Important Things to Consider about Pursuing a CJ Degree at UWO
The faculty of the Department of Criminal Justice are pleased that you are considering a major/minor in Criminal Justice, and perhaps a career in the field beyond graduation.
The Criminal Justice Faculty feel that we have dual responsibilities, both as educators and as criminal justice professionals. To explain, the criminal justice major is not intended simply to prepare students for an entry-level job in the criminal justice field. Our course offerings are aimed at preparing students for graduate programs in criminal justice and/or related disciplines, law school, as well as, entry level jobs in criminal justice and beyond (such as administrative positions in the criminal justice field).
The course of study you undertake will include the basic components and relationships of the field; perspectives to help explain the discrepancies, variant purposes, and occasional conflicts that arise in the criminal justice field; and practical research skills to help you devise solutions to problems you encounter at each state of your professional career.
WHAT WE EXPECT YOU TO BRING TO THE PROGRAM
First: We urge you to complete your General Education requirements before taking courses beyond the introductory level in the major (check the current Undergraduate Bulletin). That experience will help you settle in to the University life, and leave you free to concentrate on your major studies. We require that you complete 30 credit hours before beginning your major studies (15 of those are required credits; again, see the current Undergraduate Bulletin).
Second: Criminal Justice is a policy-driven field, and policy changes in response to changing needs in the country. Criminal Justice professions depend heavily upon continuous research in the causes of social conditions and the effects of criminal justice policies. The successful Criminal Justice professional needs to know how to do research, and how to utilize research findings.
The successful Criminal Justice major/minor, therefore, needs to learn research skills. The UWO Criminal Justice Major/Minor places an emphasis on developing research skills.
This means computer literacy, both for word processing and for statistical analysis. If you do not have those skills now, you should begin developing them.
Computer Skills Knowledge of certain computer programs is essential for criminal justice professions. At a minimum, students should be proficient in word processing, data base management, and spread sheet analysis. Currently, criminal justice policy and analysis is utilizing Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analysis and SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). Persons with this skill are highly employable in over 200 state and federal job titles.
The 34-117 Using Computers course is an introduction to computers for those who have little or no prior experience with them. The Management Information Systems (MIS) courses are slightly more advanced, and include an introduction to writing elementary computer programs. The MIS courses also provide an introduction to the use of the University's mainframe computer.
Two of the core courses in the Criminal Justice Major, 35-343 Quantitative Research Design and 35-281 Elementary Statistics in Criminal Justice Research, must be taken in conjunction with one another and are designed to provide CJ majors with the quantitative analytical skills often required to conduct criminal justice research
HOW TO STRUCTURE YOUR COURSE OF STUDY
Most majors/minors are eager to take as many Criminal Justice courses as they can, as quickly as they can. Those who cannot enroll in Criminal Justice courses early in their academic career attempt to "make progress in their major" by enrolling in upper-level elective courses before completing the core Criminal Justice courses. In our experience this is a mistake and, typically, we do not allow students to follow this path.
- Undergraduate: A major in Criminal Justice can lead to the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree. The criminal justice major contains a total of 45 required credits (including core criminal justice requirements and criminal justice electives). Criminal justice internships are not required for graduation, but are available for students who meet the requirements.
Summary of Fields of Study
- The Department of Criminal Justice offers an academically oriented criminal justice major that is designed to prepare students for further graduate studies in criminal justice and criminology and/or employment in a variety of fields associated with the criminal justice profession. It is the goal of the faculty of the Department of Criminal Justice to: 1) improve the writing and critical thinking skills of criminal justice students, 2) develop the student's theoretical understanding of crime and the criminal justice system's response to crime, 3) provide the student with the necessary skills to analyze data associated with the fields of criminal justice and criminology, 4) provide the student with an understanding of how criminal justice policy is formed and how the effectiveness of these policies are determined, and 5) provide the student with a general understanding of the legal, eithical, administrative, and behavioral aspects of the criminal justice system.
- THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE MAJOR
- The Criminal Justice major is recommended for students who seek an understanding of the criminal justice system. The major is not intended to serve as a professional training program; rather it is an academically centered major that focuses on the legal, ethical, administrative, and behavioral aspects of the criminal justice system and its various parts. Their are a total of 45 credits required to complete the criminal justice major (30 credits of required core courses and 15 credits of criminal justice electives).
- THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE MINOR
- The Department of Criminal Justice offers a minor in Criminal Justice (21 credits required). See the description of the minor below for more details about the minor in criminal justice.
Recommended Minors for the Criminal Justice Major
While a minor is not required to complete the criminal justice degree, the following minors are recommended for those criminal justice majors who wish to pursue a minor: Anthropology, Political Science, Philosophy, Psychology, Public Administration, Social Work, Sociology, Journalism, and Spanish.
- Requirements for the Admission to the Criminal Justice Major:
- A cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or greater upon a minimum of 30 units (crs.) will be required for acceptance in the Criminal Justice Major. The 30 units (crs.) must include:
- Criminal Justice 110 Introduction to Criminal Justice Process 3 cr. (or CJ 103 and permission from the Chair of the Criminal Justice Department). Note: Criminal Justice 103 is for non-majors. Students who take 103 may petition the Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice to enter the major without taking 110.
