integumentary System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 6 (pdf)

Lecture 24 - The Heart (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 24 (pdf)

Lectures 7-9 - Axial Skeleton & Appendicular Skeleton (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 7-9 (pdf)

Lectures 25-27 - Circulatory System (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 25-27 (pdf)

Lecture 10 - Articulations and Movement (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 10 (pdf)

Lecture 28 - Respiratory System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 28 (pdf)

Lecture 11 - Selected Joints (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 11 (pdf)

Lectures 29-31 - Digestive System (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 29-31 (pdf)

Lectures 12-14 - Muscle Tissue, Architecture of Skeletal Muscles, Axial Muscles & Appendicular Muscles (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 12-14 (pdf)

Lecture 32 - Human Reproductive System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 32 (pdf)

Lectures 15 & 16 - Nervous Tissue, Organization of Nervous System, Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 15&16 (pdf)

Lecture 33 - Urinary System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 33 (pdf)

Lectures 17 & 18 - Brain (Study Guide)
                         Lectures 17&18 (pdf)

Lecture 34 - Lymphatic System (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 34 (pdf)

Lecture 19 - Cranial Nerves (Study Guide)
                         Lecture 19 (pdf)


Answers to Study Guide Questions for A09C Lecture Section
Click on the title for the lecture to access the study guide answers

Lectures 2&3 Study Guide Answers Lectures 20&21 Study Guide Answers
Lectures 4&5 Study Guide Answers Lectures 22&23 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 6 Study Guide Answers Lecture 24 Study Guide Answers
Lectures 7-9 Study Guide Answers Lectures 25-27 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 10 Study Guide Answers Lecture 28 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 11 Study Guide Answers Lectures 29-31 Study Guide Answers
Lectures 12-14 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 32 Study Guide Answers
Lectures 15&16 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 33 Study Guide Answers
Lectures 17&18 Study Guide Answers Lecture 34 Study Guide Answers
Lecture 19 Study Guide Answers  

Table of Muscle Attachments and Actions

       Click HERE for a Word file with the actions and attachment sites of muscles discussed in lecture.

Unlabelled Text Figures
       Click HERE for the PDF file with the unlabelled figures from the textbook.

Lab Schedule for Spring 2018

Week of Lab Topic Text Readings
January 29 to February 2
Lab 1:
Introduction to Lab,
Grading Scheme,
Use of the Microscope & How to Make a Biological Drawing
February 5-9
Lab 2:
Basic Organization of the Human Body
Chapter 1 
February 12-16
Lab 3:
Tissues and Integument
Lab Quiz #1
Chapters 4 and 5
February 19-23
Lab 4:
Bone and Cartilage,

Skeletal System - Axial Skeleton
Lab Quiz #2
Chapters 4 and 7
February 26 to March 2
Lab 5:
Appendicular Skeleton,
Articulations and Movement
Lab Quiz #3
Chapters 8 and 9
March 5-9
Lab Practical Exam #1 
March 12-16
Lab 6:
Muscle Tissue,
Head & Neck Muscles,
Lab Quiz #4
Chapters 4 and 11
March 19-23
Spring Break
No Labs
March 26-30
Lab 7:
Muscles of Trunk and Limbs
Lab Quiz #5
Chapter 12 
April 2-6
Lab 8:
Central Nervous System – Brain and Cranial and Spinal Nerves
Lab Quiz #6
Chapters 15 and 16
April 9-13
Lab 9:
Sense Organs – Eye and Ear
Circulatory System - Heart

Lab Quiz #7
Chapters 19 and 22
April 16-20
Lab 10:
Circulatory System – Blood Vessels of Thorax, Abdomen and Limbs
Respiratory System
Lab Quiz #8
Chapters 23 and 25
April 23-27
Lab 11:
Digestive System
Urinary and Reproductive Systems
Lab Quiz #9
Chapters 26, 27 and 28
April 30 to May 4
Lab Practical Exam #2   


Links to Human Anatomy Web Pages
Basic Structure of the Human Body:
The Visible Human Project at the National Library of Medicine
Digital Anatomist Project at the University of Washington
Anatomy of the Human Body Online version of book by Henry Gray (1918) - much more detail than you need to know, but a great reference!
Human Anatomy Online
Anatomy of the Human Heart by the National CPR Association
Gross Anatomy at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Learn'Em is an interactive exam for gross human anatomy at Loyola University Medical Education Network

