A Ridiculously Short History of Buddhism
Bare bones dates you need to know.
563-483 bce Gautama Buddha
5th c. bce Early “Hinayana” schools begin to develop in India
100 bce Mahayana branch begins to develop
8th-10th c. ce Buddhism dies out in India with Muslim invasion
200 ce Buddhism introduced to China. Becomes influenced by Chinese culture and
develops new schools: Chan (Jpn Zen), Huayan (Jpn: Kegon), Tientai
(Jpn: Tendai), Pure Land, etc.
600-850 Buddhism dominant in China
845 Persecution of Buddhism in China
of Neo-Confucianism begins, which will dominate until 1900,
though Buddhism continues
550 ce Buddhism introduced to Japan
more on the history of Buddhism in Japan in other documents
bce = "before the common era" = b.c.
ce = "common era" = a.d.