- English 101 College English: 3 cr..
- Mathematics requirement: 3 cr.
- Natural Science requirement: 4 cr.
- Units (crs.) earned by students who have transferred to the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh will be included and evaluated on the same basis as units (crs.) earned at University of Wisconsin Oshkosh.
- A cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or greater upon a minimum of 30 units (crs.) will be required for acceptance in the Criminal Justice Major. The 30 units (crs.) must include:
- Requirements for Maintenance of Criminal Justice Major Status:
- Criminal Justice majors are expected to maintain a 2.5 grade point average or higher overall and a 2.75 grade point average or higher in their Criminal Justice courses; this includes courses taught by other academic units that are designated electives and/or requirements in the Criminal Justice Major.
- Students expecting to enter and be retained in the Criminal Justice Major must complete their College English I and their General Education Mathematics requirements by the time that they have completed 60 unit (cr.) hours.
- Students who fail to maintain the required standards will automatically be placed on departmental probation. If they do not meet the required standards after two semesters of being on departmental probation, they will be placed on departmental suspension indefinately. Once on departmental suspension, students are only allowed to take criminal justice courses that they have previously taken in an attempt to improve their CJ GPA. If the student increases their CJ GPA to the required level, she or he will be taken off of departmental suspension and can, once again, pursue the criminal justice major.
- Graduation Requirements for a Criminal Justice Major:
- For a student to graduate with a Criminal Justice major, the student must meet all University, College, and Criminal Justice Major requirements; also the Criminal Justice major must possess a 2.50 grade point average on all academic course work and a 2.75 in all courses required and/or accepted for completion of the major.
Criminal Justice Curriculum: Course Descriptions
- Criminal Justice 103 3 units (crs.): Introduction to the Criminal Justice Process (SS): An introductory survey of the history, role, and structure of the American criminal justice process (this course is reserved for students who are NOT majoring in criminal justice).
- Criminal Justice 110 3 units (crs.): Introduction to Criminal Justice for Criminal Justice Majors: A beginning course in Criminal Justice designed to provide an understanding of the criminal justice system and to lay the foundation for additional work in the discipline. This course should be taken by students anticipating a major in criminal justice. Credit cannot be received for both Criminal Justice 103 and Criminal Justice 110.
- Criminal Justice 212 3 units (crs.): Managing Criminal Justice Organizations (SS): The study of administrative problems and issues as they relate to criminal justice organizations. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 218 3 units (crs.): Adjudication Process in Criminal Justice (SS): An exploration of the criminal judicial process as distinguished from adjudication of civil disputes. Includes discussion of constitutional mandates and other aspects of justice administration in political and social institutions. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 244 3 units (crs.): Correctional Process (SS): A survey of the correctional process; correctional objectives, alternatives, policies, and procedures; relationship between the correctional process and the crime control, rehabilitative, and due process models. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 270 3 units (crs.): Introductory Criminal Law (SS): Inquiry into the categories of crimes, responsibility for crimes, limitations on criminal capacity, modifying circumstances and special defenses for criminal conduct.
- Criminal Justice 281 3 units (crs.): Elementary Statistics in Criminal Justice Research (SS): This course has been designed to introduce students to commonly used statistical tests in criminal justice research. through this introduction, students will be equipped with the ability to conduct and interpret statistical analyses. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors) and Math 104 or PBIS 187,188, 189 (recommended) or Math Placement Exam score higher than Math 104/PBIS.
- Criminal Justice 288 3 units (crs.): Police in Modern Society (SS): An analysis of police roles, structure, and performance in American Society. A review of the interaction between economic, legal, political, psychological, and social forces and police behavior. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 304 3 units (crs.): Criminal Investigation (SS): A survey of the techniques used for investigation of crime. Includes early developments and their effect on modern methods, interrelationships between scientific crime detection and professional skills of investigators, the proper care and handling of evidence for its useful introduction at criminal trials, and the impact of court decisions on police procedures. The course focuses on practical limitations on the effectiveness of crime investigation techniques. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 319 3 units (crs.): Criminal Courts: Proof of Guilt (SS): Rules of evidence as they affect participants in criminal justice and the consequences for that system. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 328 3 units (crs.): Criminal Court Behavior (SS): An analysis of the behavior of the principal actors in the criminal court process--prosecutors, judges, and defense attorneys. Court processes will be analyzed from an organizational perspective. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 331 3 units (crs.): Women and Crime: This course is the study of women and crime, including womean as participants and victims of crime, and criminal justice professionals. The course explores the pathways by which women become involved in criminal behavior, the response of the criminal justice system, and the complex worlds women experience on the street and in prison. Corss-listed: Women's Studies 331/Criminal Justice 331. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses. Prerequisites: Crimianl Justice 103 (Introduction to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Introduction to Criminal Justice for Majors) or consent of the department.