Organs and Organ Systems:
The Merck Manual (2nd Edition) Online version

Histology at SIU SOM (Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
Tissues of the Human Body at Lakehead Community College
Histology at Loyola University Chicago
JayDoc HistoWeb at The University of Kansas
Muscular System at the University of Kansas Medical Center
Histology and Virtual Microscopy Learning Resources at the University of Michigan Medical School
Histology Lab Manual at Suny Downstate Medical Center

Anatomy and Histology of Normal Skin at Loyola University Medical Education Network
Skin and the Integumentary System at Wisc-Online

Skeletal System:
Cranial Anatomy by Dale A. Charletta.  Good graphics, but animation sequence runs on its own.
The eSkeleton Project at the University of Texas at Austin.  Select the Human Skeleton.
Skull Module by California State University, Chico
The Skull Practical Exam by Loyola University Medical Education Network
Skeletal System at Penn State University
Osteology of the Skull a YouTube playlist presented by Dr. Akran Jaffar, University of Sharjah

Muscles and Joints:
Skeleton: The Joints at University of British Columbia
Muscle Atlas at the University of Washington
Master Muscle List by Loyola University Medical Education Network
Muscle Actions at University of Michigan
Knee Injuries for a Skier by Dr. Michael Tuggy
Musculoskeletal System at Des Moines University

Special Senses:
The Senses at the University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario Canada. Scroll down the page until you find the links for the eye and ear

Anatomy of the Brain at the Internet Stroke Center
Neuroanatomy Tutorial at the University of Utah

Cardiovascular System:
The Cardiovascular System at the Texas Heart Institute
Operation of the Heart and Circulatory System a video provided by the Mayo Clinic

Digestive system:
Pathophysiology of the Digestive System at Colorado State University
The Digestive System at WebMD
Major Organs of the Digestive System at SigBio's Virtual Anatomy Textbook

Lymphatic System:
The Lymphatic System at
Introduction to the Lymphatic System at National Institutes of Health

Policy for Makeup Exams, Quizzes, and Exit Questions
In order to write a makeup exam or quiz, you must inform the lecturer or your lab instructor of your absence before the start of the exam or your scheduled lab period. Any student who does not do so may forfeit the chance to write a makeup exam or quiz and a grade of zero will be assigned.

It is the student’s responsibility to contact the lecturer or lab instructor prior to missing an exam or quiz. A message from a family member or friend is not acceptable. Contact may be an email, message on the instructor's office answering machine, or a message to the Biology Office (HS142; 424-1102).

Documentation is Required for All Make-up Exams, Quizzes, and Exit Questions
Any absence from a lecture exam, lab exam, lab quiz, or exit question must be supported by documentation.

Makeup Lecture Exams
Students who miss a lecture exam (see Acceptable Reasons for Absences below) are offered a makeup so long as a form (available here and D2L) is properly filled out, promptly submitted, and documentation is provided. Your options for a makeup lecture exam are:

If you miss the makeup exam on the scheduled date and provide documentation, alternate arrangements for a makeup will be made or an incomplete recorded. Without documentation, a grade of zero will be recorded.

It is critical that you complete and email the Request to Makeup a Missed Lecture Exam form to your lecturer. If you fail to do so, then there is no guarantee an exam will be ready for you.

Makeup Lab Quizzes and Exit Questions:
If you expect to miss your regular lab, then it is your responsibility to inform your lab instructor of your absence and ask permission to join another lab section later that same week. You must also have permission of the instructor of the lab you wish to attend.

If you cannot attend another lab section during the same week, then discuss with your lab instructor any possible arrangements to write missed quizzes or exit questions at a later date.

Do not forget that documentation is required even if attending another lab.

Makeup Lab Exam:
Contact your lab instructor immediately if you cannot write a lab exam. Do not forget documentation. If you cannot attend another lab section during the same week, then discuss with your lab instructor any possible arrangements to write a missed lab exam at a later date. If you cannot write the lab exam during the lab exam week and no makeup exam can be scheduled, then the value of a missed lab exam will be added to the one already written or to be written. That is, the single lab exam will be worth 16%.

Acceptable Reasons for Absences

The only valid reasons for missing a quiz, exit question, or exam that will be acceptable for a makeup are:
1. Health problems. Serious medical conditions of the student (or their dependent requiring home care); medical emergency of student or immediate family member. Healthcare provider-issued document is required stating general reason and timeframe absent, but not nature of medical problem. Documentation is required a maximum 2 weeks after the fact.
2. Death of immediate family member. Obituary (if student is named) or funeral program. Documentation is required a maximum 2 weeks after the fact.
3. UW Oshkosh activity. Class trip, competition or travel to same (athletics, Model UN, debate). University-issued document stating general reason and timeframe absent (best to have your coach/supervisor/instructor send a TitanEmail to your instructor directly). Minimum one week notice.
4. Civic activity. Jury duty, military service ≤ 2 weeks' duration, court appearance as defendant or witness. Official-issued documentation stating general reason and timeframe absent. Documentation is required a maximum 2 weeks after the fact.
5. More than three (3) UW Oshkosh exams on same day. Photocopy of official class schedule from TitanWeb plus confirmation from other instructors via TitanEmail. Minimum one week notice.

Please note that absences due to vacation plans or oversleeping are not acceptable.

Changing of Grades in Exams, Quizzes, and Exit Questions:
Clerical Error-If you discover an addition error on your exam, lab quiz, or lab exit question must be directed to your lab instructor within one (1) week of receipt of the quiz, exam, or exit question.
Corrections in Grading-Regrading of an exam, quiz, or exit question will only be considered if a written explanation of the problem accompanies the exam.  Any lecture notes or text readings that support regrading must be included with the explanatory note.  Your instructor must receive the disputed piece of work and its explanatory note within one (1) week after the return of the exams in order to be considered for regarding.  Please note that regrading will not necessarily result in additional marks. The grade may increase, decrease or stay the same.

Academic Misconduct
A university is a community of individuals who have come to together to instruct and learn.  Included among the many academic and personal goals to be achieved at university is the ability to think independently and creatively, hone your written and oral skills for the communication of your ideas and grow as an individual with confidence in your abilities.  For the university, it strives continually to improve its ability to instruct effectively and instill in each of its students the self-confidence, skills and knowledge to be successful.  Academic misconduct such as cheating and plagiarism harms both the student and university by defeating these goals.  A student who cheats fails to acquire the skills, knowledge and self-confidence needed for success, and the university will acquire an undesired reputation.  Elimination of cheating and plagiarism is the responsibility of both the university and each student.

The University of Wisconsin Oshkosh is committed to a standard of academic integrity for all students.  The system guidelines state: "Students are responsible for the honest completion and representation of their work, for the appropriate citation of sources, and for respect of others' academic endeavors." (UWS 14.01,Wisconsin Administrative Code).

Students are subject to disciplinary action for academic misconduct, which is defined in UWS 14.03, Wisconsin Administrative Code.  Students on the UW Oshkosh campus have been suspended from the University for academic misconduct.

Students are encouraged to review the procedures related to violations of academic honesty as outlined in Chapter UWS 14, Wisconsin Administrative Code.  The system guidelines and local procedures are printed in the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Student Discipline Code 2003-2004 and can be found on the Dean of Students website at

Specific questions regarding the provisions in Chapter UMW 14 (and institutional procedures approved to implement Chapter UMS 14) should be directed to the Dean of Students Office.

Below are the details of UWS 14.03.

UWS 14.03 Academic misconduct subject to disciplinary action.
(1) Academic misconduct is an act in which a student:
(a) Seeks to claim credit for the work or efforts of another without authorization or citation;
(b) Uses unauthorized materials or fabricated data in any academic exercise;
(c) Forges or falsifies academic documents or records;
(d) Intentionally impedes or damages the academic work of others;
(e) Engages in conduct aimed at making false representation of a student's academic performance; or
(f) Assists other students in any of these acts.

(2) Examples of academic misconduct include, but are not limited to: cheating on an examination; collaborating with others in work to be presented, contrary to the stated rules of the course; submitting a paper or assignment as one's own work when a part or all of the a paper or assignment as one's own work when a part or all of the paper or assignment is the work of another; submitting a paper or assignment that contains ideas or research of others without appropriately identifying the sources of those ideas; stealing examinations or course materials; submitting, if contrary to the rules of a course, work previously presented in another course; tampering with the laboratory experiment or computer program of another student; knowingly and intentionally assisting another student in any of the above, including assistance in an arrangement whereby any work, classroom performance, examination or other activity is submitted or performed by a person other than the student under whose name the work is submitted or performed.

Cheating will not be tolerated in BIO211.  Any instance of academic misconduct may result in an academic penalty such as a failing grade on the exam or quiz, a failure in the course or possible expulsion from the university.

Web page last updated January 17, 2018 by D. Dilkes