- Criminal Justice 332 3 units (crs.): Violence: An Examination fo the Institutional Foundations: In the United States predominant theories of violence focus on individualistic explanations as the root cause of violence while ignoring perpetuating policies and beliefs in utilizing violence to resolve political, social, and personal conflicts. This course will emphasize how societies can construct and apply less than human identities to indviduals, racial, ethnic goups, or other nation states which then allow us to utilize forms of violence against them as "others". The course will include historical and theoretical reviews of slavery, slave law, lynching, death penalty, genocide, economic violence, environmental violence and gendered viiolence, all of which disproportionately impact minority populations. Cross-listed with Social Justice 332. Students may receive credit for only one of the two cross-listed courses. Prerequisites: Criminal Justice 110, or Criminal Justice 103 or consent of instructor.
- Criminal Justice 333 3 units (crs.): Illegal Bias in the Criminal Justice System (SS): An examination of the extent of illegal biases in criminal justice practice. Students will be guided to confront their and others' attitudes shaped by racial, sexual, and sexual orientation biases. The primary goal is to teach a method of open discourse to negotiate these conflicts in an evolving culture. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 340 3 units (crs.): Police Administration (SS): Focus is on theoretical principles as they relate to practice in complex organizations. Attention given to the interrelation of police, courts and correctional facilities as administrative units. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors). 340/540
- Criminal Justice 341 3 units (crs.): Administration of Police Operations (SS): Organizational functions, structures, processes and behavior as they relate to law enforcement agencies (exp. local police). An analysis of the administrative problems and practices associated with the delivery of all manners of police services: crime prevention and control, conflict resolution, and general service. Operational police development. implementation, and evaluation. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 340. 341/541
- Criminal Justice 343 3 units (crs.): Quantitative Research Design (SS): Quantitative methods of empirical research and program evaluation in Criminal Justice; selection of appropriate quantitative methods and statistical tests; data analysis using computer facilities; research paper writing. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 346 3 units (crs.): Introduction to Community-Based Corrections (SS): An overview of probation and parole services and other alternatives to incarceration for adult offenders. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 347 3 units (crs.): The Juvenile Justice System (SS): The development and present structure of the juvenile justice system: legal structure, services, current policy issues. Survey of both community-based and institutional juvenile corrections. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 348 3 units (crs.): Law of Corrections (SS): Examination of the rights of pretrial detainee and convicted offenders from detention through parole. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 351 3 units (crs.): Theories of Crime (SS): An introduction to the study of crime, criminals, and crime theory. Substantive areas to be studied include (1) what is crime? and (2) what causes crime? Goals of the course are for students to: (1) develop an understanding of the complex relationship between crime and society; and (2) learn to identify underlying assumptions inherent in any societal approach to crime. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 352 3 units (crs.): Organized Crime (SS): This course highlights (1) the nature, extent, and theoretical explanations of organized crime, (2) the business of organized crime, (3) the measures being taken to combat organized crime in the United States and around the world, and (4) differing world perspectives on organized crime. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 and at least, Junior standing.
- Criminal Justice 353 3 units (crs.): Convict Criminology: Convict Criminology explores a new way of thinking about crime and corrections. This course examines the emerging field of convict criminology that consists primarily of essays and empirical research conducted and written by convicts, or ex-convicts, on their way to completing or already in possession of a Ph.D., or by enlightened academics who critique existing literature, policies, and practices, thus contributing to a new perspective in criminology, criminal justice, corrections, and community corrections. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 358 3 units (crs.): Major Criminal Justice Issues (SS): The administrative machinery of Criminal Justice in theory and practice. Critical examination of the roles of police, prosecution, courts, and correction in America today. Policy development implementation and evaluation with regard to key criminal justice issues. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 (Intro to Criminal Justice) or Criminal Justice 110 (Intro to Criminal Justice for Majors).
- Criminal Justice 375 3 units (crs.): Special Topics in Criminal Justice (SS): A course on a topic not normally covered in the curriculum. Each time it is offered, the topic will be announced in the timetable. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 103 and at least one of the following: Criminal Justice 218, 244 or 288.
- Criminal Justice 396 1-8 units (crs.): Internship in Criminal Justice (SS): Supervised field experience in a criminal justice agency (e.g., police department, prosecutor's office, or a correctional agency) accompanied by an analysis of the experience. Open only to students who have earned a minimum of 90 units (crs.). Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
- Criminal Justice 446 1-3 units (crs.): Independent Study (SS): See Independent Study under Course and Academic Advisement Policies information for general course description, general prerequisite, and proper contract form requirements.
- Criminal Justice 474 1-6 units (crs.): Honors: Thesis: Honors thesis projects include any advanced independent endeavor in the student's major field of study, e.g., a written thesis, scientific experiment or research project, or creative arts exhibit or production. Proposals (attached to Independent Study contract) must show clear promise of honors level work and be approved by a faculty sponsor. Course title for transcript will be 'Honors Thesis'. Completed projects will be announced and presented to interested students and faculty. Maximum of 6 units (crs.). Prerequisite: University Honors status and junior standing.